"Thoughts -Always- Under Construction" by Bernhard Wichert, Roetgen near the City of Aachen/ West Germany

Member of the IASA-Germany (Int'l Assn of Sound Archives)

This site is not meant to be a detailed survey of Spoken Word recordings and their history but more a collection of articles and information on that subject. I will add more as they become available to me- both articles on specific topics as well as related information on early recordings that might be of interest to the reader.

A MOMENT IN HISTORY - Germany, October 1944

As a historian I'd like you to share with me a `A Moment in History´: 60 years ago, on October 20,1944, the city of my birth, Aachen
was conquered by the American Army. It was the first German city-situated at the Belgium/Dutch border- that had fallen into Allied hands. The SS and GESTAPO had followed their orders from Berlin not to surrender, to have the city destroyed rather than to surrender, and to fight to the last man. The BBC in her 9 p.m. news announced: 'Aachen and Belgrade liberated', and gave short information on Aachen's history. And Hugh Carlton Greene comments later: 'The City of Aachen doesn't exist anymore!' So the city had to be evacuated. When the Allied troops entered after a long and heavy fight, only 6,000 inhabitants had remained; the city had fallen to ashes (80%); only the Cathedral of Charles Magne had survived. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aachen_Cathedral
My village where I settled down in 1980, could welcome the American First Army already on September 12th. It was the first time Allied troops entered Germany and so it was the first village on German soil that had fallen into Allied hands. Robert Reid of the BBC with US-Captain Gordon Thomas sends a report to London 'Into The Siegfried Line'
and on September 13th a recording from inside Roetgen, followed by Robert Dunnett two days later. The New York Times had an article on this event in its issue of September 14th.

More about that region watch the film on the Hürtgenwald battle on youtube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eDvuBrUvJT0
and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZ4r5R5kdfA&feature=results_video&playnext=1&list=PL2ADD1EF5961214D5 , titled: 'Yanks Carry War To German Soil'.

Germany Is Free Again May 8th,1945: The war is over, the small villages of the Northern Eifel (south of Aachen)
are destroyed, houses and churches are in ruins and ashes. About 500 of former 4320 houses still stand. Just to name two villages: Vossenack: 98% destroyed, Kesternich: 92%; 1800 dead in the Eifel region; country roads: 94% destroyed. No current, no telephone communication,water resources nearly dead; the farmers's income extinct: 11,850 milkcows, with 1,900 surviving. 'It is May 8th, 1500hrs in the afternoon. The bells of peace are ringing over a demolished Germany. How long have we been longing for that ringing?' (diary of a peasant)
A film about Aachen after air attacks in 1943-44, filmed by an Aachen school teacher who had a special permission to document the devastion caused by 'enemy attacks': http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jt_H5G_Nm_M&feature=related

On October 21, 1944, MUTUAL-WOR (New York) Newsreel broadcast interviews from Mitchell Field Hospital with two US soldiers who had crossed the Belgian-German border and gone into Aachen. They talk about the events of that crossing, how they saw Aachen and were wounded there. (The same broadcast included MacArthur's fighting speech from the Philippines "I have returned".)

On Sunday, October 29, 1944, at 9:30 a.m. people all over the world could hear this NBC announcement: 'The National Broadcasting Company, in cooperation with the American Jewish Committee, brings you now a special broadcast of historic significance with the first Jewish religious service broadcast from Germany since the advent of Hitler.- We turn you over now to James Cassidy, NBC war reporter in the AACHEN area....'- James Cassidy: 'We are speaking from somewhere near Aachen. This brief service is being held in the open air. The sound of artillery guns may interfer during our service because the French line is not from where we are now.'... Chaplain Sidney Lefkowitz (from Richmond, Virginia): 'Profound with me is this service which we celebrate today. It is... the first we broadcast to the world.'...
A short video comemorating the event, with sound clips, can be seen and heard via YOUTUBE

The AJC has an Interview with Max Fuchs, the cantor in the first Jewish religious service that was broadcast from occupied German territory in 1944 on youtube:

In a round-table discussion on March 21, 1945 called 'Freedom Forum- The Future Of The Rhineland', beamed from London via short-wave to North America, Ed Muller, 'fresh back from Aachen', talks about his stay there. 'Aachen was a city difficult to nazify. The only town I know that even didn't have an Adolf-Hitler-Strasse'.

Aachen, BTW, was the home of Paul Julius von Reuter, the founder of today's 'Reuter' news agency.
See also under the entry of Nov.2, 2009!


  1. Spoken Word Recordings - In General
  2. Earliest Recordings and The Talking Clock Mystery
  3. Listing of Earliest Recordings
  4. Most Wanted Cylinders and a special on the Cardinal Manning cylinders
  5. Fakes by Impersonators
  6. The Dickson Experimental Sound Film
  7. Re-Issues
  8. The Austrian Phonogramm-Archive (work in progress)
  9. Political Archives, The National Vocarium, and Robert G.Vincent's V-Discs
  10. The RRG since 1929 (work in progress)
  11. German Radio since 1933
  12. The Capture of the Nazi Radio Archives in 1945
  13. University Collections as Custodians of Oral Heritage
  14. The Sound recordings of the "People's Court" of 1944
  15. Record Piracy around 1900
  16. News: The National Recording Registry
  17. The FDR White House Secret Recordings of August - November 1940
  18. Bibliography of books on Spoken Word Recordings

  19. Private Engagement,
    Problems in Preserving Sounds,and the Latest on Sounds
  20. Eye-witness recordings on the times of pre-1900
  21. English-language personalities on German radio 1929-1936
  22. The Austrian Mediathek in Vienna
  23. The Blues
  26. The Lioret Cylinders 1893-1900
  27. The Latest Info and News


Spoken word recordings can be found all over the world because it has always been man's desire to capture and preserve the sounds that surround him. That's why we find so many words, so much life on cylinders, shellacs,discs,and tapes all around the world. And because man is still interested in his past, be it in written form, in stone or whatever the human sound is the most interesting of all (IMO). Does it not bring us back into the past to let us re-live those moments that perhaps changed world history, does it not let us into the homes and thoughts of everyday people? 'Print stands for the word, but it never is, it never can be the word itself. Only the spoken voice can bring the word fully to life.' (Robert Vincent, MSU,1965)

So, many archives have begun to re-arrange their holdings to preserve every object for the next hundred or more years. The International Association of Sound Archives (iasa) as leading organization tries to gather all data available of extant sound recordings of spoken word ('label discography').
For further information see
http://www.iasa-online.de/. There you click on "Deutsche Nationaldiscographie"; or www.iasa-web.org
A specific German collection can be found here:
http://www.lotz-verlag.de/ discography.html
Yet with innovations in the recording industry the number of media to record on grew. Wax discs and "black discs" were substituted by Decelith discs in Germany, by "acetates" in the US, tape recordings in Germany since 1936 and so on.- Recordings on Decelith of the post-WWII-era can be found from time to time. There must have been losts of unused material around in East and West Germany. The last one I found was a 10inch one with a Belgian singing a Christmas song for his girl-friend, recorded across the border in Aachen, end of 1948.
That means that it has become nearly impossible to compile a catalogue of every recording ever made. Private recordings made on home recorders from radio broadcasts, discs -reporters made in the field, on the spots of events- all these may still slumber somewhere.
But there are also archives in the East that keep boxes full of German tapes and discs unopened; unearthed treasures for generations to come! They 'possess' them because the archives could not be transported to the West before the end of World War II, because they were /are regarded as war booty.

As an example let's have a look at the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv: 'World War II interrupted the activities of the Phonogramm-Archiv. Most of the cylinder recordings were packed up between December 1944 and January 1945, and during 1945 four-fifths of them were sent to East Germany and one-fifth to locations in West Germany. In 1950 approximately 9,000 cylinders were confiscated by the Russians and sent to Leningrad. That same year a significant number of 78-rpm disc recordings were smashed by Russian soldiers in the courtyard of the museum that housed the Phonogramm-Archiv. During the 1950s the cylinders stored in West Germany were returned to the Phonogramm-Archiv. In 1959 most of the cylinders in Leningrad were returned to East Berlin, but not to the Phonogramm-Archiv, which was located in West Berlin. Erich Stockmann watched over the cylinders in East Berlin, and in the 1960s he assisted with the return of some cylinders until the East German government put a stop to it. On May 31, 1990, a sealed room on Unter den Linden in East Berlin was opened in the presence of Erich Stockmann and Artur Simon, and the recordings were viewed and counted in preparation for their return to the Phonogramm-Archiv. Early the next year, 27,347 cylinders and 1,283 78-rpm discs, which had been gone since 1945, were returned to the Phonogramm-Archiv.' (Das Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv)

(One of the latest great discoveries is a live broadcast of 20/21.April 1931 for the RRG -Reichsrundfunkgesellschaft in Berlin- from a Jazz Club in Harlem, probably the Cotton Club. This report by Hellmut H.Hellmut is the only German live report of those times. It had been recorded in Berlin on wax for a broadcast at a later hour. Nobody would have listened to it at in Germany at 6 a.m.!) -
When you go the Bear-Family website you should also have an eye on the excellent 'Beyond Recall' re-issues of Jewish/Jiddish discs from Berlin!


As a private collector of mainly spoken word I have begun collecting -as a student back in the 1960s- every item that I could lay my hands on. Since then the number of international recordings has risen to many thousand recordings and discs. With the stress on German discs it has become unavoidable to add English spoken word to cover the whole period of recording.
In the last couple of years we have also recognized how important oral history is. Personal recollections are nearly as important as the recorded event itself.
My earliest 'recording' so to say goes back to the year 1852. A certain Mr Frederick Mead (aged 90) tells about the Duke of Wellington's funeral where he was present. It was recorded on shellac in 1940.
The Library of Congrass in Washington D.C. holds a number of personal recollections of former slaves born between 1832 and 1860 like Laura Smalley or Irene Williams. 'We were slaves. We belonged to people. They'd sell us like they sell horses and cows and hogs.'
One should not forget the importance of Thomas Alpha Edison. He was the one who did record the first sound on a small piece of foil around a cylinder (1877). And the first voices we can still listen to come from his cylinders although recording history has one unique piece of recording:
the 1878-Frank-Lambert lead-cylinder 'Experimental Talking Clock'. It is Lambeth reciting the words 'One -ten o'clock, twelve o'clock'. A first idea was that the 4th section had to be played reverse. Yet, as an interesting article on that recording shows there is much more to it: "http://www.pong-story.com/lambert".
In two ARSC articles Stephan Puille of Berlin University, proves that the date of the Lambeth recording must be a myth. (Dialogue on 'The Oldest Playable Recording', ARSC Journal, Spring 2002, pp. 77-84, and 'Dialogue on 'The Oldest Playable Recording' (continued)', ARSC Journal, Autumn 2002, pp. 237-242). (Thanks, Stephan, for the info!) More on that to come.

For those who are interested in early recording devices see , "http://www.lotz-verlag.de/Online-Disco-Phonocards.html"
The real recording period then began on November 22,1880 with William Gladstone: 'The request that you have done me the homour to make to receive the record of my voice is one I cheerfully comply with sofar as it lies in my power though I lament to say the voice I transmit to you is only a relic of an organ, the employment of which has been overstrained.If I offer to you as much as I possess and so far as old age has left me with the utmost satisfaction has being at least a testimony to the instruction and de- light I have received from your marvellous invention.' (0'58)
An eye-witness account of George Bulls (born 1863) tells us about that time -1880- when he left Kansas City for Dodge City, the times of the old 'Wild West' with its gangsters, sheriffs and outlaws; while a certain Homer Croy recollects his memories of his neighbour, Jesse James. In that connection I want to mention the last reunion of the Civil War veterans in July 1938, the seventy-fifth anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg.( Mutual net, WFMD).The programme was recorded in Gettysburg/Pennsylvania. The average age of the veterans is 94! Interviews with the grandsons of Generals Meade, and Grant, the grandson and great-grandson of Robert E. Lee. Dave Driscoll(reporter), Robert E. Lee IV (great-grandson of the general), George Gordon Meade, U. S. Grant III (speaking from New York City), George Boling Lee (from KDB, Santa Barbara, California), Tony La Frano (announcer: billed as 'Anthony La Frano')

In 1888 a bulk of about 40 white wax cylinders were cut in London for Th.Edison when George Gouraud introduced the Edison wax cylinder phonograph. Man people were present to celebrate a.o. the Crystal Palace recordings made with a phonograph on the balcony (on yellow paraffine cylinders). Not only Arthur Sullivan sent his greetings in an 'after dinner toast' but also the English Postmaster General Cecil Raikes because the first thoughts had come up of sending cylinders via postal services. And it was here that perhaps the first German language recording that survived was cut: The conductor August Mann (who conducted at the Handel Festival in London a chorus of 4,000 voices) sends his greetings to his colleague Theodore Thomas in America expressing his hope to make music with him the following year.
September 11,1888 is the date for the first Canadian cylinder with Baron Frederick Arthur Stanley of Preston (Governor General of Canada) with his formal opening of the trade and industry exhibition in Toronto (recorded at Edison Laboratories).
A very much disputed recording of 1888 is the 'Queen Victoria Cylinder', discovered in 1991, a graphophone cylinder made at Balmoral by Sidney Morse. Only about 8-10 words can be understood.
When Thomas Edison's phonograph was demonstrated to the Queen, she had no use for it, but when it was explained to her that a border dispute with Ethiopia might be best handled with the backward King Menelik by sending him a queenly phonographic message, she spoke briefly but imperiously into a large horn device to express her hope for 'friendship between our two Empires.' The cylinder recording, the Queen commanded, 'will be sealed up; and destroyed after he has received the message.' It was duly played by her representative in Abyssinia, accepted with ceremony-the king stood when he heard Victoria's voice-and replayed several times, accomplishing its task. Then, Colonel Harrington reported, 'The cylinder was returned to me and immediately broken into pieces as promised.' But the precious relic-or at least a copy of it-survives secretly, the Queen's voice raspily preserved for history. It was her only proven contact with recorded sound.(St.Weintraub, Engines Of Change, no date)
The following comment comes from our IASA-member Nigel Bewley of the British Library Sound Archive (2003): 'In 1991 the Science Museum asked the British Library Sound Archive for help in transferring the cylinder and we were able to oblige. The cylinder contains three 'tracks' or separate recordings. One is in the opposite direction from the other two. One recording is of a man (?) whistling, one has so much surface noise that nothing can be discerned and another has the recording of a woman's voice. Some words can be made out: 'My fellow Britons....' at the beginning and '...I have never forgotten.' at the end, with the 'track' lasting circa twenty seconds. Even with much CEDAR processing etc we cannot improve on that (for the time being, anyway). There is no certainty that the recording is of Queen Victoria. It is possible to be a recording of a lady-in-waiting or another person present. Queen Victoria was not particularly shy or a shrinking violet but it may be that to shout or at least speak in an exaggerated way down a speaking tube (to energise the diaphragm and stylus) whilst in the presence of a 'tradesman' demonstrating the machine, representatives of the 'great and the good' of British court society, visiting dignitaries, servants and flunkies may have been beneath her dignity. Queen Victoria may have instructed an aide to make the recording on her behalf. (The opinion contained in this paragraph is my own personal view). There is, as pointed out by John Ross, a suggestion that Queen Victoria recorded a message, on disc, for the King of Ethiopia and it was destroyed according to her wishes after it was played to the King. No copies have so far surfaced, nor remnants of the original.'
Johannes Brahms plays an excerpt of 'Ungarischer Tanz Nr.1' in Vienna and was recorded by Edison's European representative Theo Wangemann in the home of the Fellinger Family in Vienna. It's another piece of music history and had already been transfered on shellac in 1935, and again restored in 1997 by the Vienna Phonogramm-Archiv.
Between 1889 and 1900 'Lieutenant' Gianni Bettini (* 1860 in Novara/Italy- +1938 NYC) records a number of vocal performances for his pleasure on his 'Bettini-Cylinders'.He was a wealthy New York host who entertained the elite of the opera world in his home and took the opportunity to record his guests throughout the 1890s. While copies of his cylinders were very expensive (up to 6 Dollars when the norm was 50 cents), and had a small distribution, his catalogue eventually ran to dozens of pages and read like a 'who-is-who' of opera. Bettini's patented improvements to existing cylinder machines included a playback device which purportedly improved the sound quality of recordings. Bettini cylinders are among the rarest in existence. The most intriguing of those he made were recordings of President Benjamin Harrison (prob.1889) and Mark Twain, latter now lost.' (LoC)

ADDENDUM (Nov.2015)
MARK TWAIN SORT OF SPEAKS TO US by Jan McKee, Reference Librarian, Recorded Sound Section, Library of Congress. Mark Twain was known to have made recordings on three occasions; unfortunately none of them are known to have survived.- The earliest recording was made by Thomas Edison in 1888. In 1891, the author himself made a number of cylinder recordings of himself dictating portions of a new novella, The American Claimant, into a rented phonograph. But he quit after 'filling four dozen cylinders,' complaining, 'You can't write literature with it.' Finally, a cylinder recording was made by Gianni Bettini in 1893, in which Twain interrupted Nellie Melba's rendition of Donizetti's Lucia di Lammermoor. None of these recordings were every commercially released.- A reporter who visited Bettini's New York studio and listened to the 1893 cylinder described it as follows in an article from the December 15, 1896, issue of The Phonoscope.- The next cylinder was one labeled 'Melba' which was truly wonderful; the phonograph reproducing her voice in a marvelous manner, especially on the high notes which soared away about the staff and were rich and clear. Mark Twain interrupted the singer with a few remarks on the experience he had in trying to make practical use of the instrument. The humorist is now on his lecturing tour around the world and the record Contemporary descriptions of Mark Twain's voice describe it as 'unmistakable.' While many newspaper reviewers usually referred to him as having a drawl and emphasized the slowness of his delivery, many listeners found it a vital part of his humorous presentations. - Over the years librarians in the Library of Congress's Recorded Sound Section have repeatedly puzzled over the existence of Twain's recordings, and even contacted the actor Hal Holbrook to ask about the origins of his impression of Twain's voice. Holbrook, a noted impersonator of Mark Twain, stated that he had heard a recording that he had originally thought to be Twain's voice, but later discovered it was a 1934 recording by Professor Frederick C. Packard, Jr. of the Harvard Speech Department. Packard had recently established a record label, The Harvard Vocarium, to collect examples of local dialect and traditional ballads as well as recordings of their own work by such contemporary authors such as Ezra Pound, Robert Frost and e.e. cummings. - The recording that Packard made in 1934 was of William H. Gillette (1853-1937), one of the great actors and playwrights of pre-World War I America, who also happened to be a close friend of Mark Twain and had known him for decades. As a sideline, he used to do impersonations of Twain and other popular figures. In 1934 Gillette reprised his Twain impersonation for a group of Harvard students Gillette in his recording reads a portion of Mark Twain's 'The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County.' There may have been other opportunities for Mark Twain to make recordings. After all, he was friendly with the best high-tech brains of his day and clearly had embraced the new recording technology, but no other recordings are known to have existed. Until the day that some other recording emerges from a dusty attic or is identified among unlabeled cylinders in an archival collection somewhere, William Gillette's impersonation may be the closest we will ever be able to come to knowing what Mark Twain sounded like. (Posted in: Early Recording Industry, Recorded Sound, 30.X.2014)


What persons recorded before the turn of the 19th century and whose voices can still be heard (not to mention the many vocalists)?
Here is an incomplete listing (always the first recorded sound of a person is mentioned, not those that followed):

Pope Leo XIII reads from his 'Humanum Genus' 1884 (Vatican-archive,discovered in 2014)
Various sounds, rec.by Volta Laboratories 29 Dec 1881 (It appears to be made in 1885(?), to reproduce this recording 1881-recording, by a molding process)
Alexander Graham Bell, counting, and 'You hear my voice,AGB' (15April 1885 at Volta Laboratories,Wash.), discovered and first played back in 2011
Charles Sumner Tainter (1880, wax discs,archived at the Smithonian Institute and never published)
Emile Berliner (Franklin Institute) (his first, experimental disc of 25.Oct.1887),
same: ('Twinkle little star') (Berliner #26),
for 1888: see articles on Edison and the Queen Victoria recording
Nelson Appleton Miles, US-General,Commander of US Army during the Spanish-American War (c.1888-1886)
Lord Stanley, Governor of Canada (1888),
Robert Browning, poet (1888),
Henry Cecil Raikes, British Postmaster-General (1888),
Sir Arthur Sullivan, composer (Dec.1888),
William Ewart Gladstone (22-11-1888),
George William Frederick Charles, Duke of Cambridge (Dec.1888, first ever British Royal recording),
Sir Henry Irving, Brit.actor ('The Maniac', first verse)[see: The Voice of Henry Irving: An Investigation, a lecture given under the chairmanship of Sir John Gielgud on 27 January 1976 by Richard Bebb] (30.Aug.1888),
John O'Terrell, street vendor ('The Lord's Prayer) (1888- date not verified, could also be 1898),
Cecil Rhodes (c.1888/90) (in the possession of the Stanley Family),
Hans Mühlhofer with St.Michael-Kirchenchor (1889),
William Ewart Gladstone, British Prime Minister (1889),
Benjamin Harrison, US-President (c.1889),
Count Otto von Bismarck (at Friedrichsruh Oct 7,1889, discovered in 2011 at ENHS)
Field Marshall helmuth Karl Bernhard von Moltke (at Kreisau,Prussia, Oct 21,1889, discovered in 2011 at ENHS)
Johannes Brahms, composer and pianist (shouts a few words before a recording) (Vienna 2.Dec.1889)
Florence Nightingale, engaged with the Red Cross (30.July 1890),
Lajos Kossuth (played a leading role in the Hungarian 1848 revolt and war vs the Habsburgs) address to the nation (20.October 1890 in Turin/Itlay)
Alfred Lord Tennyson, poet (1890),
Walt Whitman, poet (1890), (see additional remarks under my entry of April 25,2016!)
Sound picture 'Schlacht bei Sedan am 1.September 1870' (1890),
Sound picture 'Die Beschießung von Paris Dezember 1870' (1890),
Phineas Taylor Barnum (1890/ +1891), head of the famous Barnum Circus (12.Feb.1890),
Prince Jerome Napoleon, cousin of Emperor Napoleon III. (1890),
Henry Morton Stanley ('Stanley of Africa') Edison Cyl. (London 1890)
A recording of Big Ben sounding (31.Dec.1890),
Walt Whitman, reciting lines from his 'America'(1890)- There is a dispute if this cylinder is a fake or genuine. In the WALT WHITMAN QUARTERLY REVIEW Vol.9, number 4 of Spring 1992 (University of Iowa) there is an article by Ed Folsom about the rediscovery and the different views. http://ir.uiowa.edu/wwqr
Dan Kelly (Shakespeare recitations/later:`Pat Brady´ scenes)(Ohio Phonograph Co.)(July 1891)
Gustave Eiffel (4.Feb.1891),
King Kalakaua of Hawaii (1891)-see entry under April 18,2010,
Grover Cleveland, 22.US-President (1892),
Edwin Booth (+1893), actor, brother of Lincoln's murderer (March 1892),
Oscar Wilde, poet,writer (although his voice is supposed to be faked)(1892),
George Graham (Street Fakir)(Berliner 638Y) (23 May 1896)
Robert Green Ingersoll, preacher,lecturer (Berliner 697) (NYC,31.Dec.1897),
Garrett Augustus Hobart, US-Vice President under Pres.McKinley (1896)[different date I have: 1.May 1889],
Dr. William L. Elterich (*1842 in Nördlingen,germany; emigrated to the USA in 1869,+1905, about 6 of 12 German Recitations are from Heinrich Hoffmann's 'Struwwelpeter',1896,
Trumpeter Kenneth Landfried (who plays the bugle as he did at Waterloo) (1890)
Constant Coquelin Ainé, poet (creator of Cyrano de Bergerac)(c.1888),
Louis Glas (1889),
Louis Vasnier (reciting) (Louisiana Phonograph Cyl.920000)(1892),
Press Eldridge (North American Cylinder 233) (1892),
A report on a visit of Kaiser Wilhelm II.visiting a factory for war production (1895),
W.O.Beckenbaugh (auctioneer) (Columbia Cyl.100009) (1895),
David C.Bangs ('elocutionist')'On The Gramophone'(Berliner 619Z, Feb.1896)
George Graham (Berliner 648-x) (23rd Psalm) (c.May 1896),
President William McKinley (1896),(his second recording of 14 Jan 1901 Pan Am Exposition was first regarded as being his own voice, in fact it's Len Spencer)
William Jennings Bryan (1896),
William L.Elterich, editor of German language newspaper 'The Washington Revue' (Berliner 1500) (Wash.D.C.30.May 1896)
Frau Stranz-Führing (private rec. reciting a poem on the Kaiser's birthday) (1897),
President Wilford Woodruff of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, recorded on a new 'talking machine' his testimony of the events in 1844 when Joseph Smith, shortly before his martyrdom, delivered the ordinances of the Church to the Twelve Apostles. 'This is my testemony,spoken by myself into a Talking Machine' (8.March 1897).
Russell Hunting (SCasey as Doctor) (Berliner 629Y) (20 March 1897)
Cal Stewart ('Uncle Josh') (Edison)(1897)
N.R.Wood (sounds of animals on a farm) (Berliner 401Y) (5.Aug.1897)
T.De Witt Talmage (Sermon,recitation from Bible) (Berliner 5009) (8.April 1989)
Gaspar Nunez de Arce,Spanish poet (1898),
Leo Tolstoy, poet (1898),
Chauncey M.Depew (orator;1899-1911 Senator from NY),(Berliner 693,694- 7.Jan.1898),
Garret Augustus Hobart (US Vice Pres.)(1898),
Chauncey DePew (Senator from NY)(Berliner disc) (1898),
Feb.1898 The Torres Strait Expedition. some cylinders with spoken words; most with music of the area; e.g.Cylinder C80 'Speech Crooks' Vocal demonstration of graphophone -wishing Mr. Ray success on his journey. Mr. Ray's reply followed by laughter. Vocal group singing 'Auld Lang Syne' with piano. The Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to the Torres Strait in 1898 was led by Professor A.C. Haddon. The other members of the team were Charles Seligman (originally trained in medicine) C.S. Myers (psychologist and musician), W.H.R. Rivers (who also originally trained in medicine), W.M. Dougall, A.Wilkin and Sidney Ray. This was the first British expedition to use the phonograph for research purposes.
Dr.B. Sunderland (Bible recitations)(Berliner 5012) (9.April 1898)
'Buffalo Bill` Bill Cody (on the Cuban question)(Berliner 5014) (20.April 1898)
William F.Hooley (a.o.`Gettysburg Address` recitation)(Berliner 6012) /Ingersoll at the Tomb of napoleon (6013 Berliner)(NYC,21.Sep.1898)
Russell Hunting ('Casey'-stories)(Berliner 629Y) (20.March 1898),
Cal Stewart, various 'Uncle Josh' performances, e.g. Weathersby in a Department Store (Berliner 6007)(11June1898)
Frank Kennedy (a couple of discs on `The Schultzes`)(1898),
The later President Theodore Roosevelt ('Teddy') announing bugle calls as played at the Battle of San Juan Hill, with Emil Cassi, chief trumpeter of Roosevelt's Rough Riders (28.Nov.1898),
Leo Tostoy (in Russian) (1898),
Spanish-American War 1898:
- On Board The Oregon (Descriptive; Col.cyl.9044)(NY 1898-99)
- The Capture Of Santiago (Descriptive; Col.cy.15191) (NY 1899)
A meeting of artists at Wilhelm Leibl's villa in Kutterling (1899),
Imitation of voices of Vienna Hofschauspieler by Eduard Kornau (1899),
Adolf Rechenberg greets his wife via phonograph (private rec.,1899),
Ludwig Heinrich Friedrich Haase (reciting Lessing, 1899),
Felix Mills 'Introduction to the Gramophone'(1899),
Josef Lewinsky, Austrian actor (Gramophone Company/Berliner 71136)(Vienna 1899)
Dwight Lyman Moody 'Evangelist'(1899)
Julius Bergmann, philosopher (1899),
Felix Dahn, writer (1899),
Adolf von Sonnenthal, actor (Bettini cylinder no number; NYC 1899)
Engelbert Humperdinck, composer (1899),
Emil Berliner ('Grüße an Frau Hahn') (Philadelphia 18 Nov.1899)
Peter Wickblom (1899) on his emigration

Recordings made between 1900 and 1903

1900 and 1900a
Several German private recordings (family greetings) (1900)
Gustav Schoenwald (1900)
Funeral Services in Vienna,10th District (sound picture) (1900)
Robert Streidl (sound picture) (Berlin 1900)
Das Aufziehend der Schloßwache in Berlin (sound picture) (Berlin 1900)
Das Ablösen der Schloßwache in Berlin (sound picture) (Berlin 1900)
Carl von Zeska, actor) (Gramophone Rec G&T 41225) (c.1900)
Edison Laboratory Boys (satire on McKinley's campaign; Edison)(1900)
Kaiser of Austria Franz Josef I. (Paris,April 1900)
Burt Shepard (Berliner 1064W) (8.May 1900)
Theodore Roosevelt (Speech To Labor, Ed.7612) (c.Aug.1900)
O'Henry (William Sydney Porter) (on the 'Short Story')(c.1900) (Edison)
William Jennings Bryan: (fundamentalist,orator) Speech of Acceptance (Ed.7611), (NYC Aug/Sep.1900)
G.H.Chirgwin, British Music Hall Entertainer (burlesque sketch) (c.1900)
William Gillette, actor (sherlock Holmes) (c.1900)
Mark Sheridan (A political speech) (Zonophone X41037)
Ernst von Possart, actor (Grammophon 41037) (Munich 1901)
Fritz Dietrich, actor (1901)
Adolf Selig, actor (1901)
Max Goldschmidt, actor (Frankfurt am Main 1901)
NN Speech on the Splendor of the German Reich (Edison)(25.Feb.1901)
Otto Reuter, satirical couplets (Berliner 42328) (Berlin,Oct.1901)
Heinrich Eisenbach (humorous sketch)(Gramophone Concert Rec.G.C.41154)(1902)
Sarah Bernhardt (1902)
The Czar of Russia, Nikolaus II., on his visit in Paris speaks in French (Discurs et résponse du Président Francais)(1902)
Josef Kainz, actor (17.May 1902)
Tyrone Power, actor (June 1902)
Joseph Jefferson, actor (1903)
Otto Sommerstorff, actor (Grammophon 41282) (Berlin,c.1903)
Pope Leo XIII: Ave Maria and the Pontifical Benediction rec.by Bettini (sold in the States by Columbia Phonograph Co.), (Rome 5.Feb.1903)
Len Spencer (prob.): McKinley Memorial (Col.639) (Feb.1902)
Harry Spencer: Address by the late Pres.McKinley of 2May01 (Col.833) (May 1902)
Max Devrient, actor (Grammophon 41230) (Vienna 1902)
Len Spencer: Pres. McKinley's Pan-Am.Exposition Speech (Vic.2170) (17.April 1903)
Leonard G.Spencer: Portions of the Last Speech of Pres.McKinley (VTM 2170) (Camden 1903)
Queen Elizabeth of Rumania ('Carmen Sylva') (poem; G&T GC-1235), Bucharest 1903
Tone Pictures Of The 71st Regiment Leaving For Cuba (Descriptive, Col.cy.1601) (NY c.Sep/Oct.1903)
Rosa Albach-Retty, actress (Grammophon 41330) (Vienna, mid 1903)

Except for Edison cylinders and discs, most early sound recordings will remain copyrighted and not enter the public domain until February15,2067
Edison cylinders were not mass produced by molding until 1901.
Until mass production began in 1901, most cylinders were duplicated pantographically or by dubbing.
The cylinder boom started in 1897, when 500,000 cylinders were produced.
'Dialect recordings' were common cylinder recordings and were often negative b portrayals of the Irish and African-Amerircans.
Edison originally envisioned sound recording as a tool for office dictation, not entertainment.
Many Edison Blue Amberol cylinders are dubbed from Edison Diamond Discs.
Edison's first two cylinder phonographs were the 'New' and 'Improved' models of 1887.
Most cylinders play at 160 rpm, though 19th century Brown Wax cylinders play at 120 or 144 rpm.
Edison Concert cylinders were 5inch in diameter and were intended for public performance where more volume was needed.
U-S Everlasting Records in Cleveland, Ohio produced 1,000 cylinder titles between 1910 and 1913.
The Stroh violin was invented to produce a louder sound that would record better on acoustic cylinders and discs. http://historywired.si.edu/object.cfm?ID=46
Columbia cylinders were also sold through Sears-Roebuck under the name Oxford.
Most early cylinders had a spoken announcement at the beginning with the name of the piece, performer and company. The practice ended around 1909.
The first African-American recording artist, George W. Johnson, became famous for his song 'The Laughing Song.'
Some instruments recorded better than others with the acoustic recording process. Typically loud instruments like brass recorded well, while softer instruments violins didn't.
The Columbia Phonograph Co. was the only major company to make both cylinders and discs. They stopped producing cylinders in 1909.
Some of the rarest of all cylinders are 'pink' Lambert cylinders, early celluloid cylinders made between 1900 and 1902
Cylinders are acoustic recordings--performers sang or played into a recording horn, not a microphone. Microphones were not in widespread used until 1924 with the advent of electrical recording.
Until 1904 cylinder records were not labelled except for separate paper `title slips` curled up and stored inside the cylinder box. Spoken announcements appeared on these unlabelled records (performer/title/firm). A reason may have been to protect the recording from illegal dublication by record pirates.


One of the most wanted and searched for cylinder is the one the German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck must have made. Newspapers in Germany reported in October 1889 about Theo Wangemann, Edison's representative in Europe, being introduced to Bismarck then resident at his Gut Fiedrichsruh. Wangemann played 'the Radetzkymarsch' from a cylinder recorded earlier and caused the old Bismarck to say a few words such as a part of the poem: 'Als Kaiser Rotbart lobesam...' and 'Gaudeamus igitur'. Unfortunately the cylinder has never turned up!
A P.S. See entry of Jan 31,2012 ! About the same time when Th.A.Edison came to Europe, Emile Berliner appeared in Hannover, Germany, on September 11,1889...
Another mystery is George Orwell. We have a description of his voice but so far not one snippet of his voice recording has been discovered. Sometimes recordings turn up in the archives of overseas stations. But even here nothing could be found.
To go on with 'mystery cylinders': the Mark Twain cylinder(s). Twain changed his mind about dictating a book and filled more than one-hundred Edison wax cylinders with dictations for THE AMERICAN CLAIMANT (1892) before abandoning the scheme. None of those cylinders are known to survive, nor any other authentic recording of his voice, although several others were made. (Kevin Mac Donnell,First magazine,Inc.)

In 1863, nearly 15 years before Thomas Alva Edison created the first phonograph, an inventor named Leon Scott is said to have visited the White House. If historical anecdotes are accurate, he made a tracing of President Lincoln's voice with his newly invented 'phonautograph', a machine that scratched sound vibrations onto a soot-blackened sheet of paper wrapped around a drum. The cylinder on which a paper record of Lincoln's voice was apparently made has never been found.(The New York Times,March 25,1999)

A Recording of Cardinal Manning's Voice, article from Fr.Nicholas, Archivist of the Archdiocese of Westminster,London of 2008:
Flicking through a volume of The Tablet from 1894 the other day - as you do - I found a fascinating report of a phonograph that was made of Cardinal Manning's voice as he lay dying in 1891 (he finally passed away on 14 January 1892). He was encouraged to do this by his friend, Charles Kent (author of The Modern Seven Wonders of the World), and the recording was made by Edison's representative in the UK, Colonel Gouraud. 'In the beautiful library of the Cardinal,' we read in the report, originally printed in the Pall Mall Gazette, 'the message was dictated and afterwards reproduced, to the unconcealed pleasure and amazement of its author.' Three recordings were made - one for Cardinal Gibbons in America, another for Pope Leo XIII ('the reception of which made a great effect upon the Pontiff, who could hardly believe that it was not the actual voice of his friend that he heard') and the third for posterity, to be played only after the Cardinal's death death. 'Upon my handing him the cylinder,' wrote Colonel Gouraud, 'the Cardinal took it with a curious expression in his eyes, as if he were trying to realize that the next time the message was heard he would be in his grave.' The message was finally played on 16 February 1894 in a large reception room of Whitehall Court. Distinguished guests were invited, rather morbidly, 'to meet his Eminence Cardinal Vaughan and Henricus Edwardus Cardinalis Manning, Archepiscopus Westmonasteriensis.' Those assembled included the Cardinal's faithful Secretary, Mgr Johnson, the American Ambassador and a representative of the Prime Minister, Sir Algernon West. 'The scene was a very impressive one and the audience listened with bated breath to the faint scratching of the phonograph...the message came forth slowly, solenly, deliberately, and with long pauses of thought: 'To all who come after me; I hope that no words of mine, written or spoken in my life, will be found to have done harm to any one after I am dead - Henry Edward Manning, Cardinal Archbishop. 'A few other voices were put upon the phonograph after this, including those of Tennyson, Browning, General Sharman, and others who in life will never be heard again. It is the intention of Colonel Gouraud some day to deposit these priceless treasures in the British Museum. Till then they will in all probability never be listened to in England again.' (Tablet, 24 Feb 1894, pp290-291).

On the subject of Cardinal Manning's cylinders I have received some very interesting additional information from researcher and collector friend Michael Quinn, Australia, which I'd like to share -with his permission - with the readers . He writes : 'The 3 cylinders described over the years were among a group of Gouraud cylinders given to the BBC in the 1930s by Col. Gouraud's daughter. In 1977 Richard Bebb gave a BIRS talk on early spoken cylinders. During this lecture he played the short Cardinal Manning cylinder addressed to the Duke of Norfolk. I noted at the time that there was heavy surface noise but that the Cardinal's voice signature was quite intelligible. It is unfortunately likely that the 2 other cylinders have been damaged by mold. This was certainly true of the recording of King Umberto of Italy which was in the same batch of cylinders. There were two boxes of cylinders in the possession of Gouraud's daughter in the 1930s and she decided to retain one of these boxes and its contents. This lady died during World War 2 and I believe her house in Knightsbridge, London was damaged in the blitz and remained unoccupied post war. In 1951 a rather shady second-hand dealer offered for sale a box of early cylinders to the BBC. My belief is that he looted this box from the derelict house. I am certain this second group of cylinders now also in the BBC record library is the box of cylinders kept by Gouraud's daughter. My certainty is based on the newspaper reportage of the cylinders once in the possession of Gouraud's daughter compared with the BBCs holdings. Unfortunately some of the cylinders are inaudible or damaged. I particularly regret being unable to hear the cylinder that contains the voices of Edward and Alexandra later King Edward 7th and his Queen. This cylinder also contained the voice of Lord Salisbury.' - Michael later added: 'The British Library has a tape copy of the 1977 BIRS lecture that actor and record collector Richard Bebb gave on early cylinders which should include the playable Cardinal Manning recording. After re-reading some old news articles about these Manning cylinders it seems to me that Colonel Gouraud had retained originals or copies of 3 separate cylinders addressed to the Duke of Norfolk; The Pope and Cardinal Gibbons. However the so called death bed recording would seem to be another recording the original of which was in the Cardinal's belongings. It makes me wonder whether the present Cardinal has this cylinder in his own library. - When Edison died in 1931 there was quite a flurry in the press - that event caused Mrs Courtenay Gayer (Theodora Gouraud - Gouraud's daughter) to play some of these early cylinders for the press. The Times managed to incorrectly caption a photograph of the 1894 playing of the Manning cylinder describing it as a recording of Cardinal Newman. Even more interesting was the publication of a letter from Mary Helen Ferguson who said it was she who had recorded the Manning death bed cylinder. She is hard to track biographically though I know she died in 1941. You can hear her on the Trumpeter Landfried cylinder and the one of Big Ben chiming. It seems she also was the one who recorded the Browning cylinder. I am pretty certain she was recordist for the Florence Nightingale cylinder. Colonel Gouraud's assistants often seem to have been the recording expert with the Colonel overseeing matters.- The following is a transcription of the audible Manning cylinder:*To His Grace the Duke of Norfolk, Welcome home again to England. We have had you in our hearts these last days, and desire all good gifts for you and all your hopes.Henry Edward, Cardinal Archbishop October 29th 1891* .' (Thank you, Michael!)


Having said that another recording mystery comes to my mind: the "faked" recordings. I mean all those recordings that bear the "speaker's name" but were actually recorded by actors or other voice impersonators. The earliest here are -of course- cylinders: from President McKinley's voice (... more will follow), to "Churchill's speeches". In November 2000 `The Observer´ reported that proof had been found that some of Winston Churchill's most famous wartime radio broadcasts were delivered by the British actor Norman Shelley, after a 78rpm record had been found among Shelley's private effects labelled 'BBC,Churchill: Speech.Artist Norman Shelley,September 7th,1942' Shelley himself had admitted in a BBC interview of 1978 that he had recorded the 'Fight On The Beaches'-speech for the British Counsil for use in the U.S.A. Since then myth and reality have gone hand in hand and it is still not verified which speeches are 'original Churchill' and which not. See : http://www.radiofax.org/, open: audio archive- 'The Churchill Tapes', and:

Also the circulating 'We interrupt the programme' recording of Dec 7,1941, when John Daly is interrupting the Philharmonic Concert on CBS to announce the Pearl Harbor news is a fake - a mixture of recordings, probably arranged in the early 1970s: At the time the first P.H.news bulletin hit- 2:22 PM EST - Daly would have been acting as announcer/narrator for the program 'Spirit of '41'. 'Spirit Of '41. happened on CBS between 2:22pm and 2:30 PM -there are statements that Daly broke into 'Spirit Of '41' at approximately 2:25 PM to read the initial bulletin, and there have also been statements that CBS chose to wait until its regularly-scheduled news, scheduled news period at 2:30 to go with the report. No recordings are known of the 'Spirit Of '41' broadcast.(E.McLeod,1999)-NB: It also appears on the Murrow albums (see below).
Another fake appears on the Murrow-series `I Can Hear It Now`: some of the material simulated on the third album recreates broadcasts that never happened at all -- the simulation of the Lindbergh coverage with George Hicks and Lowell Thomas being the most obvious example, as Dr. Michael Biel pointed out a few years ago when ABC passed this off as an 'authentic recording' in a documentary. The original album cover for Vol. 3 acknowledges that recreations are used, but no such acknowledgement appears on Vol. 1, the album which includes the recreated Bob Trout surrender broadcast.

The following can be filed under FAKES or MOST WANTED: the Walt Whitman Cylinder: W.W.reciting from his 'America'. Here is a part of an article of 1992; the complete one can be read at: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE0DA113CF935A25750C0A9649 58260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all
'Two Walt Whitman scholars have found what they say could be a voice recording of the American poet, reading four lines of his 1888 poem 'America.' - The tape, part of an audiocassette collection of poetry readings, appears to be taken from an NBC radio broadcast from the early 1950's. On the tape, the broadcaster Leon Pearson identifies himself and briefly introduces what he refers to as a wax cylinder recording of b Whitman made in 1890. - If authentic, it would be the only known recording of the poet's voice. - Uncertainties about the provenance of the recording, however, cause experts to hesitate before pronouncing it authentic. The cylinder itself has been lost. Although the technique of wax cylinder recording was well established by 1890, Whitman never mentioned making such a tape, nor did any of his contemporaries. Most specialists in the history of the phonograph agree, however, that the possibility of outright fraud or a hoax is unlikely. Audio experts who have heard the tape say they believe that it is a recording of a wax cylinder. And the poem is obscure even for Whitman scholars, and therefore not a likely choice for anyone concocting a fake. A President or an Actor? - But historians of early phonograph recordings cite a number of cylinders initially attributed to a famous personage that later turned out to be performances by actors. - One instance is legendary among historians: a cylinder of President William McKinley's last speech before he was assassinated in 1901. The speech is read not by McKinley but by a celebrated actor of the day, Len Spencer'.


This short 35mm-film was a test for Edison's 'Kinetophone' project, the first attempt in history to record sound and moving image in synchronization. This was an experiment by William Dickson to put sound and film together either in 1894 or 1895. Unfortunately, this experiment failed because they didn't understand synchronization of sound and film. The large cone on the left hand side of the frame is the 'microphone' for the wax cylinder recorder (off-camera). The Library of Congress had the film. The wax cylinder soundtrack, however, was believed lost for many years. Tantalizingly, a broken cylinder labeled 'Violin by WKL Dickson with Kineto' was catalogued in the 1964 inventory at the Edison National Historic Site. In 1998, Patrick Loughney, curator of Film and Television at the Library of Congress, retrieved the cylinder and had it repaired and re-recorded at the Rodgers and Hammerstein Archive of Recorded Sound, Lincoln Center, New York. Since the Library did not possess the necessary synchronizing technology, Loughney - at the suggestion of producer Rick Schmidlin - sent multi-Oscar winner Walter Murch a videotape of the 17 seconds of film and an audiocassette of 3 minutes and 20 seconds of sound with a request to marry the two. By digitizing the media and using digital editing software, Murch was able to synchronize them and complete the failed experiment 105 years later.


In this connection I must inform the reader that meanwhile a CD has been issued by the Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv with 'Wax Cylinder Recordings of Japanese Music 1901-1913'. These recordings, made in Berlin (1901,1909) and in Japan (1911/1913), provide an impression of Japanese music from the beginning of the last century and are unique in every way. (You may purchase the CD via Staatliche Museen zu Berlin -Order N° BPhA-WA1. Go to my entry of June 27,2006.)
A second CD was released in 2003: 'Walzenaufnahmen aus Perus 1910-1925' (Grabaciones en cilindros del Perú) with recordings made on the spot by Hans Heinrich [Don Enrique] Brüning (1848-1928). (Order N° BPhA-WA2). Both CDs have booklets of 80-100 pages with all kinds of information.


Let us wander through the years of recording history to our neighbouring country AUSTRIA, where one of the earliest sound archives is founded, next to the Berlin Phonogram Archive,the Phonogrammarchiv der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Vienna. ....(to be continued)
In addition to that Austria has fine 'Mediathek' (formerly 'Phonothek') that provides online access to a pile of recordings dealing,of course, with Austrian history, but touches a lot of world historical events,too. Just google for it!



On April 1st,1920, a new department with the Preussische Staatsbibliothek (State Library of Prussia) in Berlin was opened: the LAUTARCHIV (Sound Archive). Two main tasks had to be fulfilled:
1. to collect the voice, the music, and the sounds of all peoples on disc records and to document them;
2. to start a 'voice-museum' of leading personalities of Germany and abroad.
The initiative lay in the hands of Professor Dr Wilhelm Doegen from 1920 - 1938. Indeed it was Doegen himself who was the pioneer in the field of collecting voices especially in the early 1920s, and it was the only existing institution because the recording industry did not have any or nearly no interest in voice or ethnic recordings because of the lack of buyers of such discs. Radio stations began to record their sounds only from 1929 on. The earliest 'Phonogramme' (as these recordings were called) were produced in Vienna in 1899 for the Akademie der Wissenschaften (about 150) and made with the help of the 'Wiener Archivphonograph', a modified Edison machine with 100 grooves per inch but recorded on discs instead of cylinders (more of it at a later date); then followed Berlin in 1905.
The Berlin 'Phonogrammarchiv' was deposited with the Psychological Institute of Berlin University in 1900. It was established by Carl Stumpf and headed by Erich Moritz von Hornbostel, a prominent ethno-musicologist, from 1905 till 1934. Carl Stumpf who was head of the psychological department with the Berlin University was interested in the question how music in general is perceived. In 1886 he had written an article about the songs of the Belakuda Indians. As at that time no Edison phonograph was available he only could write the notes down on paper. Years later, around 1900, Hornbostel asked all the missionaries to bring phonographical material home from their journeys to Berlin. Even private travellers were asked to do the same. The idea behind it was (as he expressed it in 1905) that the true artefacts of foreign cultures should be collected in the musical field before they had become spoiled and hopelessly lost by 'Europeanism' (as he called it). From 1922 on it was financially supported by the German Government. By 1906 the collection included about 1,000 Edison cylinders - all of them field recordings - and by 1939 the number had grown to 11,000. In 1934 the Archive became part of the Berlin Museum fuer Voelkerkunde (Museum for Folk Culture). The first recording was of an Ensemble of musicians from Thailand then 'touring' in Berlin. Thus the Berlin "Phonogrammarchiv" was the basis of a first systematical collection of ethnic music ever. It is sad to say that only about 20 percent of the holdings survived World War II. In 1948 these holdings were transferred to the Berlin Free University. Two years later the folk material (from countries such as Turkey, Lapland, Yugoslavia, Kurdistan, Corsia, Tunisia, New Guinea, the Ellice Islands) was deposited with the Berlin Museum again. But it has not played any role in any discography on sound recordings so far, neither does a catalogue or listing exist. One can only suggest that it is in deep slumber, well boxed and far away from any greedy collectors' hands! In contrast to that was the recording of languages and voices by the LAUTARCHIV. It is not exactely known how many recordings were made, who was recorded and when. In this respect it has something in common with the PHONOGRAMMARCHIV. Only a small portion (about 100) of these sound recordings are in the archive of the DRA . Wilhelm Doegen war born in Berlin in 1877 where he died in 1967.In his era 250 peoples' voices were recorded. He had studied in Berlin and Bonn a.o.subjects National Economy, Cultural History, New Languages, Literary History. In 1898 he was in Oxford listening to Professor Sweet's "English and Phonetic" lectures. He then became a teacher at the Berlin Borsig Real-School where he used recorded sounds on discs as a means of teaching for the first time (1906). In 1909 he developed his own recording machine, the 'Doegen Lautapparat' (D.Sound Apparatus). The recording was made by speaking into a one-meter-long horn, the sound vibrations were cut into wax. Via a copper-matrix shellac discs were pressed. Four minutes could be cut on a disc. Thus most recordings in the LAUTARCHIV are no longer than four minutes. - Doegen used this method to process his own language courses on discs and invented a way for the listener to be able to find the exact places on the disc to re-hear the sentence(s), the vocabulary etc. - One year later he was decorated with a gold medal for introducing the Phonodisc in Arts and Science. In 1915 Doegen became head of a 'Phonographic Commission with the Prussian Ministry of Culture'. Together with leading linguists and music ethnologists he 'toured' war prison camps and recorded more than 2,000 different languages and dialects on 3,000 discs: from India, the Himalaya, from the Sudan and japan, Scotland, France; in Jiddish and in German dialects of the German colonists in Russia. One of these extant recordings is e.g. a Muslime call for prayer, recorded at PoW camp Wuensdorf. These discs formed the basis of the Sound Department with the Prussian State Library, Berlin. According to information of these times there had been 9,000 copper matrices. Yet, the annual report of the Prussian State Library for 1931 only mentions 3,000 sound discs. A contradiction that has not been cleared so far. Doegen's favourite plan to build up a Sound Archive of international theatre performances with voices of famous actors could not be realized because of lack of money. One has survived: Irma Strunz reciting Goethe's "Erlkoenig". (Erl-King) of March 1926. After 1931 the Archive was moved to the Berlin University where it seemed to have remained till 1938.During the war all copper matrices (the originals of the shellac discs) were "victims" of an air attack. The written archive with all the information on the project could be saved. After the war the remaining rest became part of the "Oeffentliche Wissenschaftliche Bibliothek" (Public Scientific Library) in East-Berlin, i.e.the Communist part of Germany that did not correspond in any form with the West, did not give any information on holdings etc.. A short time later it was deposited with the Humboldt University there where it got forgotten till the fall of the walls and frontiers to the East. The traces to the Archive could be found in the "Zeughaus" of East-Berlin. This building (formerly a house that had weapons of all kinds and generations in its holdings) , now "Museum for German History" had become the new "home" of the discs in 1954, had, indeed, in its cellar cupboards with these discs, dusted, unarranged but well-preserved. A part of them were already in the DRA, but about 40 were of great historical importance: Journalist Maximiliam Harden speaks parts of an article he wrote on January 18th,1896 in the "Zukunft" (Future) on the Reich's 25th anniversary. Reichstag President Konstantin von Fehrenbach's opening of the Reichstag debate of October 5th, 1918; Eduard David, a Social Democrat, who became President of the National Assembly in Weimar on February 7th, 1919 with parts of his address (recorded in 1927); Gustav Bauer, Minister President, speaks of dramatic moments in the National Assembly on June 23, 1919, when the note had come to the members that the victory powers did not accept their articles 227-231 (the Emperor Wilhelm II should be sentenced, the German Reich should be regarded as guilty for the cause of WWI).
The recordings of that Archive, now part of the DRA Wiesbaden, formerly Frankfurt am Main, have come from various libraries of phonetic institutes or from different radio stations that had got dubs in those times, especially Doegen's 'Autophone', voice recordings of leading personalities. (He probably chose that word in derivation from the Greek 'Autograph' which means Original Manuscript). Of course, under the technical conditions of those times it was impossible to make on-the-spot recordings. So the authentic texts had to be spoken into the horn or microphone months or even years later.

'Autophon' #1 was Emperor Wilhelm II. speaking his 'Aufruf an das deutsche Volk' (Addressing the German People on the occasion of the beginning of WWI) on August 6th, 1914 (recorded later on January 10th, 1918 at Berlin Schloss Bellevue).
'Autophon' #37 is Philipp Scheidemann proclaiming the Republic (Berlin Nov.9th,1918) (recorded on January 9th,1920),
'Autophon' #39 is Friedrich Ebert's address after becoming Reich President (August 1919).
In June 1921 the Indian philosopher and Nobel-prize winner Rabindranath Tagore was in Berlin where he recorded a speech for Doegen on reconciliation of all peoples ('The Idea Of Freedom').
Another 'Autophon' is Reich Chancellor Wilhelm Marx who recorded parts of his Reichstag speech of August 23rd, 1924, when they talked about the London Conference of Reparations and the French Minister President's promise (Mr Herriot) to remove all occupation troops from the Ruhr Area.
These specific German proceedings and events will probably say nothing to non-historians abroad. But, to come to an end, let me mention that Doegen also recorded Churchill in 1918 and Geneviève Parkhurst in May 1926 when she was in Berlin. She read a part of her article that appeared in the 'Pictorial Review' on 'The New Woman of a New Germany' where she comes to the conclusion that her ideas of American women being more emancipated than German women have to be corrected. She is surprised and very glad to see that in the new Germany the women are politically free and can pronounce their own opinions and ideas. Other English speaking celebrities were John Galsworthy and Arthur Eddington ('On Radiation And Gravitation', 28.Aug.1921), and Ramsey MacDonald's short statement on 'My Visit In Germany' (7.Oct.1925; 0'55).

To give an idea of what his ethnic recordings were about, here is a short listing: The first of these records was made on December 29th, 1915, in the PoW Camp Doeberitz. It was a choire of Russian inmates singing; an acoustic recording by a male vocalist in Berber (Hamitiroh) language: Dschunka-stories (in the dialect of the Algerian Loharia), c.1923, male vocalist & instrument in Serbian language: Song of the King Vukasin;
c.1923, male vocalist sings in Samoan language the Lord's Prayer and a tale of the creation of Samoa;
c.1923, recordings by members of the Ewe-Synougma (East Ghana): a tale and a war chant;
6.6.31 , Koffie Jackson of the Joruba tribe (Nigeria) sings and tells a tale;
8.6.33 , John Ahuma of the Fanti tribe (South Ghana) tells about idolatry with the Fanti;
17.10.33, Said Ben Belaid tells a Berber tale and renders a love letter in the Schilh dialect;
25.7.34, a male vocalist from the Bantu tribe tells a tale in Suaheli on wedding ceremonies.
An interesting broadcast on the PoW recordings during WWI in those camps and outside was the BBC Radio4 'Barbed Wire Ballads' feature of May11th,2005 with Mike Kington.
Today the Archive is with the Musikwissenschaftliches Institut at the Humboldt University in Berlin and waits to get its well deserved place in the sound recording history.


The NV's motto was 'Dedicated to the Perpetuation of The Living Voice' and was founded by Robert G.Vincent in 1939 to issue or reissue historically important spoken word recordings, They were marketed strictly to academia. Some of the discs have a large label pressed on the reverse side that explains the background and significance of the recording.
Senator Taft in a recording by RGV utters some admiring words on the NV (unissued).
Here are some of them:
RV-21 Thomas Alva Edison: address at the Opening of the NY Electrical Show (Oct3,1908) 'Comm.the Jubilee of the 1st Atlantic Cable of 1858 and 25 Years of Edison Electric Lightning Service on Manhattan Island'
RV-22 Kenneth Landfrey: The Bugle Call for The Charge of the Light Brigade (re-sounded on the original Waterloo bugle by the surviving trumpeter on Aug.2,1890) (notes on reverse); Spoken intro by Robert Le Roy Ripley with G.Robert Vincent (notes on reverse) of 7 August 1939. Later issue 7 inch 33 H-603
TNV-108 James Ramsey MacDonald: A Tribute to Robert Burns (with a word of advice from George Bernhard Shaw) (notes on reverse)
TNV-109 Arthur Conan Doyle: Sherlock Holmes, Explained by his Creator (1928)/ Presented in Action by William Gillette (1936) TNV-110 Matrix: National Vocarium CS 045830 , Jefferson, Joseph - 2 scenes from Rip; Re-recorded 1939 from cylinders - incorrect date of 1899 given -it should be 1903 from Columbia
TNV-110 Joseph Jefferson 'Rip van Winckle returns' (2 scenes); Washington Irving's famous character portrayed by JJ in 1899- (Matrix: CS045830)
TNV-123 Nellie Melba: Says Farewell at The Royal Opera House, Covent Garden (June8,1926)/ reverse side: Ernestine Schumann-Heink: Speaks to a Mother about Children (1935)- (Matrix: National Vocarium CS 046633); Note - The Melba is from another commercially released HMV DB red label issue. The Schumann-Heink is from a US radio broadcast
TNV-124 William Jennings Bryan discusses "imortality" (1904), proceeded by Ira D. Sankey singing one of his famous hymns. (Matrix: National Vocarium ?CS 046634, 12 inch disc); Later issue of Bryan item 7 inch 33 H-605 ?CS 046634; Note - Both probably originally commercial issues - the Bryan was on Victor black label.
TNV-125 William Ewart Gladstone: A Personal Greeting to Thomas Edison (sent to America in 1888 via cylinder and prefaced by Col.George E.Gourard; notes on reverse side); (Matrix: National Vocarium CS 046635-1)
TNV-126 Amelia Earhart: Woman's Place in science. Matrix: National Vocarium CS 046636), 12-inch, standard (shellac) Recorded in 1936; America's First Lady of Aviation speaking from Santa Ana, Calif. Note - derived from a radio broadcast.
TNV-130 Florence Nightingale - Comrades of Balaclava July 7,1890 ( Matrix: National Vocarium CS 047309); Incorrect date given in 1939 spoken intro but date stated on original recording 30th July 1890; see other version TNV-VS; Later issue 7 inch 33rpm H-602 - Note - a wax cylinder of this item is held by the British Library. The first public issue of this item was on an English Edison-Bell 10 inch disc.
TNV-131 Sarah Bernhardt: L'Aiglon, Scene V, Act V (Matrix: National Vocarium CS 047310); Note - incorrectly dated on the disc - comes from a 1910 Edison Amberol.
TNV-133 P.T.Barnum London 17th February 1890 at a banquet in his honour given by Henry Irving (Matrix: National Vocarium CS 047312).'I thus address the world...-A message to future generations in the voice of...', with some early recollections by Prof. William Lyon Phelps (1940)'.- Also issued as a 12 inch shellac 78 rpm white label by IRCC. May also exist as plastic pressing. Note - a damaged wax cylinder of this item exists at the Edison site. The origin of the circulating transfers may be from this cylinder or possibly from a British source as Edison-Bell once did hold a cylinder of this speech and it may have been transferred by Decca in the 1930s.
TNV-134 James Whitcomb Riley w/an introduction by William Lyon Pheips: Little Orphant Annie (Matrix: National Vocarium CS 047313)(1940); Note - derives from a commercially issued purple label Victor disc.
TNV-? James Whitcomb Riley recites his own poems (1908): Out to Old Aunt Mary's/ Little Orphan Annie/ The raggedy Man/ The Happy Little cripple (12mins18)
TNV-137 Calvin Coolidge - Presents the Voice of (Matrix: National Vocarium CS 048571)
TNV-138 Will Rogers: Bankers and Other Timely Topics (1928) (Matrix: National Vocarium CS 051313)
TNV-139 Guglielmo Marconi - Contents Matrix: National Vocarium CS 051314
TNV-140 William McKinley (Matrix: National Vocarium ?CS 051315)- Note - Probably Len Spencer reading McKinley's words.
TNV-? Mary Adelaide Nutting: appraisal of the legacy of Florence Nightingale and the value of schools of nursing. This speech is followed by an introduction and the voice of Florence Nightingale from recording made in 1890; (Matrix: National Vocarium CS 041359); April 10th 1939 ?? date of Nutting recording or as on label Sept 26 1939
TNV-? James Whitcomb Riley: recites his own poems, Out To Old Mary's/ Little Orphan Annie/ The Raggedy Man/ The Happy Little Cripple
TBV-? Elsie Janis: recalls early 20th century theatre in song parodies; J. imitates Ethel Barrymore, George M.Cohan, Beatrice Lillie and Fanny Brice (NV 1939) (5mins14)
TNV-? Richard B.Watrous, Executive Secretary for the American Civic Assn. On May 12,1939, he recorded his thanks to RGV for preserving the historic voices and is grateful for being able to re-hearing the voices of people he knew and who are dead now. He also reflects on RGV's life,
TNV unissued Robert Ripley's rehearsal and discussion regarding the text of the introductory remarks to the recording of The Bugler of Balaclava with the original recording at the end (TNV location, 9mins22)
(parts taken from: Kurt&Diana Nauck's Auction Catalogue 38, 2005 - www.78rpm.com; more info added with the help of Michael Quinn,Australia in 2012 )

At this place I want to give the reader some information on G.Robert Vincent. Vincent was born in 1900; he served as a dispatch courier in the French Army in WWI and later in the American army as an ambassy officer in Paris.
In 1913 he went to President Teddy Roosevelt to interview him for the 'Boys' Progressive League' magazine. One day later he got Teddy's permission to record his message to the boys on a wax cylinder. In 1938 Vincent talked about those days on a WOR Special features Division programme.
In 1942 he was back in the Army where he helped to establish Armed Forces Radio where he worked with Bronson's 16-inch transcription discs, and created the V-Disc project.- In July 1943, Vincent discussed the project with Major Bronson. Bronson okayed it, but told Vincent that there was no money in the Army budget to start a record company. Undaunted, Vincent met with the Army's fiscal officer, Major Howard Haycraft, who immediately allocated one million dollars to Vincent's new project. With money in hand, Vincent devoted all his time to the music program. He recruited Steve Sholes, a former A&R man at RCA Victor who supervised jazz recordings by Sidney Bechet and Jelly Roll Morton, to assist him. Vincent's record company now had a name - 'V-Discs', a sobriquet coined by Vincent's secretary. It also acquired a logo - a red-white-and-blue graphic designed by a staff artist at Yank magazine on a $5 retainer. The first problem was trying to find a suitable substitute for shellac, the main component for records. Four out of every five transcription discs sent overseas arrived in pieces. And when the Japanese took over French Indochina, America lost its supply of imported shellac. Although shellac could be recycled and reused (and many Americans donated their old 78's in scrap drives for war materials), the music was drowned out by the loud surface noise on recycled shellac discs. - Because of the AFM strike, Petrillo asked that the recordings not be used for any commercial purposes; that the records not be sold; and that all V-Discs were to be destroyed after the war. From that moment on, artists who wanted to record now had an outlet for their productivity - as well as a guaranteed, receptive, enthusiastic worldwide audience of soldiers and sailors. - Another key person, Sgt. Tony Janak, joined the project, and would stay with V-Disc throughout its existence. Janak, a former recording engineer for Columbia Records, produced special V-Disc 'remote' recording sessions, setting up 400 pounds of 'portable' recording equipment wherever artists played - in concert halls, in jazz clubs, in apartments. 'In the beginning,' wrote Janak, 'we chose material from broadcasts and the files of the record companies that were contracting on the project. Then we got into doing live sessions of our own: [we] were always dreaming up new recording dates. We recorded at Columbia Records, RCA Victor, NBC, World, and Carnegie Hall with Louis Armstrong, Tommy Dorsey, and Duke Ellington; jazz at the Metropolitan Opera House and Stuyvesant Casino; at West Point with the Military Academy Band.' Music for V-Disc came from almost everywhere. Radio networks sent airchecks and live feeds to V-Disc headquarters in New York. Some movie studios sent rehearsal feeds from the latest Hollywood motion pictures to V-Disc. Artists gathered at several V-Disc recording sessions in theaters around New York and Los Angeles, including CBS Playhouse No. 3 (currently the Ed Sullivan Theater), NBC Studio 8H (the current home of 'Saturday Night Live'), and CBS Playhouse No. 4 (reborn in the 1970's as 'Studio 54').
Every month, a V-Disc kit of 30 records was sent from the RCA plant in Camden, to ports of call and bases around the European and Pacific theaters of operations. Inside the kit, along with the V-Discs, was an assortment of steel needles for the phonograph, a set of lyric sheets, and a questionnaire that the soldiers could fill out and return, asking what they liked the best, what they liked the least, and what they wanted to hear in the future. Because the 12-inch V-Discs could hold up to six minutes of music per side, it allowed more flexibility and longer jams from jazz artists and big bands. "When a lot of these guys recorded in the studio," said DiGi, "they did it under a very staid condition. When they did V-Discs, some of them already had a couple of shots and were warmed up. It was very informal, and the things just rocked. If they wanted to jam for six minutes, we could do it."
By 1944, Captain Vincent found a new way to make the public aware of the V-Disc project - as well as make new recordings for the servicemen at the same time. 'For The Record', a program broadcast on New York's WEAF and simulcast through the NBC network, had a rotating orchestra, master of ceremonies and vocalists throughout its seventeen-week summer run. Overseeing this new project was a new member of the V-Disc project, Cpl. George Simon, a music writer for Metronome magazine who had played drums for the Glenn Miller Orchestra in the 1930's, and who knew almost every jazz musician and band member on a first-name basis.
During the first week of the V-Disc project, 1,780 boxes of 30 V-Discs and assorted needles were shipped to Ports of Embarkation, and from there to the troops. Within a year, production of the V-Discs tripled, so that the Navy, Air Force, Marines and Coast Guard would have enough V-Discs of their own. By 1945, more than 4 million records had been shipped from the Camden plant (along with 125,000 spring-wound V-Disc brand phonographs, and billions of steel needles). Even the Office of War Information and Office of Inter-American Affairs wanted V-Discs - they were used by shortwave operators as propaganda materials to Latin American and European countries; a counterbalance to Axis Sally and Tokyo Rose.
In May 1949, the final kits - a box of ten discs containing tracks from Sarah Vaughan, Tex Ritter, Buddy Rich, Duke Ellington, Frank Sinatra and Leopold Stokowski - were the final records ever released by V-Disc. After the V-Disc program ended in 1949, the Armed Services set out to honor the original AFM request that the records not be used for commercial purposes. Original masters and stampers were destroyed. Leftover V-Discs at bases and on ships were discarded. On some occasions, the FBI and the Provost Marshal's Office confiscated and destroyed V-Discs that servicemen had smuggled home. An employee at a Los Angeles record company even did some jail time - his crime was the illegal possession of over 2500 V-Discs.
Different kinds of labels were used on V-Discs: 'War Dept Music Section -Athletic and Recreation Branch- Special Service Divisions', Discs Nos. 1- 340
changed to:
'War Dept Music Section - Entertainment and Recreation Branch - Special Service Divisions' Nos. 341- 440; some of Nos -460
then to:
'War Dept. Music Branch- Special Services Division -Army Services Forces'
Nos from 515 on:
'Army, Navy, Marine Corps. Coast Guard - produced by the Music Branch- Special Services Division Army Services Forces'

Robert G.Vincent was awarded the Legion of Merit for his contribution to the morale of the U.S.troops by producing the best in the musical fields even a recording bann was going on in the USA, and for sending the discs to all the US war theatres entertaining the fighting men and keeping the link with home. - In 1945 Vincent also created the instant translation system at the UN and served as Chief Sound Recording Officer at opening session of the opening Plenary Sessions of the UN in San Francisco and also did so for the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials.
- His love for recorded sound began in 1913 when he took a recording device, borrowed from the Edison Labs via his friend Charles Edison (Thomas Edison`s son), to the Oyster Bay home of Theodore Roosevelt ('Teddy'-not FDR). Vincent recorded Roosevelt in situ, giving a pep talk to the 'American Boy'. (March 4,1913; 1'28)- In the 1920s he apprenticed at the Edison labs in New Jersey, and in 1935 opened his own recording studio, the 'National Vocarium', at Radio City in NYC. Here he both pioneered the restauration of early Edison cylinders and recorded famous voices (such as explorer Richard Byrd).-
In 1962 Vincent presented his collection of over 8,000 voices to the MSU where he became head of the new National Voice Library till 1973 when he retired. G.Robert Vincent died in East Lansing in November 1985.-
My good friend Dr Maurice Crane followed him in office at 'The Vincent Voice Library' (Michigan State University, East Lansing) where he remained till he retired in 2000. He died at the age of nearly 88 on June 1,2014.


On May 29,1929 German radio began recording and archiving their broadcasts on thick wax discs. Thus the first disc of that series was the laying of the foundation stone of the 'Haus des Rundfunks' in Berlin-Charlottenburg, Masurenallee. Only two discs of the event have survived. From the beginning on every disc the Reichsrundfunk recorded or acquired was carefully filed. (to be continued)
In the NS-propagandafilm 'RUNDFUNK IM KRIEGE' one can see the different ways they recorded their broadcasts: the wax-disc recording system, cutting Decelith foils, and tape recording.


With January 30, 1933, the National Socialists were the rulers in Germany- and with that they also gained control over the radio. It became the Reich Government's mouth for everything they wanted to spread. Their first broadcast was that the Drahtloser Dienst (Wireless Service) of 12 noon the same day informed the public that ReichsPresident von Hindenburg had proclaimed A.Hitler ReichsChancellor. At 19oo hours the Berliner Funkstunde honoured this event in a special broadcast of Zeitfunk. At 22:20h a recorded 20-minute-report of the Nazi torch march through Berlin Brandenburg Gate and Wilhelmstrasse was broadcast by all German stations, except by the Bavarian Radio Munich. This broadcast had been commanded by the Minister of Interior, a member of the NSDAP and in charge of radio. It was announced to the State Commissionars of the Radio Broadcasting Stations as 'Proclamation to honor the ReichsPresident and the ReichsGovernment'. No-one suspected a political misuse by the NS-Party. But when it turned out to be one the Bavarian Radio Station interrupted the broadcast. Further commanded broadcasts by the new government followed: On Februray 1st, Hitler -just like all the Weimar Republic Chancellors before him- spoke his Governmental Proclamation into a microphone of Berliner Funk-Stunde , positioned in the ReichsChancellary in Berlin at about 2200 hrs. This speech, also broadcast to America and translated by NBC's Max Jordan, formed the beginning of a hitherto unknown one-sided election campaign on the radio. (The speech was re-recorded by Hitler and broadcast several times the following day.) Till the beginning of the election to the Reichstag on March 5th, 1933, Hitler travelled to all those cities that had a broadcasting station. The introductory words were always spoken by NS-Minister for Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels, in a form of a radio report, 'to convey to the listener the magic and the atmosphere of our mass demonstrations': Cologne 19.2., Frankfurt/Main 22.2., Frankfurt/Main 3.3., Hamburg 3.3., Königsberg (East Prussia) 4.3., to name a few. He reached these places by using a plane and to 'come down on Germany like God from the skies'. Critics got the answer that the National Socialists did only what former governments had done before the same way. Only slight resistance came up to stop the Nazi misuse of radio in times of elections: On February 15th,1933, a group of Communists and members of Unions cut the cable that sent out Hitler's words from his microphone in Stuttgart Townhall and interrupted the speech after nine minutes. Parties of the Left and Centre never got a single broadcasting time, NSDAP coalition party DNVP (Deutsch-Nationale Volkspartei) got a few. But, inspite of this 'masterpiece of agitation' (Goebbels) with about 45 NS election broadcasts within two months, the Party only reached 44% of the votes, and again in coalition with the DNVP 52%.. After the elections Goebbels could verify his plan to build up a 'Ministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda' (Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda). It should control all mass media like the press and radio, but also cultural institutions like theaters, film and literature. Radio should get a leading role as guiding instrument of the Government. Therefore Goebbels had the Minister of Interor assign him the complete surveillance of radio personnel and programming. He used these new competences on the occasion of opening the Reichstag session of March 21,1933, to arrange a grand NS-propaganda show. In the presense of ReichsPresident von Hindenburg, the newly elected Reichstag met in Garnisonskirche (Church) of Potsdam, a place where the old Prussian spirit was still alive and where von Hindenburg (who hoped for a 'unified,free and proud Germany') met Hitler who pronounced what the aging von Hindenburg (86) wanted to hear: 'The old Prussian spirit, represented by the General Field Marshal' and the 'young A.Hitler, a representative of the new awakening Germany'. With the sounding of the bells and the singing of Brahms' 'Wo ist ein so herrlich Volk' (Where can such a beautiful people be found), a wreath was laid down at Friedrich The Great's tomb. And Eberhard Freiherr von Medem who not only reported but interpreted the symbolic act spoke these words into the microphone: 'Everybody leaves this place with an inner conviction that this has not only been a state act but that it has been like the hour of birth of a new Germany.' The next day radio control moved from the Ministery of Postal Service into the hands of Goebbels' Ministry for Propaganda.


Report on German Gramophone Records by Capt.W.Glanville Brown
Excerpts of the file of the Political Intelligence Department of the Foreign Office, London
As the article in the News Chronicle mentioned (see below) there was an examination of a large collection of gramophone records unearthed in Germany. This is the report of November 1945 on his investigation by Captain W.Glanville Brown who has been in charge. There are more than four thousand records here….All were records of German broadcasts, mostly of speeches by leading Nazis, but some of demonstrations of music. … Almost all the records have nothing to identify them except for numbers on both sides, but it is to be noted that the numbers on the two sides bear no relationship to each other. There are a few cases where the numbers on the two sides are in sequence, but such cases are so rare that these sequences appear to be occasional accidents. In the huge majority of case the two sides of the same record have nothing to do with each other from any point of view. For example, one record has on one side a speech by von Papen made in 1932 and on the other side a speech by Hitler made in 1937. It is therefore quite impossible to arrange the records in order according to their German numbers. - If, which is by no means certain, we have all the records from the lowest to the highest numbers, with none missing, it would in time be possible to identify them all, for speeches are preceded by, and ended with, statements by announcers. This would, however, only be possible if none, or at least not many, are missing, and would, in any event, be an extremely lengthy job, for some speeches cover as many as sixteen records. If too many are missing, identification would have to be dependent on former BBC monitors recognising voices and this clearly presents great difficulties. I can imangine how at least the British judges at Nuremberg would hesitate to accept, as conclusive proof, a monitor's uncorroborated evidence that the voice on a record was that of one of the accused. - (To make an index of the records) I took the records round to a Polish Repatriation Camp, where the recordsa were indexed by a hundred Poles in one day, I then brought the records back. - It is as well to explain of what the indexing consists. Each record has now been given a number by us, an index has been made showing to which two numbers already on each record our number corresponds, and the reocrds are now inorder according to the numbers which we have given them. With the help of the official German catalogue [of broadcasts made between 1929 and 1936 issued by the RRG] it will therefore now be possible to find any record needed [by the IMT] up to 1936. If we can get an official German catalogue up to a later date we can then find records up to that date also. We have therefore sent a message to hamburg asking for any official German catalogues they can find from 1936 up to as late a date as possible. We have also asked them whether they can send us such catalogues or not, to find out for us the numbers of the records containing Ribbentrop's 1941 and 1942 speeches on the anniversary of the Tripartite Pact. - Meanwhile, from the catalogues we have made a list of all the recorded speeches of those now accused at Nuremberg from 1929-1936. - [Brown goes on saying that he doubts that the recordings would be of any help for the Nuremberg prosecution because 'I doubt whether any of them - the accused- has ever made, in a public speech, a statement or admission which could be used against him at Nuremberg.']
For those readers who are more interested in discographical details on Nazi recordings I recommend again the DISCOGRAPHIE DER DEUTSCHEN SPRACHAUFNAHMEN in 4 vols by Rainer Lotz and Walter Roller. On more than 1400 pages you will find recording dates, recording places, matrix numbers of the shellac discs, speakers, and detailed contents. (see above under I.)


At this point I'd like to give attention to an interesting article by Cornelia Weber, general manager, researcher, and lecturer at the Helmholtz-Zentrum für Kulturtechnik with the Humboldt University of Berlin: In her Abstract she writes: 'At present the UMAC Worldwide Database of University Museums & Collections contains information about six archives that preserve historic sound storage media in Germany: the Phonetic Collection of the Martin Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg, the Audio Visual Archive of the Catholic University, Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, the Hoerburger Archive at the University of Regensburg, the Deutsche Sprachatlas at the Research Institute for German Language of the Philipps University, Marburg, and the Sound Archive and the Archive of Animal Sounds of the Humboldt University, Berlin. In the past these different holdings have played an important role in the development of specific academic disciplines, particularly in the fields of phonetics, musicology, ethnology, and zoology. The paper describes the sound archives as historical and cultural testimonies, based on the relationship between the collections and their corresponding disciplines. The main focus will be on the special character of these collections and their importance as research sources in past and present. Istimonies, based on the relationship between the collections and their corresponding disciplines. The main focus will be on the special b character of these collections and their importance as research sour in past and present.'

XIV.The Histroy of the Sound-Recordings of the Nazi VOLKSGERICHTSHOF (People's Court)

The "Volksgerichtshof" under its President Roland Freisler (who died during an air attack in 1945) was in charge to prosecute and to sentence to death the 'traitors' of the plot against Hitler of July 20, 1944 in East Prussia. - As it was not allowed to make minutes of the trials the remaining sound recordings are a 'treasure' for historical research and documents of the infamous ways of the Nazis to practice lawlessness. The only written fragments of the trials of 7th and 8th August 1944 were secretly made and can now be read in Vol.33 of the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal Series; the official transcripts burned to ashes in February 1945 during a bomb raid on Berlin.- The court hearings were filmed by Deutsche Wochenschau teams to be used in the weekly newsreels. A full film was made entitled: 'Geheime Reichssache - Verräter vor dem Volksgerichtshof' and was bound to an official discretion for those Gauleaders who were chosen to view the film (otherwise it would have been punished as treason). The film was not shown to the public as intended because of the way Freisler acted. One expected an uncontrolled positive feeling for the accused instead of the contrary.- One copy of the film survived, the rest was destroyed by order of Goebbels. The trial days were also cut on tape by a Nazi Party recording unit, not by the Reichs-Rundfunk-Gesellschaft(RRG). The microphone was hidden under Freisler's desk which caused a lot of problems to the sound engineers because Freisler shouted constantly at the defendants whereas these stood far away from the mike and spoke softly. - Nobody knew about these tapes until they were found in the early 1950s. - The people who lived near the place where they were found reported that near the end of the war a car-train of the NS-Propaganda-Command was hit by an Allied low-flying plane and tumbled down a slope near Wallberg Street at Tegernsee near Rottach-Egern (Bavaria). The cargo of the car-train - tape recordings - got stuck in the trees or rolled further down into rotten greenery where they remained, exposed to weather.- About 1946 the cars were towed by Americans to a depot for military vehicles in Scharling; the tapes remained unnoticed. - The finder of the tapes was a native. He carried them home where he tried to dry the partly frozen tapes and clean them. Later they were taken to an institution where they were professionally cleaned and made ready to be played.- Most of the tape-findings were acquired by the 'Münchener Illustrierte' (a popular German illustrated magazine). They printed parts of the minutes of the recordings that could be clearly identified. Later, in 1960, these more than 100 tape torsi were handed over to the Lautarchiv des Deutschen Rundfunks (founded in 1950)
http://www.dra.de/dra/chronik/1950.html [i.e.Sound Archives of the German Radio] and joined by contents as far as possible. The record-firm 'Ariola', then part of 'Bertelsmann' (now BGM), bought the rights of the sounds from the finder, yet gave copies of them to the Lautarchiv for further examination. - What remains today are about 100 excerpts under 10 minutes of length, only ten with more than 10 minutes of length, many taken from the Nazi propaganda-film 'Traitors Before The People's Court' (182 minutes long), of which a 30-minute-excerpt had been made for educational purposes, and the Ariola-LP 51193K (released in October 1961), a collector's item.


If you think illegal copying of sounds is a modern thing then you should read the following articles that will show you 'everything has been there before'! :
- http://www.intertique.com/PiratesOfTheHighCs.htm
- The story about White Records starts with Mr. White who was a former Edison employee. He took all the secrets of cylinder manufacturing and founded his own label 'White Record' under the name of the General Phonograph Company. This adventure did last only for a short time - until Edison shut him down by lawsuits.
added Aug 31,2013: I found this link to the subject on YOUTUBE:


April 5th, 2005 - Librarian of Congress Names 50 Recordings to the 2004 NATIONAL RECORDING REGISTRY
Librarian of Congress James H. Billington has made his annual selection of 50 sound recordings for the National Recording Registry. Under the terms of the National Recording Preservation Act of 2000, the Librarian is responsible for annually selecting recordings that are "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." Registry recordings must be at least 10 years old. In announcing the registry, the Librarian said, "Once again, we have the opportunity to celebrate the rich variety of music recorded in the United States and the importance of sound recording in our lives."
1. "Gypsy Love Song," Eugene Cowles (1898)
2. "Some of These Days," Sophie Tucker (1911)
3. "The Castles in Europe One-Step"("Castle House Rag"), Europe's Society Orchestra (1914)
4. "Swanee," Al Jolson (1920)
5. Armistice Day broadcast by Woodrow Wilson (1923)< surviving sound recording of a regular radio broadcast. It is also b believed to be the earliest known example of a recording made by r electr, rather than acoustic, means."
6. "See See Rider Blues," Gertrude "Ma" Rainey (1923)
7. "Charleston," Golden Gate Orchestra (1925)
8. "Fascinating Rhythm" from "Lady, Be Good!" Fred and Adele Astaire; George Gershwin, piano (1926)
9. NBC radio broadcast coverage of Charles A. Lindbergh's arrival and reception in Washington, D.C. (1927) "NBC radio's June 11, 1927, coverage of the arrival of Charles A. Lindbergh in Washington, D.C., was a landmark technical and journalistic achievement for the fledgling network. Radio reporters were stationed at the three locations in the city to provide successive, live descriptions of the pilot's arrival: the Washington Navy Yard; the procession along Pennsylvania Avenue; and his reception at the foot of the Washington Monument by President Calvin Coolidge. The young radio network captured the voices of President Coolidge and Colonel Lindbergh as they spoke to the nation."
10. "Stardust," Hoagy Carmichael (1927)
11. "Blue Yodel (T for Texas)," Jimmie Rodgers (1927)
12. "Ain't Misbehavin'" Thomas "Fats" Waller (1929)
13. "The Suncook Town Tragedy," Mabel Wilson Tatro of Springfield, Vt. (July 1930)
14. "Gregorio Cortez," Trovadores Regionales (1929)
15. Rachmaninoff Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor, Sergei Rachmaninoff, piano; Leopold Stokowski, conductor, Philadelphia Orchestra (1929)
16. Rosina Cohen oral narrative from the Lorenzo D. Turner Collection (1932)
17. "Stormy Weather," Ethel Waters (1933)
18. "Body and Soul," Coleman Hawkins (1939)
19. Sergey Prokofiev, "Peter and the Wolf," Serge Koussevitzky, conductor; Richard Hale, narrator; Boston Symphony Orchestra (1939)
20. "In the Mood," Glenn Miller and His Orchestra (1939)
21. Edward R. Murrow broadcast from London (1940) "Edward R. Murrow's eyewitness news broadcasts of the Battle of Britain presented the emotions and sounds of a city under siege to audiences throughout the United States. One of the most remembered of that series of 1940 broadcasts was on September 21 when Murrow dispassionately described the bombing of London from a rooftop during the blitzkrieg."
22. "We Hold These Truths," radio broadcast (1941) "Commissioned to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the Bill of Rights, "We Hold These Truths, a drama exploring American values, aired one week after the invasion on Pearl Harbor. The broadcast was carried on all four radio networks simultaneously to an audience of more than 60 million listeners, roughly half of the U.S. population at the time. It was the largest audience in history to listen to a dramatic presentation."
23. Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky, Piano Concerto No. 1, op. 23, B minor, Vladimir Horowitz, piano; Arturo Toscanini; conductor; NBC Symphony Orchestra (1943)
24. "Down by the Riverside," Sister Rosetta Tharpe (1944)
The rest ist post-1944.


In June 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt installed a recording device to ensure accurate records of presidential meetings were kept. While running for his third term as President in the fall of 1940, Roosevelt was worried about being misquoted by the press. The Secret Service installed the RCA Continuous-film Recording Machine which recorded approximately eight hours of meetings and conversations from the Roosevelt administration. These recordings consist mainly of fourteen press conferences and several accidentally recorded meetings held in the Oval Office between August 23 and November 8, 1940. By recording his dealings with the press, Roosevelt intended to ensure an accurate record of what was said. - There are approximately eight hours of recordings from the Roosevelt administration. These primarily consist of fourteen press conferences held in the Oval Office between August 23 and November 8, 1940. The machine was often left on after the press conferences ended, inadvertently recording meetings, office conversations, and room noise. Recording technology was still very primitive and much of the recordings, despite recent digital enhancement, is unintelligible. - Roosevelt made the decision to record his press conferences following an incident in January 1939. That month the New York Times printed Roosevelt's private comments to members of the Senate Military Affairs Committee. Not only was Roosevelt angered that his comments had been leaked to the press, but he was also furious because the press account was inaccurate. In a press conference three days later, Roosevelt called the quote attributed to him in the Times `a deliberate lie`. He directed his official stenographer, Henry Kannee, to find a way of ensuring that his comments were accurately recorded.- Initially, Kannee used a rudimentary Dictaphone machine. Unfortunately, the machine did not work and Kannee continued his search for a machine that was satisfactory. In June of 1940, an RCA representative presented Kannee with a gift: an experimental model of the RCA Continuous-film Recording machine which inventor John R. Kiel developed. As tape recorders, per se, had not been invented, this prototype utilized both motion-picture sound technology and motion-picture film. Kiel's idea was to use a motion-picture machine `filling a reel of film with nothing but one sound track after another, side by side`. The machine used a 35 millimeter film called "scribed acetate sound film." Sound was recorded on the film transversely as opposed to longitudinally. The result was that a substantial amount of conversation could be recorded on a very short piece of film. The machine incorporated a voice-activated record mode. Roosevelt or Kannee could turn the machine on, but it would only record when a sound activated the system. It is for this reason that many office conversations, other meetings, and room noises are recorded. The RCA Continuous-film Recording Machine was large and bulky: it was over three feet tall and almost two feet wide. The Secret Service installed this machine directly under the Oval Office, concealing it in a specially built chamber with a padlocked door so that White House staffers who used the room to store gifts would not be able to see the machine. Only Roosevelt, Stenographer Kannee, his successor Jack Romagna, inventor Kiel, the RCA representative, and the Secret Service agents who installed the machine, were aware of the recorder's existence. A single RCA microphone was installed in the lampshade on the President's desk, which explains why Roosevelt's voice is recognizable but other voices are not. Wires ran from the lampshade down the side of the desk. One set of wires threaded through a hole in the Oval Office floor and into the machine concealed in the room below. The second set of wires went through a hole in the President's desk to a control box located in his desk drawer. Roosevelt could activate the system by pushing a button on the control box. Likewise, Kannee, who had the key to the padlocked closet containing the machine, could activate the recording system by flipping a switch on the machine itself. (Source: White House; for further reading: Robert Butow in: American Heritage,issues of Feb/March and Oct/Nov.1982)


Discographie der deutschen Sprachaufnahmen 4 Vols

Nazi Propaganda Swing: Charlie and His Orchestra
In: Lotz/ Bergmeier
Hitler's Airwaves (incl.a CD)
Yale University Press, New Haven & London 1997

Schallaufnahmen des Deutschen Rundfunks
Band 1 + 2: 1929 bis Anfang 1936 [Berlin 1936]
(was not for public sale, for internal use only; not continued)

Schallaufnahmen der deutschen Rundfunkgesellschaften im Jahre 1932
pp368, (no info on publisher; prob.RRG 1933)

Schallaufnahmen politischen Inhalts des Deutschen Rundfunks 31.1.1933 bis 15.1.1935 Berlin 1935
(Nachstehend aufgeführt sind die Schallaufnahmen politischen Inhalts des Deutschen Rundfunks vom 31. Januar 1933 bis 15. Januar 1935. Sie enthalten alle über die Sender des Deutschen Rundfunks gegangenen Aufnahmen, begonnen mit dem Marsch durch das Brandenburger Tor in der Nacht zum 31. Januar 1933 und abgeschlossen mit der Verkündung des Ergebnisses der Saar-Abstimmung am 15. Januar 1935 vormittags. Über die Aufnahmen, die den Vermerk gesperrt tragen, ist im Schallarchiv der Reichs-Rundfunk-Gesellschaft Näheres zu erfahren.)
157 pp.

Deutsches Rundfunkarchiv
Veröffentlichungen des Deutschen Rundfunkarchivs - Tondokumente zur Kultur- und Zeitgeschichte- Ein Verzeichnis
new series: 1888-1932; 1933-1935; 1936-1938; 1939-1940
old series: 1939-1940; 1933-1945; 1933-1938; 1946-1950
Tondokumente zur Zeitgeschichte 1946 - 1956 Bild- und Tonträgerverzeichnisse,Frankfurt am Main DRA, 1979,Band .9 Kartoniert Heft
Lautarchiv des deutschen Rundfunks (Hrsg.):Tondokumente zur Zeitgeschichte. Politik und Wirtschaft 1901 - 1933. o.O., 1958.73pp. (out of print)
Edison Cylinder im DRA
Writers on German Radio 1924-32, a catalogue
http://www.dra.de/rundfunkgeschichte/schriftsteller/autoren.php?buchst=A&aname=Hans Karl Abel
Judenverfolgung und jüdisches Leben unter den Bedingungen der nationalsozialistischen Gewaltherrschaft: Tondokumente und Rundfunksendungen
- 1930 - 1946
- 1947 - 1990
Tondokumente zu Buch und Literatur 1945 - 1949
Tonaufnahmen zur deutschen Rundfunkgeschichte 1924-1945
Bild-und Tonträgerverzeichnisse Nr.1
Frankfurt am Main 172 (out of print)

Zeugnisse jüdischen Lebens- Tondokumente im Schallarchiv des Bayerischen Rundfunks 1948-1988
Bayerischer Rundfunk in cooperation with the Historical Commission
Munich October 1988 (out of print)

Rundfunk in Bayern- Tondokumente im Schallarchiv des BR 1906-1988
Bayerischer Rundfunk, Munich Jan.1989 (out of print)

Goebbels Reden 1932-1945
hrsg. von Helmut Heiber; Droste Verlag, Düsseldorf 1971
this book contains the transcripts of 37 of Goebbels' speeches as deposited in the DRA (out of print)

Der gute Wille, etwas Neues zu schaffen- Das Hörspiel in Deutschland von 1945 bis 1949
(a review with a complete listing of radio plays on German radio from 1945-49)
by Hans-Ulrich Wagner; Potsdam 1997

Features und Reportagen im Rundfunk der DDR Tonträgerverzeichnis 1964-1991 by Patrick Conley, Berlin 1999

Diskographie der deutschen proletarischen Schallplatte in der Zeit vor 1933
Veröffentlichung der Akademie der Künste der DDR- Sektion Musik-Arbeiterliedarchiv Bearb.v.Elfried Berger u.Inge Lammel VEB Deutscher Verlag für Musik Leipzig 1980

Tonaufnahmen des Rezitators Mathias Wieman
website under construction: on LP http://www.dieterleitner.de/w6_ton.htm
Wieman's radio appearances: http://www.dieterleitner.de/w5_funk.htm

Katalog historischer Tonaufnahmen 1900-1941
Katalog der Tonbandaufnahmen
- 1965
- 1974
- 1975
- 1976
Österreichische Phonothek, Vienna 1974-1978 (all out of print)

BBC Sound Archives in the Imperial War Museum: World War 1939 -1945 :
IWM Department of Sound Records, London 1987 (second ed.) (out of print)

The World at War- 1939-1945/ Thames Television Recorded Interviews (30pp)
Imperial War Museum, Dept of Sound Records, London 1980 (2nd ed.)

BBC Sound Archives: Catalogue of Recorded Talks & Speeches
Supplement I: A to Z, London April 1970
Supplement II: H to M, London January 1967
Volume III: N to Z, London 1967
Probably continued (all out of print)

British Library Sound Archive Catalogue
(had been online, but taken off...) Discography of Historical Records on Cylinders and 78s
compiled by Brian Rust; Greenwood Press; Westport/Conn. 1979 (out of print)

The Complete Entertainment Discography, 1897-1942
by Brian Rust and Allen Debus (1989,2nd ed.)

David Mason's Documentary Recordings on 78
Catalogue, pp.71 , private printing of 1995

Not directly a discography but a Handbook of existing sound recordings of radio broadcasts directed vs the Third Reich in the archives of the NA and the LoC:
'Rundfunk gegen das Dritte Reich' by Conrad Püttner (Munich 1986) (out of print)

Discographie deutschsprachiger Interpreten is a search data-bank. Go to 'Archiv' and then to `Datenbank`.
You can search for German language shellac interprets, songs etc, based on Leimbach's book who gave the authorization
to publish it on the Net for information and correction.

Recording ledgers and various label discographies at http://www.phonomuseum.at/category/diskographie/

David Goldin's data base on thousands of US radio broadcasts-recordings online can be found here:

Captured German Sound Recordings- select audio records issued by the National Archives Trust Fund Board, Wash.D.C.
" The publication of a list to a heretofore little-known collection of captured Nazi recordings should require no elaborate justification. Serious historical inquiry and unflagging popular interest virtually guarantee that nazism and the Third Reich will be ever topical and relevant. Similarly, both the public and the scholarly community readily agree that recorded oral history provides us with a unique historical perspective on our times. Thus the combination of an important historical subject and a fruitful form of source material should, in itself, be sufficient reason to produce such a list, provided that the material in the collection is historically significant and does not simply duplicate what is already available elsewhere. "
If someone has a question re these recordings I might be of help.

A catalogue of Voices of the Postwar Era 1945-54 in the National Archives is available here:
and a catalogue of TV Interviews 1951-1955 by Longines Chronoscope in the NA :

New Zealand Sound Archives, holdings: available as .zip-files: (removed, may moved to another site)
Vertical-cut Cylinders and Discs; A catalogue of all 'Hill-&-Dale'
recordings of serious worth made between 1897-1932 circa

(pages 168 - 173 contain 'Declamation -or Speech- recordings)
by Victor Girard and Harold M.Barnes
British Institute of Recorded Sound, London, 1964

The New Catalogue of Historical Records 1898-1908/09
Robert Bauer; London 1947; last known reprint is of March 1972
contains a small list on two pages of 'Talking', indicating that 'only a small selection of the most important talking records is given'

Gramophone Records of the First World War- An HMV Catalogue 1914-1918
introduced by Brian Rust; USA+GB+CAN c.1960s
contains music and speeches

Catalogue of N.B.C.Airchecks, transcribed by Victor Girard [late], Concord/CA / The Free Company Log as b'cast on WABC privately issued and sent to me by my friend Vic in the 1990s; mostly drama performances

Catalogue Of Recordings in the possession of Peter Copeland [late], Bristol, October 1991
-Peter was Conservation Manager at the British Library National Sound Archive (now the British Library Sound Archive) for 15 years until his retirement in 2002-
privately issued listings (pp424) sent to me by Peter in 1991
contains music as well as spoken word records

'Otter', a database of American Old-Time Radio broadcasts of the OT Radio Researchers Group
OTTER is a significant tool for the OTR hobbyist. OTTER is a free downloadable interactive software program (pc only) designed to compare a user's MP3 OTR file titles against a known and corrected database. This program can compare thousands of titles against the existing database. It will display missing episodes, incorrect dates, and incorrect titles. The database, containing well over 164,000 listings, has been developed, researched and is maintained by the OTRR Group.

Voices of WWII 1937-1945
select audiovisual records , leaflet by the National Archives, Wash.D.C. 1994; pp21

Spoken Word Catalogue First Edition
Contains information on over 10,000 currently available Spoken Word recordings
Gramophone Music Master; Retail Entertainment Data Publishing Ltd., London 1995

Spoken Records Third Ed. by Helen Roach; The Scarecrow Press, Inc. Metuchen,N.J. 1970
Includes: An Introduction to Spoken Recording/ Documentaries, Lectures, Interviews, and Speeches/ Authors' Readings/ readings by Other than Authors/ Plays (special stress on reissues on LP)

History in Sound by Milo Ryan; Seattle, Washinghton, 1963

The Frazer Collection of Wax Cylinders (recordings made by ethnologist C.G.Seligman in 1906, studying the Veddas, the aboriginal inhabitants of Sri Lanka, now extinct)
in: Recorded Sound 85, January 1984 (Publication of the National Sound Archive, London)[#86 is the last number of that Journal]

The Truesound Online Discography Project, contains a.o. EDISON RECORDS. Here one may find spoken word recordings as well:

Tondokumente 1945 - 1949. Bestandsverzeichnis.
Stuttgart, SDR, oJ. (i.e.Süddeutscher Rundfunk; no year given, prob 1970s), 576pp. 8°
issued by SDR -Fachbereich Archivwesen und Dokumentation, Wortdokumentation (out of print)

Tondokumente zur gesellschaftlichen Entwicklung in der DDR. Auswahlverzeichnis für die politische Bildungsarbeit.
Herausgegeben vom Gesamtdeutschen Institut. Bundesanstalt für gesamtdeutsche Aufgaben, 1973.
2. erweiterte Aufl. 72 S. 8°, Klammerheftung. (out of print)

Favre,Muriel; Herausgeber: Stiftung Deutsches Rundfunkarchiv DRA, Wiesbaden:
Tondokumente zur deutschen Geschichte Der Spanische Bürgerkrieg und die Deutschen
Archiv Verlag, Braunschweig , 2007; 1. Auflage; illustriert; 2 Seiten; Format: 22,0 x 28,5 cm ; Reihe: Tondokumente zur deutschen Geschichte 702 incl. a collection of sound documents

Tondokumente zur gesellschaftlichen Entwicklung in der DDR- Auswahlverzeichnis für die politische Bildungsarbeit
East Berlin (GDR) 1977 51pp

Tondokumente im Schallarchiv des Norddeutschen Rundfunks,Hamburg 18 vols 1945-1975(are known to me)

Tondokumente zur Zeitgeschichte; Reihe 1, Band 1: 1949-1953 Tondokumente im Hörfunkarchiv
Huck, Frank R. [Hrsg.]: Saarländischer Rundfunk 1990. 208 Seiten
Tondokumente zur Zeitgeschichte; Reihe 1, Band 2: 1954-1955 Tondokumente im Hörfunkarchiv
Huck, Frank R. [Hrsg.]: Saarländischer Rundfunk 1990 pp162

VOX Catalogue Numbers 5000 to 5999: Talking and Cabaret , issued by 'truesoundtransfers.de' (online=


With tapes deteriorating through chemical processes tapes tend to stick together and cause a hissing noise when being played. (Some recommand baking the tape and record immediately after -but then it cannot be played again a second time. I have experienced using cleaning gasoline (for household, clothes etc.)('Benzin für Haushalt und Feuerzeug') containing naphtha (crude) .If you drop it on the running tape constantly or from time to time the tape will not stick. Of course heads must be watched and cleaned as often as possible because one cannot avoid that particles of the tape remain there. In addition to a 'normal' CD-R dub, I use to make an mp3-copy (44kHz/320 bitrate). The originals are stored away- but not thrown away after transfering to linear sound files!
The newest tries in preserving sounds is photography: http://visualaudio.project.eia-fr.ch/

An interesting article "Can we save our audio-visual heritage?" can be found at: http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/teruggi/
From the iasa-taskforce guidelines (Technical Committee) 2004: 'The greatest problem with magnetic tapes is the material which binds the magnetic pigments to the substrate. Generally, traditional binding materials have a good to fair reputation of stability. From the mid-1970s onward, however, new polyester polyurethane binders (PEU) have been used, which, to various degree, are prone to hydrolysis. Water present in humidity of the air reacts with the binder, which leads to its chemical transformation, accompanied by a different physical performance. Binders loose their binding properties, which lead to a loss of pigments. In the course of the replay process, these pigment particles are deposited on tapes guides and replay heads swifly impairing the quality of the replayed signal. This phenomenon is called 'Sticky tape/sticky shed syndrome' and is often accompanied by a squeal in the replay process, caused by undue friction of affected tapes in the tape guides. In severe cases this friction may even lead to the break down of the tape travel. Sometimes, massive oxide shedding and even a total peeling-off of the magnetic layers can be observed. ... It is yet unclear whether binder degradation is the problem of a limited number of ill-designed or ill-produced tapes, or whether sooner or later all magnetic tapes will affected by this phenomenon. The development of methods to predict life expectancy of magnetic particle binder is in its infancy, and considerable research is needed before a valid methodology will be available. Consequently, most of the tapes produced after the mid-1970s should be suspected of being inherently unstable. Before efficient and easily applicable LE tests become available, utmost vigilance is necessary to find potentially affected stocks by labour intensive individual tape inspections....'

In an interesting feature of October 6th,2004 , Richard Hollingham on BBC4 described how we are 'Losing The Past' because a substantial amount of material stored on computers, magnetic tapes and even CDs is no longer accessible due to rapid deterioration and obsolescence. He reveals that the UK census data from 1951 are lost, as are significant parts of 1961 and 1971, that valuable music recordings can't be played anymore because of tape damage. For example,the master tapes of The Eagles' `Hotel California´, or REM's `Automatic for the People´ have fallen victim to 'sticky shed syndrome'; other recordings in the recording industry's vaults at the risk of being lost as the technology has become obsolete, and so the machinery to play them becoming increasingly rare. While films from the 1920s are so flammable they have to be kept in low-temperature bunkers away from human dwellings. (A couple of years ago the German National Film Archive at the Bundesarchive in Koblenz set itself in flames because the nitrate films had not been stored at the proper temperature!)

With the years one realizes what one should have had an eye on . . . e.g.legendary Forces Radio broadcastings like AFN, BFN resp.BFBS, now as well wanted as recordings from the 30s, 40s, and 50s!

Collections in my archive are:
Any spoken word (main interest ,of course, German language and Germany related recordings) of every decade,
V-Discs (910 had been issued and distributed)(more about them and Robert G.Vincent to come, especially on the Nuremberg Trial against the Major War Criminals 1945/46, where he was the leading engineer to adjust the simultaneous translation and recording system!)
[see: http://vvl.lib.msu.edu/record.cfm?recordid=8633]
and his 'National Vocarium' label (see above).
Old-Time Radio(OTR) recordings
Propaganda and educational films,
eye-witness accounts on the times of the late 1900s to the present,
Jewish/Yiddish recordings (78rpms of the early times, recordings made in Nazi Germany), Yiddish radio programmes in the USA in the 1940s,
Edison Diamond Discs [including a pile of unissued ones],
US/GB Folk Music, Old-time Blues, Old-time Country Music, Live music recordings, Field Recordings from the rural areas of the southern USA, etc.

Last but not least: my adoration still goes to composers/singers like
Woody Guthrie, whose "This Land is Your Land" (1944) was listed in the 2002 National Recording Registry :
("As folk poet, he had a strong influence on the folksong revival of the 1950s. He wrote or adapted over 1,000 songs, including the classic 'This Land´.
Guthrie intended the song to be a grassroots response to `God Bless America'.")
Bob Dylan (earliest recording: The John Bucklen Tape, Hibbing, MN c.1958 and Karen Wallace Tapes, St.Paul,MN May 1960),
and Canadian Gordon Lightfoot. His folk classics "Leaving On A Jet Plane", "Early Morning Rain" and lots more have become standards nowadays. My earliest Gordon songs come from his CBS- TV appearence at 'Country Hoedown" -about 1960- where he sings "Remember Me-I'm The One - ".
They all have enriched my life from my early teens on so much that it is `a must´ for me to mention their names (among many others, of course!).


Above I have already mentioned some American eye-witnesses who recall these early days. I now have begun to look for German language recordings of that kind. As far as I have found out nearly all are lost; (or maybe in some American archive like the LoC or NA- who knows...){see my notes on looting etc.}.

March 31,1930 8'30 'Georg Kaiser on his Life' {writer,1878-1945} (Radio Station Berlin/RRG) [lost]
July 4, 1930 4'15 'Clara Viebig on her Life' {writer,1860-1952} (Radio Station Berlin/RRG) [lost]
Jan.18, 1931 4'00 'Franz Blei on his Life- from his Childhood' (Radio Station Berlin) [lost]
Feb.27, 1931 18'00 'The 104-year-old farmer Anna Krämer is interviewed by W.Wahl and Paul Heinrich Wantzen' (rec. at Waldliesborn by Radio Cologne)[lost]
Oct.30, 1931 7'40 'Wilhelm Adolf, born in 1857 in Silesia, talks to Dr Fritz Wenzel about 'Old Times' (recorded by Radio Breslau) [lost]
Jan.18, 1932 12'00 'Wilhelm Gillig, the 86-year-old owner of the Goethe-Friederike-Museum in Sesenheim talks about his life and the history of his museum' (recorded by Radio Stuttgart) [lost]
Aug.25, 1932 4'37 '80-year-old Clipper-Captain W.R.B.Hillgendorf talks about his life' (recorded by Radio Hamburg)(on his own request it should only be broadcast after his death!) [extant]
Aug.25, 1932 10'55 'The 85-year-old Max Enenkel is interviewed by Dr Fritz Wenzel on his recollections of the war of 1870/71' (recorded by Radio Breslau)[lost]
Aug.28, 1932 3'45 'The 85-year-old Robert Fleiß is interviewed on his recollections' (recorded in Hirschberg by Radio Breslau) [lost]
Aug.29, 1932 2'46 'The Veteran Christian Danckert on his experiences at Sedan' (German-French War of 1870/71) (recorded by Radio Station Hamburg) [extant]
Nov.16, 1933 5'34 'A Veteran of 1870/71, Johann Treidler, is interviewed about the Battle of Weißenburg and about the Battle of Sedan' (rec.by Radio Breslau) [lost]
Nov.27, 1933 6'49 'Talks with War Veterans: Ernst Kipper, a veteran of 1864, is interviewed by Dr Fritz Wenzel/ Wilhelm Zahl, a veteran of 1866, is interviewed by Dr Fritz Wenzel' (rec.by Radio Breslau) [lost]
Jan.18, 1934 17'51 '18.1.1871- Personal recollections of veterans, Excellency Hans von Gronau (11'13); Oberstleutnant Hermann Retzlaff (6'39)'; Berlin RRG Senderaum - a broadcast for the short-wave station KWS [lost]
March 27,1934 7'30 'War veteran Hermann Pudritzki talks about the battle of Nachod in the year 1866' (recorded by Radio Station Breslau)[lost]
Jan.10, 1935 8'05 'Radio talk with Herr Göbel' (100 years old) on the Saarland plebiscite; his service with the military 1857-58; participation in the wars of 1866 (G-Austria) and 1870/71 (G-France); his jobs in the wool industry; his travels a.o.to Syria [extant]
-to be continued-


May 1, 1930 8'54 Prof Dr Nicholas Murray Butler, head of Columbia University in NY, is interviewed by Alfred Braun on the occasion of his Berlin visit [lost]
Aug.08, 1930 4'21 Senator A.Reed is interviewed by Dr Kurt Heymann on the Democrats' attitude towards Europe and Germany (recorded by Radio Berlin) [lost]
Dec.21, 1930 4'00 Edgar Wallace is interviewed by Dr Kurt Heymann on his interests in international crime, his work, and on spiritualism (rec.by Radio Berlin) [lost]
Dec.29, 1930 5'51 Sinclair Lewis is interviewed by Dr Kurt Heymann on his impressions of Berlin (rec.by Radio Berlin) [lost]
Aug.24, 1932 4'30 "Chicago's Mayor Anton J.Czermak is interviewed by Kurt Heymann on America's financial situation and on his position in America" (rec.at Hotel Adlon by Radio Berlin) [lost]
Dec.09, 1935 6'26 "The Secretary-General of the National Committee for Education by Radio in the USA, Dr D.C.F.Tylor, talks to Johannes Schmidt-Hansen on the German and American "Educational Broadcasting" ("Schulfunk") as well as about his impressions of the Third Reich (rec.by KWS-Short-Wave Station,Berlin) [lost]
-to be continued-

CHAPTER XXII: The 'Austrian Mediathek' in Vienna:

(in progress...I am still waiting for their promissed info for my site) Two useful links are:
http://www.akustische-chronik.at and http://www.mediathek.at

On the history of radio broadcasting in Austria 1939-1955 see articles with audio-clips especially on the post-war-times: http://members.aon.at/wabweb/radio_a/radio_a2.htm


With all the spoken word documents existing one should never forget the BLUES- a musical style that expressed in many ways the life and times of people in the USA. It always had me in its grip ever since the time I first heard it via the British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS)/Cologne in Germany (special thanks to my late friend Wally Whyton who I first met in London in 1971, who ran a Folk music programme called "Hello Folk" there, first broadcast: Oct 7th,1967). - Back in the 1990s my good friend Johnny Parth from Vienna had begun to re-issue the old Blues shellacs recorded before the 1942-ban. On his DOCUMENT RECORDS label more than 800 CDs represented the ways black people expressed what they had on their minds. A couple of years ago he sold everything to an Englishman who continues the production of these CDs. A worthwhile undertaking. Although their CD sales prices are very high they sometimes have special offers. - What Johnny had intended was to give every Blues lover access to an original dub of the shellac existing- without de-noise or de-clicking . Many treasures were discovered; sometimes discs were taken off walls of Mississippi huts where they served to keep the wind out. http://www.home.schule.at/cometo/tommy/htm/i%20johnny_parth.htm (Johnny on his work)
http://blues.about.com/library/blkba2001.htm (Johnny getting the 2001 'Keeping Blues Alive Award')
http://www.wirz.de/music/matchfrm.htm (Johnny's reissues on the MATCHBOX label-vinyl)
http://www.wirz.de/music/rootsfrm.htm (Johnny's reissues on the ROOTS label-vinyl)


In the years 1936/37 the Reichsbund deutscher Beamten (Reich Organization of German Officials) gave the order to produce a series of recordings that should represent the complete German dialects within the borders of the German Reich. In the end it turned out to be a series of 300 shellac discs (c.3 mins each), recorded with the most sophisticated equipment of that time by 'Telefunkenplatte GmbH' (formerly ULTRAPHON -1932)Special Division. A special cupboard was designed by Prof. Schneckenberg who had also developed the design of the VE301, the most popular radio set after 1933 (301 = 30 January 1933). The middle part contained a grammophone with speakers and space for the discs. The right and left side could be opened like wings. They showed, in woodwork, the map of Germany with the recording place of each disc.- The reason for that enormous undertaking was Hitler's 48th birthday (20.4.37). - From the information leaflet to the work: 'Never before has the technique of recording the human voice been put in the service of cultural and historic work in such a range. Nearly over eight months the recording van of Telefunkenplatte travelled from place to place in Germany to record speakers, away from all recording studios.Thus an effigy of German mental character in landscapes and education in a diversity as it has not been collected before has been created. The Telefunkenlatte has used all its technical means and could, with the help of Marburg University professors Nartin and Mitzka (of 'Deutscher Sprachatlas'- German Language Atlas), and Vogel and Dr Debus (Berlin) overcome all difficulties of field recording.' - All in all the idea turned out to be a tragic-comic example of a wrong combination of science and politics. Nazi policy was to unify and simplify the German language (as developed in the plans of Rust, Minister for Education),and to get rid of everything that showed any individuality. - Besides, Hitler would not have been able to understand most of the dialects, of which many are extinct nowadays. - In his recorded dedication the initiator, Hermann Neff, says (among many other things): 'My Führer! I ask you to accept this work as a sign of love and dedication by the newly united German officials, the Lautdenkmal of German ways, German life, and folklore, German history, work and customs. Volksgenossen of all ages and different professions talk in their own tongue about important events of their being, about daily life, their piece of Heimat (the place where their live on), our People and Fatherland, about a new Germany. None of the speakers knew that his voice would sound for you, my Führer. Simple and plain, as you want your people to be,the Volksgenossen talk in their mother tongue on their homeland clod. After long times of inner alienation from themselves, the German man recollects- thanks to you and your Movement- the eternal roots of his strength. .. The Lautdenkmal will be a sounding commitment to all ways of a national-socialist world of emotions and thoughts. ..' - This euphuistic speech shows that it was not only a collection of German folklore related material but also a piece of devotion and ingratiation. - Of course, these spontaneous recordings do not contain any critical words on the NS régime. Although most recordings contain the chocolade sides of daily life , there are some voices that talk about the negative political sides before Hitler (such as 'black occupation soldiers', the Separatist Movements, inflation, etc.; some are about Hitler's seizure of power,or 'The Führer comes'). One must not forget that those who spoke into the microphones belonged to the simple 'working class' that had no car, a bath tub was luxury, no newspaper subscription; they got their political information in the pubs;they believed what they read on imminent menace by other countries, by the Jews. So they accepted the new military draft. ('My husband still looks good in his new uniform'.). They lacked any inside view into the industrial rise and armament, they see the new Autobahns but not what was behind it. They see that the worker, the farmer is celebrated in all fields of life. But they can't see why. ('That's what we have our Führer to thank for'.) They enjoy the new comradship in the HY and women's organizations, the sportive activities . . . - These recordings are not a reflection of Germany but they show how the Nazis had understood perfectly to bedazzle too many. - These lines are in parts based on the scientific research into the linguistic problems of the 'Lautdenkmal' by my long-time acquaintance, Professor Wolfgang Näser who teaches German Language and Literary Studies at Marburg University. He has put together a pile of excerpts from the 300 discs on his homepage www.staff.uni-marburg.de. They are linked with a map of their recording places.


Radio Station National Committee for a Free Germany (Nationalkomitee Freies Deutschland -NKFD) existed from 18 July 1943 to 9 September 1945. It used the radio facilities of RADIO MOCOW. German exile Communists (like Walter Ulbricht) and PoW, privates as well as officers, produced agitation at the battle fronts in various printed forms and through loudspeakers directed to
the fighting German soldiers in the trenches of the eastern theatres of war. The recordings on discs were produced as a rule in the PoW camps Lunjowo and
Krasnogorsk , never in a Moscow studio. Between 1943 and 1945 all those members of the NKFD and of 'Bund deutscher Offiziere' who were regarded
as of propagandistic importance by their military rank and their human or intellectual skills spoke via that station. In total 179 persons are reported
to have spoken, verifiable 16 privates or corporals, 23 sergeants, 5 generals (among them General Paulus), 17 priests and 29 emigrants.
The names of the military staff were always given in the introduction to the recordings. They tried to make their listeners clear that the situation Germany was in,
was without hope. The language and form of the broadcasts were patriotic, German-national and in contrast to RADIO MOSCOW or other German language black stations.
Members of the editorial staff were a.o. Anton Ackermann, Hans Mahle, Gustav von Wangenheim; military pers.: Major Herbert Stößlein, Sergeant Matthias Klein,
Colonel Luitpold Stidle, Captain Ernst Hadermann. Contributions to the programmes by Erich Weinert (President of the NKFD), Martha Arendsee, Johannes R.Becher,
Willi Bredel, Wilhelm Pieck, Theodor Plivier, Bruno Schramm, Walter Ulbricht, Li Weinert.
RECORDINGS: In West Germany only 14 recordings were known to exist till 1989. When the Iron Curtain went down, the archives of the GDR, esp.the Institut für Marxismus-Leninismus,
Zentrales Parteiarchiv could be accessed by the German radio archives. Still we do not know what else might be in the Russian archives!
The following discs are known:
>Aufruf des Nationalkomitees 'Freies Deutschland' 'An das deutsche Volk, an die deutsche Armee'of 13 August 1943
(Appeal of the NKFD 'To the German People, to the German Army')
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm matrix 2017-7/3 and 2018-7/3, mech.copyright 1943
Seite 1 Anfang (beginning), Seite 2 Fortsetzung (cont'd)
Shellac disc 25 cm 78rpm matrix 2019-7/3 Seite 1 Schlussrede (final) [side 2 is blank]
>Aufruf des Kommandeurs Hadermann [on the disc it says in Russian 'Kommandeur Godermann'],An die deutschen Soldaten der eingekesselten Truppen
(Appeal by Commander Hadermann 'To the German soldiers of the surrounded troops')
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber (publisher): NKFD,Sowjetunion, matrix 238/3 and 239/4
>Gedichte, gesprochen von Erich Weinert (poems spoken by E.W.)
Seite A: 'Soll dein totes Kind dich anklagen?' (Shall your dead child indict you?)
Seite B: 'Was ist Feindpropaganda?' (What is enemy propaganda?)
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm, Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion, matrix 149/4A
>Gedicht 'Antwort an das Oberkommando des Heeres', gesprochen von Erich Weinert (Poem 'Answer to the High Command of the Army', spoken by E.Weinert)
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm, Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion, matrix 2049-7/3 and 2050-7/3
>Aufruf an die deutschen Soldaten 'Die Toten an die Lebenden', gesprochen von Erich Weinert (Calling the German Soldiers 'The Dead to the Living', spoken by E.W.)
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix: 426/3-7 and 427/5-7
>Bekanntgabe der Gründung des Nationalkomitees 'Freies Deutschland' und Verlesung des Manifests des Nationalkomitees 'Freies Deutschland' durch Erich Weinert
(Announcement of the Formation of the NKFD and Reading of the Manifesto by E.Weinert)
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2007-7/4 and 2008-7/4 (parts 1+2); 2009-7/4 and 2010-7/5 (parts 3+4); 2011-7/5 and 2012-7/3 (parts 5+6); 2013-7/5 and 2014-7/3 (parts 7+8)
>Bekanntmachung über die Gründung des Nationalkomitees 'Freies Deutschland', seine Ziele und Befugnisse, sowie Ausschnitte der Verlesung des Manifestes des Nationalkomitees 'Freies Deutschland' durch Erich Weinert (Announcement of the Formation of the NKFD, its aims and authorisation, as well as excerpts of the Reading oft he Manifesto of the NKFD by E.W.)
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2015-7/3 and 2016-7/5>
>Aufruf des Nationalkomitees 'Freies Deutschland' 'Gebt Antwort!', gesprochen von Erich Weinert (Appeal oft he NKFD 'Give Answer', spoken by E.W.)
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2031 and 2032
>Aufruf des Nationalkomitees 'Freies Deutschland' 'Deutsches Volk! Deutsche Armee' (Appeal by the NKFD German People! German Army!)
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2101-7/4 and 2102-7/5
>Aufruf des Generalfeldmarschalls Friedrich Paulus 'Deutsche!' (Appeal by Field Marshal F.P.'Germans!')
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2107-7/4 and 2108-7/5
>Aufruf von Leutnant Graf von Einsiedel und Martha Arendsee
Seite 1: GvE: 'An die eingekesselten Soldaten' (To the encircled soldiers)
Seite 2: MA : 'An die deutschen Soldaten' (To the German Soldiers)
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 240/3 and 241/4
>Zum 'Aufruf der 50 Generäle' Generalmajor Arno von Lenski und General Walter von Seydlitz (Major General Lenski and General Seydlitz on 'The Appeal of 50 Generals')
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2124-7/5 and 2125-7/5
>Zum 'Aufruf der 50 deutschen Generäle' General Paul Völkers und Generalmajor Otto Korfes, Jan.22,1944
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2119-7 and 2120-7
>Zum 'Aufruf der 50 deutschen Generäle' Generalmajor Gottfried von Erdmannsdorf und Generalmajor Hans Wulz
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2113-7/3 and 2114-7/5
>Zum 'Aufruf der 50 deutschen Generäle' Generalmajor Arthur Brandt und Generalmajor Martin Lattmann
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2127-7/5 and 2128-7/4
>Zum 'Aufruf der 50 deutschen Generäle' Generalleutnant Edmund Hoffmeister und General Ludwig Müller
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2123-7/4 and 2126-7/3
>Zum 'Aufruf der 50 deutschen Generäle' Generalleutnant Edler von Daniels und Generalleutnant Eberhard von Kurowski
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2115-7/5 and 2116-7/4
>Zum 'Aufruf der 50 deutschen Generäle' Generalleutnant Friedrich August Weinknecht und Generalmajor Erich von Bogen
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2121-7/5 and 2122-7/4
>'Öffentliche Erklärung der deutschen Generäle und Offizier über die sowjetische Kriegsgefangenschaft, vorgetragen von General Arno von Lenski'
(Public Statement oft he German Generals and Officers on the Soviet War Captivity by General AvL.)
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2111/7-3 and 2112-7/5
>'Rede des evangelischen Pfarrers Johannes Schröder' (Speech by the protestant priest J.S.) Jan.24,1944
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2061-7/4 and 2062-7/4
>Aufruf des katholischen Wehrmachtspfarrers Joseph Kayser an die Soldaten (Appeal by the Catholic Priest fort he Soldiers J.K.to the Soldiers)
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2055-7/4 and 2056-7/5
>'25 Thesen über die Beendigung des Krieges', gesprochen vom Vize-Präsidenten des Nationalkomitees 'Freies Deutschland',
Generalleutnant Edler von Daniels (25 Theses on the Ending oft he War, spoken by the vice-president of the NKFD, Major General Edler von Daniels)
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2082-7/3 and 2083-7/3
>'25 Thesen über die Beendigung des Krieges', gesprochen vom Major Stösslein
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm Herausgeber: NKFD, Sowjetunion matrix 2078-7/3 and 2079-7/6
>Heinrich Graf zu Einsiedel spricht: 'Wie kommt ein junger Offizier dazu...?' (How does a young officer come to start fighting against Germany from Soviet soil?)
Shellac disc 25cm 78rpm matrix 2051 and 2052
Compilation of discs known with numbers: 2007-2019/2031-32/2049-52/2055-56/2061-64/2101-02/2107-08/2111-16/2119-28/2078-79/2082-83//149,238-241/426-427
Here are some more discs - numbers unknown to me:
>Field Marshal Paulus: 'The fact that 50 generals appeal from their war captivity...'
>NN: 'Deutsche in der Heimat!- Hitler muss fallen' (Germans at home! Hitler must fall!)
>Erich Weinert: Gedicht: 'Hast du den Krieg gewollt?' (Have you wanted the war?)
>Florin: 'Landsleute!' Diskussion über Nachkriegsprobleme (Countrymen! The discussion on post-war problems has begun) 1.IV.1944
>Florin: 'Appell an deutsche Intellektuelle' (Appeal to German intellectuals) 23.II.1944
>Florin: 'Die Frage, wie konnte es dazu kommen?' (The question of how it could happen) 24.III.1944
>Friedrich Paulus: Appeal to the German people after the forming of the Volkssturm (People At Arms) and the slander of von Seydlitz' name on the radio Oct.29,1944
>Walther von Seydlitz via 'Sender Freies Deutschland':
Gedenksendung für Stalingrad 30.I.1944 (via Station Free Germany, remembering the end in Stalingrad)
On the Battle of Stalingrad Feb.1944
Appeal to the German soldiers to stop fighting and join the NKFD Feb.2,1944
Appeal after the end of fighting at Tscherkassy Feb.2,1944
Related material:
Major General Helmuth Schlömer reads a letter of von Seydlitz on behalf of the NKFD addressed to the high-ranking commanding officers of the 6th German Army 1944
Hans Fritzsche in one of his conferences with journalists on von Seydlitz' alleged speech on Bolshevic Service in Moscow, Nov.1,1943
Hans Fritzsche, same occasion of Feb.10,1945 on the 'Traitor-General Seydlitz's Appeal'
RADIO MOSCOW News of Nov.29,1943: von Seydlitz speaks for the Bund deutscher Offiziere (Union of German Officers) condemning German terror acts in occupied Russian areas
On youtube you can find these discs: > Heinrich Graf von Einsiedel https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fRXfuRKkExY
> Auszug aus dem Manifest https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UpFpn5vLcIk
> Walter Ulbricht in : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=styMk4jL1oc (This film seems to be a propaganda re-creation made by the GDR)

CHAPTER XXVI: The Lioret Cylinders 1893-1900

Lioret Cylinders (1893-1900): French clockmaker and inventor Henri Lioret first developed a talking doll in 1893 using a small celluloid cylinder, and by 1897 he had developed a completely original type of musical cylinder unlike that of any other manufacturer. Lioret cylinders were unique in their construction, comprising a brass tube with spokes covered by a molded celluloid sleeve carrying the grooves. He was the first to use the durable celluloid for cylinders (which Edison later adopted in 1912) and was also the first to develop a method of duplicating cylinders by molding. In the final years of the 1890s he was recording and manufacturing several sizes of musical cylinders to be played on his clockwork phonographs, commonly known as Lioretgraphs (though the different models had specific names). They played at 100 or 120 rpm and, depending on the type, they contained anywhere from 30 seconds to 4 minutes of music. The color of the label color initially indicated the type of music, with blue labels for songs, orange for instrumental solos, red for fanfares, green for harmonies, and gray for hymns. By 1899, Lioret's catalog listed nearly 1400 titles. Performers are not named or announced and catalog numbers are almost never listed on the cylinder, making precise identification and dating difficult.-Lioret later issued convential brown wax cylinders. - For more information, see Julien Anton's biography, Henri Lioret: Clockmaker and Phonograph Pioneer.



2003: I want to give a link to an interesting article on the BEAR FAMILY PROJECT on Jewish Music in Berlin in the 1930s which by now has become reality. The article is in German but I think it is worth while to go to BF Records' own web site for detailed info on the discs. http://www.phonomuseum.at/index2.php?showID=vortrag_rainer_lotz



IASA Conference in Barcelona Nov.11-15, 2005: General Theme in Barcelona Conference is "Archives speak: Who listens?". For further information, you can find the Conference Preliminary Programme at the conference website: http://www.gencat.net/bc/iasa2005/index.htm
The timetable for the Discography Committee Working Session that will be held on the first day: Sunday 11th, 9.30 - 10.30.
IASA Germany/German-Speaking Switzerland CONFERENCE 4.+5.November 2005 Jahrestagung (annual conference)will be in Fribourg (Switzerland)
PAST Radio in Germany DEUTSCHLANDFUNK May16th,2005 30mins, Cajo Kutzbach on the unsolved questions how long digital information will be available and accessible - Are we losing parts of our heritage/ of documents because of the flood of information to be digitized? (b'c has been archived)
The 2005 ARSC Conference, March 30 - April 2, in Austin, Texas, will feature a particular emphasis on technical issues. Eleven papers, presented by leading authorities, will explore a variety of topics, ranging from the details of playback and restoration, to the design of audio preservation projects.Restoration sessions will include talks on a new process to eliminate sticky shed syndrome, the correction of wow and flutter artifacts, and a comparison of software-based restoration methods.Sessions focused on preservation projects will include presentations that examine audio preservation digitization at small institutions, technical metadata and storage issues for small archives, and the management and storage of digital audio files.
ARSC is pleased to announce the finalists for the 2005 ARSC Awards for Excellence in Historical Recorded Sound Research. Winners will be announced in October 2005. Awards will be presented at a ceremony in Seattle, Washington on May 20, 2006, during ARSC's annual conference.- Begun in 1991, the awards are presented to authors and publishers of books, articles, liner notes, and monographs, to recognize outstanding published research in the field of recorded sound. In giving these awards, ARSC recognizes outstanding contributions, encourages high standards, and promotes awareness of superior works. A maximum of two awards is presented annually in each category, for best history and best discography. Winners are chosen by the ARSC Awards Committee: five elected judges representing specific fields of study, the ARSC President, and the Book Review Editor of the ARSC Journal.
The following research, published in 2004, has been nominated:
Escaping the Delta: Robert Johnson and the Invention of the Blues, by Elijah Wald (Harper Collins).
Moanin' at Midnight: The Life and Times of Howlin' Wolf, by James Segrest and Mark Hoffman (Pantheon).
Robert Johnson: Mythmaking and Contemporary American Culture, by Patricia R. Schroeder (University of Illinois Press).
Adrian Willaert: A Guide to Research, by David Kidger (Routledge).
Alan Rawsthorne: A Bio-Bibliography, by John Dressler (Praeger).
Dmitri Shostakovich, Pianist, by Sofia Moshevich (McGill-Queens University Press).
Leroy Anderson: A Bio-Bibliography, by Burgess Speed (Praeger).
Performing Music in the Age of Recording, by Robert Philip (Yale University Press).
Country Music Records: A Discography, 1921-1942, by Tony Russell (Oxford University Press).
Ramblin' Man: The Life and Times of Woody Guthrie, by Ed Cray (Norton).
Albanian Urban Lyric Song in the 1930s, by Eno Koco (Scarecrow Press).
Arrest the Music!: Fela and his Rebel Art and Politics, by Tejumola Olaniyan (Indiana University Press).
Git Zaman Gel Zaman, by Cernal Unlu (Fonograf Gramofon Tab Plak).
Soweto Blues: Jazz, Popular Music and Politics in South Africa, by Gwen Ansell (Continuum Books).
Capturing Sound: How Technology Has Changed Music, by Mark Katz (University of California Press).
Lost Sounds: Blacks and the Birth of the Recording Industry 1890-1919, by Tim Brooks (University of Illinois Press).
Albert Ayler: Holy Ghost, by Ben Young, ed. (Revenant Records).
The Complete Columbia Recordings of Woody Herman, 1945-1947, by Loren Schoenberg (Mosaic Records).
Django: The Life and Music of a Gypsy Legend, by Michael Dregni (Oxford University Press).
Queen: The Life and Music of Dinah Washington, by Nadine Cohodas (Pantheon)
. Satchmo: The Louis Armstrong Encyclopedia, by Michael Meckna (Greenwood Press).
Tom Talbert: His Life and Times, by Bruce Talbot (Scarecrow Press).
Fonotipia Recordings: A Centennial Survey, by Michael E. Henstock (published by author).
Discography of OKeh Records, 1918-1934, by Ross Laird and Brian Rust (Praeger).
Syrena Record: Poland's First Recording Company, 1904-1939, by Tomasz Lerski (Editions Karin).
Victor Red Seal Discography: Vol. I: Single-Sided Series (1903-1925), by John R. Bolig (Mainspring Press).
Andrews Sisters: A Biography and Career Record, by H. Arlo Nimmo (McFarland).
Celia: My Life, an Autobiography, by Celia Cruz and Ana Cristina Reymundo (Harper Collins).
That Moaning Saxophone: The Six Brown Brothers and the Dawning of a Musical Craze, by Bruce Vermazen (Oxford University Press).
Higher Ground: Stevie Wonder, Aretha Franklin, Curtis Mayfield and the Rise and Fall of American Soul, by Craig Hansen Werner (Crown).
House on Fire: The Rise and Fall of Philadelphia Soul, by John A. Jackson (Oxford University Press).
I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You: Aretha Franklin, Respect and the Making of a Soul Music Masterpiece, by Matt Dobkin (St. Martins Press).
Luther: The Life and Longing of Luther Vandross, by Craig Seymour (Harper Collins).
Original Marvelettes: Motown's Mystery Girl Group, by Marc Taylor (Aloiv).
People Get Ready!: A New History of Black Gospel Music, by Robert Darden (Continuum Books).
Del Shannon: Home and Away: The Complete Recordings, 1960-1970, by Brian Young (Bear Family).
Freddy Fresh Presents the Rap Records, by Freddy Fresh (Nerby Publishing).
Never Break the Chain: Fleetwood Mac and the Making of Rumours, by Cath Carroll (Chicago Review Press).
Nirvana: The Complete Recording Sessions, by Rob Jovanovic (Firefly).
Smoke on the Water: The Deep Purple Story, by Dave Thompson (ECW Press).
Steve Marriott: All Too Beautiful, by Paolo Hewitt and John Hellier (Helter Skelter).

Sep.15, 2005: BBC News: A rare TV interview of 1959 with Hitler's sister Paula Wolf has been found in a hunt for missing TV shows. Paula Wolf shared her personal stories about her brother in the documentary by Peter Morley ("Tyranny- The Years of Adolf Hitler"). The film was discovered by TV historian Dick Fiddy in ITN's archives.

Sep.24, 2005: BBC-British Library is going to release a CD "Voices of History" this month , imcl.a.o. Tolstoy, aviator Louis Blériot, cricketer Jack Hobbs, explorer Ernest Shackleton, Th.A.Edison, Arthur Sullivan. (The Daily Telegraph, Sep.24,2005)
Additional: Go to my entry of May 1st,2013 for more information.

Washington DC – Oct 1, 2005 The Library of Congress has contracted to use The System for the Automated Migration of Media Archives, or SAMMA, to migrate their extensive collection of audio-visual material in preparation for their move to the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center in Culpeper, VA. Over the next several years the Library will use SAMMA to migrate and digitize over 500,000 television items and close to 2,000,000 audio recordings.
The Library realized that it would take almost one hundred years, and be prohibitively expensive to migrate and digitize the audio-visual collections manually. To have the material accessible at the Culpeper facility, a more practical, cost effective, and efficient method had to be found. In examining the alternatives, the Library concluded that Media Matters’ innovative migration automation system would provide the high quality necessary to preserve the recordings while meeting the required cost and time restraints.
SAMMA integrates robotic tape handling systems with proprietary tape cleaning and signal analysis technologies. SAMMA’s expert system supervises b quality control of each media items’ migration. From a thorough examination of the physical tape for damage to real-time monitoring of video and audio signal parameters as the media item is being migrated, SAMMA ensures that magnetic media is migrated with the highest degree of confidence and the least amount of human intervention. SAMMA also gathers technical metadata throughout the entire migration process, ensuring that the process is documented in depth and gathering important metrics about the state of an entire collection. The modular, portable system will be installed on-site and run 24/7. The final product is a re-mastered cassette and/or a digital file copy of each master tape at preservation quality and the technical metadata describing the condition of the media item and the migration process.
Oct 2, 2005: EU: Commission unveils plans for European digital libraries: The European Commission today unveiled its strategy to make Europe's written and audiovisual heritage available on the Internet. Turning Europe's historic and cultural heritage into digital content will make it usable for European citizens for their studies, work or leisure and will give innovators, artists and entrepreneurs the raw material that they need. The Commission proposes a concerted drive by EU Member States to digitise, preserve, and make this heritage available to all. It presents a first set of actions at European level and invites comments on a series of issues in an online consultation. See: http://copyrightandculture.com/main.php?page=news/10_05/eu_plan_digital_libraries
Oct 6, 2005: BBC Governors Radio Archive Consultation- is the BBC going to open its Archive of about 750,000 hours to the public? See: http://bbcgovernors.co.uk/haveyoursay/consultations/radioarchive.txt
Oct 27, 2005: UNESCO's proclamation of the World Day for Audiovisual Heritage - it means a substantial upgrading of the AV archives all over the world.
Nov 5, 2005 "The British Library's sound archive of Shakespeare is a treasure-trove", writes the Telegraph /arts on November 5.And so it launches a double CD-set featuring audio excerpts of 20 RSC productions spanning six decades. Many are audience recordings replete with audience coughs, splutters and even inappropriate titters. "Close your eyes during David Warner's splendidly low-key account of "To Be or Not to Be", and you imagine yourself not just in the presence of Hamlet but also within breathing distance of the rumbling traffic outside the Aldwych and glaring distance of someone unwrapping a sweet". (Dominic Cavendish in the Telegraph) ["The Essential Shakespeare-Live" available from the BL; GBP15.95 or the internet sales site]
Nov 20, 2005:The Nuremberg Trial vs the Major War Criminals began 60 years ago. It was recorded on 3700 meters tape and 7000 discs. The official transcript was delivered in 1949 to major institutions; in Germany especially to the libraries of the Justice Depts. ("Blue Series"). In Germany the Sueddeutscher Rundfunk, Munich, and different other broadcasting stations throughout Germany and Austria broadcast daily. Of these reports and comments only a few have survived. Among the various radio commentators was Markus Wolf who later became the Head of GDR's Secret Service - and a mysterious "Dr Gaston Oulman (Ulmann)" whose identity is still unknown although speculations say that was an impostor and had had nothing to do with radio before.

NEWS CHRONICLE 7 Nov 1945 "SECRET RECORDINGS MAY PRESERVE MUNICH TALKS- from Ian Bevan, News Chronicle Special Correspondent
HERFORD (Germany), Tuesday
Gramophone recordings of the Hitler-Chamberlain talks at Munich are thought to be among a collection of Nazi Party official recordings found in a German salt mine.
If this is confirmed, the recordings must have been made by means of apparatus hidden in the conference room. The collection has been kept secret in case the records were used as evidence at the Nuremberg war crimes trials. It now appears unlikely they can be produced at Nuremberg because of the legal difficulty of proving when and where the records were made.-Being played More than 4,000 metal negatives, or matrices constitute the collection, which was once the property of the Reichsrundfunk-Gesellschaft, the German equivalent of the B.B.C.- British Signals staff have already made records from many of the matrices, and these are being played to intelligence officers and war crimes investigators, who are endeavouring to identify the voices.- Unfortunately no list of recordings has been found and there are no identification marks on the matrices. ... The custodian of the collection...believed that among them were many private conversations between Nazi leaders, and also recordings of important diplomatic negotiations, such as the Hitler-Chamberlain talks.- Some of the matrices have been wilfully thrown into the salt by the German guards in the hope that they would be destroyed by corrosion, but the low humidity in the mine preserved them unharmed." (Note: as far as it is known no "conversation disc" exists...)
On Nov 30, 1945, The Political Intelligence Department of the Foreign Office informs R.D.J.Scott-Fox with the Foreign Office that Captain Glenville Brown "has received an answer from Nuremberg requesting a number of the records specified in the catalogue. he has succeeded in finding about half of these and is despatching them to Church House today,..." (F.O./Pol.Intell.file FO1050/1431). The catalogue they are referring to was a listing of the above mentioned captured records, indexed by a hundred Poles at a Polish Repatriation Camp. In his "Report on German Gramophone Records" Cpt Brown describes the difficulty of indexing them and is "increasingly doubtful whether they will be of any use whatever at Nuremberg. On these records, when one hears the Nazi leaders, one hears them making public speeches. I doubt whether any of them has ever made, in a public speech, a statement or admission which could be used against him at Nuremberg. ...for even the docile Germans might have objected if the Nazis' true aims had been stated in public."

Dec.1,2005: 2005 ARSC ( Committee of the Association for Recorded Sound Collections )AWARDS
ARSC is pleased to announce the winners of the 2005 ARSC Awards for Excellence in Historical Recorded Sound Research. Begun in 1991, the awards are presented to authors and publishers of books, articles, liner notes, and monographs, to recognize outstanding published research in the field of recorded sound. In giving these awards, ARSC recognizes outstanding contributions, encourages high standards, and promotes awareness of superior works. A maximum of two awards is presented annually in each category -- one for best history and one for best discography. Certificates of Merit are presented to runners-up of exceptionally high quality. The 2005 Awards for Excellence honor works published in 2004.
Moanin' at Midnight: The Life and Times of Howlin' Wolf, by James Segrest and Mark Hoffman (Pantheon). Certificate of Merit. Robert Johnson: Mythmaking and Contemporary American Culture, by Patricia R. Schroeder (University of Illinois Press).
Best Discography. Leroy Anderson: A Bio-Bibliography, by Burgess Speed, Eleanor Anderson, and Steve Metcalf (Praeger). Best History. Performing Music in the Age of Recording, by Robert Philip (Yale University Press).
Country Music Records: A Discography, 1921-1942, by Tony Russell (Oxford University Press).
Git Zaman Gel Zaman, by Cemal Unlu (Fonograf Gramofon Tab Plak). Certificate of Merit. Albanian Urban Lyric Song in the 1930s, by Eno Koco (Scarecrow Press).
Lost Sounds: Blacks and the Birth of the Recording Industry 1890-1919, by Tim Brooks (University of Illinois Press). Certificate of Merit.
Capturing Sound: How Technology Has Changed Music, by Mark Katz (University of California Press).
Albert Ayler: Holy Ghost, by Ben Young, editor (Revenant Records). Certificates of Merit. Tom Talbert: His Life and Times, by Bruce Talbot (Scarecrow Press). Queen: The Life and Music of Dinah Washington, by Nadine Cohodas (Pantheon). The Complete Columbia Recordings of Woody Herman, 1945-1947, by Loren Schoenberg (Mosaic Records).
Discography of OKeh Records, 1918-1934, by Ross Laird and Brian Rust (Praeger). Certificates of Merit. Fonotipia Recordings: A Centennial Survey, by Michael E. Henstock (published by author). Syrena Record: Poland's First Recording Company, 1904-1939, by Tomasz Lerski (Editions Karin). Victor Red Seal Discography: Volume I: Single-Sided Series (1903-1925), by John R. Bolig (Mainspring Press).
That Moaning Saxophone: The Six Brown Brothers and the Dawning of a Musical Craze, by Bruce Vermazen (Oxford University Press). BEST RESEARCH in RECORDED RHYTHM & BLUES, SOUL, or GOSPEL MUSIC People Get Ready: A New History of Black Gospel Music, by Robert Darden (Continuum). Certificate of Merit. House on Fire: The Rise and Fall of Philadelphia Soul, by John A. Jackson (Oxford University Press). BEST RESEARCH in RECORDED ROCK or RAP MUSIC
Freddy Fresh Presents the Rap Records, by Freddy Fresh (Nerby Publishing). Certificate of Merit. Nirvana: The Complete Recording Sessions, by Rob Jovanovic (Firefly).
ARSC annually presents a Lifetime Achievement Award to an individual, in recognition of a life's work in recorded sound research and publication. The 2005 award was presented to Chris Strachwitz, for his pioneering work in researching traditional musics in the Americas. Strachwitz founded Arhoolie Records in 1960 and, over the decades, amassed a catalog containing hundreds of great sets, most of them produced by Chris himself. In 1995, he established the not-for-profit Arhoolie Foundation to preserve the rarest portions of his collection of commercial recordings. Strachwitz's Frontera Collection of 30,000-plus Mexican and Mexican-American recordings is being cataloged and digitized for eventual on-line display with the help of the UCLA library system and the financial assistance of the Los Tigres Del Norte Foundation.
ARSC's Award for Distinguished Service to Historical Recordings honors a person who has made outstanding contributions to the field, outside of published works or discographic research. This year's award was presented posthumously to John R. T. Davies (1927-2004) for his meticulous transfers of classic recordings of jazz and blues. Davies' transfers of King Oliver, Jelly Roll Morton, Louis Armstrong, Bix Beiderbecke, The New Orleans Rhythm Kings, Joe Venuti, the great big bands of the 1920s and 1930s, and blues singers were universally applauded for presenting the music in the best possible sound. He worked for Doug Dobell's 77 Records label, formed his own Ristic label, and was the driving force behind Retrieval records. His work also appeared on other small jazz labels including Frog, Hep, JSP, Timeless, Cygnet, and Jazz Oracle.
Winners are chosen by the ARSC Awards Committee: five elected judges representing specific fields of study, the ARSC President, and the Book Review Editor of the ARSC Journal. The members of the 2005 ARSC Awards Committee are:
Robert Iannapollo (Awards Committee Chair)
Brenda Nelson-Strauss (ARSC President)
James Farrington (Book Review Editor, ARSC Journal)
Cary Ginell (Judge-at-Large)
David Hamilton (Classical Music Judge)
Dan Morgenstern (Jazz Music Judge)
William L. Schurk (Popular Music Judge)
Richard Spottswood (Judge-At-Large)
Dec.9,2005: A new report has been published about copyright in the US, commissioned for and sponsored by the National Recording Preservation Board, Library of Congress: June M. Besek "Copyright Issues relevant to Digital Preservation and Dissemination of Pre-1972 Commercial Sound Recordings by Libraries and Archives". For those who are interested in the full text: http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub135/contents.html
Dec.17,2005: ARSC announces its 40th annual conference to be held in Seattle, Washington, May 17-20, 2006. Hosted by the University of Washington School of Music.
ARSC is dedicated to the preservation and study of sound recordings -- in all genres of music and speech, in all formats, and from all periods. Reflecting this broad mission, the upcoming conference offers a vast array of appealing talks and sessions. A few samples from the program currently being prepared are:
- Carl Haber, "New Imaging Methods Applied to Mechanical Sound Carrier Preservation and Access"
- Mark Hoffman, "Blues and the Power of Myth: Ten True Tales about the Big Bad Wolf" (Howlin' Wolf)
- Copyright and Fair Use Session: David Levine from Stanford's Center for Internet and Society, speaking on the implications of the Naxos decision
Technical Committee Roundtable Discussion: Audio Preservation in the Digital Domain.
The pre-conference workshop, "A Tutorial on the Preservation of Audio in the Digital Domain," will take place on May 17. This tutorial will introduce the basics of digital-audio preservation, addressing some of the difficult equipment, metadata, and storage issues that must be resolved if enduring preservation is to be achieved. Speakers include: Mike Casey (Associate Director for Recordings Services, Archives of Traditional Music, Indiana University); Konrad Strauss (Director, Recording Arts Department, Indiana University Jacobs School of Music); David Ackerman (Audio Preservation Engineer, Archive of World Music, Harvard University); Sara Velez (Assistant Chief, Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound, New York Public Library); John Spencer (President, Bridge Media Solutions Inc.); and Jon Dunn (Associate Director for Technology, Digital Library Program, Indiana University Libraries, Indiana University).



Jan.1, 2006: For the first time in its history BBC News is opening its archives to the UK public for a trial period. You can download nearly 80 news reports covering iconic events of the past 50 years including the fall of the Berlin Wall, crowds ejecting soldiers from Beijing's Tiananmen Square and behind-the-scenes footage of the England team prior to their victory over West Germany in 1966. - for UK subjects only - see: http://www.bbc.co.uk/calc/news/
Jan.18,2006 The Outreach Committee of the Association for Recorded Sound Collections (ARSC):You are invited to propose candidates for the 2006 ARSC Awards for Excellence in Historical Recorded Sound Research. Nominations may be made by anyone, ARSC member or not. The deadline for nominations is January 31, 2006. The ARSC Awards typically recognize histories, discographies, or biographies representing the "Best Research" in these recording genres: Blues or Gospel Music; Classical Music; Country Music; Folk or Ethnic Music; Jazz; Popular Music; Rock, Rhythm & Blues, or Soul; and Spoken Word. Additional categories include: General Research in Recorded Sound; Record Labels or Manufacturers; Phonographs; and Preservation or Reproduction of Recorded Sound.The Awards Committee especially welcomes information concerning eligible journal articles, as well as foreign and small-press publications that might otherwise be overlooked. eMail to: rfschwar@ku.edu
March 4,2006 BBC4 Famous Norman Corwin talks about his radio career. "Hailed as American radio's 'poet laureate', Corwin, now 95, is still making radio programmes, as well as teaching journalism at the University of Southern California. He remembers some of his most significant productions from the golden age of radio including: They Fly Through the Air - his response to Mussolini's bombing of Ethiopia. We Hold These Truths - a drama commissioned by Roosevelt to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Bill of Rights, which was listened to by 63 million people - the largest audience in recorded history for a dramatic performance. An American in England - a series made to give Americans a better understanding of the British, and the programme which is still considered ( his masterpiece - On a Note of Triumph." (BBC)
This can be re-heard till March10th.
March 28,2006: The very interesting book Shubha Chaudhuri and Anthony Seeger edited, based on a 1999 conference, called Archives for the Future, Global Perspectives on Archives in the 21st Century, published by Seagull Press (Calcutta) in 2004, is also available online for free download. Recommended are some of the summary documents--especially on advisory boards, institutional affiliation, and the 10 papers by colleagues in other small research archives around the world contain some useful lessons. It has some fairly non-technical and general discussions of technology, copyright, ethics, and strategies for research archives http://www.seagullindia.com/books/default.asphttp://www.fcw.com/print.asp
April 15,2006: "Audio recordings are an endagered species", article by Allya Stemstein, FC Media Group, an article that in many points gives me questions of understanding. Any help in understanding what a "microfilm tape" is or "grooves on tape" are ,etc., is welcome! http://www.fcw.com/article92802-04-03-06-Print
April 2006: forthcoming on BBC R4 July06- Info from my friend Patrick Morley, GB, a researcher and collector in the field on AFN: "At long last the BBC has decided to do not one but two programmes on AFN after a radio producer came across my book in the BBC library. Disappointingly he has decided to concentrate only on the war years and not to cover AFN's long history on the Continent in the post war years." (no comment from my side to that!)-
I'd like to recommand that highly respected book "This is the American Forces Network-The Anglo-American Battle of the Air Waves in World War II" (London,Praeger 2001; 174pp)to anyone interested in Forces Radio and WWII radio.
May 6th,2006: BBC archive catalog- prototype online: http://open.bbc.co.uk/catalogue/infax// and
http://open.bbc.co.uk/catalogueblog/2006/04/welcome_to_the_bbc_programme_c_1 .html"
June 1,2006: UNESCO has launched a public consultation on the objectives, practicalities, costs and expected results of a "World Day for Audiovisual Heritage" to be celebrated annually on 27 October to build global awareness of the various issues at stake in preserving the audiovisual heritage. In response to a proposal by the Czech Republic in October 2005, UNESCO's General Conference approved the proclamation of 27 October as the annual World Day for Audiovisual Heritage. The World Day for Audiovisual Heritage can be a means of building global awareness of the various issues at stake in preserving the audiovisual heritage. In accordance with normal practice, a feasibility study has been commenced to test the objectives, practicalities, costs and expected results of such an annual commemoration. The date is significant. On 27 October 1980, the General Conference adopted the "Recommendation for the safeguarding and preservation of moving images", the first international instrument to declare the cultural and historical importance of film and television recordings, and calling for decisive steps to ensure their preservation. - In today's digital age, that call is going out to an even wider spectrum. More recent initiatives, such as the "World Appeal for the Preservation of Broadcast Heritage" (initiated by the International Federation of Television Archives) - which has so far garnered over 10,000 signatures - will also be embraced in the feasibility study. - Public consultation is a crucial part of the feasibility study, and it is open to everyone. UNESCO has therefore established an online platform with background documents, a public forum and a questionnaire. You can access full details via this link: http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php-URL_ID=22265&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTI ON=201.html
June 14, 2006: Austrian Radio "Ö1" broadcasts 25mins on "Restaurierung historischer Tonaufnahmen- Projekte des Phonogrammarchivs der Oesterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften" (Restauration projects in the Austrian Phonogramm Archive)
June 27,2006: The Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv has issued a new book on their "Wax Cylinders of the Berliner Phonogramm-Archive" by Susanne Ziegler. It's in German and in parts in English, 512 pages incl.a CD-ROM. For those who are interested in very early sound recordings go to http://http://www.museumshop.de/msuebersicht.asp?kat=3
June 29,2006: News from Rainer Lotz, German discographer: His new discography on German Cake Walk, Ragtime, Hot Dance, and Jazz has been published, "Deutsche Hot-Discograhpie"; 480 pages plus CD (ISBN 3-9810248-1-8). He- in cooperation with Susanne Ziegler- has issued the "Discographie der ethnischen Aufnahmen" (Discography of Ethnic Recordings) [see above for his site!]
July 2006: see entry April 2006! The progs, I have been informed, are at 11:30-12:00 British Summer Time (i.e.W.Europe +1hr) on July 11th and 18th.
July 6, 2006: While making CDR-dubs of my tapes I came across the Eichmann interrogations of 1960; Israeli Captain Avner Less interrogated Eichmann in 1960, beginning May 29,1960 over a period of eight months (in German). These recordings, broadcast in Nov.1977 by SWF in Germany, have never been aired before or after!
July 14, 2006: Annual Report on Preservation Issues For European Audiovisual Collections
see: http://www.prestospace.org/project/deliverables/D22-6.pdf
also of interest: http://www.prestospace.org/project/public.de.html
July 15, 2006: interesting site- http://www.loc.gov/preserv/bachbase/bbcsound.html

Read that the BBC used German military TONSCHREIBER-machines to record radio plays with, such as In Search Of Rusty The Dog (22.Feb.1945), Young Mrs Barrington (9.Sep.1945), and Poison Pen (16.Jan.1946).
The TONSCHREIBER, developed in cooperation of AEG Berlin and Reichsrundfunk-Gesellschaft (RRG), was the first portable magnetic tape recording device, run under the identification code 'R 23a`. It was especially used for military issues and could be carried in a field pack by propaganda company units. In 1940 it was very much improved by RRG engineer Walter Weber, and became the best sound recording equiment ever. On June 10,1941 it was presented to the public at `UFA-Palast am Zoo` in Berlin and widely reported about in newspapers (e.g.Berliner Lokalanzeiger 12.June 1941, Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung 12.June 1941). (Which speaks against the story reported after the war that the tape recording had been a secret, and against the story by John Herbert Orr on Radio Luxemburg and its tape machines...). From January 1943 on experiments in stereophonic recording were done. About 250 stereo performances were recorded; five of them still exist in Germany; the rest lies, probably, somewhere in Russian archives or dark cellars. That presumption comes from the fact that the five recordings were handed over to a West German radio station by Russia in 1990. And it is a fact that piles of recordings in RRG boxes were seen by German experts in a Russian cellar somewhere in Moscow!

August 3,2006: I just came across one of those legendary STEREO tape-recordings of the Reichsrundfunkgesellschaft -RRG- recorded in Berlin September 1944:
Beethoven: Concerto for Piano and Orchestra N°5 in E flat Major Op.73 'Emperor` with Walter Gieseking (piano) and Großes Rundfunk-Orchester Berlin, cond.by Artur Rother, issued by the Italian CD-firm The Radio Years RY #67
September 10,2006: Feature by Ulrike Koeppchen on ´Wilhelm Doegen and the Berlin Lautarchiv` on Hessian Radio HR2 18:05h
An interesting and long article on the Bell-Tainter recording of 1881 can be found here:
and http://history.acusd.edu/gen/recording/ar303.html
September 19,2006: Radio Prague has a 17-minute-feature on its radio history with some sound clips. The audio and the script can be found at:
September 24, 2006: Pre-publication announcement of an important discography: Discography of Judaica Recordings; An annotated 78rpm discography of sound documents relating to Jewish life in Germany, or in German language, or recorded in Germany, covering Jewish life, humour, music and religion, Zionism, anti-Semitism, and the Holocaust. Compiled and issued by Rainer Lotz (see above) -600 pages , 150 copies available, 60 Euros plus p/p World Surface 7, World Airmail 26 Euros; due out in December 2006
September 25, 2006: LATEST FROM THE FRONT. "UK music archive in decay warning Published by BBC News: 2006/09/25 12:36:17 GMT
Part of the UK's national music archive could be lost as a result of copyright law, the British Library has warned. The library's Sound Archive cannot copy audio from fragile or obsolete formats for posterity until copyright runs out. And Sir Cliff Richard is leading a music industry campaign to extend the copyright on sound recordings beyond the current 50-year limit. The library said a "significant" part of the collection could "decay and be unavailable for future generations". The Sound Archive holds more than a million discs, 185,000 tapes and many other sound and video recordings. It currently collects about 75% of all music released commercially in the UK and also includes plays, poetry, speeches, interviews, and wildlife sounds. Launching its intellectual property "manifesto" on Monday, the British Library called on the government to ensure recordings are not left to rot. "Currently the law does not permit copying of sound and film items for preservation," the manifesto said. "Without the right to make copies, the UK is losing a large part of its recorded culture. "Many original audio and film formats we hold are becoming increasingly more fragile," the library said, and "face irretrievable decay" if not preserved. As well as old and fragile formats, the archive must also copy recordings on obsolete formats - such as Betamax and reel-to-reel audio tape - to ensure they can be heard in the future when machines no longer exist to play them. The decision on extending the term of copyright should be based on "sound economic evidence and the needs of all members of our economy and society", the library said. Sir Cliff, along with major record labels and other ageing rockers, wants to extend the term because royalties will no longer be paid for recordings over 50 years old. He says recording artists should receive the same rights as songwriters, who get royalties for life plus 70 years. His first hits are due to go out of copyright in two years. But the British Library said it was "concerned from a preservation perspective that any extension will adversely affect our ability to archive sound recordings". If THAT does not leave us speechless!
October 1, 2006: If you want to know more about the roots of my collecting then you might read the article in the July 2006 issue of the "iasa information bulletin" #56.
October 13, 2006: Here is something that every sound archivist can sign, the Copyright Statement of the ARSC:
Resolved by the Board of Directors, Association for Recorded Sound Collections, Inc. -ARSC- of October 26, 2005 Sound recordings are a vital part of America's, and the world's, cultural heritage. Since the first examples were created more than one hundred years ago they have served as a reflection of cultural and social history, captured and preserved in a uniquely compelling manner. History speaks to us, in its own voice, through sound recordings. Whereas one of the principal purposes of the Association is to "foster recognition and use of sound recordings as sources of information by students and research scholars" (Bylaws, II.c); and Whereas another purpose is to "develop standards of bibliographic control and access to cooperating sound recordings collections assembled for research or instructional purposes" (Bylaws, II.e); and Whereas another purpose is "to foster improvement of techniques for the reproduction, storage and preservation of sound recordings" (Bylaws, II.f); The Association for Recorded Sound Collections finds that several provisions of U.S. copyright law impede the effective preservation of historic recordings and unduly restrict public access to those recordings. The Association recognizes the valid purposes of copyright in rewarding creators of recordings with a temporary exclusive right to the exploitation of those recordings, thus encouraging them to create. However, the Association believes strongly that neither creators nor the public are served by excessively long monopoly periods, especially those that exceed the period of commercial viability, or by restrictions on access to recordings that rights holders do not wish to exploit. The Association believes that both state and federal copyright terms for sound recordings are excessively long. Regarding preservation, the Association believes that current copyright laws and regulation should be modified to eliminate many of the restrictions present in the law. For example, current law limits duplication to materials that are already damaged or deteriorating (sec. 108(c)), which virtually assures sonically deficient archive copies; and limits archives to no more than three backup copies, which does not take into account the need for distributed copies, mirror sites, and backups in order to responsibly maintain digital repositories of files created in a preservation environment. There should be no legal barriers to the professional reformatting and preservation of published and unpublished historical recordings, with copies of the best possible quality sustained in perpetuity so that humanity's aural heritage may remain accessible for study and enjoyment.Regarding dissemination, the Association believes that copyright law should encourage and facilitate the widest possible dissemination of out-of-print recordings, whether by physical reissues using modern technology (e.g., CDs), Internet availability, or other means.The Association is concerned about the large number of older recordings originally produced for commercial purposes that are now virtually inaccessible due to current laws. The Association notes that hundreds of thousands of historical recordings are controlled by rights holders who have shown little commitment to the preservation or dissemination of these recordings. The Association believes that when rights holders choose not to make historical recordings accessible, or are unknown, institutions and individuals should be permitted and encouraged to make those recordings available, on reasonable terms and without undue risk or encumbrance. The Association believes that facilitating dissemination would serve to foster appreciation of our recorded cultural heritage by making recordings generally available for study, as well as increase the likelihood of the survival of the sounds embodied in those recordings. The Association strongly urges that these concerns be taken into consideration in copyright legislation.
October 14, 2006: If you want to get frustrated then read this: http://www.billholland.net/words/vault.html
November 2,2006: 'Risks Associated with the Use of Recordable CDs and DVDs as Reliable Storage Media in Archival Collections - Strategies and Alternatives' by Kevin Bradley has recently been published online by UNESCO http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001477/147782E.pdf
November 12, 2006: The following message has been posted by the Outreach Committee of the Association for Recorded Sound Collections (ARSC).
--2006 ARSC AWARDS--
The Association for Recorded Sound Collections is pleased to announce the winners of the 2006 ARSC Awards for Excellence in Historical Recorded Sound Research. Begun in 1991, the awards are presented to authors and publishers of books, articles, liner notes, and monographs, to recognize outstanding published research in the field of recorded sound. In giving these awards, ARSC recognizes outstanding contributions, encourages high standards, and promotes awareness of superior works. A maximum of two awards is presented annually in each category -- one for best history and one for best discography. Certificates of Merit are presented to runners-up of exceptionally high quality. The 2006 Awards for Excellence honor works published in 2005.
Dream Boogie: The Triumph of Sam Cooke, by Peter Guralnick (Little, Brown). Certificate of Merit:
Dewey and Elvis: The Life and Times of a Rock 'n' Roll Deejay, by Louis Cantor (University of Illinois Press).
Best History:
Rachmaninoff: Life, Works, Recordings, by Max Harrison (Continuum).
Best Discography:
While Spring and Summer Sang: Thomas Beecham and the Music of Frederick
Delius, by Lyndon Jenkins (Ashgate).
King of the Cowboys, Queen of the West: Roy Rogers and Dale Evans, by Ray White (University of Wisconsin Press).
Bob Marley and the Wailers: The Definitive Discography, by Roger Steffens and Leroy Jodie Pierson (Rounder Books).
Certificate of Merit:
The Encyclopedia of Native Music: More than a Century of Recordings from Wax Cylinder to the Internet, by Brian Wright-McLeod (University of Arizona Press).
Can't Stop Won't Stop: A History of the Hip-Hop Generation, by Jeff Chang (St. Martin's Press).
Grit, Noise, and Revolution: The Birth of Detroit Rock 'n' Roll, by David Carson (University of Michigan Press).
Certificates of Merit:
Soft Machine: Out-bloody-rageous, by Graham Bennett (SAF). >br> Dream a Little Dream of Me: The Life of "Mama" Cass Elliot, by Eddi Fiegel (Chicago Review Press, U.S.; Sidgwick and Jackson, U.K.).
Best Discography:
Stan Getz: An Annotated Bibliography and Filmography with Song and Session Information for Albums, by Nicholas Churchill (McFarland).
Best History:
Take Five: The Public and Private Lives of Paul Desmond, by Doug Ramsey and Paul Caulfield (Discography) (Parkside Publications).
Certificates of Merit:
Pioneers of Jazz: The Story of the Creole Band, by Lawrence Gushee (Oxford University Press).
Bix: The Definitive Biography of a Jazz Legend: Leon "Bix" Beiderbecke (1903-1931), by Jean Pierre Lion (Continuum).
The Uncrowned King of Swing: Fletcher Henderson and Big Band Jazz, by Jeffrey Magee (Oxford University Press).
Best History:
Echo and Reverb: Fabricating Space in Popular Music Recording, 1900-1960, by Peter Doyle (Wesleyan University Press).
Best Discography:
Edison Blue Amberol Cylinders, by Allan Sutton (Mainspring Press).
ARSC annually presents a Lifetime Achievement Award to an individual, in recognition of a life's work in recorded sound research and publication. The 2006 award was presented to Allen Koenigsberg for his pioneering work in documenting the first 50 years of recorded music. Koenigsberg was the founder, editor, and publisher of The Antique Phonograph Monthly (1973-1993). His articles for APM and other publications have been on subjects as varied as the 1889 introduction of the phonograph into Russia, Lambert cylinders (discography), the origin of the telephone greeting "hello," and debunking the "Walt Whitman cylinder." Koenigsberg also authored two books. "Edison Cylinder Records, 1889-1912" catalogs and dates over 10,000 songs and artists from the period. "The Patent History of the Phonograph, 1877-1912" contains listings of 2,118 U.S. sound recording patents issued to 1,013 inventors, and a detailed commentary on 101 most significant patents and designs. Koenigsberg has contributed generously to the works of many other authors, and has issued numerous reprints of early literature on phonographs and recordings. ARSC's Award for Distinguished Service to Historical Recordings honors a person who has made outstanding contributions to the field, outside of published works or discographic research. This year's award was presented to Franz Lechleitner, the Chief Audio Engineer of the Vienna Phonogrammarchiv, until his retirement in 2004. During his 31-year tenure at the Phonogrammarchiv, Lechleitner worked tirelessly to improve various technologies and standards, serving preservation and access for historical sound recordings. His achievements included the design and development of several generations of machines for archival cylinder playback. He expertly preserved recordings held in many important collections in archives throughout Europe and Asia, including more than 2000 unique, field-recorded cylinders. One set of his transfers formed the basis of a major Phonogrammarchiv project: "The Complete Historical Collections, 1899-1950," a CD set commemorating the archive's 100th anniversary in 1999. Lechleitner served on the Audio Engineering Society's SC-03 "Subcommittee on the Preservation and Restoration of Audio Recording." He has been a member of the IASA Technical Committee since 1977, and has published numerous technical papers and discographies. As a consultant to the Vienna Phonogrammarchiv and other institutions, Lechleitner remains active in the field of historic recordings.
December 2, 2006: Interesting articles on radio can be found at : http://www.radiorecall.com/rr.htm
Those who are interested in the history of FOLKWAYS RECORDS and the story of its founder Mo Ash should go to:
http://www.folkways.si.edu/learn_discover/folkways_collection.html . Founded in 1948, FW Records released more than 2100 albums and its archive of folk music is considered of such importance that it is now under the care of the Smithonian Institute.

December 9, 2006: Here is an article (in German) by the former head of the Deutsches Rundfunkarchiv-DRA Joachim-Felix Leonhard: Heute entscheiden, für morgen bewahren http://www.miz.org/musikforum/mftxt/mufo9202.htm
December 16, 2006: Radio stations launch drive to save historic recordings
Filed by Charlie Imes Stations to Air Classic Excerpts and Voices of Peace: Without a doubt, some of the most compelling and informative programming on the radio comes from listener-sponsored stations. The PBS network is by far the largest and most well-known, followed by NPR, which was founded in 1970. But it was the much smaller Pacifica Radio network that broke the ground for listener-sponsored spoken word radio back in 1949. Over the years, Pacifica was there to broadcast and record many history-making events and personalities, and today Pacifica faces a challenge to save our history through the preservation of its extensive library of tapes. The Pacifica Radio Archives (PRA) is the oldest and largest audio collection of public radio programming in the United States. The archives consists of 50,000 master reel-to-reel tapes that represent the broadcast history of listener-sponsored free speech radio for over fifty years, from 1949 to today. For Brian DeShazor, Director of PRA, this daunting responsibility is a sacred trust. "Visionary thinkers, the voices of the voiceless, the people in the fields, the people in the marches, women, the disenfranchised -- Pacifica was where these people went," says DeShazor. "If you think of the Civil Rights Movement before it really became successful, from the very beginning with Rosa Parks in 1955, Pacifica Radio put those voices on the air, free to speak their truth as they wished." As those who are old enough will remember, the '50s and '60s offered people and moments that are forever etched in the landscape of American history. The early '50s saw the final rounds of testimony of the McCarthy hearings before the House Un-American Activities Committee in its witch hunt for Communists in Hollywood. Rosa Parks refused to relinquish her seat on the bus to a white passenger, leading to her arrest and triggering the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which launched Martin Luther King Jr. to national prominence. The later '50s saw the rise of the Beat Generation, led by a collection of poets, authors and artists that gave voice to the anti-conformist youth of the time. PRA has built up an astounding chronicle of those times. "We have a 1956 interview with Rosa Parks, which is considered to be the very first surviving interview that she gave," Mr. DeShazor stated. "Dr. Martin Luther King, Coretta Scott King, Malcolm X, Medgar Evers. Poets and political historic figures, artists, journalists, writers & authors all came through Pacifica not just to discuss their new product or what they'd written or what they'd produced, but they discussed the times that they're in, and who they were and how the things worked and what they thought. So if you imagine James Baldwin, the great author and poet, or Lorraine Hansberry, the author of "A Raisin In The Sun" (a Pulitzer Prize winning play), and Langston Hughes who wrote the poem, "A Dream Deferred" -- all three of those historic figures, in one room together in 1961 talking about the Negro in American culture. Talking about how they felt as black people in a time when they were not seen as human. it's an extraordinary recording." Free Speech, Poetry and Protest The original founders of Pacifica Radio were conscientious objectors, poets and journalists. The Beat movement in San Francisco came through Pacifica and found a voice. Allen Ginsberg's highly controversial poem "Howl" (1956) became the subject of an obscenity trial. It also became one of the most widely read and translated poems of the century and made its public airwaves debut on Pacifica Radio. "'Howl' did change the world," according to DeShazor. "Lawrence Ferlinghetti was arrested for publishing the poem, as well as Ginsberg and the founders of Pacifica. After the FCC Regulations, they went back on the air to inform the public as to what censorship was about. why is it so difficult to deal with this poem "Howl" in terms of censorship and obscenity. It wasn't the language, it wasn't the words or the seven dirty words that you can't say on the air, but it was about ideas and that was the danger in what some people thought that poem was about." As the '60s came along, so did an expansion of the rebellion against voices of authority, bigotry and war. The Beat Generation gave way to the Hippies, the Vietnam War protests and the Civil Rights Movement, resulting in acts of incredible courage and cruelty. The era stands as both one of the brightest and darkest times in American history. As this remarkable period of protest and activism began to ebb in the early '70s, Pacifica Radio found itself in the forefront of one of the final and most dramatic chapters of the era. After Patty Hearst was kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army and subsequently swore her allegiance to her captors, they communicated with the public through a series of tapes delivered to KPFK in Los Angeles, a Pacifica station. Today all of those original tapes, including the tape of Patty Hearst's letter to her mother, are part of the PRA. Preserving History Mr. DeShazor is providing various outlets with copies of these audio treasures. Many are being made accessible through transcripts or through streaming audio on websites. PRA also recognizes the educational value of the tapes. "As really good educational tools, most of the Civil Rights movement and African American studies collection -- once those were digitized we donated them to universities history departments, like Howard University and University of Pennsylvania's Research Dept., etc," DeShazor said. "So we're doing all we can to first rescue the tapes, preserve them for the future and then make them accessible as best we can with the modest funds that we have." On November 29, Mr. DeShazor will testify before the Library of Congress' National Recorded Sound Preservation Board. "There are funds that have been allocated by Congress during the Clinton Administration, I believe, for the Sound Preservation Board of the Library of Congress to do a study on the state of sound preservation in the United States. They've invited me to testify to give them information to re-authorize those funds, and also to represent spoken word public media and what this archive has to offer as far as representing our American memory, our conscience and conscious memory of what we were." Up to now, the Sound Preservation Board has been focusing on historically-significant musical recordings, such as those of Louis Armstrong, along with a few famous speeches like Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have A Dream." However, the Library of Congress has few spoken word tapes. "When we look at Coretta Scott King and Fannie Lou Hamer and all of the recordings that we have, they really aren't represented anywhere else. The fortunate thing is that we're elevating this collection and these voices to the level of the Library of Congress to study them as historic artifacts to be preserved for our nation, not just the Pacifica Radio Company," said DeShazor. From Magnetized to Digitized The challenge is that all of these extraordinary events are recorded on magnetic reel-to-reel master tapes, which are deteriorating at a predictable rate. That's why PRA has undertaken an active campaign to preserve these tapes by transferring them to digital media. So far, their efforts have been funded by modest grants from the Ford Foundation and the Grammy Foundation, but that's not enough. That's why PRA is presenting some very special programming to highlight their public fundraising drive. From Tuesday, November 28th through Wednesday the 29th at 8:00 p.m., they are pre-empting regular programming on all five Pacifica stations. "We'll be presenting some of these historic audios to the public, sometimes for the very first time since their original broadcasts in the 50's and 60's. Some materials have been recently rescued from a flooded basement in Berkeley," DeShazor said. Mr. DeShazor elaborated on some of the special programming being featured during the fundraising drive. "We will also be featuring, or premiering a new radio documentary celebrating the life and times of Pete Seeger. It features a new interview. we took Academy Award winning actor, Tim Robbins, to New York to Pete Seeger's home and filmed and recorded a 5-hour interview and that is now mixed with some unique audio recordings from these master tapes. So we'll be presenting audio of Pete Seeger that some have never heard before. For instance, we have a concert in Nicaragua where he sang for the workers there. Just incredible stuff that I'm really looking forward to letting people hear. Not only what we have in the archives but these glimpses of people that have been our heroes, and we should be celebrating their lives and times." Overall, according to DeShazor, the special programming will be focused on Voices for Peace and Non-Violence. "Going into our archives and pulling everything we can find from the very beginning of every voice for peace, of every action against war, every lecture on the philosophy of peace. Martin Luther King, Jesse Jackson, a woman known as the Peace Pilgrim (Mildred Lisette Norman) who walked across America many times, put 25,000 miles on foot for peace. She did that for 20-some years. So we have interviews with her from 1961 to 1969 or something like that. So we're really interested in looking into the landscape of the American Conscience in terms of how we feel about war. All of these voices mixed together make the message of peace timeless, as war is. unfortunately." DeShazor paused a moment before adding, "We sure hear a lot of justification for killing people, but we rarely hear these historic voices or even current voices about what's good about the other ideals." Pacifica Radio is broadcast in the five cities listed below.
KPFA 94.1 FM in Berkeley, CA / KPFK 90.7 FM in Los Angeles, CA / KPFT 90.1 FM in Houston, TX / WBAI 99.5 FM in New York, NY/ WPFW 89.3 FM in Washington, DC http://www.supportpra.org/
December 30, 2006: Go to NPR for three short features on the recording history on cylinders and on shellac. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6645723
Fine March Of Time footage of one of the most famous Blues performers LEADBELLY (Huddie Ledbetter), performing and talking to LoC Folksong Div. Alan Lomax Sen. : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VCU4QLLx_js&mode=related&search=



January 17, 2007: According to Patrick Morley, researcher in AFN matters (see above), only four fragments of AFN broadcasts have survived while it was stationed in GB. Two of them had been included in a BBC programme Oranges and Lemons of July 28,1945 and thus available. But even AFN's final day of broadcasting in GB exists only in two short segments of 2'45" (close down announcement and Star Spangled Banner).
If there is a reader with information on any other war-time AFN snippets or full-length broadcasting, we'd be glad to hear from him/her!
February 10, 2007: Could get hold of two rare Reichsrundfunk Decelith discs of 1942, used at the eastern front to make minority groups serving in the Russian army desert to the German army as well as a copy of a FUNK-STUNDE A.G.Berlin Nov.16,1931 disc which is part of a three-disc-recording of a radio play of 'Oberst Chabert' by de Balzac (with Ida Ehre, Werner Kraus, Robert Assmann etc.); from 1929 on the RRG cut a few recordings on shellac for radio broadcast. Nearly all got lost during the war.
February 20, 2007: Brian DeShazor Testimony before the Library of Conngress on 'Preserving the Pacifica Radio Archives'
In recent years increasing attention has been paid to recovering and preserving our aural heritage. With more than 50 year's of broadcast recordings, the Pacifica Radio Archives holds a significant part of that history. On 11/29/06 Brian DeShazor, Director of the Pacifica Radio Archives, described the holdings and their importance at the Library of Congress' National Recorded Sound Preservation Board Public Hearing on the State of Preservation in America
(for download)- http://www.albany.edu/talkinghistory/arch-recent.html
February 24, 2007: I found an older article of Feb.2001 "Rescued: Mandela's Cry For Freedom"
'The last speech made by Nelson Mandela before he was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1964 has been replayed for the first time in 37 years , thanks to special equipment devised by researchers at the British Library.- The three-hour oration against the injustices of Apartheid by the African national Congress leader, which held the court spellbound during his trial, had been feared lost because the plastic on which the speech had been recorded had deteriorated with age.- Court clerks recorded the entire trial on a machine that used loops of plastic known as Dictabelts. During years of storage the belts hardened and could no longer be played by a stylus.- Staff at the BL's oral history department have spent four months developing a way of playing the recordings once again and have now transferred the speech to CD. - Dictabelts were developed by the Dictaphone Company during the 1940s as a successor to the wax cylinders. The belts could be flattened and sent through the post but could not be wiped and reused.- ...Dr Rob Perks, the BL's oral history curator, said: `...Initially we thought we would not be able to retrieve any sound at all because the stylus wouldn't track the kink in the belt. But the quality is remarkably good and you do hear the atmosphere of the court quite clearly. Our technichians had to gp to incedible lengths to modify the surviving Dictaphone equipment, changing the running speed and varying the power supply, just to get some sound at all. And the belts themselves were subjected to a slightly unusual heating process before they yielded their contents...` .Dr Perks said that he hoped technicians from the BL would, in due course, get to work on the hundreds of other belts used during the Rivonia Trial to make the speeches available." (The Sunday Telegraph, 11 Feb.2001)
March 2, 2007: One fine (German) collector's item is the series that station WDR (West German Radio) broadcast from the early 1950s onward: The SCHULFUNK. A series of educational programmes in the style of entertaining young boys and girls and parallel introducing them into the world of history, geography, biology, arts, and English language etc. - It ran every day at nine o'clock in the morning and was repeated in the afternoon at three, till the mid 1980s. - Everybody who grew up in the 1950s and 60s will still recall the intro-music of Haydn's Symphony 28 in A flat, a signature tune that indicated a relaxing and exciting time, when we kids could listen to re-enactments of how Pizarro conquered the Inca state, where to leave the rubbish, how certain birds live, how scissors were produced in Solingen etc. Every broadcast was full of information and nobody was bored. You learned by pure listening, something that pupils of today can't do anymore.- This was written because of a re-broadcast of some broadcasts of those days gone by, by WDR today.
The earliest radio broadcast of that kind that I found is of Nov.2, 1932 by Radio Stuttgart "From the Economic Life in Our Homeland, pt.VII-Sowing,a radio report by Dr Huberta von Bronsart"
March 18,2007: A personal annotation: Archives live from exchanging information and sounds. Yet, in the last couple of years it has become nearly impossible for private collectors to keep up contacts with people in charge there, and it seems that the principles the IASA (Int'l Assn of Sound Archives/German branch) established a few years ago on a meeting in Cologne have been completely forgotten: there were strong complaints about the lack of interest esp.by German archives to accept private collectors as an important factor in the "business" and a change in their attitute was promissed! What was regarded as valuable and essential in former times has now become nuisance. It's a great pity... . Just to remind the reader that way back in 2001 and 2003 the BBC started a big search for lost recordings and asked its audience to help. In the end a pile of "lost" (i.e.wiped out) programmes were sent in that listeners had recorded on their home equipments. To name a few: a live performance of the Beatles, which was broadcast only once in 1963, an entire `Kenneth Williams Playhouse´ comedy series, a missing episode of `The Archers´ of 1975, which features the debut of Brian Aldridge, one of the soap's most enduring characters; an early example of a radio-documentary-drama from 1961 on the Zeppelin raids on London during First World War, several other comedy series like `I'm Ken and He's Bill´. - The 2001 appeal was considered a success, partly because it uncovered missing episodes of `Hancock`s Half Hour´ and `Dad's Army´.- As a thanks to the listeners the BBC broadcast highlights of its recovered items via Radios 4 and 7.
April 26,2007: Three things worth mentioning: 1)The broadcast of a radioplay on DEUTSCHLANDRADIO/KULTUR on May 1st based on the book by A.H.Schelle-Noetzel alias Arnolt Bronner (1895-1959) "Kampf im Äther oder Die Unsichtbaren". His book appeared in 1935 and deals with the beginning of radio in Germany esp.the various interest groups. He describes the broadcasting history as a fight between the powers of the people vs a system that fools and subjugates the people.
2) I've just seen the film "Hitler Speaks", a BBC docu that shows how German technicians bring sounds to the old colour-films of Eva Braun that she shot at Berchtesgarden, and to some other film excerpts. Via a lip-reading PC-programme that combines the forms of Hitler's lips with the alphabet. After a trial run the programme proves to be near-to-perfect, so that we now have "private words" spoken by Hitler, not meant to be for the public. This film can be watched via googlevideo.com.- There was also an article in THE DAILY TELEGRAPH of Nov.22,2006 'Lip-reading technology catches Hitler off guard in home movies' by Neil Midgley.
3) Looking through the old Reichsrundfunk catalogues "Schallaufnahmen des Deutschen Rundfunks" I found two items of recollections of days long gone by when they were recorded. So I have decided to have a closer look for these eye-witness recordings and will file them under "Chapter 20". Any additions are welcome if they are about pre-1900-times!
April 28, 2007:"Poet Laureate of Radio" Norman Corwin turns 97 on May 3rd; interesting speech by him of 31 March 1946 at Testimonal Dinner from the Florentine Room of the Beverly Wilshire Hotel, L.A., host: Robert Young, speaker: Paul Robeson
For more info on him see: http://www.normancorwin.com/Bio.html
April 29,2007: Station WNYC is moving. "WNYC’s diverse personnel are in the midst of packing up and moving to larger quarters in July 2007, the first move in 80 years. The current space is inundated with over 50,000 audio formats of all types, 30,000 of which Lanset has listened to, reformatted and catalogued. They represent the compressed history of New York City’s unique municipal broadcasting station for some 70 years. ... A study published in 2005 found that some 84 percent of historical sound recordings spanning jazz, blues, gospel, country and classical music in the United States, made from 1890 to 1964, have become virtually inaccessible...." The whole article can be found here: http://www.thevillager.com:80/villager_207/forwnycarchivist.html
May 12, 2007: I've just heard an excerpt of an NBC broadcast of Dec.18,1955, "Roger Baldwin recalls Clarence Darrow and the Scopes Trial"; a broadcast of "'Biography in Sound': Clarence Darrow for the Defense".- It features Roger Baldwin's recollections of famous U.S. defense attorney Clarence Darrow and his involvement in the Scopes "Monkey Trial". - For more info on that trial [a court case in Tennessee involving the teaching of evolution in Public Schools] go to : http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/scopes/scopes.htm . As there are no sound recordings in existance, the two very short video clips of that trial may be a substitute. Only a June 1925 recording of Vernon Dalhart exists: "The John T.Scopes Trial" (American Columbia 15037-D;mtx.W140680)(=Cameo 792)
May 13, 2007: Forthcoming shortly "8.Diskografentag der Gesellschaft für Historische Tonträger" (8th Meeting of collectors of historical sound-carriers) in Immenstadt/Allgäu - S.Germany, May18th -May 20th. For more info write to office@phonomuseum.at attn.Frau Christiane Hofer.
Topics are a.o."Zeppelins on Records", 'How to archive -software for collectors', 'Good and bad examples of restoring and re-issuing', Digital restauration, a demonstration of cutting foils as it happened in the 1930s; open forum etc.
May 14, 2007: In the currently running series DAS NEUE FUNKKOLLEG "Erlebnis Zuhören" (Adventure Listening) of Hessian Radio 2 the IASA (see below) was featured in prog.#26 "Töne der Welt" (Sounds of the World). For those who are interested there is a podcast available of that series: podcast.hr-online.de/hr2_Funkkolleg/podcast.xml
June 6, 2007: BBC Radio Scotland runs a series on "Magnetic memories". This week's programme is about 1940s Forces Broadcasting (available til the 10th)
Today, June 26, 2007 Radio Dismuke joins thousands of Internet radio stations in observing a Day of Silence to call attention to the impending shutdown of the vast majority of Internet streams if the new sound recording royalty rates are allowed to go into effect on July 15. For today only, listeners who tune in will be directed to a non-music informational stream explaining the crisis facing Internet radio and featuring testimonials from a variety of broadcasters. Normal Radio Dismuke programing will resume on Wednesday.
The Internet Radio Equality Act has been introduced in both the US House and Senate which would establish Internet radio royalties at a rate that is equal to the more reasonable percentage of revenue model that satellite broadcasters pay for airing the exact same music. By contrast, the rates which are scheduled to go into effect on July 15 are based on a per-song per-listener basis and would amount to well over 100 percent of most existing webcasters' annual revenues - and they would be applied RETROACTIVELY back to January 2006. The Act would also do away with a $500 per channel minimum so-called "administration fee" that is part of the new rate structure. Radio Dismuke's service providers, Live 365 and LoudCity host THOUSANDS of Internet radio stations. This administration fee alone is likely to send them into bankruptcy. Indeed, based on the number of unique channels they offer, four of the top Internet radio networks, Live 365, Rhapsody, Yahoo and Pandora alone would owe SoundExchange, the RIAA's royalty collection arm, approximately $1 BILLION per year for these administration fees alone IN ADDITION to the very expensive royalties. To illustrate how absurd this is, that $1 billion in "admin fees" from those four webcasters alone would vastly exceed the $20 million in total royalties that SoundExchange collected last year from all Internet radio stations combined.
The new rates are nothing more than a thinly disguised attempt on the part of the RIAA to kill off a rapidly emerging medium which, by bringing the public's attention to an unprecedented range of independent artists and niche genres, threatens the market share the RIAA labels have held for decades. According to Live 365's Director of Engineering, last month the several thousand stations across the Live 365 network featured recordings by over 250,000 artists. That's probably around 249,000 more artists than you would likely be able to hear on your local FM radio stations - artists who would have almost no opportunity for broadcast air time to expose their works to new audiences were it not for Internet radio. That's 249,000 artists whose existence and music the RIAA would prefer that you to not know about.
The major RIAA labels make their money by selling mass market recordings aimed at the widest and lowest common denominator - i.e., the sort of music you will hear on FM radio and find in the limited assortment of CDs available at your local discount retailer. The degree to which audiences discover and become enthusiastic about the wide variety of wonderful artists and music that fall outside of the RIAA labels' lowest common denominator offerings is the degree to which their market falls apart on them. Every time I receive an enthusiastic email from a high school student telling me how, as a result of discovering Radio Dismuke, 1920s and 1930s popular music is now his or her favorite type of music, that is one less person who is likely to act like a good little sheep and buy the latest hit recording that has been played over and over again on half the FM stations in town. And the same is true for the people who, through Internet radio, discover stations which play Ukrainian folk music, or ragtime, or polka, or blues, or jazz or even features some group of young rock musicians who perform at local clubs and are not famous enough to get FM airplay.
Internet radio is at the forefront of a wonderful revolution in both how enthusiasts listen to music and how aspiring artists promote themselves. It is bringing about a world where audiences will have endless options to access an unprecedented variety of quality music and where artists - especially those who previously had little hope of getting past the focus groups and "gatekeepers" at the RIAA labels and FM radio stations - will have new opportunities to make themselves known to new fans and to promote their recordings and live performances. The RIAA does not have any special advantage in such a world and will face new competition >from a wide variety of sources, including artists who in an earlier day would have signed with an RIAA label but now realize it is increasingly advantageous to remain independent and thereby retain ownership and control of their music and keep all of the financial rewards for themselves. Therefore, the RIAA has used its political pull in an attempt to kill off the new and increasingly popular industry which is making such a world possible: Internet radio.
If you value the music that I and countless other Internet broadcasters present, please do not allow that to happen. Please telephone your Congressperson and both of your Senators TODAY and ask them to support the Internet Radio Equality Act. In the House, the specific bill is H.R. 2060. In the Senate the bill is S.1353.
For those who have responded to my previous requests to contact your representatives, I and all other Internet broadcasters thank you. Your letters, phone calls and emails were what has made it possible for bills to exist today in both houses of Congress. But there is still a lot of distance that needs to be covered before the future of Internet radio is secure. Now that there are very specific bills on the table, please consider contacting your representatives AGAIN and encourage them to support the Internet Radio Equality Act.
Hearings on the Internet Radio Equality Act begin soon so it is important to take action NOW. By contacting your representatives, you will be doing your part to ensure that the Day of Silence is only a DAY of silence and not a permanent reality after July 15.
June 26, 2007: The UNESCO/Jikji Prize for 2007 is awarded to the Phonogrammarchiv, an institute within the Austrian Academy of Sciences .- The UNESCO/Jikji Prize, consisting of an award of US$ 30,000, is given every two years to promote the objectives of the Memory of the World Programme. It is named after the oldest known book of movable metal print in the world, made in Korea. The prize is funded by the Republic of Korea. - The 2007 prizewinner, the Phonogrammarchiv, is recognized for its substantial contribution to the advancement of audio and video preservation. The oldest sound archive of the world, founded in 1899, its collection now includes more than 50,000 recordings. - More information about the prize can be found at: http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php-URL_ID=16050&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
July 6, 2007: From my Scottish friend Graeme I received this interesting article by Robert Colvile (The Daily Telegraph, London) of July 5th: "How to stave off a digital dark age"- When Microsoft and the National Archives announced yesterday that they had joined forces to save the nation's information, they spoke in terms of averting a crisis. The danger was of a "ticking time bomb" of data loss, "a huge digital black hole", even "a digital dark age".
July 28,2007: Info by Simon Rooks (Sound Archivist/BBC Information and Archives) on forthcoming programme on BBC4: on September 1st, 8p.m. "The Archive Hour" will be about the early days of BBC Archives. Please check their website (or use the "Listen Again" facility).
August 14, 2007: Tape recordings of 12 hours duration of the trial vs the RAF ("Rote Armee Fraktion") terrorists (Baader, Meinhof, Ensslin, Raspe) in Germany May 1975-April 1976 found: The recordings of last sessions of the trial were found in the archives of the Staatsarchiv Ludwigsburg. They had been used and reused, meant to be a help for the written minutes; the reason why they were deposited in the Staatsarchiv is unknown. For the first time these voices can be heard on the radio as station SWF2 has put them online in excerpts of 10 minutes. They also have a review of August 1, 2007 available as audio-on-demand with statements of those people who discovered and made available these documents. The radio station bought the rights from the archive for 71Euro per minute. The former presiding judge sold the rights on his voice to SPIEGEL-TV. On Sep.9th and Sept.10th,2007 ARD-TV will broadcast a documentary on RAF activities in the 70s.
August 15, 2007: News on the BBC Archives as received from my friend Graeme Stevenson in Scotland:
"This week's edition of Ariel (the BBC staff magazine) carried the following piece by Carla Parks : 'How to find your piece of audio - in just a few seconds' : If you wanted a piece of audio from the global newswire team at Bush House (BBC World Service HQ) four years ago, you would have had to visit the sixth floor of the building, go through a huge box of tapes and spool through perhaps 100 news items to find what you were looking for. In other words, you wouldn't get it in a hurry.- Today, the same process takes just a few seconds because 350,000 news items - gathered by the former actuality unit since 1971 - have been archived online. - Because of the archives size, it took ten technical assistants three years to play in the audio from 4500 reels of tape and to copy the material from 500 double- sided magneto optical discs. Another 6 people spent two years transcribing 30,000 news stories. ' The project was driven by the need to preserve and digitise these fragile assets - analogue tapes, magneto optical discs and paper copies of scripts and cues - so that they could be used in a modern production environment ' explains media asset manager Russell Gould, who oversaw the migration......- ' It also includes unique news items from our language sections at Bush House - in the original language - which no other broadcaster or archive would have', says producer Jonathan Fenton-Fischer."
August 18, 2007: My friends David and Susan Siegel have issued a new informative book due out in September 07:
"Radio and the Jews-The Untold Story of How Radio Influenced America's Image of Jews". From stereotypes to role models, the first comprehensive look at how Jews were portrayed on radio from the 1920s to the 1950s. From struggling immigrants to prominent men and women who were recognized for their significant contributions in their chosen fields.From comedic characters who made a nation laugh to more serious ones who brought comfort and reassurance to generations of listeners.- For those who are interested in another important chapter of radio history: go to http://www.bookhunterpress.com/index.cgi/jews.html
Sep. 1, 2007: see under July 28th!- A special mention here goes to Mrs Marie Slocombe who in 1936 was working as a summer relief secretary at the BBC. One of her tasks was to sort out -and dispose of- a pile of dusty broadcast discs. She noticed that among them were recordings by GB Shaw, HG Wells, W.Churchill, Herbert Asquith and GK Chesterton. So she hesitated. In that moment was the humble beginning of what became one of the most important collections in the world: the BBC Sound Archive.
If you are interested in reading more about her and the archive go to http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/6968321.stm
Sep. 7, 2007: The 'Archive Hour' on BBC Radio 4, Saturday 22nd September, at 8pm UK time is about the American, German and Czech radio coverage of the 1938 - 39 Czechoslovac Crisis.
Sep. 8, 2007: October 27th has been declared UNESCO's World Day for Audiovisual Heritage
Sep.11, 2007: In an impressive ceremony held on 4 September 2007 in Cheongju City, in the Republic of Korea, the Phonogrammarchiv of the Austrian Academy of Sciences formally received the UNESCO/Jikji Memory of World Prize certificate and cheque.- The ceremony was held at the Grand Hall of the Cheongju Arts Centre for some 1,200 specially invited participants. Previously recorded congratulatory video messages were delivered by UNESCO's Director-General, Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, and the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr Ban Ki-Moon, in addition to speeches delivered by the Minister of Culture, the Governor of Chungcheungbukdo Province and the Mayor of Cheongju City. The UNESCO/Jikji Memory of World Prize, the first prize in the field of documentary heritage, was established by UNESCO in April 2004 to commemorate the inscription of Jikji, the oldest surviving book made with moveable metal characters, on the Memory of World Register. The Prize, consisting of an award of US$30,000, along with a certificate, is given every two years to individuals or institutions that have made a significant contribution to the preservation and accessibility of the documentary heritage. The National Library of the Czech Republic was the first recipient of the 2005 UNESCO/Jikji Memory of the World Prize. Recognition received through the Prize greatly helped to initiate several important activities and to expand the scope of its ongoing work. It also led to closer cooperation with a number of other institutions outside Europe, such as the National Library of China and the National Library of Kazakhstan, but more importantly, it also fostered new forms of cooperation with the National Library of the Republic of Korea in Seoul and with the Early Printing Museum in Cheongju. This year's winner, the Phonogrammarchiv, is the oldest sound archive in the world, having been founded in 1899. It has made a substantial contribution to the advancement of audiovisual preservation and it plans to use the prize money to assist in preserving a collection in a developing country.
Sep.22, 2007 German TV PHOENIX 13:15-14:00 hrs: "Radio in the Cold War"
Sep.26, 2007: Just found the latest report by INA (Institut National de l'Audiovisuel) on their effort in saveguarding/preserving their entire media: http://www.ina.fr/entreprise/activites/archives-sauvegarde-numerisation/index.html
Sep.27, 2007: Voice of America-Arabic Service has issued a CD with interviews from the 1970s and 80s with Egypian icons of literature and poetry. It is available on their site as streaming audio with transcripts: http://egypt.usembassy.gov/voa/index.htm Here are the audio items and the link to the transcripts.
Sep.29, 2007: How were records made way back in the 30s? A promotional short for Irving Mills' short-lived Master and Variety labels not only gives a glimpse of Ellington and his band in the actual Master/Variety studios but is one of the very few film accounts of how records were recorded, plated and pressed. Narration is provided by pioneer radio announcer Alois Havrilla. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hjKlFFp4-IE
Oct.7, 2007: German TV-station PHOENIX has opened a "Bibliothek" (Library) with video-on-demand streams dating back to the station's first broadcast in April 1997. They can be watched and listened to at http://bibliothek.phoenix.de/home.html
Nov.01, 2007: pre-info BBC The Archive Hour of Nov.24th will be about recordings made during World War I.
Nov.6, 2007:You can hear a telephone interview with authors David and Susan Siegel about their book "Radio and the Jews" (see Aug.18 above) on "Book of Life" November'07 issue. Go to streaming audio and 5:20 into the stream. http://www.jewishbooks.blogspot.com/
An interesting speech by Phil Gries at the IASA Conference of Sept.25,2001 in London on "Why Collect? the Purpose of Audiovisual Archives and Collection" can be read here: http://www.atvaudio.com/ata_arsc.php
Nov.23, 2007:The BBC4 Archive Hour on 15th December is called 'Accoustic Attic' and features old US recordings. Full details on BBC Press Office website.
Those who are familiar with the German language might be interested in a short "Discography of Nazi Record Industry". Rainer Lotz provides some notes on http://www.lotz-verlag.de/Online-Disco-NSII.html
Nov.24, 2007: Today I could acquire a unique set of foils included in a small booklet issued by the GDR celebrating their XX.birthday (1949-1969). The 6 33rpm foils were pressed by MELODIA in the former Soviet Union and contains speeches and music of former GDR politicians (Ulbricht, Pieck,Becher) and music, sung by Ernst Busch, the Erich Weinert Ensemble, and Gisela May. "This Special Edition is a cooperation between the Collective of the Department Distributing Scientific Awareness and the Soviet Monthly 'KRUGOSOR`" (a sound-foil magazine).
Dec.6, 2007: BBC World Service article on "Jamming the Germans" in WWII http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/memoryshare/worldservice/A28549795
Dec.7, 2007: BBC has some soundfiles available for listening/downloading on WWII events. Although these are snippets only it's better than nothing. Go to this URL and see for more links there: www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/countdown-390828_mon_07.shtml
And so has the Czech Radio Archive. Yet mainly short reviews of moments in Czech Radio History, it sometimes has excerpts in English (every Monday till Spring 2008). http://www.radio.cz/en/article/98365 . It's always amazing to see how generously :-) archives provide sounds of 30 seconds for the public!
Dec.9, 2007: The Sound Directions project at Harvard University and Indiana University announces the publication of Sound Directions: Best Practices for Audio Preservation, available as a PDF from www.dlib.indiana.edu/projects/sounddirections/ . This 168-page publication presents the results of two years of research and development funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities in the United States. This work was carried out by project and permanent staff at both institutions in consultation with an advisory board of experts in audio engineering, audio preservation, and digital libraries. - Sound Directions: Best Practices for Audio Preservation establishes best practices in many areas where they did not previously exist. This work also explores the testing and use of existing and emerging standards. It includes chapters on personnel and equipment for preservation transfer, digital files, metadata, storage, preservation packages and interchange, and audio preservation systems and workflows. Each chapter is divided into two major parts: a preservation overview that summarizes key concepts for collection managers and curators, followed by a section that presents recommended technical practices for audio engineers, digital librarians, and other technical staff. This latter section includes a detailed look at the inner workings of the audio preservation systems at both Harvard and Indiana. This first phase of the Sound Directions project produced four key results: the publication of our findings and best practices, the development of much needed software tools for audio preservation, the creation or further development of audio preservation systems at each institution, and the preservation of a large number of critically endangered and highly valuable recordings. All of these are detailed in this publication, which provides solid grounding for institutions pursuing audio preservation either in-house or in collaboration with an outside vendor. - For further information on the Sound Directions project: soundir@indiana.edu
Dec.10, 2007: Recordings give life to infamy of Dec. 7, 1941 - Friday, December 07, 2007 By Dan Majors, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette: J. David Goldin holds one of his 16-inch glass disc recordings that were made in Pittsburgh during the 1940s. His home archives include thousands of various recordings.Pittsburgh residents listening to their radios in the middle of a chilly Sunday afternoon, Dec. 7, 1941, had their choice of five programs on the AM dial. Four stations were playing music and the fifth offered poetry readings.- One person, a mystery man named Robert Dixon, had a couple of favorites. He liked Bernie Armstrong, the music director at KDKA, who played the organ from 4 to 4:30 p.m. at 1020-AM. And on WCAE 1250-AM, the Pittsburgh Symphony Concert featured Tchaikovsky's "1812 Overture" and Beethoven's Third Symphony. Mr. Dixon recorded them both. "Imagine," said J. David Goldin, a rare-record collector and the founder of Radio Yesteryear. "He's sitting in his home recording these programs, and the bulletins about Pearl Harbor come in." - "Japan's game became crystal clear today. Her desire was war, war with the United States. The peace talks now appear to have been just a subterfuge, an attempt to gain time for her fleet to sail within battle range of American bases in the Philippines. The blow struck the American public with lightning-like suddenness. Entirely unsuspecting and apathetic to the brewing war clouds, the public entered another calm weekend ..." - -- news bulletin heard over Pittsburgh radio station WCAE - - Today, these rare recordings are housed at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, where they are part of the Miller Nichols Library's Marr Sound Archives, used by researchers, teachers and history buffs to follow the American experience as reflected through recorded sound.- "One of the things we're known for is incorporating audio into our digital online library projects. It provides young people with primary source material, sound recordings of the day," said Chuck Haddix, director of the archives. "The 'Voices of World War II' site is our most ambitious. It is driven by the audio." - The first Web page of the project, started in 2001, was the Pearl Harbor page, with sound bites from news bulletins of the Japanese attack on the American fleet stationed in Hawaii. Other additions, including President Franklin Roosevelt's "Infamy" speech and coverage of World War II, were added over the years, along with music from the era. - "It's a very popular site," Mr. Haddix said. "There's nothing like it up on the Web that allows users to experience the war as those who lived through it did. Through radio. There's a real immediacy to radio." - There are 12 audio clips in the Web site's Pearl Harbor section. Five of those excerpts were recorded in Pittsburgh, by a man named Robert Dixon.- "The Japanese have drawn first blood. The attack was a complete surprise. At Pearl Harbor, only minimum forces of the Army and Navy were on Sunday morning duty. A pall of heavy black smoke hung over Pearl Harbor. ..." -- -- news bulletin heard over Pittsburgh radio station WCAE. - - None of the people involved in the "Voices of World War II" project knows who Robert Dixon was. But he was passionate about recording, and those recordings have provided a few clues.- Mr. Dixon made almost 14,000 recordings, all on 16-inch black glass discs that cost $3 apiece during the 1940s. Each grooved disc, similar to a long-playing phonograph record, could store 15 minutes of sound on each side. - "They're really one-of-a-kind," Mr. Goldin said of the recordings he donated to the project in 2001. "If they broke, they'd be lost forever. Nobody else recorded these. Not even KDKA." -The discs, sealed in more than 150 wooden crates that were labeled with dates and nailed shut, were found years ago in the basement of a Pittsburgh-area house by a real estate agent who sold them to a rare-record dealer in Maryland. That dealer later sold them to Mr. Goldin, who transported them to his Connecticut home on July 4, 1992. "Most of these crates had never been opened," said Mr. Goldin, who has spent decades collecting rare recordings. "[The discs] were recorded once and never listened to again. They're all in mint condition. And none of the discs have labels on them. He wrote notes on the paper sleeves. He'd write 'KDKA 9:30 p.m. Charley McCarthy Show. Part One' or 'Democratic National Convention, 1942, Part 17.' That kind of thing." Mr. Goldin said most of the recordings were of national network broadcasts, such as "The Jack Benny Show." Only about 15 percent were of local Pittsburgh programming, sponsored by Duquesne Beer or the Otto Milk Dairy. - Therein lie some hints as to who Robert Dixon was. Mr. Goldin, who has listened to many of the discs, said Mr. Dixon rarely interjected his own voice into the recordings. On a few occasions he mentioned his wife or spoke to guests to whom he was showing his sound equipment. Only once did he identify himself, and he never said where he lived. It was the local programming, the clarity of the signal, and the story of where the crates were found that placed him in or near Pittsburgh. - "I picture him in a private house, in the basement in all likelihood," Mr. Goldin said. "Pittsburgh is hilly, so he probably had an outside antenna, a wire rising up to the roof. "And this guy was a professional. He knew what he was doing. And if he was an amateur, he never would have used 16-inch discs. He was an audiophile way before his time." He probably was much more than a hobbyist, perhaps even an engineer, Mr. Goldin said. And this collection was more expensive than most hobbies. Not only were the discs costly, but the equipment -- much of which must have been state-of-the-art -- wasn't cheap, either. "And he took care of it," Mr. Goldin said. "This machinery was temperamental. If it hadn't been maintained, the sound would be flawed." - "They were cared for very well," Mr. Haddix said of the recordings. "They were not exposed to extreme heat or humidity variation, which would have caused them to break down. They're in good shape. - "Whoever he was, he liked big bands," Mr. Haddix said of Mr. Dixon. But big bands were all the rage, so he was not unique in that regard. The recordings, however, are unique.- "As to the watch over the Japanese community, it's interesting that we learn that on the Atlantic coast in New York and in Norfolk, special watch, police watch has been put over the Japanese, there are very few Japanese there to watch. Here on the Pacific coast, where there are more Japanese than anywhere else, so far, we have no word whatever of anything untoward having happened. I think we can take the word of the local San Francisco consulate general that the Japanese community has been totally surprised by this action and so far there is no indication here whatsoever that any sabotage has broken out or that any Japanese spies or saboteurs were warned in time to go into action. ..." - -- news bulletin heard over Pittsburgh radio station KDKA at 4:30 p.m. local time. - "People got their news through radio in those days," Mr. Haddix said. "Newspaper, as well, but radio had that immediacy. People spent World War II glued to their radio because that's how they got their news. "[Mr. Dixon] was documenting history. It's a way we remember. It brings the history to life. It's not a word on a page. It's a voice from the past." "It's strange how a piece of Pittsburgh wound up in Kansas City," Mr. Goldin said. "And whoever Robert Dixon was ... gee, I'd love to know. Who was he and why in heck did he record these things? God bless him." - To hear the reports of the bombing of Pearl Harbor the way Pittsburghers heard them 66 years ago, go to http://library.umkc.edu/spec-col/ww2/index.htm
Dec.13, 2007: The Archive Hour on Radio 4, 8pm 5th January, is about the battles between the BBC and the commercial stations ( Normandy & Luxembourg etc ) in the 1930s. Full detailson the BBC Press Office website.
Dec.21, 2007: Still online to listen to: two programmes on BBC4 'When Hollywood Went To War'- Humphrey Lyttelton presents the story of Hollywood's involvement in WW2. He reveals a.o.themes how stars including James Stewart and Betty Grable assisted the war effort.

Dec.22, 2007: BBC Radio 4,Monday 21January 2008, 8pm : ‘Escaping the Net’ about NS war criminals who escaped via Holland to Argentina after the war. Full details on the site.
Dec.23, 2007: A short arcticle (in German) reviewing Czech soundarchives can be found here:
Dec.30, 2007: The first Royal Christmas TV-broadcast by Queen Elizabeth II. of 1957 can be seen on YOUTUBE:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mBRP-o6Q85s
Pittsburgh Tribune-Revue Dec 9,2007: When Lisa Spahr found a cache of letters in a trunk in a relatives' home in York, she had no idea what she was looking at. They were baffling to her and her family. They were all very similar, much like the following: Dear Miss Spahr ;This is to inform you that I heard the following message from Robert M. Spahr broadcast at 9 p.m., EWT May 8, 1943 via short wave from Germany: 'Arrived safely in Germany as a prisoner".- The letter, one of 70, was dated May 8, 1943. Robert M. Spahr was Lisa's grandfather. The 'Miss Spahr' in the letters was her great-grandmother. 'When I started to look at them, I realized I didn't recognize any of the people, any of the cities,' says Spahr, who lives in Regent Square. 'And further, I recognized they were all saying something in common. They were saying they had heard over the radio that my grandfather was captured and I thought, 'What is this?' ' - Spahr's book 'World War II Radio Heroes: Letters of Compassion' (Intrigue Publishing, $15.95) solves the puzzle of the letters she found two years ago. Spahr uncovered a network of ham radio enthusiasts who tracked German propaganda broadcasts, then informed the families of POWs that their loved ones were alive. - The above letter was written by Flavius Jankauskas, then a teenager from Philadelphia. Lisa Spahr tracked down Jankauskas, who is still a ham radio enthusiast. He told her he sent the message out of a sense of duty to the country. But the radio operators also were going against a directive issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, that all shortwave communications were to cease because they were playing into the hands of German propagandist. The radio operators, torn between duty to country and a passion to inform the families, came up with a compromise. 'They just went silent and went into a listening mode,' Spahr says. 'So rather than sharing information, they complied with the directive in a listening mode.' - Thus, the letters that came from ham radio operators around the country. One woman in Ohio was so passionate about the project that she organized a listening schedule, so no broadcasts would be missed. - Spahr never met her great-grandmother, and her grandfather died when she was 12. Spahr, 33, never had the chance to ask him about the impact of the letters. -'I have no idea what they meant to them,' she says. 'I know they kept them.'
A V-DISC RECORDING SESSION with the Andrews Sisters on YOUTUBE (see under Chapter IX Robert G.Vincent): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3YHXoeHKkbg



Jan.1, 2008: RADIO BERLIN-BRANDENBURG RBB Kulturradio 14:04-15:00hrs: Radio pioneer Alfred Braun in his own voice and sound documents of the early German radio times
On Jan.2, 19:05-20:00hrs, NORDWESTRADIO brings the voice of German radio legend Axel Eggebrecht. His journalistic career began in the Weimar Times (1918-33); banned by the Nazis, he was one of the first men to build the new post-war broadcasting in Germany.

Feb.1, 2008: Folks interested in German language radio broadcasts of these days should go to www.podster.de to have a look at the many podcasts that are offered here. An interesting one is the new radio series 'From The Archives' on DEUTSCHLANDRADIO which features recordings of the late 50s and 1960s.

Feb.2, 2008:DEUTSCHLANDFUNK brings a 3-hour-feature on Laurel and Hardy, hosted by my friend Christian Blees, journalist in Berlin. With audio tracks and information. DLF 23:05-02:00 German time (GMT-1hr)
Worth listening to is a 4-part series on BBC2 'The Dust Bowl Balladeer'- . Billy Bragg on the trail of Woody Guthrie. Go to:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio/aod/mainframe.shtml?http://www.bbc.co.ukradio/ aod/radio2_aod.shtml?radio2/r2_dustbowlballadeer

Feb.18,2008: From my friend Graeme Stevenson comes this info: According to the ‘Radio Times’ tonight’s edition of ‘Night Waves’ on Radio 3 ( 2145 - 2230 UK Time ) has a bit about a play that has been written about John Amery and his Berlin broadcasts during the war.

Feb.23,2008: West German Radio WDR5 Cologne brings another 3-hour special with old educational broadcasts for school children, compiled in the 1950s-1980s. The series began on Nov.11, 1955 in Hamburg and Cologne Broadcasting Stations. (WDR5, 22:05-01:00 CET)

March 1,2008: The Old Time Radio Researchers Group offers online their articles of their 'Old Radio Times', articles that deal with various USA radio series of the 1930s-1950s. http://otrr.org/pg07b_timesarc.htm

FORTHCOMING in 2 weeks or so: an article on the 'Lautdenkmal reichsdeutscher Mundarten', a collection of 300 discs recorded in 1936/37 and dedicated to Hitler on the occasion of his 48th birthday.

March 6,2008: Audio Tape Digitisation Guideline: This workflow is mainly aimed to address newcomers in the world of audio tape digitisation. Hence we try to keep it short and simple, knowing that the full spectrum of technical knowledge and skills can only be achieved by further studies and practical training. Therefore for each point of the workflow you will find a list of useful literature and links. We recommend that you consult these sites for additional information specifically related to the topic under discussion. http://www.jazzpoparkisto.net/audio/

March 17,2008: Austrian Radio Ö1 (web live stream) broadcasts 'A day in Spring of 38' after the Anschluss on March 22 17:05 MEZ (GMT+1hr)

March 28,2008: Read this: a recording of a human voice nearly 2 decades before Edison's 'Little Lamb' recording!
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/27/arts/27soun.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&oref=slogin &adxnnlx=1206735883-s77CB0k67i8osxHxuKSDJQ

April 19, 2008: Archive Hour Radio 4 Saturday 3rd May is titled 'Adventures in BBC Archives' and features the earliest recordings of b Anthony Eden. Full details on the site.

April 22, 2008: Added Chapter XXIV.

May 6,2008: For those who are interested in political/ historical lectures the INTERCOLLEGIATE STUDIES INSTITUTE offers 150 of them for downloading. The earliest seems to be of 1953 and goes on to the present day. Their Lecture Programme assists in sponsoring lectures each year at the college, university, and preparatory school levels. ISI makes available top scholars and nationally known speakers to lecture at campuses across the country. These events examine both popular topics, such as affirmative action and core curriculum controversies, as well as perennial concerns, such as the nature of freedom and the best forms of government. ISI's lectures are rooted in fundamental principles and the enduring Western intellectual patrimony. http://www.isi.org/lecture.aspx

May 5,2008:: The Librarian of Congress this week named 25 additions to the National Recording Registry. The library identifies such a list each year, by law, to help preserve the country's aural history. Librarian James H. Billington said in the announcement, 'Audio preservation constitutes a critical challenge. Much has already been lost, particularly in the field of radio.' - Top of the list is a rare, complete radio broadcast of 1925 across the Atlantic, Fibber McGee's closet, opening for the first time and NYC Mayor LaGuardia reading the comics. Also included are a number of seminal musical recordings, from Kitty Wells to Michael Jackson; the 'Sounds of Earth" disc prepared for the Voyager spacecraft; and other notable audio. You can nominate suggestions for next year's list at the NRPB Web site (www.loc.gov/nrpb/).The 1925 orchestral broadcast was considered a 'technological breakthrough." According to the library, it originated in London, traveled by land line to station 5XX in Chelmsford, crossed the Atlantic where it was picked up by an RCA transmitter in Maine, and was relayed to stations WJZ in New York and WRC in Washington, D.C. The 37-minute broadcast survives on discs in the collections of the University of Maryland's Library of American Broadcasting.- ·'The First Trans-Atlantic Broadcast (March 14, 1925) ·'Allons a Lafayette," Joseph Falcon (1928) ·'Casta Diva," from Bellini's 'Norma"; Rosa Ponselle, accompanied by the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and Chorus, conducted by Giulio Setti. (December 31, 1928 and January 30, 1929) ·'If I Could Hear My Mother Pray Again," Thomas A. Dorsey (1934) ·'Sweet Lorraine," Art Tatum (February 22, 1940) ·Fibber's Closet Opens for the First Time, 'Fibber McGee and Molly" radio program (March 4, 1940) ·Wings Over Jordan, Wings Over Jordan (1941) ·Fiorello LaGuardia reading the comics (1945) 'Call it Stormy Monday but Tuesday is Just As Bad," T-Bone Walker (1947) ·Harry S. Truman speech at the 1948 Democratic National Convention (July 15, 1948) ·'The Jazz Scene," various artists (1949) ·'It Wasn't God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels," Kitty Wells (May 30, 1952) ·'My Fair Lady," original cast recording (1956) ·Navajo Shootingway Ceremony Field Recordings, recorded by David McAllester (1957-1958) ·''Freight Train,' and Other North Carolina Folk Songs and Tunes," Elizabeth Cotten (1959) ·Marine Band Concert Album to Help Benefit the National Cultural Center (1963) ·'Oh, Pretty Woman," Roy Orbison (1964) ·'Tracks of My Tears," Smokey Robinson and the Miracles (1965) ·'You'll Sing a Song and I'll Sing a Song," Ella Jenkins (1966) ·Music from the Morning of the World," various artists; recorded by David Lewiston (1966) ·'For the Roses," Joni Mitchell (1972) ·'Headhunters," Herbie Hancock (1973) ·Ronald Reagan Radio Broadcasts (1976-1979) ·'The Sounds of Earth," disc prepared for the Voyager spacecraft (1977) ·'Thriller," Michael Jackson (1982)
If you want to listen to an excerpt of 11mins of this 1925 broadcast, go to:

May 31,2008: BBC4 The Archive Hour on June 7th will bring : The Dream Time of Jazz: Marybeth Hamilton recalls an extraordinary ten-hour interview conducted in 1938 by 23-year-old folklorist Alan Lomax with jazz composer Jelly Roll Morton.

An interesting link to US-Radio/Broadcasting History is: http://www.midcoast.com/~lizmcl/links.html

June 3, 2008: On Wednesday,June 5th,at 2200hrs German radio station MDR FIGARO (see their webradio site) broadcasts a feature of 1958 by Ernst Schnabel, a famous one that I heard for the first time 40 years ago 'Anne Frank- Spur eines Kindes'. Anne Frank had close relatives in my hometown Aachen and spent times here.- This feature has become known worldwide because it was translated and issued in book form and broadcast in foreign countries.

June 13, 2008: First public access to the Imre Nagy show-trial recordings: The Hungarians have , for the first time ever, the possibility to listen to 50 hours (of 72) of the show-trial vs Imre Nagy, Minster President of the Hungarian Revolution of June 1958. The tapes will be broadcast at times corresponding exactly to the original trial. - Over weeks the Open Society Archive quarrelled with the Hungarian National Archive about the release of the tape recordings. The National Archives first did not want to present these sound documents to the public; access should only be given to historians. - Although the Hungarian website gives a link to these original materials it is not possible (or no more?) to listen to them. Either the link given is not correct or the broadcasting time has been cut.

June 22, 2008: Two interesting sites on the very first discs (5inch Berliner Gramophone Records):
Emile Berliner in Germany and the Doll Discs (article by Michael Gunrem is in German)
Site created by Henri Chamoux:
http://www.archeophone.org/Berliner5inch/Die_allerersten_Schallplatten_der_W elt.php

June 25, 2008: On June 26,KULTURRADIO/ Germany,(see its website for streaming audio) brings a feature at 19:04 hrs on how post-war newsreels in East and West Germany reported about Berlin Blockade and Air Lift 1948/49, and MDR FIGARO (see website) at 22:00 hrs recalls Fritz Bauer, Chief prosecutor in the Frankfurt Auschwitz trial of 1964.

July 5, 2008: Transferring old VHS-recordings of 1984 I came across a TV broadcast of 1984 with eye-witnesses of Verdun 1916. I wonder why such important broadcasts have never been shown again on TV!

July 6, 2008: German World War II broadcasts to the Middle East. Forthcoming book by Prof. Jeffrey Herf of the University of Maryland details "Germany's propaganda outreach to the Arab world, which was designed by the German Foreign Office and broadcast over short-wave radio. 'When the Nazis broadcast propaganda in Arabic, Persian and Turkish to the Middle East, they were taking a narrative that they had developed - rooted in a paranoid fantasy of an international Jewish conspiracy - and presenting it in a different context,' Herf said. The radio broadcasts, primarily in Arabic, sought to create a connection between devout Muslims and the secular political message of Nazi Germany, and quickly outnumbered the Nazis' broadcasts to Europe and the United States, he said."
More details can be read here: http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1214726179253&pagename=JPost%2FJP Article%2FShowFull http://www.history.umd.edu/Bio/herf.html

August 2, 2008: THE OBSERVER reports on July 20 that 'Family videotape treasures (are) at risk'. They write:
'A virulent infection is destroying the audio and videotapes once used to capture important moments of family life and great historic events. The fungal blight, or 'tape mould', has already ruined thousands of miles of audio and video tape in Britain and, according to specialist restorers, much more is likely to be deteriorating, unobserved, in storage. The infection of VHS cassettes and of the audio cassettes popular in the 1980s and 1990s is increasing at an alarming rate'.- For more go to:
August 5,2008: Just got news from my friend Graeme that BBC4 tonight will be about NS War Crimes (20-20:40hrs GMT)

August 26,2008: BBC 'Caught On Film'- 'Our cinematic heritage is literally rotting away. Critic Matthew Sweet visits the Festival Il Cinema Ritrovato in Bologna to explore the vulnerability of film and discovers why both cinematic gems and historically unique documentary films are rapidly disintegrating.' Listen Again facility at:
August 28,2008: I've found an interesting historical review on ALLIED ARMED FORCES RADIO STATIONS by retired Lt Martin Swenson that reflects the years since its beginning in 1943. http://www.northernstar,no/afrs.htm

August 29,2008: Two old recording devices are shown on youtube, first a German TONSCHREIBER (see entry somehere above) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D_i1mmv5-Fg and an old wire-recorder playing a Webster Chicago-wire with a recording of an A-bomb test: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jJ122PObscg&feature=related

Sep 15, 2008: My friend Christian Blees features 'Nostradamus and the Nazis' on DEUTSCHLANDFUNK COLOGNE tomorrow at 19:15hrs; how the Nazis used astrological "konwledge" for their psychological warfare etc. See DLF website for streaming audio (in German, of course)!

Sep 23, 2008: WDR Migrates Sound Collection to New Audio Archive:
To pre serve its library,West German Radio -Westdeutscher Rundfunk-WDR- has transferred its entire analog sound collection to CD. The collection includes 270,000 CDs and is now the main component of the broadcaster's digital audio archive for long-term preservation.- The contract for the archive was awarded to VCS Aktiengesellschaft, which ordered two CD-Inspector Jukebox systems from Cube-Tec International to facilitate an automated, quality control monitored CD transfer. -To ensure long-term data security and integrity, 125 TB of redundant tapeless storage is located in multiple locations within the WDR premises.- During the first year of the content migration process, over 120,000 CDs have passed through the CD-Inspector systems, with a daily volume ranging from 200 to 800 CDs per day. This level of throughput (about 50 TB of data to date) is made possible by CD-Inspector's attendant-free automation. Since quality analysis does not require an operator, the systems can also run overnight, resulting in fast migration speed.-As of July, 85 percent of the high demand music and 90 percent of the high demand spoken word content was available to WDR staff directly from the mass storage system.

Sept 26, 2008: A bit late but still worth mentioning: 'Attention, Peoples Of The World'! That's the way Webley Edwards began his eye-witness live report from aboard the Destroyer U.S.S.Missouri at Tokyo Bay on September 2, 1945. The historic date is the Japanese Surrender that ended World War II,(VJ-Day). Two wire recordings were made aboard the Missouri. One was taken to a Japanese radio station for broadcast. The other was flown to the Island of Guam and broadcast over radio station KU5Q by the U.S.Navy. The networks chose the Guam broadcast as it was clearer in sound. US receiving point was RCA Shortwave Station Communication Center near San Francisco. After the ceremony President Truman can be heard as well as General MacArthur and Admiral Nimitz.
A video excerpt of this historic moment can be seen on google.video: http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-2384327550463473694
Webley Edwards later became famous for his 'HAWAII CALLS' music programmes.

Oct11, 2008: News from theOutreach Committee of the Association for Recorded Sound Collections (ARSC).
The Association for Recorded Sound Collections (ARSC) is pleased to announce the winners of the 2008 ARSC Awards for Excellence in Historical Recorded Sound Research. Begun in 1991, the awards are presented to authors and publishers of books, articles, liner notes, and monographs, to recognize outstanding published research in the field of recorded sound. In giving these awards, ARSC recognizes outstanding contributions, encourages high standards, and promotes awareness of superior works. A maximum of two awards is presented annually in each category -- one for best history and one for best discography. Certificates of Merit are presented to runners-up for works of exceptionally high quality. The 2008 Awards for Excellence honor works published in 2007. Additionally, a Lifetime Achievement Award and an Award for Distinguished Service to Historical Recordings are also presented annually. The 2008 winners are:
Best Discography:The Gospel Discography: A Discography of Post-war African-American Gospel -Records from 1943 to 1970, by Cedric Hayes and Bob Laughton (Eyeball Productions); Best History: How Britain Got the Blues: The Transmission and Reception of American Blues Style in the United Kingdom, by Roberta Freund Schwartz (Ashgate) Certificate of Merit: Cross the Water Blues: African American Music in Europe, edited by Neil A. Wynn (University of Mississippi Press)
Best Discography: Joan Tower: The Comprehensive Bio-Bibliography, by Ellen K. Grolman (Scarecrow) Best History: Moondog: The Viking of 6th Avenue: The Authorized Biography, by Robert Scotto (Process)
Certificate of Merit: Sigmund Romberg, by William A. Everett (Yale University Press)
Country Music Originals: The Legends and the Lost, by Tony Russell (Oxford University Press) Certificates of Merit: Charlie Monroe: I'm Old Kentucky Bound: His Recordings, 1938-1956, liner notes by Richard K. Spottswood (Bear Family) Public Cowboy No. 1: The Life and Times of Gene Autry, by Holly George-Warren (Oxford University Press) Whiskey River (Take My Mind): The True Story of Texas Honky-Tonk, by Johnny Bush with Rick Mitchell (University of Texas Press) The Selling Sound: The Rise of the Country Music Industry, by Diane Pecknold (Duke University Press)
Hawaiian & Hawaiian Guitar Records, 1891-1960, by T. Malcolm Rockwell (Mahina Piha Press) Best History: Dub: Soundscapes and Shattered Songs in Jamaican Reggae, by Michael E. Veal (Wesleyan University Press)
The Complete Guide to Vintage Children's Records: Identification & Value Guide, by Peter Muldavin (Collector's Books)
Best Discography: Beltona: A Label Listing and History, by William Dean-Myatt (The City of London Phonograph and Gramophone Society) Best History: Horizons Touched: The Music of ECM, edited by Steve Lake and Paul Griffiths (Granta)
Lennie Tristano: His Life in Music, by Eunmi Shim (University of Michigan Press); Certificates of Merit: Subversive Sounds: Race and the Birth of Jazz in New Orleans, by Charles Hersch (University of Chicago Press); The Original Hot Five Recordings of Louis Armstrong, by Gene H. Anderson (Pendragon); Ragtime: An Encyclopedia, Discography, and Sheetography, by David A. Jasen (Routledge)
Best Discography: The Complete New Zealand Music Charts, 1966-2006: Singles, Albums, DVDs, Compilations, by Dean Scapolo (Maurienne House) ; Best History: Lonely Avenue: The Unlikely Life and Times of Doc Pomus, by Alex Halberstadt (Da Capo); Certificate of Merit: Tearing Down the Wall of Sound: The Rise and Fall of Phil Spector, by Mick Brown (Knopf);
ARSC's Award for Distinguished Service to Historical Recordings honors a person who has made outstanding contributions to the field, outside of published works or discographic research.Sam Brylawski has worked in nearly every aspect of recorded sound archiving, been involved in many significant library developments over the past thirty years, and served as a national leader in the field.In the early 1970s, Brylawski began his career at the Library of Congress,as a transfer engineer. He became a reference librarian for recorded sound in 1980, and was promoted to Curator of Recorded Sound in the early 1990s. In 1996, he was chosen to head the re-formed Recorded Sound Section of the Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division -- a position he held until his retirement in 2004.-Under Brylawski's leadership, the Library acquired many important collections of commercial, non-commercial, and broadcast recordings, and -- for the first time in the Recorded Sound Section -- major manuscript collections. He devised efficient inventory and cataloging procedures, which resulted in the online SONIC database that indexes more than 200,000 recordings, including 90,000 radio broadcast recordings of the NBC network. Brylawski worked on the passage of the National Recording Preservation Act of 2000 that established the National Recording Preservation Board, where he serves as advisor to the Library. In addition, he was on the executive team that planned the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center in Culpeper, Virginia.-After retiring from the Library, Brylawski was appointed Editor and Project Manager of the Encyclopedic Discography of Victor Recordings, by the University of California, Santa Barbara. As editor, he has brought this long-awaited project to fruition as a Web database. His goal for the future is a comprehensive database of all standard-groove discs. - Brylawski has served as ARSC Program Chair and ARSC President, and is a member of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. He has authored articles and liner notes, and produced CDs and websites. He continues to work on national policy initiatives and lead the profession through his vast experience, wisdom, and humor.
The Association for Recorded Sound Collections is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the preservation and study of sound recordings -- in all genres of music and speech, in all formats, and from all periods. ARSC is unique in bringing together private individuals and institutional professionals -- everyone with a serious interest in recorded sound.

Oct. 29, 2008: ARMY-NAVY SCREEN MAGAZINE #31 of 1944 shows how the American Fifth Army's Expeditionary (Radio) Station worked in the field with their mobile radio station on wheels. In this excerpt not only Bob Hope can be heard but also Marlene Dietrich giving her respects. All this can be seen on YOUTUBE: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q7s_f0gZUkA

Nov.6, 2008: SAVE VOA STATION- 'The last remaining intact Voice of America shortwave broadcast facility in Delano, California is facing destruction unless we act now to save a vital part of our cultural heritage. The Voice of America radio service was not only important to deployed troops and Americans working overseas, it also provided oppressed people around the world a window onto a free society.' You can see and listen to Ronald Reagan on an RFE clipping asking for donations for the 'Cruisade For Freedom' http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=k_2qB2qBElE&feature=related

Dec.3, 2008: The TELEGRAPH reports the death of Vladimir Rubinstein, 91, who was a significant figure in the BBC's crucial wartime monitoring of foreign radio broadcasts and in the global listening operations of the following decades. ...In the early days of the Second World War it was quickly recognised that the regular domestic German radio broadcasts, and also those of b Russia, France and Italy, were just as important a source of information r as coded, military transmissions. A new monitoring operation was therefore established, run by the BBC, using all available technology to find and record these broadcasts, and relaying any significant contents to the relevant government and military departments. For more see: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/3540388/Vladimir-Rubinstein.html

Dec.4, 2008: National Geographic Magazine issued a Fexidisc with a recording of 'Winston Churchill's funeral and excerpts of his speeches' (12mins). This can be heard via youtube:

Dec.15, 2008: BBC News :Bob Monkhouse's Treasure of private recordings
The entertainer was among the first people to own a video recorder. But he had accumulated reel-to-reel tapes and 16mm film well before VHS and Betamax were invented.The British Film Institute was asked to examine the material and some of the "lost" gems discovered will be shown this Sunday at its annual Missing Believed Wiped show."Many years ago Bob came to Missing Believed Wiped and introduced one of the sessions," says archivist Dick Fiddy."He told us he had some items in his collection that were officially 'missing' but which he'd managed to save."Tragically he died before he was able to give them to us. But his daughter Abigail contacted us and said we really had to deal with this.- To read the complete article by Kevin Young go to: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7774828.stm

Dec.16,2008: In 2004, a century after the last religious revivals in Wales, a recording of the voice of the most prominent leader of the movement, Evan Roberts,was discovered.- The National Screen and Sound Archive of Wales in Aberystwyth, says it is the only recording of Evan Roberts. A wax cylinder that contained the recording in 1905 was brought back to life by an expert in Los Angeles.At the beginning of celebrations to mark the anniversary, the find is particularly poignant, say officials.Mr Roberts, a miner and blacksmith from Loughor, near Swansea, was one of the central figures of the revival.Although we have written testimony of powerful oration and second hand accounts of the feelings created by revival meetings, it's hard to imagine today the full power of the words and the message as they were spoken, said Dafydd Pritchard of the archive. This unique recording takes us a step nearer the excitement of the age.It is remarkable that the recording exists at all, and another coincidence that it has come to light a century after it was made. In 2002, the archive received a donation of six wax cylinders from a Barrie Davies from Tredegar.Among them was one which had a label in pencil which read: Revival Address, By Rev E Roberts, 18 Jan 1905. But of the cylinders in the collection the one containing the address by Mr Roberts was the only that was damaged. The broken voice of Mr Roberts was flown to Los Angeles where Dr Michael Khanchalian, a dentist with an interest in wax cylinders, began the restoration process. Dr Khanchalian has developed an unique technique, by using many of his dental skills - and tools - to do the work, added Mr Pritchard, who took the cylinder to the US. We were full of doubts that perhaps it would turn out to be music on the cylinder, and maybe it wouldn't be the voice of Evan Roberts after all.After a week of painstaking work the big moment came when we dared to play the cylinder. By placing the needle on the cylinder the voice of Evan Roberts was heard for the first time in decades - and in Los Angeles of all places.A digital copy was made in a studio in Pasadena and further work carried out at the British Library in London. The process of restoration has proved once again the importance of safeguarding our screen and sound heritage, said Iestyn Hughes, head of the archive. Rediscovering and restoring a voice that had such an impact on the spirit and history of our nation is an important and timely event for the archive and Wales. - Since then, in 2008, the cylinder had been transfered by the most modern technique, the non-contact laser method .

Dec.17,2008: Science News article of Sept.08 on 'The First Sound Bites: The Presidential Campaign, 1908-style' by Ron Cowen:

Dec.21,2008: A video about RCA Victor Records manufactoring process 1942 at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8xwe-Mt99Dw




Jan.24, 2009: NORDWESTRADIO/Germany brings a 3-hour feature remembering the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. See NORDWESTRADIO webpage for 20:05h

Feb.4, 2009: Jamming, a means to make radio broadcasts inaudible, was very popular in the wars of the airwaves. Here is an example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjQ5a1ffF6c&feature=related
An example of Nazi propaganda broadcasts to America and England can be heard in 2 parts here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dkIVMYAewXs&feature=related

Feb.28, 2009:Third Reich and Roll- BBC 2 on Monday 16 March 09 11.30pm-12 midnight Brit.Time
Stephen Fry tells the story of how Hitler's huge financial investment in recording for propaganda purposes would eventually give rise to exactly those personal freedoms he was trying to suppress, in this new, three-part series. This is the story of how the Third Reich a dictatorship with an advanced appreciation of media manipulation developed magnetic tape recording, the technology that led to the birth of rock 'n' roll. The story starts with how the Allies discovered both German Magnetophon recording machines and the plastic magnetic tape they recorded onto. It took two of America's biggest entertainment stars to realise the potential of this revolutionary technology. Bing Crosby produced America's first taped network radio show, while his friend, Les Paul, created his ground-breaking, over-dubbing techniques- the building blocks of today's record production.

Mar.1,2009: National Geographic's report on the search for two wires of June 1944 with recordings of actual combat at sea recorded by an airborne magnetic wire recorder connected to a sonabuoy receiver and intercom system

Mar.7,2009: 'The Voice of Britain', a film about street fighting in the City of Aachen; go to
I have added two other films about Aachen and neighbouring villages in the Eifel; see top of page

Mar.9, 2009: Found another 1902 speech record: The Russian Czar, Nikolaus II.

Mar.26,2009: Nazi Trial documents made public- Documents revealing the thoughts of the main British prosecutor, David Maxwell Fyfe, at the Nuremberg Nazi war crimes trials have been opened to the public. Tom Blackmore, Mr Maxwell Fyfe's grandson who found the letters, and Allen Packwood, from the Churchill Archives Centre, examine what the letters tell us about the trials.
Listen to a short conversation on that at http://news.bbc.co.uk/today/hi/today/newsid_7954000/7954740.stm

Mar.30,2009: My friend Graeme informs me that there is a BBC4 documentary on Wednesday 15th April, 14:15-15:00, called 'Listening to the Generals' about how the Allies secretly recorded the conversations of captured German Generals held at Trent Park, North London, from 1942 - 1945.

April 2,2009: A story broadcast March 31, 2007 on Fox News on the Voices of the Holocaust project at Illinois Institute of Technology. Dean of Libraries Christopher Stewart and Institute of Psychology Director Dr. Ellen Mitchell are featured in the piece, which tells the story of how Dr. David Boder's wire recordings of 70 interviews with Holocaust survivors, conducted in 1946, were discovered in 1998. The story also contains clips from the orginal wire recording devices and spools.(3'50) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PajJ_LyKvHs

April 4,2009: Additional information on Boder were given in a broadcast on This American Life of 26 Oct 2001, available to listen to (go 6 mins into the streaming prog.) at http://www.thislife.org/Radio_Episode.aspx?sched=895

April 18,2009: A review on the political elections of 1908 in regard of W.J.Bryan's cylinder recordings with campaign speeches: http://weekendamerica.publicradio.org/display/web/2008/10/11/soundbite/

April 25,2009: No advert but just something of interest: Kurt Nauck currently offers a rarity in his last auction catalogue, an Edison Blue Amberol Special cylinder Ed4BA mx3-2 (3inch Ediphone groove)for a MB $10,000. Congressional Medal Award to Mr Edison October 20, 1928. Ronald Campbell from the British Embassy returns the original (tinfoil) phonograph back to Edison; Edison then thanks the British government for its return. (This was one of a series of six cylinders recorded during the award ceremony.) 5'12

April 27,2009: Added another early cylinder in the listing above: Kossuth 1890

April 29, 2009: An interesting site on Edison's Talking Doll. http://davidbuckley.net/DB/HistoryMakers/1890EdisonTalkingDoll.htm

May 22, 2009: New Zealand Sound Archives: There are three collections of recordings made during the course of the Second World War, known as the U Series (A catalogue Of recordings made by the NZ Broadcasting Service during the Occupation of Japan between 1945 to 1948; 62pp), P Series (A Catalogue of Recordings made by the NZ Mobile Unit in the Pacific Theatre of War during April 1943 to August 1944; 58pp) and J Series. These consist of direct-cut lacquer recordings made in the field by New Zealand Broadcasting Service personnel. They feature interviews with and greetings from New Zealand service men and women, documentary features about aspects of wartime service and actuality of events such as visits by dignitaries or concert performances. Approximately 4000 discs have been fully catalogued and preserved. The U Series is the largest of the three, recording New Zealand's involvement in the North African and Italian campaigns. The Catalogues can be downloaded. Main page: http://www.soundarchives.co.nz/ resp.: http://www.soundarchives.co.nz/collections/mobile_unit_-_wartime_recordings

May 22, 2009: The Archive Hour, BBC Radio 4, Saturday 6th June, is about the EMI Archives at Hayes in Middlesex. Details on the BBC Press Office website.

June 13, 2009: National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress: Each year the Library of Congress identifies (by direction of Congress) certain recordings that have been identified as 'cultural, artistic and historical treasures to be preserved for future generations.' This week the Librarian of Congress put out the list. The 2008 list includes:
The radio crime drama series Gang Busters was the creation of Phillips H. Lord, producer of the successful 'Seth Parker' series. Capitalizing on the public's fascination with gangsters, Lord based his new show on true crime stories, going so far as to obtain the cooperation of the FBI director J. Edgar Hoover. 'G-men', as the series was known initially, premiered in mid-1935, but the FBI's enthusiasm waned quickly and its cooperation diminished. Revised as Gang Busters, the show remained on the air until the late 1950s. The program's spectacular opening, which included sirens, police whistles, gunshots and tires screeching, inspired the slang expression, 'come on like gangbusters!'
A 1943 broadcast of The Mary Margaret McBride Program with African-American writer Zora Neale Hurston. The show is described as 'a fine example of McBride's widely heard and highly influential afternoon radio program at the peak of the host's fame. As a talk-show host, McBride (shown at right) pioneered the unscripted radio interview.'
No News, or What killed the Dog, by Nat M.Wills of 1908: This recording captured a gifted monologist at his best and became one of the most popular performances on early records. The No News monologue, with roots in oral tradition, was one of vaudeville's most famous and often-copied routines. The monologue unfolds as a piecemeal report by a servant to his master who recently returned from a trip, assuring him that there is nothing new to report from home, except that his dog has died. Nat M. Wills displays masterful comic timing as he slowly reveals, in a escalating hierarchy of domestic disasters, the events that led up to the dog's death.
Sinews of Peace (Iron Curtain) Speech at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, Winston Churchill (March 5, 1946).
Besides those there are Jasha Heifetz, The Who, Marian Anderson and more. Go to: http://www.loc.gov/today/pr/2009/09-108.html for more details.

July 14,2009: The British Library Sound Archive are interested in any information on a mysterious recording belt:
Anyone who can help might contact Will Prentice- Technical Services- British Library Sound Archive- http://www.bl.uk. He writes: Similar but I believe distinct from the IBM Executary format, it is a belt of magnetic material, spliced to form a loop and with a single sprocket or drive hole. There are no identifying marks and from accompanying documentation, the recording on the belt dates from 1976, which is probably late for the format. The dimensions are 76mm wide, 162mm long, giving an effective circumference of 324mm. In imperial it is exactly 3 inches wide (suggesting either British or American origin) and 6 and 3 eighths inches long, giving an effective circumference of 12 and 6 eighths inches.

July 31,2009: BBC Archive: The website of the BBC Russian service launched an archive of significant historical radio programmes from the past 45 years today. Among the voices featured in the audio archive are Alexander Kerensky, Prime Minister during the 1917 Russian Revolution; Nobel Laureates for Literature Alexander Solzhenitsyn and Joseph Brodsky; one of Russia's great poets Anna Akhmatova; and Stalin's daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva. - It also features former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, and former Beatle Paul McCartney both of whom took part in live phone-ins with audiences in the USSR in the Eighties. - The archive brings together more than 50 hours of audio from nearly half a century. It is divided into sections on Culture, Society, Britain, History and Music. The oldest recording in the archive is BBC Russian's coverage of the funeral of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1965. First recorded in 1982, author Alexander Solzhenitsyn reads his seminal work One Day In The Life Of Ivan Denisovich. More recently, there are archive recordings of Anna Politkovskaya, the Russian journalist who was murdered in 2006 in Moscow. There are also many recordings of the BBC Russian commentator Anatoly Goldberg who, for many generations of listeners in the Soviet Union, was a household name.- Among the programmes, clips and speeches are old editions of iconic programmes like Sevaoborot featuring legendary broadcaster Seva Novgorodsev Citizen Of The World, and London A-Z. - Sarah Gibson, Head of BBC Russian, says: 'The Russian service continues to take pride in the range of topical voices it puts on air. This archive will allow a new generation to hear some of the pivotal events and people which have appeared on the BBC in Russian, many of whom have had a profound impact on Russian life over the last century.' - Now that the vintage programmes have been digitised, BBC Russian plans to donate the original tapes of its historical archive to the Hoover Institution in the United States. (Source: BBC World Service International Publicity)

Aug.12, 2009: The BBC Press Office website has an item saying that on 17th August BBC Radio 2 will start a 3 part documentary series about the American V-Discs. Grammy Award-winning singer Patti Austin tells the fascinating story of a short period in the Forties when an alliance of recording artists, the army and the unions enabled the US Government to become the world's most successful record company. http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/proginfo/radio/2009/wk33/mon.shtml#mon_radio2.

Aug.31,2009: The Telegraph /GB has an article commemorating the beginning of WWII recalling the raid on Gleiwitz: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/world-war-2/6106566/World-War-IIs-first-victim.html . '...One of the SS men, Karl Hornack, was a Polish speaker. He grabbed the main microphone and shouted: 'Uwage! Tu Gliwice. Rozglosnia znajduje sie w rekach Polskich.'(Attention! This is Gliwice. The broadcasting station is in Polish hands.) ...Hornack continued with a warning that Poles were invading Germany to achieve 'our just claims.' Those final words were never heard because the transmission had already been shut down by one of the engineers standing beside the electrical equipment. ...Almost immediately, every German radio station, in a carefully co-ordinated move, broadcast the words used by the 'invaders'. It was claimed that bodies of Polish regular soldiers who were killed in the incident remained at the scene....'

Aug.31,2009: WDR5 radio station Cologne brings a feature on secret radio stations during WWII, at 10:05a.m.

Sep.2,2009: Leonie Cohen dies. Leonie Cohn, who has died aged 92, was a distinguished producer of radio talks, especially for the BBC's Third Programme, and had worked as a wartime translator in the BBC German service; after the war she was seconded to Hamburg Radio.

Sep.5,2009: NUREMBERG WAR CRIMES TRIALS. In Nuremberg, Germany today, the city's history during the Nazi era is exhibited and studied in the Documentation Centre at the former Nazi Party Rally Grounds site. Late last year, the City of Nuremberg, the Free State of Bavaria and the Federal Republic of Germany commenced construction of a new documentation site, focused specifically on the Nuremberg trials, in and around Courtroom 600 in the Palace of Justice. - In conjunction with the development of the permanent Nuremberg Trials exhibit in the Palace of Justice, Nuremberg's Documentation Centre will convene a conference on October 1-3, 2009, 'That Four Great Nations': The Nuremberg Trials: Taking Stock.- Participants in the conference will include: Dr. Jost Dülffer, University of Cologne, Dr. Christoph J.M. Safferling, Philipps-Universitaet Marburg, Benjamin B. Ferencz, Esq., Nuremberg prosecutor, Professor David M. Crane, Syracuse University, Dr. Hans-Ulrich Wagner, Research Centre for Broadcasting History in Northern Germany, Hamburg, Professor Brian K. Feltman, Ohio State University, Dr. Nina Burkhardt, Museum for Communication, Berlin, Professor John Q. Barrett, St. John's University, Dr. David Cesarani, University of London, Dr. Annette Wieviorka, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, Dr. Natalja Lebedeva, Institute of Universal History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Dr. Michael Salter, University of Lancashire, Sven Peitzner, Esq., Berlin, Dr. Michael Marrus, University of Toronto, Dr. Laura Jockusch, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva,Dr. Thomas Bryant, Berlin, Professor Christian Delage, historian and filmmaker, Paris, Dr. Klaus Kastner, former President of the Regional Court Nuremberg-Fuerth, Dr. Neil Boister, University of Canterbury, New Zealand, Dr. Elizabeth Borgwardt, Washington University, Dr. James B. Sedgwick, University of Vancouver, Dr. Claus Kreß, University of Cologne; http://www.museen.nuernberg.de/prozesse/index.html ; http://www.museen.nuernberg.de/dokuzentrum/index.html

Sep.6,2009: Found on youtube: The first recordings in the Georgian Republic 1902-14 in some examples. They are musical pieces, not spoken word.

Sep.17,2009:'Nieuwe grammofoonplaten persen van oude (1943)', a Dutch film on the recycling of grammophone discs on YOUTUBE. Enter the given headline to look for it.

Sep.26,2009: A recording of William Jennings Bryan from 1923 discussing/preaching the proof of the Virgin Birth: 'The Virgin Birth- An Essay'. This was a few years before the former Secretary of State and 3-time presidential candidate was the spokesman for the prosecution of the Scopes trial in Tennessee (Gennett 5216B;mtx.11530). http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ALaR2RzppSk&feature=sdig&et=1253949433.01

Hitler and Himmler speeches, audio recordings: An incomplete listing of what can be found in the archives of NARA and the LoC, go to: http://www.worldfuturefund.org/wffmaster/Reading/Germany/Sound%20Recordings.htm

Sep.30,2009: Internet video website Youtube has opened an Anne Frank Channel with footage of the young Holocaust victim. The film shows the only existing moving pictures of the Jewish girl, who hid with her family in the secret annex in a house in Amsterdam to escape persecution by the Nazis during the Second World War. The film was made on the wedding day of Anne's next door neighbour.

Oct.3,2009: DEUTSCHLANDRADIO KULTUR/Germany brings Shellac discs with German dialect recordings : see their website and audiostream, 18:05-19:00 hrs
NORDWESTRADIO/Germany brings sound recordings on the occasion of '60 Years Federal Republic of Germany' at 22:05-24:00hrs; go to their website

Oct.11,2009:A catalogue of writers who spoke on German Radio between 1924 und 1932 was made available by the DRA online at: http://www.dra.de/rundfunkgeschichte/schriftsteller/autoren.php?buchst=A&aname=Hans Karl Abel

Oct.13,2009: A note from Professor John Q. Barrett, St. John's University School of Law, Jamestown: It is to report the death last Friday night of Richard W. Sonnenfeldt, age 86.- Richard was born in Germany in 1923, a Jew and, at various points, a refugee from Nazism, a young student in England, an 'enemy alien' interned in the United Kingdom, a refugee in Australia and India, an immigrant to the United States, an engineering student, a U.S. citizen, an American soldier fighting in Italy and Germany, an Office of Strategic Services interpreter, the chief interpreter, a key interrogator and a very central player on the U.S. prosecution staff at Nuremberg during the 1945-46 international trial of the principal Nazi war criminals, a top graduate of John's Hopkins University, an accomplished engineer, businessman and inventor, a husband, a father and a grandfather.

Oct.14,2009: Retired recording engineer Jim Pattison discovered a set of remarkable 78s dating back to the early 20th century on a visit to Brodsworth Hall, Doncaster.

Oct.14,2009: Today on WDR/Germany: A review on the life of racing car driver Bernd Rosemeyer, the most popular driver in the 1930s next to Carraciola. He was the first who drove with more than 400 km/h on a normal Autobahn. He was married to Elly Beinhorn who became a flying hero in the 30s. Go to WDR3 or WDR5's or NDR INFO's website.

Oct.15,2009: Re the info of Oct.14: My good friend Prof.William Shaman, Bemidji University (musicologist, discographer and more) gave me this information on the disc:
As there was only one take of that BOHEME Quartet recorded on 10 March 1908, this newly-found excerpt was not an alternate, unpublished complete performance. It was probably a short test--a warm-up for balance and levels. Victor recorded ensembles using separate horns built around a kiosk-like assembly. The company did these tests, usually as fragments, for most of the celebrity ensembles (or so it would seem). In fact, one of them (unmarked except for a special white and gold Victor label signed by Caruso himself), done preceding the recording of the famous Caruso-Sembich RIGOLETTO Quartet of 1908, survived as a ten-inch shellac test and has been reissued. That must be what the BOHEME Quartet fragment is.

Oct.16,2009: A new, and as it seems interesting book is on the market. I haven't got hold of a copy but here is a review of Radio New Zealand:
- Judith Keene from the University of Sydney recently released an excellent book about three Allied broadcasters on Axis Radio during World War II. We strongly recommend this book for everyone interested in understanding how AFRS radio developed in the Pacific as a counterpoint to the successful propaganda broadcasts coming from Radio Tokyo. - Judith takes us on a well researched journey inside Radio Tokyo during World War II as she explores the emergence of 'Tokyo Rose' and how the popular 2GB Sydney announcer Charles Cousens, then a Japanese POW, took command of the English language broadcasts.- She also carefully reviews the entire broadcasting scene in Asia and the Pacific after 1941, putting the broadcasts, and the broadcasters themselves, in full context of the situation being faced at the time. - This is the key to understanding why the American and Australian authorities embarked on bitter and long drawn out treason charge campaigns against Iva Toguri [later pardoned] and Cousens [the case against him collapsed] after the end of the war. - On the other hand, John Amery, the British broadcaster from various occupied European capitals and Berlin was quickly found guilty of and hung for treason. His high profile family connections failed to save his life. - In each case, Judith lays out the facts, the circumstances of the treason charges and trials, examines the personalities and character flaws of the three broadcasters, the honesty of the prosecutors, and comes to a chilling conclusion that serves as a warning even today. - Hundreds of Allied POWs and those caught on the wrong side of a border during World War II also broadcast for the Axis. There was no one Tokyo Rose. - This book asks why these three people were singled out for retribution whilst hundreds of others who did no less were often decorated or allowed to fade into obscurity and rebuild their lives. The answer is disturbing.

Another interesting book is 'History of International Broadcasting, Vol.1', published by The Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1992, New Zealand. Here a short excerpt of the chapter 'Japanese War Time Broadcasting': 'As is the case with most government-funded broadcasting services, Nippon Hoso Kyokai, the Japanese Broadcasting Corporation, in 1941 had a national and an international broadcasting service. At that time, before Pearl Harbor, the overseas broadcasting bureau was transmitting international programs to the world over a network of SW transmitters - some beamed towards Western Europe, Scandinavia and the Soviet Union, others to Canada and the USA. The programs were produced in English, French, Italian, German and Russian. At the time, ordinary people accepted that the Japanese attack on the American naval base of Pearl Harbor was one of surprise. However, the attack had been preceded by a fairly lengthy period of strained relations between the two countries, and there is considerable evidence suggesting that President Roosevelt knew the attack was coming; one theory is that it was part of his strategy to get America committed to the war. However, the severity of the raid and its overwhelming success, were a fearsome shock to American self-confidence. Pearl Harbor was merely the first of a long series of victories by Japanese Imperial forces. It was soon followed by surprise air attacks on widely separated parts of SE Asia, stretching from Burma to the Dutch East Indies. After the speedy conquest of Malaya, the British fortress of Singapore, once though unassailable, fell to the Japanese, when the British garrison of 65,000 regulars surrendered to 15,000 Japanese troops on February 10, 1942.One month later, Batavia, capital of the Dutch East Indies, fell to Japanese forces. In May, the Japanese took the Philippines, and with them the American base at Corregidor. A few months later, Hong Kong, the second jewel in the crown of the British Empire, fell without a shot being fired. The sun had set over Britain's Far Eastern colonies. Within a few months, Japan had acquired an empire which extended from Burma through to Java, Sumatra, Bali, the Solomon Islands and New Guinea, and stretched a quarter of the span of the globe, from Burma to the Midway Islands.The sheer speed of the Japanese onslaught meant that many vital strategic installations were seized intact. These included radio installations for both broadcasting and SW communications. In Hong Kong, the vital wireless installations on Stonecutter's Island were taken in working order; some were put to military use, while others were used to extend the voice of NHK Overseas Broadcasting Bureau. Following its string of victories, Japan had acquired a radio broadcasting network of unequalled proportions. By the skilful use of SW pick-ups from NHK studios in Japan, NHK could beam its broadcasts with even greater power than before.Very soon the voices of Japanese operators dominated the airwaves of South and East Asia. But the evidence is that in the beginning, Japan did not use these facilities to their full extent. NHK established some broadcasting studios in Batavia, Manila, Singapore and Hong Kong, but there is little evidence of these being used for propaganda purposes in the first year of the war with America (although broadcasts were beamed to the west coast of America, which had a large percentage of Japanese-Americans). Equally, the Japanese high command showed little initiative or enthusiasm for becoming involved with propaganda broadcasting; it was beneath the dignity of the Imperial Army to engage in such unethical practices, and probably contrary to the spirit of bushido. The Japanese could afford to adopt such an attitude: they were victorious in battle, had acquired an empire for the emperor and the army had proved itself in battle against American, British and Australian troops.'

Oct.27,2009: My friend and writer Christian Blees (Berlin) has produced a new feature with original sound documents 'Das Stasi-Wachregiment Feliks E.Dzierzynski'. The Regiment was the military arm of the STASI-State Security Police in the former GDR. Its task was to protect the homes, offices of Polit-and Party Leaders and act as security guards at Party Rallies. As the possession of privat radio receivers was strictly prohibited in the Regiment's barracks, a special broadcasting studio was built up to entertain these men, accompanied with political indoctrination. Christian uses some of these newly found recordings along with eye-witness accounts. To be heard on Oct 28th on SWR2 radio at 22:05 and on Oct.31st on Bayern2 at 13:04 GMT. Go to their websites for streaming audio.
addendum: I have just seen that a pre-CD-issue of this feature prog. is available via AMAZON. This is a longer version than the broadcasting one.

Oct.29,2009: BFBS (British Forces Broadcasting Service), I have known from my teens, has now launched its station in Afghanistan. Although it is absolutely different from the days gone by, it's a piece of radio history. 'BFBS Radio Afghanistan went live on air at 0630 local Afghan time this morning, Monday 26th October, broadcasting from Camp Bastion to British Forces across Afghanistan and the Middle East, and to their family and friends back in the UK on DAB Digital Radio.' You can listen to it live via this link:

Nov.2,2009: I was deeply touched to see an American WWII-newsreel clipping from the battle in Aachen, showing US tanks fighting in one of the streets where I once lived back in the 1950s. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ve0ENIIlRJA

Dec01,2009: From today on German radio station MDR-FIGARO brings readings by the great late actor Mathias Wieman, recorded in 1964 (Tales of 1001 Nights) (at 15:10hrs)
On Sunday, Dec.6th, German radio stations WDR+NDR recall the beginning of broadcasting of the US propaganda radio statio '1212' (aka RADIO ANNIE). For more details and streaming audio see their websides.

Dec.5,2009: A site with sound clips (film and radio) on Scottish history in the 20th century can be found at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/scotland/history/scotlandonfilm/media_clips/index_topic.shtml?topic=home_front&subtopic=homeguard

Dec.11,2009:German radio station NDR KULTUR broadcasts from today on and on 13 following days a reading by the author Peter Bamm 'Fruehe Staetten der Christenheit' of 1957, about his journeys in 1952-53 to the Near East. See their website for streaming audio.

Dec.19,2009: The Sound and the Story begins with a lesson in early recording technology including the master tape machine, 'recording' console (long before anyone had heard of Trident or Neve, much less Solid State Logic); practices such as multiple takes and terms such as 'dynamic range' are used, though with minimal explanation. The Sound and the Story clearly was aimed at the general audience. A nice accompiment to 'In Living Stereo' where it told of how 78's are made, 'The Sound And The Story' teaches us how vinyl records are made. This is done by going step by step, by first showing us a recording being done of 'Romeo And Juliet' by the Boston Symphony, to the taping of it, a master being made, to dupes of the master, a mold, and then finally, the dupes of the mold. All of this is explained in a suprisingly easy and interesting way, since I've never been told how records are made. Another interesting point about this, is how many women they had working at the RCA shop, not just typists or what have you, but you had women working the stamping machine! Film is available at Prelinger Archives.




Jan.11,2010: I was having a big PC problem, so there were no new entries over the last weeks!

Jan.12,2010: On Jan 14th radio MDR FIGARO broadcasts Albert Schweitzer who reports about his childhood and his teens (in German 'Aus meiner Kindheit und Jugendzeit'). Her recorded this document (25mins) between Feb 7th and Dec 27th, 1955.

Jan 13,2010: Recording of Nazi officers who found Hitler's body released - A tape recording of Nazi officers describing the moment they found Adolf Hitler's body in his Berlin bunker has been discovered.
The recording was made on October 25 1956 in a courtroom in Berchtesgaden, site of the Fuehrer's mountaintop home in Bavaria. The court was convened to officially declare the former leader of Nazi Germany dead so that his fortune and rights to his book 'Mein Kampf' could be seized by the state government. Among those giving evidence that day were Otto Guensche, an SS officer, and Heinz Linge, a valet, who first discovered the corpses of Hitler and his new bride Eva Braun. On the recording, discovered by researchers for the German Spiegel TV channel, the men speak under oath of entering the Fuehrer's study after hearing shots ring out on April 30 1945. 'When I entered to my left I saw Hitler on the sofa,' said Linge, who died in 1980. 'Hitler had his head bent forward somewhat and I could see a bullethole approximately the size of a penny on the right side of the temple.' Guensche, who went to his death in 1983 refusing to give details about the dictator's end, said: 'Hitler sat on the arm of the sofa with his head hanging down on the right shoulder which was itself hanging limp over the back of the sofa. On the right side was the bullethole.' Martin Bormann, Hitler's secretary, was with them when they first entered Hitler's study, the pair testified. They arrived at 3.30pm and participated in removing the bodies, carrying them upstairs to the devastated garden of the Reich Chancellery and assisting in their cremation. Both men were captured by the Soviets after the fall of Berlin and shipped off to Moscow for over a decade. It fuelled the myth which Russian leader Josef Stalin wanted to perpetuate that Hitler might somehow have escaped and was on the run. They came back to Germany in 1955. The testimony of Guensche and Linge lay hidden in the Munich public records office. Spiegel has restored the recordings to allow them to be heard by scholars and historians. (Telegraph, 12 Jan 2010)
Those who are familiar with the German language can go to: http://einestages.spiegel.de/static/topicalbumbackground/5903/stimmen_aus_dem_fuehrerbunker.html

Jan.16,2010: Tonight German radio stations DLF and DEUTSCHLANDRADIO KULTUR broadcast a 'Long Night' (3 hrs) onWinston Churchill and Somerset Maugham. The broadcast is about their parallel lives (both born in 1874), their literary and political traces, in texts and original voices. - 23:05h DLF, DLRK 00:05h. Go to their websites for streaming audio.

Jan.18,2010: German KULTURRADIO brings a feature on the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv, UNESCO World Heritage Site, at 19:05 hrs.
The Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv has been on the UNESCO 'Memory of the World' for 10 years now. It was started at the end of the 19th century by Carl Stumpf , who began collecting sounds from all around the world on Edison wax cylinders.Today one can listen to voices of long extinct cultures, preserved at the Ethnologisches Museum of Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz on some ten-thousandn of cylinders of which 16,000 wax cylinders are originals, the rest being the matrices that had been manufactured soon after the recordings had been made. (The matrices can still be used for reproduction purposes.) The broadcast is a.o. on the preservation of this heritage for future generations. The first 20 cylinders were recorded in Berlin Zoo in September 1900, a Siamese Theatre Group. Von Hornbostel became his assistant, and he travelled extensively, even to the Pawnee Indians (Winter 1906).

Jan.19,2010: An excerpt (ID) of an old BBC German Language Prog of Nov.4, 1949 'Art and Entertainment' on youtube
and a German Radio Drama 'Schliemann, der Narr' of 1938 (beginning), pressed for radio broadcasting by Polydor on

Jan.27,2010: A good companion to all American radio programmes can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._radio_programs

Jan.30,2010: German radio station BR-KLASSIK (Bavaria) brings the first part of a feature on John and Alan Lomax under the title 'The treasure hunters with the Phonograph', 23:05h-24:00; go to their website for streaming audio.

Feb.4,2010: A catalogue of Voices of the Postwar Era 1945-54 in the National Archives is available here:
and a catalogue of TV Interviews 1951-1955 by Longines Chronoscope in the NA :

Feb.13,2010: Today at 23:05h, German radio DEUTSCHLANDFUNK brings a 3-hour-special on the bomb raid on Dresden on Feb.13, 1945 with eye-witnesses, historians and people of today. Go to their website for streaming audio.

Feb.16,2010: The Smithonian Magazine has an article that may be of interest: '100 years of Public Broadcasting'

Feb.23,2010: YouTube has a film report about the work of Radio Free Europe -RFE- under the title 'Eagle Cage: Czech-German Border'. The film's anti-communist perspective compares east - west freedoms, or the lack thereof. Scenes show a U.S. tour group at the East German border, and stress the importance of Radio Free Europe. National Security Council. Central Intelligence Agency. (09/18/1947 - 12/04/1981)
Mar6,2010: German radio FIGARO brings an essay with sound documents of the last 'Round Table' of March 12,1990 concerning the German re-unification. Begins at 19:05hrs; for streaming audio go to their website.

Mar8,2010: Tomorrow at 19:15hrs German DEUTSCHLANDFUNK broadcasts a feature on the American radio pioneer Elsa Knight Thompson.
Knight Thompson was Public Affairs Director at Pacifica Radio's KPFA in the San Francisco Bay Area, from 1957 to the early 1970s. She later worked as KPFA's Program Director. Her documentary programs and interviews won numerous broadcasting awards. She was a pathfinder for women in broadcasting and a leading figure in the history of Pacifica Radio and KPFA. Her style of radio influenced generations of public broadcasters.While at KPFA, Thompson produced programs on civil rights issues, the rise of the Black Panther Party and the Vietnam War, as well as her 1960 documentary on the House Un-American Activities Committee called Black Friday. She worked for the Pacific News Service in San Francisco from 1975 to 1979.She was born in Bonners Ferry, Idaho, to Murel Bolden and Earl Knight. At the British Broadcasting Corporation in London during World War II, she headed the international desk of the program Radio Newsreel. Thompson was one of the first journalists to interview survivors of Nazi concentration camps.She died at the age of 76 in Oakland, California.(from Wikipedia)

Mar20,2010:Two million minutes of rare audio at PBC under threat: Two million minutes of rare audio recordings, comprising speeches, interviews, drama, music and Mushairas from pre-partition days to date, available with the Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (PBC), are under threat because of paucity of funds to preserve them. -The audio include speeches of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Mahatama Gandhi, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose, Liaquat Ali Khan, Bahadur Yar Jung, Hussein Shaheed Suhrawardi, Mountbatten, and even Hitler and Mussolini are available at the headquarters of PBC in Islamabad. However, it faces threat because PBC has a budget shortfall of Rs 100 million, a highly-placed source told The News on Friday.- The treasure is not only a great heritage but could also be used as source material for researchers and scholars interested in unearthing the ups and downs of the national liberation movement and the people keen to understand the Pakistan politics in its true perspective. The rare audio collection could also help in understanding the rise and fall of fascism and unearthing malignant aggression of personalities such as Adolf Hitler and Italian dictator Mussolini.- The rare audios also include music and dramas but in all likelihood the tapes would become redundant if the authorities fail to take timely action. PBC needs to digitise the audio tapes immediately, the source said. Despite the advent of TV and other media outlets, radio has a special significance, especially for the third world countries like Pakistan because the vast majority of our population lives in rural areas and relies on radio. Therefore, the authorities should pay heed to preserving these rare audios, said Professor Saher Ansari, an eminent poet, critic and educationist. - If the government is short of funds to preserve these rare audios, it can auction it so that it is preserved. I think the British Broadcasting Corporation and All India Radio will be keen to purchase them because it will help researchers, students of history and art and culture in understanding our national liberation movement, and evolution of art and culture in this part of the world, said eminent short story writer and columnist Zahida Hina.(fr.THE PRESS)

March 31,2010 Nothing concerning audio material but a reminder that the bad times of WWII are still present: Today (again) an Allied 300-kilo-bomb (as big as a man) was found near the city centre of Aachen. An area around the main train station incl. a hospital had to be evacuated and trains had to stop. After eight hours they gave the all-clear signal.

April 12,20010: On Thursday 29th April at 1130am , BBC Radio 4 have a documentary about re-mastering old recordings. Full details on the BBC Press Office website. The final paragraph states ' ...re-mastering engineers treat the work with great care and reverence - and often uncover moments in history'.

April 16,2010: The BBC has put some audio clips online re WWII. They are meant for school-children. Go to www.bbc.co.uk/schoolradio.

April 18,2010: Added another early spoken word cylinder: King Kalakaua of Hawaii, 1891. That record is so consumed with mold that it is unplayable, and no recording was ever made of it.

April 19,2010: If you are interested to learn more about the story around the cylinder, go to http://www.hawaiinewsnow.com/Global/story.asp?S=10406604 , which has an article of the Hawaiian News Now. April 20,2010: Experimental Eduction Projects- Optical Sound Track Method: describes how pictures of discs (here a Berliner) and pieces of paper are made listenable. http://www.phonozoic.net/ostm3.html

April 25,2010: A speech recorded by famous Bishop August Count of Galen (1878-1946) of Muenster/Germany has been discovered. The recording made in 1934 was discovered on tapes desposited in the inheritance of the Galen family. In the 8-minute-address von Galem addresses the members of his diocese, and it seems that he read a prepared speech as made for a shellac disc.- The only known recording of his voice is a short statement he made on March 16,1946, in front of his Muenster Cathedral. http://www.direktbroker.de/news-kurse/details/Politik-News/Tondokument+-+Ansprache+von+Bi/21113942

May 1,2010: German radio HR2- Hessia- brings sound recordings from 1949-1990 round the clock (9:05-20:00h) from all walks of life. Go to their website.

May 4,2010: On May 8th at 12:05h on German radio WDR3, my friend Christian Blees presents a feature on Norman Corwin on the occasion of his 100th birthday. Christian has been visiting and interviewing Corwin this year. So he knows who he is talking about. Norman Corwin is famous for a pile of written work and of radio drama. To listen to this feature go to the website of WDR3 for streaming audio.

May 19,2010: Sunday 23rd May, 0900-1000 UK time, BBC Radio 4 : programme 'Broadcasting House': 'Paddy O'Connell talks to BBC Director General Mark Thomson about the social and historical significance of the BBC archives.....

May 25,2010:A NEW PLACE FOR ARCHIVE HOLDINGS ?- BBC uses prisoners to work on programme archive plan
The BBC has used serving prisoners to work on its historic programme archives in a secret project uncovered by The Daily Telegraph (23 May):
Under the scheme, the publicly-funded broadcaster handed over footage to inmates who earn just £30 a week rather than members of its own 23,000 staff. Convicts at a privately run Category B jail, the second-highest security level, transferred tapes of old television shows to computer to save them for posterity. Senior staff in the BBC's archives department visited the jail to watch the work in progress while meetings were held to discuss a landmark deal for the prisoners to digitise all 1million hours of programmes in its vaults.Fearful about the controversy the scheme could cause, the BBC never discussed it publicly and even the broadcasting union, Bectu, was unaware of it. Details were obtained by this newspaper through a Freedom of Information request that took more than four months rather than the usual 20 working days. The BBC insists that it has not given any money to Serco, the private jail operator, for the secret scheme nor signed any contracts, following the pilot project last year. However emails disclosed by the corporation show that it had shown considerable interest in the innovative project proposed by Serco, which runs four prisons in England. The BBC owns more than 1m hours of historic content, some of it decades old and at risk of being lost. It employs 66 people to look after it, at a cost of £5m a year, in its Information and Archives department. The corporation estimates it would take 10 years to safely copy all 100m items in its collection into longer-lasting digital formats. In December 2008 it was approached by Serco to become involved in Artemis Achieving Rehabilitation Through Establishing a Media Ingest Service a new project for prisoners to transfer archive documents to computers. Serco said it would provide 'high-quality employment' and the chance of an NVQ qualification for inmates and HMP Lowdham Grange, a 628-capacity jail near Nottingham all of whose inmates are serving at least four years. The firm said this would mean it could provide a 'stable work force'. The BBC was told it would prove a 'very cost-effective' way of digitising its archive, and several meetings were organised to discuss plans.Managers agreed to hand over 20 hours of old videos, including episodes of Horizon and Earth Story, so prisoners could transfer them to computer and also add 'meta-data' 'typed detailed descriptions of the footage to help producers search through it more easily. The British Library and National Archives also provided material for the pilot project. In September last year, five members of BBC staff visited the jail, where a production workshop had been built, and were reported to be 'pleased' with what they saw of the prisoners work and enthusiasm. However David Crocker, the driving force behind the scheme at Serco, admitted: 'The major concern was around the potential negative newspaper headlines that the BBC may attract.' The company did discuss the scheme with one newspaper and one trade magazine but made no reference to the BBC's involvement. In November, Mr Crocker told the BBC: 'I can't thank you enough for finding a project for us to kick-start Artemis.'He said his staff were drawing up 'terms of reference' and would then 'cost the project' of a full-scale digitisation of the BBC's archive. However no deals have yet been signed. The BBC said: 'The BBC did hold discussions with Serco about their planned project to digitise archives. As part of this the BBC, alongside other organisations, provided some material for Serco to use as part of its feasibility study for the project. 'No payment was made to Serco as part of this, nor was any guarantee or promise of work entered into.'The BBC has no plans to work with Serco to digitise its programme archive and has not come to any agreements nor signed any contracts with any firms about utilising the prison workforce on any project.'
The question of whether the BBC could or should charge for giving instant and entire archive access to the public is still unanswered.

May 31,2010: BBC Radio 4, Wednesday 16th June, 1100-1130 UK time : 'Dancing with the Devil' documentary about British women who visited NS Germany in the 1930s
German radio SWR2 brings a feature on the history of Berlin Radio 1931 to the present day: June 3, 15:05h and 22:18h German time. Go to their website for streaming audio.

June 5,2010: Something to laugh about! A 70-year-old radio at a Scottish heritage centre has been picking up vintage broadcasts featuring Winston Churchill and the music of Glen Miller.The Pye valve wireless at Montrose Air Station, a heritage centre that tells the story of the men and women who served there, has no power and is not connected to any source of electricity. To read the complete mystery story go to http://news.stv.tv/scotland/tayside/181127-radio-ghost-mystery-at-former-raf-station/

June 6,2010: Informative:
Paul Tritton (1991) The Lost Voice of Queen Victoria. The Search for the First Royal Recording. London: Academy
Walter L. Welch & Leah Brodbeck Stenzel Burt (1994) From Tinfoil to Stereo. The Acoustic Years of the Recording Industry 1877-1929. Gainsville, FL: University Press of Florida
According to Welch & Burt (1975), among the individuals recorded in England by George Gouraud was 'actress Mrs. Stirling' this must be Mary Anne (Fanny) Stirling (1815-1895), who had played Martha in Irving's 1885 production of Faust. It seems unlikely that the recording survives; the British Library Sound Archive does not have a copy.

June 16, 2010: Telegraph, UK, 15 June: Angus Thuermer, who has died aged 92, was an American journalist in wartime Berlin and unwittingly set in train the events that led to the English author PG Wodehouse making his infamous radio broadcasts which were widely interpreted as pro-Nazi propaganda. In December 1940 Thuermer was a correspondent for the American news agency Associated Press (AP) when he was tipped off that 'British civilian prisoner 796' interned in a former lunatic asylum in eastern Germany was none other than Wodehouse, the creator of Jeeves and Wooster and writer of many comic novels, then at the height of his fame. The previous June, Wodehouse had been arrested at his villa in the French seaside resort of Le Touquet, where he had settled in 1935 for tax purposes. In Nazi-occupied France, he and his wife Ethel were declared "alien nationals". With all foreign civilian residents under the age of 60 being interned, Wodehouse, at the age of 58, found himself detained and transported to various camps, ending up in the converted asylum at the village of Tost near the German-Polish border in upper Silesia.
To read the whole obituray go to http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/culture-obituaries/books-obituaries/7830852/Angus-Thuermer.html

June 20,2010: The Timesunion of June 18 reports about a find of 13 undocumented film canisters at the Schenectady Museum & Suits-Bueche Planetarium, that contained the world's oldest surviving radio broadcasts on Edison's optical fim material, recorded on an obscure machine that General Electric developed in 1922 and called a pallophotophone -- which means "shaking light sound" in Greek.
The machine it was recorded with can be viewed in a demonstration on YOUTUBE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dHL9Clw5yfI&feature=related

June 21,2010: Himan Brown, who created dramas that used sound effects like a creaking door and a steam engine to enthrall listeners during the golden age of radio, has died. He was 99.He was the creative force behind radio classics including 'Inner Sanctum Mysteries' and 'Grand Central Station'. 'Inner Sanctum Mysteries', for example, used the sound of a creaking door as its signature opening and ended with the ominous sign-off, 'pleasant dreams'. 'Grand Central Station' included the sound of a steam engine.- The son of Russian immigrants, Mr. Brown was raised in Brooklyn. He graduated from law school, but decided to follow his creative passions instead, his daughter said. He had good timing: The 1930s and 1940s were part of the years when radio was most popular.In 1974, he started 'CBS Radio Mystery Theater', a nightly radio programme that ran until the early 1980s. 'Radio drama', he always said, 'is the theater of the mind.'

June 22,2010: By the mid-1930s, radio had become an important and exciting means of entertainment and communication. The soundtrack http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r_wH9V1L3no&playnext_from=TL&videos=cQanNEKTSWw&feature=sub is an excerpt from radio station WOR's celebration of its increase in power to 50,000 watts on March4,1935. The station was licensed in New Jersey at the time but served the New York City area. Its celebration included President Roosevelt pressing a button in the White House to turn on the new transmitter and a concert at Carnegie Hall.

July 2,2010: For those who are interested in Philosophy: German radio MDR FIGARO broadcasts a reading by Ernst Bloch of 9 March 1960 on Thu.,8 July, 2200hrs. Go to their website for streaming audio.

July 10,2010: A literary evening with Heinrich Böll, famous German writer, is rebroadcast this evening on NORDWESTRADIO at 20:05-23:00hrs German time. For details and streaming audio go to their website.

July 16,2010: Today German NORDWESTRADIO broadcasts a 1950 Radio Bremen production of Graham Greene's 'The Third Man'. Starts at 22:05hrs, with a portrait of Anton Karras who wrote the music (a production of ORF-Austrian radio of 1979). Go to their website for streaming audio.

July 28,2010: Today at 19:05hrs, German NORDWESTRADIO broadcasts a travelogue of 1963 to Macao, then a Portugese colony! Go to their website for streaming audio.

Aug 14,2010: There has been nothing new around lately. - Tonight there's a 3-hour-feature evening on the German writer Thomas Mann, probably with lot of sound documents between the talks. It is broadcast on DEUTSCHLANDRADIO at 23:05h - 02:00h. Go to their website for streaming audio.

Aug 26,2010: My friend Graeme informs me that a new book is due out on 19th October. It is called 'Axis Sally: the American Voice of Nazi Germany'. It's written by Richard Lucas and is published by Casemate, GB

Aug 27,2010: News about the BBC Archives:
Go to: http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/aboutthebbc/2010/08/a-warm-balmy-afternoon-in.shtml . there you will find an article about the new home of the Archives.
Another article on 'Safeguarding the Archive' is here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/bbcinternet/2010/08/safeguarding_the_bbcs_archive.html

Sep 14,2010: Today I've come across an interesting book : Müller / Richter / Hitzer: OLYMPIA -TONBUCH. Das Erlebnis der XI. Olympischen Spiele in Wort, Bild und Ton. Textteil mit 188 Seiten, 3 doppelseitige Telefunken-Tonplatten mit Original-Aufnahmen der Reichs-Rundfunk-Gesellschaft m.b.H. von den Olympischen Sommerspielen 1936, Berlin 1936. (The 11th Olympic Games in Word, Picture and Sound; included are 3 Telefunken 10-inch shellac discs with recordings made by the Reichsrundfunk-Gesellschaft RRG,Berlin during the summer Olymics, publ.Berlin 1936). Those who are interested in buying and spending a lot of money should google. There are sellers who want between 300 Euros and 1,200 USD. I think they extremely do overestimate the value of the product, especially if you consider that the book has not only been published as a single copy! A picture can be seen at www.od43.com/1936_Olympia_Tonbuch.html ), a site which I do not support in any way!

Sep 23,2010: BBC will broadcast a feature on David Boder who recorded the voices of Holocaust survivors; 2000-2030 UK-time

Sept 27,2010: Tomorrow at 23:35hrs German time, German KULTURRADIO brings a feature on the BEAR FAMILY RELEASE of 'Cold War Music From the Golden Age of Homeland Security'. It's a 5-CD+1DVD-box in LP-format plus a 292 pages booklet,made in the excellent Bear Family Records tradition with the title ATOMIC PLATTERS.
'Atomic Platters' is the result of a years-in-the-making musical 'Manhattan Project' that collects over 100 vintage Cold War songs and more than two dozen frighteningly naive civil defense Public Service Announcements (many of these PSAs are voiced by celebrities such as Groucho Marx, Bob Hope, Pat Boone and Johnny Cash, to name just a few!) from the paranoid period that brought us fallout shelters, survival biscuits and uranium fever. - The artists who sing about the Bomb and the Red Scare on this set run the gamut from well-known stars like Bill Haley and His Comets, The Louvin Brothers, Marty Robbins and Wanda Jackson to fascinating obscurities like The Goldwaters, Janet Greene (The Right Wing's answer to Joan Baez!) and Dr. Strangelove and the Fallouts. In addition to music and PSAs, 'Atomic Platters' includes two unintentionally hilarious full-length spoken word civil defense 'scare' LPs: 'If The Bomb Falls' and 'The Complacent Americans.' - But why stop with mere sound The Cold War was a multimedia horror show and 'Atomic Platters' tops off its mushroom cloud of entertainment with a DVD of nine bizarre civil defense and anti-Communist short films from the '50s and '60s. -- Summing all this strange material up is a 292 page hardcover book featuring numerous arresting images from the Cold War era with intriguing text by Bill Geerhart of CONELRAD, an organization devoted to the preservation and examination of atomic popular culture. This collection is for anyone mystified by the current excesses of U.S. Homeland Security who wants to hear and see where the madness all began! You CAN beat the A-Bomb (again).

Sep 28,2010: Info from my friend Graeme who tells me that BBC Radio 4 will have a documenatry on Saturday 2nd October, 1030-1100am UK time, about the cylinder recording with Queen Victoria's voice. Full details on Radio 4 homepage, schedules section.

Oct 1,2010: I have been informed by Professor John Q. Barrett of St. John's University School of Law, Jamestown,NY that (quote)'the Schulberg/Waletzky restoration of the film 'Nuremberg' has premiered, somewhat belatedly, in United States theaters.- 'Nuremberg' is a powerful documentary account of the Allied nations' prosecutions before the International Military Tribunal (IMT) of the principal Nazi war criminals and their organizations. The U.S. chief prosecutor before the IMT was, of course, Justice Robert H. Jackson. Sixty-four years ago today and tomorrow, the IMT returned its judgments in the cases. 'Nuremberg' shows how Jackson and his fellow prosecutors built the cases using captured Nazi films and records. - Somewhat belatedly? The United States War Department, acting at the request of the Allied Military Council that supervised the occupation of the former Germany, agreed to make this film at the time of the IMT trial. The producer, Pare Lorentz, director and scriptwriter Stuart Schulberg and their team largely completed their work, with input from Jackson and others, in 1947. The film then was shown widely in the Allied occupation zones (Germany) as part of the Allies' education and denazification program. But to the frustration of Lorentz, Schulberg, Jackson and others, U.S. officials in the late 1940s deemed the film too provocative for Americans. Some decision maker seems to have concluded that the film was too, well, allied with the Soviet Union, as the U.S. of course had been both in World War II and then at the Nuremberg trial, and also too anti-German, to be shown in U.S. theaters at a time when U.S. foreign policy had turned in Cold War directions. In subsequent years, the picture negative and sound elements of 'Nuremberg' were lost or destroyed.'Nuremberg' exists today in restored form because Sandra Schulberg (Stuart's daughter) and Josh Waletzky used original trial recordings of defendants' and prosecutors' voices. The final voice in the film is Justice Jackson's: 'Let Nuremberg stand as a warning to all who plan and wage aggressive war.' 'Nuremberg' is powerful, accurate, historical, contemporary and, as it always was meant to be, universally educational.-The film 'Nuremberg' has traveled a long path. In early 1947, Pare Lorentz sent Stuart Schulberg's 51-page draft script to Justice Jackson. He read it closely and wrote back promptly: 'I have examined the scenario for the Nuremberg trials motion picture and must confess to you that it overcomes the doubts which I earlier entertained as to whether such a film would be advisable.' Jackson then offered some 'minor criticisms' factual corrections that in his view did not 'go to the heart of the [film] plan.' And he closed his letter with a commitment: 'I shall want to be of any help possible in this effort which I think is a very worthwhile one.' To their great credit, Schulberg and Waletsky are successors, and they have succeeded, in that effort.' (end of quot.) For much more information on the film, its history and its restoration, and to view the trailer, click here: http://www.nurembergfilm.org/.

Oct 10,2010: On Oct 10th, German radio DKULTUR brings a feature on the Nazi Special Organization 'Music' that went through Europe to plunder the music archives of the occupied countries. 22:00hrs, go to their website for streaming audio.

oct 13, 2010: The State of Recorded Sound Preservation in the US- A National Legacy at Risk in the Digital Age is the title of a documentation of the National Recording preservation Board, issued in August 2010 . It can be read/ downloaded as pdf-file at http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub148/pub148.pdf

Oct 14,2010: Just received this from Gerald Fabris: Thomas Edison NHP News Release: Humanity's First Recordings of its Own Voice - Historian David Giovannoni Presentation
WEST ORANGE, NJ - On Saturday evening, November 6, 2010, at 7:00 pm, Thomas Edison National Historical Park welcomes historian David Giovannoni who will give a 75-minute illustrated presentation titled 'Humanity's First Recordings of its Own Voice.' The program will be held at the Laboratory Complex at 211 Main Street. Admission to the program is free. Seating is limited and reservations are required. Reservations can be made by calling 973-736-0550, ext.89. - Thomas Edison's tinfoil phonograph of 1877 is rightly considered one of the marvels of the nineteenth century. But in mid-nineteenth-century France, amateur inventor Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville conceived of a rather similar machine. Between 1854 and 1860 he experimented with focusing airborne sounds of speech and music onto paper. His phonautograph bore a striking resemblance to Edison's phonograph of 20 years later. But his recordings, unlike Edison's, were meant to be read by the eye, not heard by the ear.-For a century-and-a-half his experiments lay quietly in the venerable French archives in which he deposited them. Then in 2007 a few audio historians hypothesized there was a real possibility that modern technology could develop these experimental recordings like dormant photographic plates. Instead of exposing images, however, these would bear sounds perhaps even humanity's first recordings of its own voice!- In this presentation David Giovannoni recounts how he and his colleagues have identified dozens of these forgotten documents and coaxed several to talk and to sing. A principal in their discovery and recovery, Giovannoni is the first person since Scott de Martinville to personally examine every recording. He will explain how they were made and how they are played. He will discuss Scott de Martinville experiments, his reception in established scientific circles, and his early descent into an unmarked grave.-For more information or directions please call 973-736-0550 ext. 11 or visit the website at www.nps.gov/edis.

Oct 18,2010:Sixty-five years ago this morning, the International Military Tribunal (IMT) held its first public session. It met in Berlin, its official seat, in the Grand Conference Room of the Allied Control Authority Building. The session lasted about one hour.-The IMT was comprised, on that day and throughout its work over the next ten-plus months, of eight judges. Major General I.T. Nikitchenko of the Soviet Union served that day as IMT President. His colleagues were Lord Justice Geoffrey Lawrence of the United Kingdom, Mr. Francis Biddle of the United States, and Monsieur Professor Donnedieu de Vabres of the French Republic. Also present were the alternate members of the Tribunal: Lieutenant Colonel A.F. Volchkov of the USSR, Mr. Justice Norman Birkett of the UK, Judge John J. Parker of the US, and M. Le Conseiller Robert Falco of France.-After General Nikitchenko declared the session open, the British chief prosecutor, His Majesty's Attorney-General Sir Hartley Shawcross, announced that the chief prosecutors had agreed on an indictment. He then called on each of his counterparts, the Soviet Chief Prosecutor General R.A. Rudenko, the French Chief Prosecutor M. François de Menthon, and United States representative Francis M. Shea, to speak. Each made a brief statement, which then was translated orally into the other languages, and each presented a copy of the indictment printed in his own language to the IMT.-General Nikitchenko then announced that an Indictment had been lodged with the Tribunal setting out charges against twenty-four persons: Hermann Wilhelm Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Robert Ley, Wilhelm Keitel, et al. Nikitchenko announced that German language copies of the IMT Charter, the Indictment and accompanying documents would be served upon these defendants immediately, that they would be informed of their rights to defend themselves or to select defense counsel, that they would receive rules of procedure for production of witnesses and documents for 'a fair trial with a full opportunity to present their defense,' that trial would commence in Nuremberg no sooner than thirty days after service of the Indictment, and that Lord Justice Lawrence would preside at the trial. - Nikitchenko also gave notice that the prosecutors intended to ask the IMT to declare six specified organizations the Reich Cabinet, the Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party, the SS, etc.to be criminal, and that any member thereof could apply for leave to be heard on the question of that organization's criminality. - After these announcements had been translated orally, and somewhat slowly, into French, English and German, the IMT adjourned. The judges left immediately for Nuremberg. The US, French and Soviet judges, flying together in a plane that General Dwight D. Eisenhower had made available to Judge Biddle, arrived in time for dinner. The British judges, flying in their own plane, encountered bad weather and had to divert to London. Justice Robert H. Jackson, the United States Chief of Counsel, was not present in Berlin for the filing of the Indictment. He had spent much of the previous week there, meeting, working and waiting for judges, generals and other prosecutors to arrive. On Wednesday, October 10th, Jackson, fed up with the confusion and delays in Berlin, had flown back to Nuremberg to resume trial preparation, leaving his close friends and senior assistants Gordon E. Dean and Francis Shea in charge in Berlin. (On Jackson's flight back to Nuremberg, he and colleagues listened to an Armed Forces Network radio broadcast of the Detroit Tigers beating the Chicago Cubs, 9-3, in the 7th and final game of that year's World Series.) Eight days later, as Francis Shea and the others arrived in Nuremberg from filing the Indictment before the IMT in Berlin, Justice Jackson was a hosting a cocktail party at his requisitioned German home. He had invited about forty officers to celebrate the awarding of the Legion of Merit to his executive officer, Col. Robert J. Gill. One diarist noted that '[i]t was a very nice party the table in [Jackson's] dining room was a work of art both with floral decoration and with canapés etc. It was all done by enlisted men but I discovered that the man in charge was formerly with the Stork Club in New York.' - Jackson planned, following that cocktail party, to host a dinner and dancing at his home that evening for all of his staff. At the last minute, however, the Theater Commanding General said no he objected to the idea of enlisted men and officers being together at such an event. A young American secretary wrote home to her mother and sister that Jackson 'argued his head off but it didn't work and so the whole thing was cancelled.'- The complete IMT proceedings were recorded on discs and on tape whereas the recordings of the following trials seem to be lost or have disappeared somewhere in the vaults of the LoC or of other archives.

Oct 21,2010 German NORDWESTRADIO brings a 3-hour-feature on the 'man who invented RADIO BREMEN', Hans Günther Österreich who died in 1990. He began during the war with RADIO BELGRADE (famous for its first Lilli Marleen broadcast), became the founding father of RADIO BREMEN in 1945 where he remained till the 1980s. His 100th birthday is celebrated on Saturday, 23 Oct.,20:05-23:00 German time. Go to their website for streaming audio.

Oct28,2010: I came across an interesting site that is about 'Radio Pioneers' in the recording business from the earliest times on and other related articles. More about it at: http://www.recordingpioneers.com/rs_intro_1.html. I myself found the DOCUMENT on the BEKA recording tour of 1905 very interesting http://www.recordingpioneers.com/docs/The-Great-BEKA-Expedition-1905-6.pdf

Nov 13,2010: Tomorrow, Sun.14.11., 18:05-18:30h, German DKULTUR radio brings a feature on the German Service of the BBC between 1939-1945. Go to their streaming audio.

Nov 24,2010: 'The Voice of Korea', the DPRK's international shortwave radio service, today broadcast on its first report in English on the shelling of Yeonpyeong island. The shelling occurred on Tuesday afternoon and the radio report comes 24 hours after a similar report was carried in English on the Korea Central News Agency wire. The lateness of the report highlights the Voice of Korea's rigid daily programming, which changes only once per day. An excerpt can be heard on YOUTUBE.

Nov 26,2010: Stephen Edwards in The Guardian,UK of 25 Nov.:' A simple change in the law could open up online access to the BBC's archivesThe cost of clearing rights to a treasure trove of programming is prohibitive, but a short enabling bill could put that right'. The article can be found at http://www.guardian.co.uk/law/2010/nov/25/bbc-archive-online-access-law

Dec 2,2010: German radio WDR5 will bring a feature on the history of the 'Haus des Rundfunks' (German Radio Broadcasting House) from its beginning in 1931 on. WDR5, 13 Dec, 12:00hrs and repeat. 21:05hrs. Go to their streaming audio for listening.

Dec 3, 2010: My friend Walter Orosz from Austria has launched a website dedicated to the BDN- The Blue Danube Network, the Austrian branch of AFN Europe. Here is the URL: http://www.bluedanubenetwork.at/index.php?lang=en

Dec 14,2010: 'Audio Recordings of U.S.History fading Fast', reports an article by CBS News on Sep.29th. The complete article can be found at : http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2010/09/29/tech/main6911154.shtml

Dec 16,2010: Paul Wilson of the BBC reports on new acquisitions of old BBC transcription discs from the 1950s-1970s that have been desposited on the Brunt Ice Shelf in Antarctica. Go to- and scroll down. http://www.bl.uk/website_search/search?q=cache:kLeMLATAXeQJ:www.bl.uk/reshelp/bldept/soundarch/saplayback/playback44.pdf+paul+wilson+radio+on+ice&output=xml_no_dtd&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&site=public&restrict=public&proxystylesheet=public&client=public&access=p

NATIONAL ARCHIVES YOUTUBE VIDEO: The Archivist, David S.Ferriero, talks about 'The State of the Archives'. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ge36WVGxi5w&feature=sub

Dec 21,2010: Tonight at 21:30 GBTime, BBC Radio 3 broadcasts: 'Night Waves' about Alan Lomax.

Dec 29,2010: Latest news (of Nov09) on the King david Kalakaua cylinder : a short video report on http://www.kitv.com/video/21719520/detail.html




Jan 3,2011: On Jan 6th from 18:00-19:25 German time, German SR2 radio broadcasts a radio classic of the year 1947. It's an NWDR (North-West German Radio) production of Wolfgang Borchert's 'Draußen vor der Tür' freely translated as 'Standing outside at the door'. It is about a German soldier who returns home, the people and the society he finds...- Go to their website for streaming audio.

Jan 4,2011: A relatively new website dedicated to the oldest recordings and recording machines is the French 'Phonorama'. You can find it at http://www.phonorama.fr/le-phonautographe.html . It's in French and no English version available.

Jan.10,2011: recording Pioneer site has added great reference works, most recently the Gaisberg diaries. There are also materials that recount early recording practices in a variety of worldwide locales. http://www.recordingpioneers.com/rs_documents.html

Jan.12,2011:Library of Congress Receives Its Largest Audio Gift: The Library of Congress has found itself the recipient of a large donation of musical material from the vaults of the Universal Music Group. Said to be more than 200,000 tapes and discs, measured in excess of 5,000 linear feet, according to the press release, the donation is the largest single audio donation ever to the Library of Congress. -It consists of master tapes, metal and lacquer discs, some dating to the 1920s. Some of the Universal Music Group labels included in the gift are Decca, Mercury, Vocalion and Brunswick. The material runs through the 1940s and includes hallmark recordings by the Andrews Sisters, Louis Armstrong, Bing Crosby, Jimmy Dorsey, Ella Fitzgerald, Judy Garland, Billie Holliday, Guy Lombardo, the Mills Brothers, Les Paul, Fred Waring and Dinah Washington along with acts long forgotten. It also includes some never released works. The works will be housed at the Packard Campus for Audio Visual Conservation in Culpeper, Va.

Feb 6,2011: RADIO PRAGUE signs off on shortwave. In a 17-min.-feature Radio Prague presents the ending of an era, included are two sounds, one of Christmas Day 1937 when messages of goodwill were exchanged between India (Tagore), Prague (Krizik) and the USA (Einstein), and one of 1968. There is an article along with the broadcast (in English) http://www.radio.cz/en/print/article/135685

Feb 21,2011: Thousands Of Sinatra And Other WWII Vinyl Records Discovered At Army Base More than 8,000 records were found hidden between a narrow 16-inch wall space (Text:KCPQ-TV)
Thousands of pieces of history was discovered at the 'Old Madigan Hospital' complex during renovation efforts at Joint Base Lewis-McChord in Washington.Officials say more than 8,000 vinyl records were found hidden between a narrow 16-inch wall space. The vinyl recordings were dated from 1942 to 1960.They contained popular music and programming recorded by the Armed Forces Radio Service and the War Department.JBLM Cultural Resources Manager Dale Sadler says, 'They're obviously in great shape. We were lucky they stayed in a heated building you didn't have the hot, cold warping, water damage, mold, very clean, their all in sleeves with a very complete card catalog.' The records were provided to military radio stations to inform and entertain service members around the world. It played on the Madigan Hospital radio station (KMAH) for patients at the hospital. The World War II-era music contained classics from Frank Sinatra, Tony Bennett, Eddie Arnold, and Rosemary Clooney. Jazz great Louis Armstrong tunes received considerable air time, and in 1952 he made a personal visit to the KMAH studios.The recordings were re-discovered by an employee of Advanced Technology Construction (ATC), who cut into a gym wall to install new wiring. In the narrow wall space, he found 30 large boxes containing the records.Even after 70 years finding these records may have been the easy part. Finding a way to play them is more difficult.After a lot of online searching we found Precision Audio Restoration in Shoreline.Owner Joe Roeder knows just about all there is to know about every recording medium.Roeder says, 'These are transcription records, 33 or 78 rpm. Oh this is commercially made. You can fit a lot of material on a 16 inch record.'With the lift of a finger and drop of a needle we listened to a recording of Gene Autry that was first heard seven decades ago.Dale Sadler says, 'Someone must have really loved these records, treasured them enough even though the radio station was going away, you don't have a player anymore who knows what they thought when they put it away.'And in doing so preserved them for future generations to enjoy. JBLM is contacting the United States Library Of Congress for advice about what to do with the records.
Videos at:

Feb 24,2011: December last new Nixon White House tapes were made published in which he launched offensive tirades against Jews, Blacks and othe ethnic groups:

March 3,2011: If you are interested in transcription discs here are two URLs that might be of interest:
http://jerrysoldtimeradio.com/tdl-001/ and

March 5,2011: German DEUTSCHLANDFUNK DLF will broadcast a 'Long Night of Historic Speeches' special on 'The Spoken Word'. 23:05-02:00hrs German time. Go to their bebsite for streaming audio.

March 6,2011: Edmond Rostand created the role of Cyrano de Bergerac for the actor Coquelin. Here is a rare film clip, made along with a separate audio recording on wax cylinder. It shows the large cylinder and machine,too.

March 11,2011: The Library of Congress has acquired the TV and radio sports broadcast collection of John Miley. Known, appropriately enough, as The Miley Collection, it includes over 6,000 recordings of pre-1972 amateur and pro events in virtually every sport including Baseball, hockey, football, basketball, boxing, car and horse racing, tennis and golf. An article about that can be found here: http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/464998-Library_of_Congress_Acquires_Miley_Collection.php

March 12,2011: YANK Staff Correspondent Sgt James O'Neill reports about the Fifth Army Mobile Radio Unit in WWII, article of prob.1944/45: http://www.fiftharmymobileradio.com/orig_images/39.JPG

March 14,2011: On Saturday 26th March, 2000-2100 UK time, BBC Radio 4 has a programme called 'Archive on 4 - Walls of Sound' which visits the British Library's Sound Conservation Centre. Full deatils on BBC Press Office page for that date.

March 17,2011: Wednesday 6th March, 1100-1130UK time, BBC R4 brings a documentary about the Eichmann Trial. It includes an interview with Gabriel Bach ( Deputy Prosecutor ) and Rafi Eitan ( leader of the MOSSAD team that captured Eichmann ).

March22, 2011: DEUTSCHLANDRADIO -DLF- brings a 'Long Night' on the Eichmann Trial in Jerusalem; Sat.,26 March 23:05-02:00hrs. Go to their website for streaming audio.

March 24, 2011: ARTE-TV (German-French Channel), 27.April 20:15-22:10hrs German time: The British semi-documentary 'Nuremberg- The Trials' It features Göring and Speer, with eye-witnesses, archive footage and re-enactments.

April 13,2011: The disastrous Directive to extend the term of copyright protection for sound recordings to 70 years is back on the European Council's agenda. The FT called the proposal 'disgraceful' in an editorial in 2009. The evidence says the move is unwise. Yet without action it looks like the plans will soon become law. The economic evidence is stacked against the proposal. it will benefit only a small number of artists and businesses. Leading IP professors, the UK government's 'Gowers Review' of IP, and independent analysts commissioned by the EU have all said that extending the copyright term is unwise. It will result in large parts of our cultural history being locked up. This is a dreadful idea that will damage our cultural realm for the benefit of a vanishingly small number of people. For more go to http://www.cippm.org.uk/copyright_term.html
If you are interested in opposing this nonsense action write to your Member of European Parliament. Go to the following link, and send it off. All you have to do is to add your name and address to the prepared letter. It's important to do so!

April 14,2011: For those interested in North African radio, Radio Free Libya, Benghazi,has now a live stream online at:

April 18,2011Easter time is near and with it comes the rememberance of the liberation of Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. Hear an excerpt of Patrick Gordon Walker's report from there with former prisoners singing the anthem of hope 'Hatikva': http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=syUSmEbGLs4&feature=fvwrel
or: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Aw_kIWAp4g A minor correction: PGW said that it was the first Jewish Service held on German soil after 6 years; but what he did not know was that the first Service had been held near Aachen on 29 October 1944 (see my intro chapter on Aachen).

April 27,2011: Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty fought communism by broadcasting news and features from Munich to countries behind the Iron Curtain. Despite jamming, acts of terrorism, and even opposition by some members of Congress, Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty have remained on the air, broadcasting uncensored news since the early 1950s.The radios came into being after World War II in response to the thousands of displaced persons throughout Western Europe, a large number of whom were housed in refugee camps in West Germany, while others had fled to Paris, London, New York, and Washington from Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union in advance of the Red Army or as the result of communist takeovers. Many had been incarcerated in POW camps and refused to be repatriated to lands controlled by the Soviets after the war ended. As communist governments took over in Eastern Europe, the U.S. government realized that these émigrés represented a powerful force against their communist-controlled homelands and it recruited them as writers, speakers, and in other capacities to facilitate the return of democratic governments.George Kennan of the State Department asked Ambassador Joseph C. Grew to enlist prestigious civilians to lead an anticommunist organization dedicated to returning democracy to Eastern Europe, using the talents of the refugees. This organization, the National Committee for a Free Europe (NCFE), later the Free Europe Committee, was established in 1949 with several objectives: find work for the democratic émigrés from Eastern Europe; put émigré voices on the air in their own languages; and carry émigré articles and statements back to their homelands through the printed word. These objectives were realized through the establishment of a publishing division, Free Europe Press, and a broadcast division, Radio Free Europe (RFE).
More about that Crusade For Freedom can be read at http://www.hoover.org/publications/hoover-digest/article/6270

April 28,2011: On the occasion of the anniversary of Tshernobyl, German radio MDR has some interesting excerpts of GDR-TV broadcasts on that accident, beginning with a short mentioning at the end of the 28 April newscast in one sentence.- Of course everything is in German.

May 1,2011: Today at 20:05hrs German NORDWESTRADIO broadcasts a classic radio dramatization of Georg Büchner's 'Lenz', a production of 1954.

May 9,2011: Berliner's life, work and connection to Washington, D.C., where he lived for many years, will be the subject of a talk by Samuel Brylawski and Karen Lund at noon on Tuesday, May 17, in the African and Middle Eastern Division Reading Room, located in Room 220 of the Thomas Jefferson Building at 10 First Street S.E., Washington, D.C. For more go to http://www.loc.gov/today/pr/2011/11-096.html

May 26, 2011: DIE ZEIT, a famous German newspaper, reports on the future of the German RUNDFUNKARCHIV DRA (national radio archive, comparable to the BBC Sound Archive). It says that the Intendanten (the heads of the German regional radio stations) will decide in June whether they are willing to spend the 12 million Euros per year to support the DRA in the future or if, and that is the worst case, the radio archive should die.

May 31,2011: Every year in May, ceremonies take place on town and village squares across the Czech Republic to mark the anniversary of the end of World War II. Since the fall of communism, a particular effort has been made to remember the Czechs and Slovaks who fought in the British armed forces, whose role was long neglected by the communist regime. Recently rediscovered recordings offer a unique and highly atmospheric insight into the life of the Czechoslovak RAF pilots: A couple of years ago, someone at the Czech Foreign Ministry stumbled upon a large trunk. It turned out to contain more than 700 old gramophone records. It was clear from the labels on some of them, that the recordings were made in Britain during the Second World War, but nobody was quite sure what they were. How they came to be at the ministry remains a mystery to this day. After some negotiation, the recordings, most of which are in excellent condition, were transferred to the archives at Czech Radio. It turns out that they are a very exciting find. It had long been thought that the wartime broadcasts made by the Czechoslovak government in exile, independently of the BBC's own Czechoslovak service, had nearly all been lost, but it turns out that they are preserved on dozens of the records found in the ministry. On top of this, there are numerous BBC recordings, including a number of fascinating propaganda broadcasts in English about the contribution to the war effort being made by the Czechs and Slovaks serving in Britain's armed forces. One of the these broadcasts, not heard for nearly 70 years, is a dramatized documentary, a day in the life of the Czechoslovak pilots in 1943. The fact that the narrator is American could make one think that it could well have been originally intended for audiences in the United States. The scenes are clearly staged and there is no attempt to pretend that it is anything other than propaganda, but the atmosphere is authentic and the pilots' voices are real enough.

June 20,2011: German SWR2 radio will brings a feature with sound bites on the German attack on Russia. 22 June , 19:20-20:00 hrs. Go to their website for streaming audio.

June 23,2011: An early recording system of the 1930s can be seen and read about here:

June 26,2011: German radio CONT.RA brings an interview Gabriel Bach, former prosecutor in the Eichmann Trial, 15:05-15:50 hrs. Go to their website for streaming audio.

July 3,2011: In their meeting in Würzburg on June 28, the Intendanten of all German main radio broadcasting stations have decided to hold on to the DRA and to fulfil their tasks in the future. They say that some press articles had given a wrong picture. What there is to do is 'to opzimize their work'.( See: May 26)

July 9,2011: German radio HR2 brings a radio drama by writer Heinrich Böll 'Eine Stunde Aufenthalt', first broadcast in 1957; Sun.,July 10, 22:00-23:00hrs. Go to their website for streaming audio.

July 14,2011:The Washington Post, July 11,2011:' Sound experts revive a recording discovered at inventor Thomas Edison's lab' By Ron Cowen. Latest technology helps restore sound to oldest recording The scratchy, 12-second audio clip of a woman reciting the first verse of 'Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star' doesn't sound like much. But the faint, 123-year-old recording etched into a warped metal cylinder and brought back to life after decades of silence by a three-dimensional optical scanning technique appears to belong to the first record intended for sale to the public. -Made for a talking doll briefly sold by phonograph inventor Thomas Edison, the record is the oldest known American recording of a woman's voice and may be the oldest known record produced at Edison's laboratory in West Orange, N.J.-The talking doll cylinders are evidence of both efforts to further refine recorded sound techniques that were still primitive and in the experimental state, and to develop commercial uses for sound recordings, says Samuel Brylawski, a sound archivist affiliated with the University of California at Santa Barbara, who was not part of the study. -The record was discovered in 1967 at the West Orange site, now a museum, where Edison and his assistants perfected and produced records and the first motion picture. Originally a ring-shaped piece of metal whose exterior had been incised with grooves by a stylus, the record had become so distorted that it could no longer be played by a phonograph stylus or any other method requiring direct contact.-Jerry Fabris, museum curator of the Thomas Edison National Historical Park, took the cylinder to the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California, which had recently helped develop an imaging technique to play Edison's records without touching them. By piecing together millions of microscopic measurements, the researchers assembled a 3-D map of the entire cylinder. Software then translated this topographic map into audio signals.-Sound historian Patrick Feaster of Indiana University in Bloomington dated the cylinder to 1888 by finding several archival documents, including newspaper articles from that year that referred to the toy doll records. -These accounts suggest that these would have been the first phonograph recordings made with the intention of being sold to the public, Feaster says, although Edison abandoned metal cylinders for wax ones for his brief, unsuccessful foray into selling the talking dolls in 1890.-Edison had begun marketing the phonograph to businessmen, who would dictate letters on the cylinder records that stenographers could then play back at a slower speed and transcribe on the recently invented typewriter. But entertainment records were already in demand for penny arcades and touring phonograph exhibition concerts, and Edison wanted to take full advantage of those opportunities, Feaster says.

July 28, 2011: BBC WORLD SERVICE will broadcast a 2-part special on the day the Wall was erected: August 16+23 at 20:00hrs UK time.

August 28,2011: An interesting article about P.G.Woodhouse's radio broadcasts from Nazi Germany can be read in THE TELEGRAPH or 28 August. Go to http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/8727277/P-G-Wodehouse-filthy-traitor-or-frightful-ass.html

Sep.1,2011: This can happen to poorly stored AV-media: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-14527809

Sep.6,2011: Good news to report: Some very good news! The Government announced it is broadly accepting the findings of the Hargreaves review and is looking to implement all of the recommendations. That includes adopting new 'exceptions' to copyright including format shifting those old CDs into mp3s, the right to parody, and a commitment to robust evidence as the driver of policy http://www.openrightsgroup.org/blog/2011/a-welcome-response-to-the-hargreaves-review

Oct 7,2011: A piece of local history (see beginning of this site)- Back in October 1944 one of two young US Army Privates deserted because they couldn't cope with the deadly Huertgenwald Battle (Battle of the Bulge) around Roetgen and nearby places. One of them, Private Eddie Slobik, was caught by the US Army and, after a short trial, executed. Today this story came again to my ears when I spoke to a still living member of the family who gave refuge to the second soldier in Roetgen and who could show me the minutes of that trial. - It was the second execution of that kind in the US Army history. The first was about 80 years ago, during the American Civil War! Some more information can be read here: http://www.indianamilitary.org/28TH/PVT%20Slovik/Pvt%20Slovik.htm

Oct 13,2011: Tomorrow at 8:30-8:58hrs German radio SWR2 will broadcast a feature on German radio after 1945. On Oct 21, another part follows. Go to their website for streaming audio.

Oct 19,2011: A day in history, 1946. By October 1946, Whitney R. Harris, formerly an important junior prosecutor on Justice Jackson's Nuremberg team, had moved to Berlin and begun working in the Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.) (OMGUS).-On October 15, Harris flew from Berlin to Nuremberg to represent Jackson at the executions. Four days later, back in Berlin, Harris sent this report to his former boss: 'Dear Chief: On Tuesday I flew to Nurnberg to be present at the final episode in the trial of the major war criminals. In spite of the efforts of General [Lucius] Clay to gain my admittance as a witness to the actual hangings, this proved impossible under a policy established by the Control Council which excluded members of prosecuting staffs from the execution chamber. However, familiarity with the scene and close contact with the newspaper men who were present was quite sufficient to enable me to report on the details.- The executions took place in the prison gymnasium which you will remember as the small building about seventy-five yards from the door leading into the cell block where the 'Big Twenty-one' were imprisoned. The secret that this building, which had been the workroom for the defendants who processed the thousands of affidavits submitted for the [defense of the indicted] organizations and had been used for a basketball game only the Saturday preceding, was to be the execution hall was kept so well that only two security officers knew the fact on Tuesday afternoon.-The members of the four-man committee in charge of the executions were all generals, Roy V. Rickard for the United States, Paton Walsh for Britain, Morel for France and Molkov for Russia. They handled the arrangements very efficiently, except, of course, for the Goering suicide which could scarcely be charged to their neglect. This remains at writing the great mystery of the executions. -At nine-thirty [on Tuesday night, October 15], the correspondents were permitted to inspect the cell block and observe the condemned. Jodl was writing a letter; Ribbentrop was in earnest conversation with a chaplain; Sauckel nervously paced the floor, and Goering simulated sleep, his hands outside of the blankets. At the forty-five, the guard noticed Goering twitching. He called for the corporal of the guard and they rushed into the cell. They saw Goering writhing in agony. When the doctor arrived the death rattle was in his throat. Goering had cheated the hangman. They found in the cell a small envelope marked H. Goering on the outside, inside of which were three notes, one addressed to Colonel Andrus [the prison commandant] from Goering, and the cartridge case in which the vial of potassium cyanide had been preserved. As yet, the contents of the notes have not been released for publication and how Goering got the poison remains unsolved. Goering's body was brought into the execution chamber so that it might be viewed by the committee and by the two representatives of the German people present, Dr. Wilhelm Hoegner, Minister President of Bavaria, and Dr. Jakob Meistner, General Prosecutor of the High Court at Nurnberg.At eleven minutes past one o'clock in the morning of 16 October, the white-faced Joachim von Ribbentrop stepped through the door into the execution chamber and faced the gallows on which he and the others condemned to death by the Tribunal were to be hanged. Ribbentrop's hands were unmanacled and bound behind him with a leather thong. He walked to the foot of the thirteen stairs leading to the gallows platform. He was asked to state his name. Flanked by two guards and followed by the Chaplain, he slowly mounted the stairs. On the platform, he saw the hangman with the noose of thirteen coils and the hangman's assistant with the black hood. He stood on the trap and his feet were bound with a webbed Army belt. He was asked to state any last words, and said: 'God protect Germany. God have mercy on my soul. My last wish is that German unity be maintained, that understanding between East and West be realized and there be peace for the world'. The trap was sprung and Ribbentrop died at 1:29.-In the same way, each of the remaining defendants to receive capital sentences approached the scaffold and met the fate of common criminals. All, except the wordy Nazi philosopher, Rosenberg, uttered final statements. Keitel spoke as a Prussian soldier: 'I call on the Almighty to be considerate of the German people, provide tenderness and mercy. Over 2,000,000 German soldiers went to their death for their Fatherland before me. I now follow my sons. All for Germany'. Gestapo Chief Kaltenbrunner declared apologetically: 'I served the German people and my Fatherland with willing heart. I did my duty according to its laws. I am sorry that in her trying hour she was not led only by soldiers. I regret that crimes were committed in which I had no part. Good luck Germany'. Frank said quietly: 'I am thankful for the kind treatment which I received during this incarceration and I pray God to receive me mercifully'. Frick spoke only the phrase, 'Let live the eternal Germany'. Streicher shouted 'Heil Hitler!' as he climbed the stairs and followed with the words: 'Now I go to God, Purim Festival 1946. And now to God. The Bolshevists will one day hang you. I am now by God my father'. And his last words were, 'Adele, my dear wife'. Sauckel protested: 'I die innocently. The verdict was wrong. Got protect Germany and make Germany great again. Let Germany live and God protect my family'. Jodl spoke in the manner of an officer addressing his troops: 'I salute you my Germany'. Seyss-Inquart climaxed the final statements when he said: 'I hope that this execution is the last act of the tragedy of the second world war and that a lesson will be learned so that peace and understanding will be realized among the nations. I believe in Germany'. Seyss-Inquart died at 2:57 less than two hours after von Ribbentrop had entered the execution chamber. It was over-the trial ended, evil requited, and as Dr. Hoegner said, 'Justice done'.-- I am now at work in Berlin in the Legal Division, Office of Military Government (U.S.), and my job is 'Legal advice', by which I am charged with answering any and all legal questions which may be referred by the Deputy Military Governor or departments of OMGUS. The Legal Division at present is primarily charged with the reinstitution of the legal basis for democratic government in the American Zone of Germany. The laws of the dictatorship have been repealed, but there remains the task of reenacting codes covering each branch of substantive law and reestablishing workable procedures. I hope this task will have been completed by next summer and that when I leave Germany the basis for a new democratic society will have been laid.' (received from: RH Jackson Center)
A radio report of the hangings was broadcast for the Combined Networks via NBC by Arthur Gates who was present.- On 16-10-1946 CBS net, sustaining, had a 30-min.special show broadcast the day of the Nuremberg executions. A drama/documentary about how the Nazi criminals came to deserve their executions. Martin Wolfson (narrator), Will Hare (narrator), Arnold Pearl (writer), John Becker (director), Robert Stringer (composer, conductor)

Oct 19,2011: The L.A.TIMES reports the death of Norman Corwin. 'Norman Corwin dies at 101; radio's 'poet laureate'- Corwin, whose original radio plays for CBS moved a generation of listeners during radio's golden age, was inducted into the Radio Hall of Fame in 1993. -
Norman Corwin, the legendary writer, director and producer of original radio plays for CBS during the golden age of radio in the 1930s and '40s when he was revered as the 'poet of the airwaves', has died. He was 101.- Corwin, a journalist, playwright, author and Oscar-nominated screenwriter who was inducted into the Radio Hall of Fame in 1993, died Tuesday at his home in Los Angeles, said his caregiver, Chris Borjas. The cause was not given.With his often poetic words, Corwin moved and entertained a generation of listeners tuned to the CBS Radio Network during the late 1930s and '40s, with landmark broadcasts ranging from celebrations of the Bill of Rights and the Allied victory in Europe to a light-hearted rhyming play about a demonic plot to overthrow Christmas.Corwin's programs, which CBS aired without sponsors, are considered classics of the era when radio was the primary news and entertainment venue for Americans.
More here: http://www.latimes.com/news/obituaries/la-me-norman-corwin-20111019,0,460111,print.story

Oct 20,2011: German radio SWR2 brings a documentary on the history of radio with original sounds, Nov.1 at 15:05hrs German time. Go to their website for streaming audio.

Nov 7,2011:During my stay in Arizona last week I found two interesting items in the Historic Grand Hotel in Jerome, west of Flagstaff: Two Edison discs labeled 'Special record for Mr Henry Ford' given to him by Thomas Edison, 'Varsovienne' 9883-R and 'Heel and Toe Polka' 9913. They must be the only copies of these special pressings, coming from the Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Michigan.


Nov 15,2011:Adrian Morrow - Globe and Mail Update - Published Monday, Nov. 07, 2011 12:10AM EST. World War II shortwave stories, including Canadian POWs recorded onto cardboard discs. The voices of Canadian servicemen fade in and out, at times clear and booming, at others distant and muffled. But for their families, these scratchy, static-laden messages were the sound of hope.The men were prisoners captured during the Second World War by the Japanese army, which broadcast their messages home over Radio Tokyo. Short-wave radio enthusiasts on the west coast of the United States listened in, making a hobby of recording the messages onto cardboard discs and sending them to the soldiers' families. One such POW was Lawrence Stebbe. A signalman with the Winnipeg Grenadiers, he was captured on Christmas Day, 1941 during the Japanese invasion of Hong Kong. He toiled as a prisoner for more than three years at an airport in Hong Kong, a shipyard in Tokyo and a coal mine near Sendai. Dysentery, beriberi and skin ulcers were regular occurrences, and many prisoners died. At one point, Mr. Stebbe temporarily lost part of his sight as a result of malnutrition. In 1944, he recorded a message for Radio Tokyo, along with a fellow Manitoban, Alec Henderson. The broadcasts were picked up by James Eichen of the War Prisoner's Recording Studio, a volunteer group in Long Beach, California. He sent both discs to Mr. Stebbe's family in Beausejour, Manitoba. Mr. Stebbe's father could not bring himself to listen to the recordings and hid both away. The record intended for Mr. Henderson's family was never delivered. Not much is known about Mr. Henderson, but his broadcast may offer some clues. It begins with the greeting 'hello, Elmwood,' a neighbourhood in Winnipeg. At one point, he mentions someone named Molly. He also mentions the San Antonio Mine, which is a gold mine near Rice Lake, Manitoba. Mr. Henderson relays several messages for some of his fellow prisoners, rhymes off a list of men who are healthy and directly addresses his own family. 'My sincere hope for your health and happiness until I return,' he says, concluding with: 'May God bless you and keep you well.' Mr. Stebbe survived the war, returning home to go into business operating a chip stand and, later, a shoe store. He died last month. The story of the POW messages was unearthed by a researcher at the Historica Dominion Institute's Memory Project, which provided these sound files and photographs to the Globe. If you have a prisoner-of-war message, or another story from the Second World War or Korea please visit The Memory Project.

Nov 18,2011: A classic GDR radio play of 1976 is broadcast by German KULTURRADIO: Heinrich von Kleist 'Michael Kohlhaas' Fri 18 Nov 22:04-23:00hrs

Nov 19,2011: Japanese Surrender, a letter from listener to New York City radio commentator Jean Shepherd about his experience as an ordinary soldier with the surrender of Japan at the end of World War II. (There is an error by Shepherd in describing Emperor Hirohito's surrender broadcast as 'taped'; it was actually recorded on a phonograph record. The letter was read on August 12, 1975 on WOR, New York.

Nov 20,2011:'It is a tremendous step forward in everything: story, development of plot, acting, conception, all the way down the line.' Herb Caen, columnist, San Francisco Chronicle; The quote comes from a 1941 recording made in the lobby of San Francisco's Gary Theater after the northern California premiere of Orson Welles' landmark film Citizen Kane. The recording, made by radio station KSFO, contains short interviews with Caen, Dorothy Comingore who appears in the film, Claude La Belle of the San Francisco News, and Welles himself. It is one of 253 lacquer discs in the Welles Collection at the Lilly Library, the first recordings we are digitally preserving with the Indiana Media Preservation and Access Center (IMPAC) start-up project. This is the first disc we digitized. It is our starting place for us, a significant step forward.- These lacquer discs originated as the Mercury Theatre on the Air's working audio archives. After Welles relocated from the United States to Europe in late 1947, his colleague Richard Wilson took possession of the materials left behind in the group's office, including the sound recordings. These materials were purchased in 1979 by the Lilly Library where they now comprise part of a larger collection titled the Welles mss. The audio portion of this collection contains master, original recordings of numerous episodes of such canonical Welles series as Ceiling Unlimited, Hello Americans, This Is My Best, and various incarnations of the Orson Welles Almanac, including a prospective eight-part series for the Eversharp Pen Company that was never broadcast. Other highlights include an irreverent spoof of Macbeth recorded privately during a rehearsal in April 1940; a broadcast made shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor, during which Welles was interrupted by a government blackout notice; and the most complete known set of The Doorway to Life, a Peabody Award winning program by Mercury Theatre member William Alland. Collectively, these discs constitute a unique audio record of the seminal broadcast work of Orson Welles and his Mercury Theatre associates during and immediately after the Second World War. The Welles lacquers have serious preservation problems. The format itself is inherently unstable, subject to catastrophic degradation processes that can leave a disc with a lacquer coating that is delaminating (cracking and peeling), resulting in loss of the recorded signal. Forty-three percent of the Welles discs exhibit the characteristic white, oily sheen known as plasticizer exudation, which is considered a precursor to delamination. The lacquer coating is attached to a glass base on 31% of the discs and at least 26 of these items are already cracked or broken. Glass was used due to a shortage of aluminum during the war years. We chose the Welles lacquers as our first collection because they are actively degrading, at very high risk for loss of content, and highly valuable for research, instruction, and entertainment. Other campus collections will follow. This is the first of many steps forward. (The Media Preservation Initiative at Indiana University Bloomington)

Nov 25,2011: We talk so much about historical recordings here. In Germany we have been caught up by history, again. With the River Rhine having so little water (it hasn't rained for ages, so to say)it is possible that people can reach the islands in the stream on foot. That's nice. Not so nice is that the river-bed has brought some unpleasant things to light: the remains of Allied air attacks during WWII. In the city of Koblenz Rhine section a British 1,8-ton-bomb was discovered (still being active). To deactivate it, half of Koblenz will have to be evacuated (c 50,000 people, hospitals and homes for the elderly, train main station, a prison, and hotels) from 9am till the evening hours on Sunday 4th! More 500-kilo-bombs have been discovered at various places as well as numerous barrels that contained stuff for smoke mortars.

Dec 11,2011: German radio SWR2 brings a feature on one of the first medium-wave stations in Germany: Muehlacker. The name can still be found on old radio sets just like Beromuenster and Hilversum because it was built as early as 1930 as the first 'Großsender' (station with maximum power). SWR (South-West Radio) will end its short-wave broadcasting at the end of the year. Go to their streaming audio: SWR2, Monday 12.12.11, 8:30-8:58 hrs German time.

Dec 15,2011:RADIOWORLD 14.Dec.2011- Valuable Vinyl Collection Turns Up: A large collection of forgotten records was discovered at the Wake Island Airfield military airport in the North Pacific Ocean. The collection, consisting of some 9,000 records, has been valued somewhere between $90,000 and $250,000, according to a report from the Air Force public affairs account website. They were stored on base for use by low-power AM military station KEAD. The collection was stored behind a door with KEAD stenciled on the front. It was labeled as a restricted area, which kept out curiosity seekers for many years. According to Larry Sichter, American Forces Network Broadcast Center affiliate relations division chief, the American Forces Radio Service began sometime in 1942 as a means to deliver American music to troops overseas. KEAD operated sometime during the 1960s, according to dates found on the records. Wake Island was controlled by the FAA until the mid- '60s, though according to an entry from Patrick Minoughan at www.richardsramblings.com, KEAD was already around in 1963. I would guess it wrapped up maybe in the '70s or with the advent of satellite radio, said Colin Bradley, communications superintendent with Chugach Federal Solutions Inc., in a press release. CFSI is a contractor operating under the U.S. Air Force to maintain operations on Wake Island. The 611th Air Support Group's Detachment 1 is working to preserve the vintage vinyl records and deliver them to their rightful owner, the American Forces Radio and Television Network, located in Alexandria, Va.

Dec 19,2011: During a news conference at Smithsonian's National Museum of American History in Washington, Tuesday Dec. 13, 2011,early sound recordings by telephone inventor Alexander Graham Bell and others that had been packed way at the Smithsonian Institution for more than a century were played publicly for the first time Tuesday using new technology. The recordings revealed a portion of Hamlet's Soliloquy, a trill of the tongue and someone reciting numbers starting with 1-2-3 . For more details with photos go to: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/12/13/alexander-graham-bell-recordings_n_1147241.html#s541628&title=Alexander_Graham_Bell

Dec 25,2011: German radio station DEUTSCHLANDRADIO KULTUR will broadcast a feature with original sounds of the 1950s and 1960s with Christmas greeting from all German sations to RIAS BERLIN. In those days it was custum that the stations throughout West Germany sent in tapes with greetings, music, sketches, sound pictures of the different regions to RIAS (Radio In the American Sector). Monday,26th, 08:05-09:00 hrs. Go to their website for streaming audio.

Dec26,2011 An interesting find at the BBC. Google the following title for a recently discovered BBC tape: ' BBC Radio 3 blog: Festival of Nine Lessons'




Jan. 18,2012: On Jan.22nd German DEUTSCHLANDRADIO KULTUR, 08:05-09:00 hrs- In 1962 RIAS Berlin invited young editors from all of Europe to see Berlin and to produce a documentary on tape. That product was produced in three languages and broadcast in many European countries. DKULTUR will broadcast the German edition in its series 'From the Archives'.

Jan.19,2012:ARIEL, the BBC magazine, writes:'BBC considers archive fees for viewers'. http://www.bbc.co.uk/ariel/16543840 . Till now they have blocked most of their online material for no-UK-listeners/viewers!

Jan 31,2012: Extraordinary audio discovery in the Edison National Historic Site: Otto von Bismarck, German Reich Chancellor and Count Bernhard von Moltke, Field Marshall, recorded for Edison's European representative Theo Wangemann in 1889 cylinders, that were found a couple of weeks ago. Both cylinders were presumed to be lost. It was even doubted that they ever hab been recorded! When you 'google' you will find lots of entries, so there's no need to post theme here.

Feb 07,2012: New entry under IV. re the lost cylinder recording of Cardinal Manning.

Feb.11,2012: 15 Nov'11 (Newser)'Got $500,000 to spare? You could be the proud owner of a newly discovered piece of American history. A Philadelphia dealer in historic documents has purchased a reel-to-reel recording from Air Force One following the death of John F. Kennedy, and it's got 30 minutes of never-before-heard conversations from the trip between Dallas and Washington, the AP reports. Top Kennedy aide Gen. Chester Clifton collected material from the JFK administration, and Philadelphia's Raab Collection bought his archive after his widow died and is now putting the recording up for sale. It contains in-flight radio calls between the aircraft, the White House Situation Room, Andrews Air Force Base, and a plane that was carrying Kennedy's press secretary and six Cabinet members. A shortened version of the recording is in the National Archives, and the Raab Collection will donate a copy of the long version to the archives and to the JFK Library. 'It took decades to analyze the shorter, newer version and it will take years to do the same here,' said Nathan Raab. Among other things, he said the tape will end speculation as to the whereabouts of Kennedy adversary Gen. Curtis LeMay right after the murder; he has long been a key figure among assassination researchers. An aide is heard trying to raise him: He 'is in a C140. Last three numbers are 497. His code name is Grandson. And I want to talk to him.'

Feb.16,2012:YAHOO News: 'The radio show that changed the face of broadcasting- 90 years on' - Known as '2MT' it began reaching out to the public far beyond the its immediate surroundings in Chelmsford, Essex. While nothing like the commercial stations which compete for our attention today the informal manner in which it was presented revolutionised the way radio was perceived. This led to the realisation of what could be achieved and paved the way for the first BBC broadcasts....
Complete article can be read here: http://uk.news.yahoo.com/the-radio-show-that-changed-the-face-of-broadcasting-90-years-on.html

The National Museum of American History shares some information on the dawn of recorded sound in America:

Feb.17,2012: Two nice children's songs of the late 1940s -'Songs of Safety': Remember Your Name and Address; Heroes of Peace

April 23,2012: Not much to report lately; no new discoveries or such, yet a new book is out by Patrick Conley 'Der parteiliche Journalist', Metropol Verlag (publisher) 2012, ISBN: 978-3-86331-050-9. It's all about the radio feature (hi)story in the former GDR/East Berlin; interviews and recollections of some of those who were involved. (As the title suggests it's in German!)

May 6,2012In National Archives thefts, a radio detective gets his man --THE WASHINGTON POST By Del Quentin Wilber and Lisa Rein, NEWTOWN, Conn. -J. David Goldin, an eccentric 69-year-old with a handlebar mustache and an obsession with radio, was trolling eBay one evening in September 2010, looking for old radios and recordings, when he spotted an item that piqued his interest: the master copy of a broadcast radio interview with baseball legend Babe Ruth as he hunted for quail and pheasants on a crisp morning in 1937. For a moment, Goldin contemplated bidding. It was the kind of historic recording that would fit perfectly in his collection of more than 100,000 radio broadcasts, all meticulously enhanced and preserved on tapes stored in thin white boxes on a maze of shelves in his humidity- and temperature-controlled basement vault. Then he leaned closer to his computer, adjusted his thick glasses and studied the record's photograph and description. What happened next would set in motion a federal investigation with a twist worthy of a classic radio drama. Goldin exposed what authorities have called one of the most egregious instances of theft from the National Archives, where the government preserves billions of historic documents, photographs and recordings. On Thursday, that investigation is scheduled to culminate in the sentencing in Greenbelt's federal court of a longtime Archives official who has admitted to stealing nearly 1,000 recordings, many of them rare. In the courtroom will be Goldin, a respected radio historian don't dare call him a collector who may have been the only person capable of spotting the theft. He lives in a two-story Connecticut house that feels like a shrine to radio: His office is a studio that allows him to preserve and enhance classic records, and the walls are lined with framed albums of vintage radio broadcasts and other bits of nostalgia, including NBC's chimes and an On Air sign. A colorful radio is displayed on nearly every horizontal surface. Among them are a set that doubles as a humidor and another, called a Mae West, that has a design feature you could put a brassiere on,Goldin said with a laugh. There are some people who give us tips who are just passive. He wasn't like that, said the Archives' inspector general, Paul Brachfeld, whose office investigated the theft and plans to honor Goldin for his help after the sentencing. He was a sentinel. For more go to :

May 10,2012: THE WASHINGTON POST .Leslie Waffen, ex-Archives worker, sentenced for stealing, selling recordings; ARTICLE By Erica W. Morrison.
For more than 40 years, Leslie Waffen was a guardian of national treasures. But for the final 10 years of his career at the National Archives, he secretly peddled some of those rare pieces of history on eBay. On Thursday, in a federal courtroom in Greenbelt, the 67-year-old Rockville resident was sentenced to 18 months in prison and two years of supervised release for embezzling U.S. property. Fighting back tears, Waffen told the court that his 'passion' for historical audio had become an 'obsession'. It all began, he said, when he started taking recordings home without permission to listen to and determine whether the material was suitable for the Archives' collection. But he never returned the items. 'I should have returned it. I did not return it,' he said in court, reading from a prepared statement. Over time, his behavior became 'compulsive' and 'arrogant' as he stole items from the Archives' permanent collection 'with the intent of selling it'. When Waffen plead guilty in October to theft of U.S. government property, he admitted that he stole 955 items from the Archives, including original recordings of the 1948 World Series and a rare recording of the 1937 Hindenburg disaster. A government expert valued the 955 items at $83,238.The courtroom was full of relatives and friends. Also present were National Archives staff members and the man who helped authorities crack the case, J. David Goldin, an enthusiast of historic radio recordings who had donated a Babe Ruth hunting recording.Goldin did not speak during the hearing, but afterward he said he had come to know Waffen and was 'disappointed' with what Waffen had done. 'I have great respect for Les. I've known him since 1976,' Goldin said. 'He's one of the best archivists for sound in the U.S.' U.S. District Judge Peter J. Messitte said he had received letters from Waffen's friends, family and neighbors praising his good character and asking the court to take that into consideration during sentencing.' One hopes as you go forward, you will abandon that parallel universe of crime,' Messitte said.Messitte said that Waffen's actions involved not just a monetary issue, but also an issue of trust. Waffen, the judge said, jeopardized the reputation of not only himself, but also of the Archives and other federal agencies. 'You take our history if you take the thing to sustain our history,' Messitte said, echoing the sentiments of Shylock in Shakespeare's 'Merchant of Venice'. A restitution hearing is set for Aug. 13.
( http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/crime/leslie-waffen-ex-archives-worker-sentenced-for-stealing-selling-recordings/2012/05/03/gIQAX0f7zT_story.html )

May 11,2012: Some extremely interesting information on the lost Cardinal Manning cylinders have been added in Chapter IV.

May 12,2012:I've just found a recording 'President McKinley's Funeral', Climax Record 453 on youtube:

May 14,2012: Three interesting German broadcasts ahead: May 17th 09:05-10:00 NORDWESTRADIO: A report of 1954 on the first voyage of 'Gripsholm', a Llyod steamer,on her way to New York; at 14:04-16:00hrs KULTURRADIO a feature on the de-nazification trial of Wilhelm Furtwängler (conductor), based on the newly found minutes of the interrogations, compiled by Klaus Lang who had discovered 1500 magnetic tapes of the Nazi Reichsrundfunk in a Moscow archive in 1987, among them many recordings made in the Alte Philharmonie in Berlin with Furtwängler; and on the same day at 15:05-16:00hrs (German time) SWR2 a feature with original sound documents in excerpts on the 'Story of Radio'. Go to their site for streaming audio.

May 16,2012:WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL vs Ratko Mladic, opening arguments by the prosecution, online, Day 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pXgw1mRUao0&feature=uploademail

May 23,2012: For lovers of German archive broadcasts here are some to come:
May 26 on HR2 (Hessian Radio) 14:05-15:20hrs Saint-Exupéry's 'The Little Prince -Der kleine Prinz' (broadcast of 1951),
May 27 on KULTURRADIO 14:04-15:00hrs Büchner's 'Leonce und Lena' (bcast of 1958),
same day on HR2 22:05-23:10hrs Orson Welles' 'Der Krieg der Welten' , a classic German adaptation of 'The War Of The Worlds' (bcast of 1977,
same day BAYERN2 (Bavarian radio) opens its archive, treasures of more than 80 years of collecting at 18:05-19:00, and continued on May 28 same time.
Go to their websites for streaming audio. - Enjoy!

May 26,2012: A Cylinder Recording Process, demonstration, with Jerry Fabris of the Edison NHS:
University of Massachusetts Sound Recording Technology runs a wax cylinder recording session. Gerald Fabris of the Edison National Historic Site joins Music Students in the performance of an original composition, Edison's Frontier by Brian Corey (SRT '09), tracked digitally to mono, stereo and surround in parallel. Hear the music as captured by contemporary recording practice and the Edison Phonograph. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dB33qVwhejU&feature=related (I don't know why but you have to open this site in a separate window)

June 3,2012: Added more information to the NATIONAL VOCARIUM label (see above)

June 4.2012: Today at 22:00-23:30hrs on MDR FIGARO the German 1954 adaptation of Herman Wouk's 'The Caine Mutiny' (German title: 'Die Caine war ihr Schicksal') will be broadcast. MDR FIGARO has streaming audio.

June 13,2012: A marathon radio drama performance will be broadcast on 16th+17th June from 08:03am to 06:00am on German radio station SWR2 with James Joyce's 'Ulysses'. It's in German. SWR2 has streaming audio.
and on 16 June WDR3 will broadcast Joyce's 'Dubliner' on 16 June from 18:05 (6:06pm) to 17 June 02:40 (2:40 am). Streaming audio there, too.

June 16,2012: Radio station K C R W in Santa Monica, CA made available to subscribers a cassette tape featuring a compilation of radio newscasts during World War II. It is divided into 4 clips. Heard are prominent broadcast personalities of that era. In some cases, there are later interviews with the broadcasters. Also heard is English-language Nazi radio propaganda. There is no indication on the cassette tape of when it was made. The excerpts begin with the Pearl Harbor attack and end with VJ Day. Posted Memorial Day weekend 2012. Go to:

June 20,2012: IU media historian's find in stacks at Wells Library could represent oldest record in world - FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE June 9th
BLOOMINGTON, Ind. --'Vor seinem Löwengarten/Das Kampfspiel zu erwarten/Saß König Franz/Und um ihn die Großen der Krone/Und rings auf hohem Balkone/Die Damen in schönem Kranz.' - The voice of the father of the gramophone, Emile Berliner, is only slightly muffled as he recites Friedrich Schiller's ballad 'Der Handschuh'. But his words -- preserved as an image in a German magazine from 1890 and resurrected through today's technology at Indiana University - represent what can be considered the oldest record in the world. IU sound media historian Patrick Feaster stumbled on the image of Berliner's recording earlier this year, when he was searching for another article in the more than century old copy of 'Über Land und Meer' in the fourth-floor stacks at Bloomington's Herman B Wells Library. 'I was looking for a picture of the oldest known recording studio, to illustrate a discussion I was giving on my work with Thomas Edison's recordings. I pulled it off the shelf and, while I had it open, I looked at the index and saw there was an article on the gramophone. I thought, 'Oh, that's a bonus,' 'Feaster said. 'So I flipped through and, lo and behold, there's a paper print of the actual recording.'- More on it at http://newsinfo.iu.edu/news/page/normal/22508.html

July 3,2012: German NDR KULTUR radio will broadcast a radio classic of 1955: Faulkner's 'Requiem for a Nun', Wed. July 4th, 20:05-21:30hrs. Go to their website for streaming audio.

July 5,2012: Preserving Indian Speech: 'We are already beginning to regret that no phonographic records could have been made of the voices of great singers of the last generation, while we shall be handing down our Carusos and Melbas to those who come long after us. Not long ago the Department of the Interior in Washington awoke to that fact there was something to be preserved for the future, namely the speech and war songs of our native Indians. The new generation of Carlisle-bred chiefs do not take the ancient rituals very seriously, and it is probable that after the oldest of the living warriors have died, the Indian war songs will be practically forgotten. - It was this feeling which prompted the Government to make phonographic records of the voices of the living chiefs for the files of our nation. For some time past,now, these warriors on their periodic visits to Washington have recorded on the phonograph their songs and their legends for the files of the nation.' POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY Vol.88 No.4 April,1916

July 21,2012: Tomorrow German radio MDR FIGARO will broadcast a play by Jean Paul 'Katzenbergers Badereise', a production of the former GDR-radio ('Rundfunk der DDR'), 6:00PM-7:00PM, and can be listened to live via their website.

July 24,2012: German radio NORDWESTKULTUR will broadcast early sounds from the post-war era in Bremen (1946). Station Bremen was in the lucky position that they had lots of unused transcription discs from the war-times that they used, and luckily, they could not be erased! July 25 19:05 (7:05PM)-20:00 (8PM). They have streaming audio.

Aug.5,2012: German radio SWR2 will repeat a 6-part-series on German radio history 'Tonspuren' (sound tracks). They will be broadcast from Aug.16th on every work-day at 8:30-9:00 hrs (8:30AM-9:00AM). Go to their website for streaming audio or for the archived series.

Aug.21,2012: German radio WDR5 will broadcast todnight at 20:05-21:00 a radio-drama Joseph Conrad 'The End of the Tether' (German title 'Die letzte Fahrt der Sofala'), a production of 1953. They have streaming audio.

Aug.25,2012: Today, the man who spoke the first words from the moon down to us on July 20,1969, Neil Armstrong, has died today. Who of us cannot recall those moments sitting in front of the TV screen . . . ?

August 30,2012: Graham Greene's 'The Third Man', a German production of 1950, will be broadcast tomorrow on NORDWESTRADIO 19:05-20:00hrs. Go to their streaming audio.

Sep.1, 2012: A feature on one of the first German comedians of the 1920s/30s,Ludwig Manfred Lommel, will be broadcast by German radio WDR5 tomorrow at 20:05-22:00hrs. Go to their streaming audio.

Sep.19,2012: Halifax, Nova Scotia: 10,000 vinly records for free! Free vintage and highly collectible rare vinyl records. The Maritime Conservatory of music in its infinite lack of wisdom has turfed its entire collection of classical, vintage and old vinyl. Now sitting in a dumpster outside the building. Corner of Chebucto and Mathias. Get them now, or they'll be in the landfill FOREVER! Go here to find the way... http://halifax.kijiji.ca/c-buy-and-sell-cds-dvds-blu-ray-10-000-FREE-VINYL-RECORDS-W0QQAdIdZ414967671

Sep.21,2012: Mitt Romney's speech on US citizen and what he thinks of them can be found here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ge03Sys8SdA

Sep.30,2012: Forthcoming on BBC4, Oct 13th, 10:30h: Paul Gambaccini re-lives Christmas Eve 1955 and The Weavers reunion concert at New York's prestigious Carnegie Hall. Three years after Pete Seeger's blacklisting for Communist sympathies had forced the highly successful folk group to break up, their manager Harold Leventhal took a risk and booked the only venue that would take them. There were queues round the block and the concert was a sell-out. In the company of Pete Seeger himself and the other two surviving Weavers, Ronnie Gilbert and Fred Hellerman, Paul hears about the birth of The Weavers in the radical home of folk music and left-wing politics that was forties Greenwich Village. Presenter/Paul Gambaccini, Producer/Marya Burgess for the BBC
Sep.30,2012: Today at 20:05h (-22:00h) German radio WDR3 will broadcast a radio classic of 1957: Friedrich Dürrenmatt's 'Der Besuch der alten Dame'. They have streaming audio.

Oct.01,2012: In 2009 the Austrian Mediathek received thousands of recordings from a private collector, Günther Schifter, among them some cylinder recordings. After a first inspection and closer examination they found one very interesting item. From the description on the lid it was the only known recording by Austrian writer Peace Nobel Prize laureate (1905) Bertha von Suttner,recorded in Ebenfurth/Austria on 23 May 1904. The name there said 'Tante Boulotte' (aunt B.). Suttner had written under the pseudonym 'B.Oulot', and an entry in her diary of that day read: 'I talk into the grammophone'. That led to the conclusion that it must be her who is speaking. Yet the recording is that bad that, in 2012,the Mediathek has made the recording public and asks anybody to take part in the deciphering of Suttner's words. (The website in German can be found via 'www.mediathek.at.)

Oct.08,2012: The Austrian Academy of Sciences has produced two new fascinating CDs: 'Soldier Songs of the Austro-Hungarian Army', rec.during WWI, and 'Rudolf Pöchs Kalahari Recordings of 1908' (both in their 'Series 4' resp. 'Series7'). More info can be obtained via http://verlag.oeaw.ac.at/ .

Oct.09,2012:On YOUTUBE you will find a recording made by Fritz Lang speaking about the film METROPOLIS on disc VOX08386,mx1289,2AA. Search for 'Leitworte zum UFA-Film "METROPOLIS" gesprochen von Regisseur Fritz Lang' if interested.

Oct.17,2012: On October 18, 1922 the BBC was founded. German radio WDR5 has a short feature on that event tomorrow at 9:05-9:20, the same is repeated on WDR3 at 17:45hrs. Both have streaming audio.

Oct 19,2012: Bertold Brecht's legendary 1930-performance of 'Der Lindberghflug' (Lindbergh-flight) will be broadcast tomorrow on German radio WDR3 at 15:05-16:00h. It's a recording of the Funkstunde Berlin with Ernst Ginsberg, Fritz Düttbernd, Erik Wirl, Gerhard Pechner, and Betty Mergler. The WDR-broadcast includes an essay on the play.

Oct.28,2012: Gerhart Hauptmann's play 'Die Ratten' (The Rats) of 1964 will be broadcast tonight at 20:05-22:00h on German radio WDR3.

Oct 30,2012: 1878 Edison Audio Unveiled: By CHRIS CAROLA Associated Press, SCHENECTADY, N.Y. October 25, 2012 (AP):(quote) 'It's scratchy, lasts only 78 seconds and features the world's first recorded blooper. The modern masses can now listen to what experts say is the oldest playable recording of an American voice and the first-ever capturing of a musical performance, thanks to digital advances that allowed the sound to be transferred from flimsy tinfoil to computer.The recording was originally made on a Thomas Edison-invented phonograph in St. Louis in 1878. At a time when music lovers can carry thousands of digital songs on a player the size of a pack of gum, Edison's tinfoil playback seems prehistoric. But that dinosaur opens a key window into the development of recorded sound. 'In the history of recorded sound that's still playable, this is about as far back as we can go,' said John Schneiter, a trustee at the Museum of Innovation and Science in Schenectady, where it was played Thursday night in the city where Edison helped found the General Electric Co. The recording opens with a 23-second cornet solo of an unidentified song, followed by a man's voice reciting 'Mary Had a Little Lamb' and 'Old Mother Hubbard.' The man laughs at two spots during the recording, including at the end, when he recites the wrong words in the second nursery rhyme. 'Look at me; I don't know the song,' he says.'(end of q)* For more go to the AP's site.
See youtube film: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XaF-MexzkkA&feature=related.

Nov.3,2012:An interersting CD with Folk Songs related to politics has been issued: 'Freedom Is A Hammer'-Conservative Folk Revolutionaries of the Sixties. In the tumultuous 1960s the powerful voices of Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Phil Ochs and others shaped the political and musical landscape for many. Less known, but no less strident and artful, were the folk singers from the other side of town. For the very first time the hyper-patriotic voices of conservative folk music mavericks Janet Greene, Tony Dolan and Vera Vanderlaan are reissued and reappraised. Janet Greene sings eloquently of the insidious communist threat (The Hunter And The Bear), Tony Dolan vigorously defends Senator Joseph McCarthy (Abolish, Abolish!) and Vera Vanderlaan reminds us that the price of freedom is preparedness and eternal vigilance (Freedom Is A Hammer). Remastered with exclusive scholarly liner notes, interviews and rare photos/ephemera, this collection presents the acclaimed counter-counter-culture songsmiths Janet Greene, Tony Dolan and Vera Vanderlaan in all their righteous and right-headed glory. More information here: http://www.worldwentdown.com/omni/omni167.php.

Nov.15,2012: Tonight at 10pm there will be a broadcast by poet Gerhart Hauptmann, a radio lecture he helt on the Berliner Funkstunde June 25,1931 and a speech on him by Thomas Mann, helt in Frankfurt Nov 9th,1952, on the occasion of the poet's 90th birthday. MDR FIGARO 22:00-23:00hrs German time. -
On Nov 17th, German radio BAYERN2 has a reading of Erika Mann's report of 1940: 'The Lights Go Down. Middletown-Nazi Version' based on real life stories of refugees and emigrants. (Erika is the eldest daughter of Thomas mann.)

Nov.17,2012: On Sunday,Nov.18th, there will be a re-broadcast of the 1952 play by Gerhart Hauptmann 'Der Biberpelz'. It's a classic performance that even my German teacher way back in the early 1960s thought it was worth presenting to us students, so that he brought his own tape recorder to the classroom! Although it was a shortwave recording he had we were all ears! (The broadcast came from Radio Hamburg which could only received in Aachen via shortwave.) First broadcast: Nov.11,1953 NorthWestGermanRadio-NWDR. (SWR2, 18:20-20:00hrs)
And on DKULTUR you can listen to a 1977 RIAS (Radio in the American Sector of Berlin) broadcast on 'rockstars who died in their early age' (8:05-09:00hrs)

Nov.19,2012: DURBRIDGE 100 German radio WDR5 will bring the complete Durbridge 'Paul Temple und der Fall Genf' in a mono production/first broadcast of Feb.25, 1966, on Nov,24 at 20:05-24:00hrs, one of the crime drama classics of those times.
On DKULTUR at 21:33-22:30 Durbridge 'Nur über meine Leiche', a SDR-production of 1962
There is a BBC broadcast of about 1950: 'Paul Temple and the Van Dyke Affair' in 8 parts on Youtube!

Nov.20,2012: And another German radio classic follows on Nov.25th: Arthur Miller's 'Alle meine Söhne' (All My Sons), a production of NWDR Cologne, first broadcast on Sep.14,1950! It's on WDR3 20:05- c21:45hrs

Nov.22,2012: Johannes von Saaz (1350-1414) aka Johannes von Tepl: 'Der Ackermann und der Tod' (Ackermann is an old German word for farmer, the man who works on the fields) in a production by RUNDFUNK DER DDR (Radio East-Berlin), first broadcast Nov.22,1981, will be broadcast by KULTURRADIO on Nov 23, at 22:04-23:00hrs. The Ackermann, as a representative of all humankind, complains before God about the Death. - This famous eschatological drama consists of 32 arguments between The Death and the Ackermann, and ends with God's judgement.- Saaz's wife's death is the basis of this drama.

Dec.1,2012: The great Irish writer, James Joyce (1882.2.2 ~ 1941.1.13.) reads an excerpt of 'Anna Livia Plurabelle' episode from his book, 'Finnegans Wake'. Recorded on September 5th, 1929, by the request from the linguist C. K. Ogden and his Orthological Institute at Cambridge. A comiplation can be found on YOUTUBE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=grJC1yu4KRw&feature=em-uploademail (9'20)
The Lindström project has just published a fourth volume on project reports. The new book contains case studies from Germany. Sweden, Denmark, Hungary, Slovenia, Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) and Sri Lanka, as well as material on the early history of the recording industry. For more information on the book and the project, see www.phonomuseum.at.- The Lindström project is an international project which aims to reconstruct the global history of the Carl Lindström Company during the 78 rpm era, ca. 1900 - 1950. The Company's labels such as Odeon, Parlophon, Beka, Favorite, etc appeared on all continents, and the total output was hundreds of thousands of titles. The project is coordinated by the Gesellschaft für historische Tonträger in Vienna, and has participants in twenty countries. Three previous project reports are still available and contain reports from several additional countries, as well as general histories of Carl Lindström AG and companies which it acquired, such as Beka and Favorite. The project has also published online discographies (see project website), as well as reproductions of catalogues and scans of all surviving Lindström recording ledgers.

Dec.7,2012: BBC News Technology:BBC finishes Radio Times archive digitisation effort.-The BBC has completed its effort to digitise programme listings from old copies of the Radio Times magazine.The BBC Genome project is designed to help the organisation identify shows missing from its archive.Most early output was not recorded and many later tapes were destroyed.It will be used to create an online database allowing, where possible, the public access to old broadcasts - or available photos, scripts and other materials for missing shows.... For more go to http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-20625884 .

Dec.15,2012:Maybe a bit off-topic , but a very strong statement by one of my most favorite singers, Columbian Soraya Lamilla, in a statement to fight breast-cancer, which IMO is a touching sound document by a strong woman who died May 10,2006 on that desease. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lrRWhxbiflc&feature=endscreen&NR=1 Rueda de prensa Octubre de 2000 - Su valentia se evidenció cuando dejo de lado su imagen fisica y las falsas ideas del mercado, demostro q su feminidad estaba en su esencia y que su voz se mantiene en una lucha que no se puede detener. More: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RlTf2JF12Dw ; La misión de Soraya y por ser quien soy : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IHZWpZRlFKk

Dec.20,2012:Curators discover first recordings of Christmas Day,By Pallab Ghosh,Science correspondent, BBC News. There are 24 clear recordings on wax cylinders which were made using a phonograph machine between 1902 and 1917. Music curators say the sound quality of the music recorded is outstanding.Cromwell and Minnie Wall had nine children, eight of whom appear on the recordings. All the recordings are bursting with vibrancy and life, according to Julia Hoffbrand who is the curator at the Museum of London who helped restore the recordings.Many of the recordings were made at family gatherings over Christmas and New Year.Cromwell Wall, who made the recordings, wheeled the phonograph along the streets in his children's pram in order to record the sound of Old Southgate Church bells pealing out New Year.Some of the later recordings were made during WWI when three of the sons, who feature in earlier recordings were away at war. One son, Oliver, died of pneumonia in a French hospital three weeks before peace was declared. More at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-20772246 .

Dec.21,2012:DOCUMENTING EARLY RADIO -A Review of Existing Pre-1932 Radio Recordings by Elizabeth McLeod, see http://www.midcoast.com/~lizmcl/earlyradio.html

dec.22,2012:IASA News: EU has just announced another step in copyright reform. The press release can be found at
http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-12-1394_en.htm?locale=en - Please note that the latest reform is also intended to facilitate access to Europe's audiovisual 'cultural heritage'. However, the plans are to limit this to films and film archives. The audio sector is not mentioned at all, although we know that there are copyright problems also in preserving our audio heritage and making it accessible.Perhaps there is a need for action also from audio archives and IASA? EUs Orphan works directive was originally also limited to literary works and films. However, thanks to several MEPs from the Baltic region, the Baltic Audiovisual Archiving Council was able to introduce several amendments into the directive which extend its scope to audio.

Dec.29,2012:Enthusiasts give 620 lost Alistair Cooke 'Letters To America' to BBC The Independent, Cahal Milmo reports:
40 years ago, David Henderson was an avid listener to the radio great. Now his treasured tapes are helping to fill a gap in the BBC's history-In his few spare moments as a Wiltshire dairy farmer nearly 40 years ago, David Henderson was fond - like millions of Britons - of listening to Alistair Cooke's Letter from America. Indeed, such was his enjoyment, he bought a tape recorder to preserve the broadcaster's transatlantic musings.Over a period of five years, Mr Henderson, 64, consigned to dozens of cassettes the thoughts of Mr Cooke on happenings from the end of the Vietnam War to the Camp David peace deal, assuming that his life in rolling fields near Stratford Upon Avon had no part to play in such global events.But, along with another Cooke enthusiast equipped with a reel-to-reel recorder in Cornwall, the farmer has proved the salvation of the BBC (and of the legacy of Britain's most renowned chronicler of American life) by filling a large gap in a recently-unveiled archive of his programmes. The online collection of Letter from America recordings features audio and transcripts from 900 of the weekly broadcasts stretching over 58 years. But with a total of 2,869 'Letters' recorded by Cooke between 1946 and 2004, there are yawning gaps in the Corporation's own collection.Step forward Mr Henderson and Newquay resident Roy Whittaker, who from their long-forgotten boxes of tapes have added a further 620 lost episodes from the 1970s to the archive after an appeal from the BBC led to them unearthing their private collections from attics and cellars. The recordings, some of them made on a defunct eight-track recorder by Mr Henderson at an auction of agricultural equipment in 1975, have been carefully retrieved by BBC engineers and will soon be added to the online archive unveiled last month. Mr Henderson said: 'I was brought up on a family farm and I left school at 16. Alistair Cooke was a voice from a different world but he had the ability to talk to the ordinary guy like myself. He could bridge that gap between the sophistication of America and do it in a way that made sense to people like me.'When I bought the recorder it was part of a lot that included a television set. I wanted the telly but since I had the eight-track I thought it would be great to record Letter from America so, if I was going out, I could listen to it later. It was like listening to a friend. It became something of a habit.'In 1980, the farmer - a keen space enthusiast who, partially inspired by Cooke, visited Florida in 1972 for the launch of the Apollo 17 moon landing - attended a Young Farmers' meeting to show a film he made about his trip and met his future wife, Jenny.At this point, the recordings stopped but Mr Henderson retained the tapes and an affection for the melifluous tones of the Salford-born broadcaster who was credited with awakening if not a love, then a curiosity for America among Britons. Mr Cooke famously missed only three of his 15-minute weekly broadcasts, mostly recorded in his Manhattan flat, before his death aged 95.It was an enthusiasm shared by Roy Whittaker, who like Mr Henderson in his farmhousekitchen, had taken to recording Letter from America at his Newquay home. His collection added 470 missing recordings to the archive, including all broadcasts from 1979 - compared to the five from that year held by the BBC.Mr Whittaker said: 'I wanted to be able to listen to them again. I could listen to them over and over again because he is such a marvellous English-speaking individual the like I've never heard before and I don't suppose I shall ever hear again. He was just a genius.'The finds mean that previously lost recordings by Mr Cooke on seminal events in post-war American history, including a 1975 broadcast about the entry of Communist forces to Saigon and a 1978 'Letter' on the Camp David peace accord between Israel and Egypt, have now been preserved. Although most of Mr Cooke's later broadcasts were kept by the BBC, its post-war practice of not recording output means that large amounts of material up to the 1970s have been lost. The Corporation has only three recordings of Letter from America from the 1950s and approximately one per year for the 1960s and the early 1970s, making the collections of Mr Henderson and Mr Whittaker all the more important. It is still appealing for other recordings.Zillah Watson, senior producer for Radio 4 Interactive, said: 'We always hoped to recover episodes lost to the archives but we never dreamed of getting such a large haul. We have begun the process of digitising these episodes to preserve them in the BBC archives for future generations. Mr Whittaker and Mr Henderson began their collections because of their love of the show and we want to give a wider audience the opportunity to enjoy them as well.'In meantime, the two men can bask in the knowledge that their attic collections have preserved for posterity a little more of the legacy of a national treasure, a fact acknowledged by Mr Cooke's daughter, Susan Cooke Kittredge, who has written to both of them thanking them for their diligence and saying their story would have delighted her father.Mr Henderson said: 'I never dreamt that I would somehow have a personal connection with Alistair Cooke but the letter completes the circle. It was quite emotional to read it. I'm just an English farmer and I don't consider myself an intellectual but I've ended up as a custodian of this great man's thoughts.




Jan.10,2013: On Jan.13, German radio DKULTUR will broadcast a RIAS BERLIN (Radio In The American Sector) feature of 1972 on the AVUS, the first city Autobahn. 08:05-09:00AM.

Jan.19,2013: Nearly 175,000 document images are now available in the Digital Edition of the Thomas A. Edison Papers. Included are documents from the archives of the Thomas Edison National Historical Park scanned from Parts I-III of the Microfilm Edition, along with items from other repositories and private collections. Through its integrated structure and ease of access, the Digital Edition provides powerful search capabilities enabling users to search for authors, recipients, and names mentioned in a database of 143,500 document records and 23,300 names. The Digital Edition was created with support from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. More at:http://edison.rutgers.edu/digital.htm.

Jan.26,2013: Tomorrow at 7:05-7:30am German radio WDR5 will broadcast the recollections of Heinrich Schöpe who during the 3rd Reichh collected flyers which the Allies dropped over Germany. Later, at 20:05-22:00 WDR3 has a 1976 RIAS BERLIN production in its programme: Beckett's Godot

Jan.28,2013: A person to remember, esp. as he was born in my native city, Aachen: Eddy Startz a radio legend Countless people, all over the world, do remember Eddy Startz, born as Eduard Franz Conradin in Aachen (Germany), way back in 1899. He passed away in 1976 in Dutch city of Zeist. It was in 1921 that he started a study as journalist at the Columbia University in New York and he had several jobs including sailor, waiter, dishwasher and salesman. In 1925 he decided it was time to travel and learned a lot about culture, habits and nations. In 1928 he came back to Europe working for Philips Company in the Netherlands as a translator. A year earlier in Eindhoven, where Philips's offices were situated, experimental radio telephony transmissions were started on shortwave, soon removed to Hilversum. As one of the people working there went to another job it was Startz his chance to become the main announcer during the experimental broadcasts. From November 1928 he presented programs mainly consisting of music and technical information. But the most interesting things was, that he presented in many languages. Due to the fact he was also very enthusiastic more and more people tuned into these programs. The station, with the call letters PCJ, soon got the coddle name Happy station. However due to the economical bad situation the station went off the air in 1931. For Startz were more possibilities to be active in radio as he went to work for PHOHI in Dutch Indie where he also gained a lot of popularity, where he also became program director in 1938. After World War II he started working for Radio Herrijzend Nederland and it was in 1947 that his program became part of the then new station Radio Netherlands. Happy Station was on the air every Sunday and thousands of listeners around the globe loved his programs. He went on presenting the Happy Station up till 1969, when Tom Meyer took over.In the very first program from Tom, who kept the name Happy Station alive, special greetings from listeners were transmitted on Radio Netherlands.(Info provided by Hans Knot.)

Jan.29,2013: Storing recordings on man-made DNA: go to: http://uk.news.yahoo.com/computer-breakthrough-code-life-becomes-databank-181305573.html

Feb.15,2013: Saving Sound: The Library of Congress Highlights Radio - Written by: Paul McLane , RADIO WORLD, 13 Feb 2013:'Library of Congress... calls on its preservation board to set up a subcommittee to develop strategies and tools to collect and preserve radio broadcast content. And the report calls for a symposium to discuss the challenges of preserving American radio broadcasts.This development will hearten anyone in radio who has ever worked at a station with a deep history, only to learn that a new owner or a new format was coming in and that all the station audio recordings had been tossed in a dumpster. The recommendation about radio preservation is part of a much larger blueprint set out by the Library of Congress. Its overall goal: Saving sound. Congress has charged the library with implementing a national sound recording preservation program; this new report is a big step in that effort, and contains a list of 32 recommendations.' For more go to http://radioworld.com/default.aspx?tabid=75&entryid=923

Feb.16,2013: I found this interesting film-clip on YouTube with Nazi propaganda called 'Glocken der Heimat' (Bells from Home). It's song sung by W.Strienz, and the Propaganda Company reporter makes us believe that the German soldiers are greeting their beloved ones at home from an ampith theatre in Greece. It's supposed to be one of the 'famous' radio ring broadcasts from all German occupied territories. Go to http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2DfeIL6cfs

Feb.26,2013: German KULTURRADIO will broadcast a feature on the Reichstag Fire of 27 Feb.1933 tomorrow (27th) at 22:04-23:00hrs in a production of 1999, with audio excerpts from the trial. Go to their streaming audio, if interested.

March 7,2013: If you are interested to learn about the ways Arab countries think of preserving their sounds, go to http://www.dailystar.com.lb/Culture/Music/2013/Mar-02/208473-archiving-the-sound-history-of-iraq.ashx#axzz2MU282sl9 where you find an article of the Lebanon DAILY STAR about it.

March 14,2013:BBC4 will feature the 'Destination Freedom' broadcasts that were on the air between 1948 and 1950.'It launched in 1948, a weekly series of 30 minute radio dramas that showcased the lives and accomplishments of prominent African Americans - from Louis Armstrong, Joe Lewis and Duke Ellington, to the 18th century icon of the anti-slavery movement Crispus Attucks and Harriet Tubman, an abolitionist who fought for women's suffrage. The programme's founder and writer, Richard Durham, described it as radio that was 'rebellious, biting, scornful and cocky'. Artistically, as well as politically, it was years ahead of its time. Never heavy handed or simple propaganda, the broadcasts were even, on rare occasions, acoustically innovative to the point of being sound-art surreal. The profile of the world class African-American heart surgeon Daniel Hale Williams, for example, is told from the point of view of one of his patient's hearts (in an episode called 'The Heart of George Cotton').The show walked a daring line between reform and revolution, and was shut down by its network in 1950, as McCarthyism and anti-communism tightened its grip on American broadcasting. As well as drawing on the archive of Destination Freedom, this programme illuminates a largely unknown, but important, chapter in the history of civil rights and tells how radio drama played its part from the very beginning.' (BBC Prog Info). March 21,2013,11:30-12:00am UK time.

March 16,2013>: I've just come across the earliest (cylinder) recording of Benny Goodman, Glenn Miller, and Fud Livingstone recorded in the fall of 1926. Earl Baker, a cornetist who worked with 'The Seattle Harmony Kings' in the 1920s, invited some of Ben Pollack's band musicians - none other than Glenn Miller, Benny Goodman, and Fud Livingstone! - to his home in Chicago for Jam sessions. For mor info and the recording go to http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XtYoRYkdi_E

March 22,2013: UK FOLKS- IMPORTANT!
The Leveson regulations are being applied to UK websites in ways that could catch more or less anyone who publishes a blog. Ordinary bloggers could be threatened with exemplary damages and costs. If this happens, small website publishers will face terrible risks, or burdensome regulation and many may simply stop publishing....Last weekend, the proposals were agreed in a rush, without public consultation, and with no attention to the detail. Outrageously, they have given the Lords until Monday to fix their mistakes.
For more details go to http://www.openrightsgroup.org/campaigns/leveson

March 29,2013:Sound documents from Chile 1973-89: Este documento, es en cierta medida la continuación de 'Chile, Entre el Dolor... Y la Esperanza', y abarca el período que va desde el golpe de Estado del 11 de septiembre de 1973, hasta la Campaña por el NO, y el retorno de la democracia a Chile.2LPs under the title 'La Fuerza de un Pueblo'. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y3oZt7TiJ_0

April 1,2013:For those who are interested in literature: German radio 'BAYERN2radio' will broadcast Thomas Mann's daughter Elisabeth Borgese talking about her life (recorded earlier this year). 18:05-19:00hrs German Summer Time (CET+6hrs).

April 22,2013:Bertold Brecht's 'Lehrstück' will be broadcast tomorrow at 20:10-21:00 by DLF KÖLN (Deutschlandfunk)in a performance from 2006 with the Berliner Enssemble.(streaming audio)

April 29,2013: 'Voices from the Inferno'- The last months of the Warsaw Ghetto in eye-witness accounts: http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/exhibitions/warsaw_ghetto_testimonies/gesia_camp.asp -
In 1948 Nuremberg judge Musmanno interviewed people who had been close to Hitler in his last days- and filmed them. The result was published in 1950 under the title Ten Days to Die. These interviews were filmed and were among the most sought-after films. Indeed, it was even unclear if they still existed. Not too long ago a part of these film rolls were discovered with some of his relatives in the USA. 50 minutes of film material have survived and they seem to be a compilation of what had been filmed back in 1948. Witnesses like Traudle Junge, Hitler's secretary from 1943 on, messengers Heinz Lorenz and Wilhelm Johannmeyer who took copies of Hitler's Last Will out of Berlin; Bernd Freytag von Lorinhausen, Hitler's adjuntant,talks about the poisoning of Hitler's dog Blondi, two criminal investigators who witnessed the burning of Hitler's body in the garden of the Reich Chancellery,and finally Artur Axmann, the former 'Reich Youth Leader' who escaped from the Bunker on May 1st. And Musmanno found witnesses who were able to talk about the whereabouts of Hitler's mortal remains that did not burn completely.

May 1,2013: I have just had a closer look at the British Library CD archive and I think it's an amazing collection, spanning from the earliest H.G.Wells' recording of 1931, to A.Huxley, W.H.Auden, American Poets and Writers to the 'Bloomsbury Group'. The voices on their CDs come from all walks of life and a visit is worth while. See also my entry under Sep.24th,2005. Go to: http://shop.bl.uk/mall/departmentpage.cfm/BritishLibrary/_87294/1/Audio

May 1,2013: MAIL ONLINE 25.4.13: 'Hear my voice, I am Alexander Graham Bell': Telephone inventor's voice identified for the first time on wax disc from 1885 - Disc was discovered among audio recordings held at the Smithsonian Institution Record was made at Bell's Volta Laboratory in Washington in 1885- 3D scans of disc allowed it to be heard for the first time in over 100 years. For more go to: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2314558/Alexander-Graham-Bells-voice-identified-time-wax-disc-1885.html

In this connection I came across a Youtube video on early recordings: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NL9-PrmeG7g

May 2,2013: Michael Ashenfelder,Digital Preservation Project Coordinator,Library of Congress has sent in this information: This week we released a seven-minute video that profiles how the Library of Congress's Packard Campus for Audio Visual Conservation processes and preserves their digital collections: http://digitalpreservation.gov/multimedia/videos/packard-campus.html. The wonders of technology are presented here!

May 20,2013: A piece of Irish history 1916-22 at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7kvMs74E3Wc&pxtry=1 .The story of Ireland's fight for freedom in songs and ballads, interviews with survivors, and excepts from speeches by its leaders, including president Eamon de Valera, recorded live in Dublin, and folk singers 'The Clancy Brothers and Tommy Makem'.

May 24,2013: Famous Venezuelan singer Soledad Bravo speaks on International Women's Day http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dagr30RVYVw
María León, antigua guerrillera, responde a María Corina Machado ante Hugo Chávez.(6', Chavez'answer ):María León Gibory, la heroica antigua guerrillera de 75 años, profesora, madre, abuela y bisabuela, hoy diputada del Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV, por Aragua, improvisó una preciosa y valerosa intervención durante la ceremonia de presentación de la memoria y cuenta de 2011 por parte del Jefe del Estado de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, comandante Hugo Chávez Frías, que tuvo lugar en Caracas el viernes 13 de enero de 2012, de 14 a 24 horas, en el Palacio Legislativo. Habían transcurrido ocho horas de la intervención de diez horas sin interrupción que protagonizó el presidente venezolano, cuando la diputada María Corina Machado, aprovechando la amabilidad del orador al permitir que hiciese uso de la palabra, fue irrespetuosa con él y llegó a llamarle ladrón. Chávez respondió, entre otras cosas, los ya famosos "águila no caza moscas" y "usted está fuera de ranking". "¿Ladrón me dijiste?, No, yo no te voy a decir ladrona, sólo mujer venezolana." "Yo primero le sugiero que gane las primarias, diputada, es lo primero que tiene que hacer porque está fuera de ranking para debatir conmigo. Lo lamento mucho, pero esa es la verdad." La diputada María León no quedó satisfecha y logró que el presidente Chávez le permitiera intervenir, con un discurso que pasará sin duda a las antologías de los discursos políticos contemporáneos de sabor más clásico y terminante.- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fqt3n0g4EtE ; part one at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VJFRjHirpyM, another clip from Maria Corina Machado's courageous speech vs the President in a parliament where no opposition-voices had been heard so far: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ar5qvetvAZ4

June 6,2013: For those interested in German radio and documentaries, here are some German radio programme previews: MDR FIGARO, 9th,18:00-19:00hrs with two radio plays produced by the former GDR Radio in 1976 and 1979: Poe's Goldkäfer' and Martin's 'Die Bürgen'; MDR FIGARO,6th June,22:04-23:00hrs- a review of the East Berlin uproar of 17th June 1953; DLF KÖLN, 15th, 23:05-02:00hrs with a special on Hannah Arendt; MDR FIGARO, 16th, 18:00-19:00hrs a radio drama by Joachim Nowotny in a production of Radio GDR of 1978; HR2-KULTUR,16th, 18:05-19:05hrs a feature 'Germany during the Nazi period'. All stations have streaming audio,of course.

June 22,2013: Programme preview: 'Archive on 4' Saturday 6th July 2000hrs UK, time is about Winston Churchill's private collection of records ( stored at Cambridge University ) and the fight against time to digitise them before they crumble to dust. Details on BBC Press Office site.

June 28,2013: Autrian Radio Ö1 (Oe1) has a documentary on one of the espionage-(show)trials in the former GDR in the 1960s vs Elli Barczatis and Karl Laurenz with original sounds from the tribunal: June 29, 09:05-10:00AM , a production of WDR 2011 (streaming audio); German radio station DLF Köln (Deutschlandfunk Cologne) same day at 00:05-01:00AM a radio dramatization (crime) by Stanley Ellin 'Verräter' (traitors) in a production of SFB (Station Free Berlin) 1963; German WDR3 features the beginning of AFN in London on July 4th,1943, July4,17:45-18:00; same on WDR5 at 09:05-09:20hrs German time. All have streaming audio.)

July1,2013: AFN Europe turns 70 on July 4. Celebrations are through radio and television with two special program events. All times listed are Central European Time. Tune in on July 4 and July 5 for 'Reflections', airing on AFN The Eagle at noon, The PowerNet at 6 p.m. and on AFN 360 at 9 p.m. The program will also air both days on AFN 360 Internet Radio at 9 p.m. AFN 'Wide Open' airs on The Pentagon Channel July 4 at 7:30 a.m., 1:30 p.m. and 7:30 p.m., July 5 at 3 a.m., 11 a.m. and 5:30 p.m., and July 6 at 5:30 a.m.

July 6,2013:Reminder BBC 4 20:00hrs UK-time Churchill's Secret Cabinet-Duration: 58 minutes; Clement Attlee once claimed that Churchill led Britain to victory in the Second World War through his words. But what influenced these words and their delivery? The answer lies in a newly discovered wooden cabinet containing not only Churchill's private collection of gramophone records, but also rare recordings of his unknown speeches.In this Archive on 4, historian Andrew Roberts joins archivists, historians, musicians, even Churchill's own family, to discover how these rapidly disintegrating discs - some of them over a hundred years old - offer new clues about his oratorical style. Their survival depends on the fast action of the Cambridge archivists in a race against time to digitise them, before they quite literally turn to dust. Already, the work in progress has turned up some surprising revelations - including a glimpse into Churchill's very own desert island discs. The apparently unmusical Churchill turns out to be someone who treasures songs of satire, humour and intense patriotism. We discover recordings of black swans enjoyed by a nature loving Churchill we rarely see, and then there are those fascinating newly discovered recordings of Churchill's own voice - including the first known recording of him, from the early 20th century. From these records, Andrew Roberts gleans valuable insights into that famous titan of British oratory - how it was not just his words, but his unique musical delivery that came to reflect and even embody the hopes of a nation.
German radio WDR5 brings a feature on how the BBC fought Hitler with irony and satire ('Der Witzkrieg'), July 7, 20:05-21:00hrs German time. (streaming audio)

July 23,2013: With British soldiers leaving Germany step by step (last step was Münster a couple of weeks ago, and many places around my neck of the woods) I thought a look back might be of interest. They left their marks everywhere, not through their personal presence (they were forbidden to have contact German civilians, even decades after their stationing) but through their British Forces Broadcasting Service -BFBS. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJx55uoJKIE

Aug.3,2013: Interview with Suzanne Ziegler of the Staatliche Museen Berlin on the cylinder archive deposited at the Psychologisches Institut, recorded by Carl Stumpf and, in the film by Heinrich Brüning in Peru in 1910; in parts translated into Spanish in 1998 by Peru musicologists visiting the archive. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SwbsnGfvAwk

Aug.3,2013 Indian music archive goes online - Times Of India: rare and precious recordings from the era of gramophone records have finally found a home and one that is open to all lovers of music and cultural history. The Archive of Indian Music, an online treasure with 1,000 recordings spanning various genres, was launched in Delhi on Wednesday. - And BTW the German source he mentions ist the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv, and the recordings were made by Wilhelm Doegen in PoW camps during WWI.- http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-08-01/delhi/40960861_1_gauhar-jaan-carnatic-vikram-sampath

Aug.7,2013: England's vast wealth of folk music heritage has finally been put online. Named The Full English, it includes rare archives found in the basement of London's famous Cecil Sharp House and a dozen other collections. Songs that haven't been heard for a hundred years are now being sung again and are already inspiring a new generation of musical writers and artists. A feature will be broadcast by BBC R4 on Aug 13 at 11:30 AM UK time. For more go to: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0383vxr

Aug.10,2013: One of the disputed and maybe fake sound documents ,the 'last broadcast from Corregidor', can be found here on youtube. For more details you should 'google': http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=viCAX8WupTY

Aug.17,2013: BBC Radio 4 Programme preview: In a special 100th edition of The Reunion from Dallas, Texas, Sue MacGregor reunites five people involved in events surrounding the assassination of President Kennedy.The five people who Sue reunites, who were intimately connected to the events surrounding the Kennedy assassination, are Clint Hill, the former Secret Service agent who frantically climbed up the back of the presidential limousine as the shots rang out; Gayle Newman, who stood with her young family in Dealey Plaza and became one of the closest eyewitnesses; Hugh Aynesworth, then of the Dallas Morning News, who reported on the events in November 1963; Kenneth Salyer, who was part of the medical team at Parkland Hospital, desperately trying to revive the president; and James Leavelle, retired Dallas Homicide Detective who was famously handcuffed to Lee Harvey Oswald when he was shot by Jack Ruby.(from BBC Media Centre). Time of broadcast is Sep.1st, 11:15-12:00 AM UK-time.

Aug.18,2013: As a collector one must find the time to go through old files and information that have piled up over the years, and being a teacher who has his summer vacation at the moment (running out too fast!), I -again- came across my files on the recordings made by the LAUTARCHIV under the direction of Wilhelm Doegen, a teacher and linguist who recorded in the 1910s and 20s voices of prominent figues but also the voices of people from around the world. And what better way to do so than going to the German PoW-camp in Wünsdorf, where he found prisoners from all the countries that were engaged in the combat, especially the soldiers the coloial powers took from their colonies. A film was made in 2007 called The Halfmoon Files which I have not been able to see but which is about that sound historic subject.- Even a mosque was built there to give the soldiers of Islamic denomination a spiritual home. Yet not only prisoners of those eastern regions were recorded. Soldiers of the Commonwealth were among them, too.- Today sound archivists from near and far come to Berlin to listen to long lost dialects and languages of their native countries.See my entry under August 3. - More info can be googled, and it is worth while doing so!

Aug.22,2013: BBC90- The History of the BBC on 90 minutes, a BBC series at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TGMMJ-T7FdY

Aug.24,2013: History on BBC4 Sept.7th at 8-9PM UK-time: Archive On 4 - Bombing Berlin: Stephen Evans, the BBC's Berlin correspondent, tells the story of Wynford Vaughan-Thomas's 1943 report recorded aboard a Lancaster Bomber during a raid on Berlin. In 1943 the RAF contacted the BBC with a dramatic offer: they were willing to send a two-man radio crew on a bombing raid over Berlin. The BBC chose Wynford Vaughan-Thomas for the mission. He accepted, knowing he might never return. So, on the night of 3 September 1943, Vaughan-Thomas recorded for the BBC, live from a Lancaster Bomber during a bombing raid over Berlin. Wynford Vaughan-Thomas's experiences as a wartime reporter were remarkable - he was at Belsen and at the Normandy landings, reporting as it happened. The recording over Berlin shows his remarkable courage - literally under fire - and his description of the bombing and the views from the plane are rich indeed. He went on to become one of post-war Britain's most prominent media-intellectuals, a regular commentator and journalist, but this flight alone, those hours in the plane, clearly remained a defining time in his life. Stephen Evans puts Wynford Vaughan-Thomas's recordings in context. He looks at the experience in Berlin that night, reflects on the place of the broadcast in journalistic history, and dips into a lifetime of reflections from Vaughan-Thomas on a night that changed his life for ever.

Aug.31,2013 Shaving an early cylinder: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zp-NU4cYb34
Also added a link to Chapter 15. Scroll up..

Sept.24,2013: German radio MDR FIGARO will broadcast a feature by the famous Ernst Schnabel 'Hurricane-ein karibischer Wetterbericht', in a production of DEUTSCHLANDFUNK 1965.

Sept.25,2013: An interesting site that deals with Orson Welles' 'War of the Worlds'-broadcast of 31-10-1938: http://www.radiolab.org/story/91622-war-of-the-worlds/

Sept.28,2013 THE ATLANTIC Just How Much of Musical History Has Been Lost to History?-Valuable original recordings and rare tapes have vanished over the years, a process that Jack White and the National Recording Preservation Foundation are looking to stop. Read on: http://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2013/09/just-how-much-of-musical-history-has-been-lost-to-history/279948/

Sept.29,2013: From The Wire Magazine : The British Library Sound Archive Video: The Wire takes a tour of the British Library's Sound Archive, deep below its London residences on the Euston Road, to talk about sound conservation and take a tour of its collections with some of its key sound curators. 'The 20th century was about audiovisual material, our memory of the 20th century is heavily audiovisual, but our sense of the 21st century is going to be a different kind of audiovisual... archiving is not going to be so much about what we can bring in, but about what to exclude,' says Will Prentice, British Library Audio Engineer and Conservation Specialist. Nathan Budzinski interviews Popular Music Curator Andy Linehan, Audio Engineer, Conservation specialist Will Prentice, and Wildlife Sounds Curator Cheryl Tipp.- To see the video go to http://vimeo.com/74616017

Oct 2,2013: Just amazing, have a look: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LB_7LOlkjgs

Oct 8,2013: German radio DEUTSCHLANDFUNK-DLF- will feature 90 years of broadcasting in Germany: Oct.26, 23:05-02:00hrs German time. They have streaming audio.

Oct18,2013: Germany celebrates 90 years of radio broadcasting. NORDWESTRADIO has a special on that tomorrow at 19:05-21:00hrs German time.- Austrian radio Ö1 will broadcast a radio dramatization by Ingeborg Bachmann 'Ein Geschäft mit Träumen', a production by SENDER ROT-WEIß-ROT, Vienna of 1952. RWR was then a station under Allied control. Oct.19th, 14:00-15:00 hrs German time.

Oct 19,2013:BBC MEDIA CENTER Sociologist and radio presenter Laurie Taylor travels to Budapest to uncover the story of Telefon Hírmondó, the world's first broadcasting organisation in the 1890s.-People think of the scheduled broadcasting of news, information and entertainment as having begun in the 1920s, but this is a misconception. It was actually in 1893, when Theodore Puskás opened his Telefon Hírmondó or 'Telephone Newspaper' in Budapest. Read more here and listen to it on BBC4 Nov 6, 11:00 UK time: http://www.bbc.co.uk/mediacentre/proginfo/2013/45/r4-electric-news-wed.html

Oct 23,2013: The German version of 'War of the Worlds' can be heard on German radio BAYERN2, Oct 25th, 21:03hrs with an accomp.feature on the 'Mythos the radio play' (-23:00hrs).

Oct 26,2013: German radio 'DKultur' has a review on 90 years of radio in Germany: Oct,27th 0805-0900hrs.(streaming audio)

Oct 30,2013: German radio SWR2 will present Albert Camus' only radio dramatization 'Les Silences de Paris' (Paris is silent) in an archive production of 1979. It war first broadcast in 1949 by Radiodiffusion Francaise; the first German broadcast was in 1963. The 1979 production uses old sound material.- Camus descibes the situation of those people in Paris who did not go direction south after the Germans had invaded France. SWR2, 18:20-19:13hrs. Streaming audio

Dec 7,2013: BBC4 Dec.19, 11:30 UKTime: 'The Lost Tapes Of Orson Welles' part1 of 2- This two-part programme is a revealing series of informal conversations with the man best known as America's great cultural provocateur and one of the finest of filmmakers.Director Orson Welles was asked to write his life story in his later years. He declined but was convinced by his friend Henry Jaglom to discuss his life over a weekly lunch at their favourite Hollywood restaurant, Ma Maison. The hundreds of tapes, recorded from 1983 to 1985, reveal extraordinary, frank, conversations between Welles and the independent director Jaglom.The tapes gathered dust in a shoebox in the corner of Jaglom's production office for over thirty years - until now, but this programme provides an opportunity to hear the amazing material they contain for the first time.Welles talks intimately, disclosing personal secrets and reflecting on the people of the time. At times the tapes display the great film maker as a world champion grudge keeper, rather different from the amiable character who appeared in interviews when he was alive. As we hear, he hated the way Charlton Heston always called Touch of Evil (directed by Welles) a 'minor film'. Welles also found the work of fellow directors, Woody Allen, Charlie Chaplin and Alfred Hitchcock, difficult to embrace. But, as we hear, he had some unexpected enthusiasms. Presenter Christopher Frayling reveals the great director free to be irreverent and Welles is sometimes cynical and romantic, sentimental but never boring, and often wickedly entertaining. The programmes also feature the thoughts of fellow diner Henry Jaglom, film author Peter Biskind, as well as actor and Welles scholar Simon Callow.

Dec.21,2013: Those of you who are interested in historic vocal performances should tune in to today's Special on Joseph Schmidt and Richard Tauber with rare recordings. German Deutschlandfunk Köln (DLF Köln) has a Special at 23:05-02:00hrs under the title 'You are the world for me'. DLF has a streaming audio.- In case you are interest in children's fairy tales, MDR FIGARO will broadcast a children's radio play ' Die Weihnachtsgans Auguste' by Friedrich Wolf. F.Wolf was the father of the former GDR-head of secret sevice! Go to MDR FIFGARO streaming audio on Sunday ,22rd, 18:00-19:00hrs

Dec.22,2013: German NDR INFO radio will broadcast a feature on the American radio pioneer Elsa Knight Thompson: Dec 25th,17:30-18:00hrs (streaming audio).




Jan.4,2014: German DLF KÖLN will broadcast a 3-part-series on the Auschwitz trial. Dates Jan.5,12,19 at 09:30-10:00hrs German time. They have streaming audio.
Those who are interested in German Swing/Jazz of the post-WWII-era should listen to WDR3 on Sunday,5th, 00:05-06:00hrs, where soloists in the Kurt Edelhagen Orchester are presented.

Jan.10,2014: MIT Technology Revue, Jan.2, 2014:Best of 2013: Million-Year Data Storage Disk Unveiled: In October, nanotechnologists designed and built a disk that can store data for a million years or more.--Back in 1956, IBM introduced the world's first commercial computer capable of storing data on a magnetic disk drive. The IBM 305 RAMAC used fifty 24-inch discs to store up to 5 MB, an impressive feat in those days. Today, however, it's not difficult to find hard drives that can store 1 TB of data on a single 3.5-inch disk.But despite this huge increase in storage density and a similarly impressive improvement in power efficiency, one thing hasn't changed. The lifetime over which data can be stored on magnetic discs is still about a decade. That raises an interesting problem. How are we to preserve information about our civilisation on a timescale that outlasts it? In other words, what technology can reliably store information for 1 million years or more?Today, we get an answer thanks to the work of Jeroen de Vries at the University of Twente in the Netherlands and a few pals. These guys have designed and built a disk capable of storing data over this timescale. And they've performed accelerated ageing tests which show it should be able to store data for 1 million years and possibly longer.These guys start with some theory about ageing. Clearly, it's impractical to conduct an ageing experiment in real time, particularly when the periods involved are measured in millions of years. But there is a way to accelerate the process of ageing.This is based on the idea that data must be stored in an energy minimum that is separated from other minima by an energy barrier. So to corrupt data by converting a 0 to a 1, for example, requires enough energy to overcome this barrier. The probability that the system will jump in this way is governed by an idea known as Arrhenius law. This relates the probability of jumping the barrier to factors such as its temperature, the Boltzmann constant and how often a jump can be attempted, which is related to the level of atomic vibrations. Some straightforward calculations reveal that to last a million years, the required energy barrier is 63 KBT or 70 KBT to last a billion years. 'These values are well within the range of today's technology,' say de Vries and Co.And to prove the point, they go ahead and build a disk capable of storing information for this period of time. The disk is simple in conception. The data is stored in the pattern of lines etched into a thin metal disc and then covered with a protective layer.The metal in question is tungsten, which they chose because of its high melting temperature (3,422 degrees C) and low thermal expansion coefficient. The protective layer is silicon nitride (Si3N4) chosen because of its high resistance to fracture and its low thermal expansion coefficient.These guys made their disc using standard patterning techniques and stored data in the form of QR codes with lines 100nm wide. They then heated the disks at various temperatures to see how the data fared.The results are impressive. According to Arrhenius law, a disk capable of surviving a million years would have to survive 1 hour at 445 Kelvin, a test that the new disks passed with ease. Indeed, they survived temperatures up to 848 Kelvin, albeit with significant amounts of information loss.That compares well with the Rosetta Project, a proposal by the Long Now Foundation to create archival materials capable of storing information for periods in excess of 10,000 years. The new work suggests we ought to be able to preserve a significant amount of information for future civilisations, perhaps even alien ones.There are caveats, of course. The theory behind accelerated aging only applies in very specific circumstances and says nothing about survivability in other cases. It's hard to imagine the new disk surviving a meteor strike, for example. Indeed, it would be unlikely to survive the temperatures that can occur in an ordinary house fire. But de Vries and co are confident that they can make even more robust data storage systems. Their work is an interesting step towards preserving our data for future civilisations.

German radio BAYERN2 will broadcast a 1996 production of Orson Welles' 'Mr Arkanin', Sat,Jan.11, 15:05-16:25hrs.

Jan.11,2014: 15 Minute Drama: Writing The Century-Writing the Century is an ongoing series of dramas reflecting on the 20th century through diaries and letters. This serial is based on the diaries of Dame Laura Knight, whose painting 'The Dock' has become a classic image of the Nazi War Crime Trials. In January 1946, renowned artist Dame Laura Knight takes a life-changing commission as war artist to the Nuremberg Trials.Dame Laura meets Major Peter Casson, Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General of the British War Crimes Executive, who is charged with smoothing her path through bureaucracy. He helps her to settle into her suite in the Grand Hotel (originally built for Hitler); to deal with the international social whirl that attends the trials; and to cope with coming face-to-face with Hitler's henchmen for the first time in court. With Diana Quick as Dame Laura Knight, Gunnar Cauthery as Peter Casson, Kate Sobey as Penny Ayres, Patrick Keeler as William Dean and Mark Meadows as French Prosecutor. Written by Amanda Whittington.Producer/ Mary Ward-Lowery for the BBC. BBC RAdio 4 Jan.27-31, 10:45-11:00am UK time, 5 episodes.

Jan.24,2014: Austrian radio Ö1 will broadcast a 1977 production of Arthur Schnitzler's 'Stunde der Erkenntnis' on Sa, 25th, at 14:00-15:00hrs.(streaming audio).
2014, the year World War I broke out. German radio HR2 will bring a 4-pt-series on that occasion with sounds and voices of that time and historians talking about the event. Feb.9,16, and March 2,9 at 18:05-19:00hrs German time. Streaming audio is available.

German radio BAYERN2 features Anita Lasker Wallfisch who survived Auschwitz. Her name was first heard in the BBC Bergen-Belsen recordings by Patrick Gordon-Walker of April 1945. In addition: a portrait of Auschwitz-Kommandant Rudolf Höß the world first heard of in the Nuremberg War Crimes trial where he was interrogated on April 15th,1946 on the mass murder under his command. Date: Jan.27, 09:05-10:00hrs, streaming audio.

Feb 1,2014: Today at 17:05-18:00 and repeat at 23:05-24:00hrs German WDR5 will bring a classic radio drama by Alfred Andersch 'Fahrerflucht' in a production of SWF/RB of 1959, and by the same author 'Die Brandung von Hossegor' of 1976, SWR2 18:20-20:00hrs, Feb.2nd.

Feb 4,2014: German radio concentrates in these days on the 100th return of the writer Alfred Andersch's birthday. Besides various dramatizations, there is a reading of a part from his autobiograhy where he describes the suffering of the students, among them he himself, under the sadistic head of school, Himmler, the father of the mass murderer Heinrich Himmler, at Munich's Wittelbach Gymnasium (~ Secondary School) in the 1920s.

Feb 14,2014: Another radio classic will be broadcast on Sat., Feb.15th on DLF KÖLN: 'Raskolnikoff'by Leopold Ahlsen,motives taken from Dostojewski (Fyodor Dostoevsky:Crime and Punishment), in a production of 1962: 20:05-22:00hrs German time.

Feb.20,2014: National Library Of Scotland: 'A national sound archive for Scotland': Cover of sound archive strategic vision document.Work is under way to develop a distributed national collection of Scotland's sound heritage.The Scottish Sound Archive will bring together the sound collections relating to Scotland held in a variety of organisations including museums, libraries and archives into a searchable single online resource.A further online resource allowing members of the public to upload sound recordings to the national collection will also be developed.These services are set to vastly improve public awareness, access and interaction with Scottish sound collections. Background to the sound archive project: In 2009 a consultation into sound archive provision in Scotland highlighted key deficiencies in the care of and access to sound collections.The resulting report, by Atkins, recommended that national leadership in the provision for sound collections would be most appropriately undertaken by the National Library of Scotland, alongside the provision for moving image NLS provides through the Scottish Screen Archive. NLS is working with a variety of stakeholders of sound collections in this development.More on it at: http://www.nls.uk/about-us/working-with-others/scottish-sound-archive.

Feb.23,2014: I have found this book which is an interesting survey of BFBS 'Oliver Zöllner: BFBS-'Freund in der Fremde'- British Forces Broadcasting Service (Germany) - der britische Militärrundfunk in Deutschland.Göttingen: Cuvillier, 1996, iv, 370 page.- Originally presented as the author's doctoral thesis-University of Bochum.
BFBS: 'A Friend Abroad.' Since 1945 the British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) has been producing radio programmes (later to include television services as well) for the British troops in Germany and elsewhere. Oliver Zoellner's book examines and analyzes contemporary BFBS's output, reception, uses and functions. It includes a historical and organizational overview, a detailed format analysis of two weeks' programme output of BFBS Radio 1, secondary analyses of internal surveys, and focus group research among British military personnel in Germany. Forces radio and TV exist, inter alia, to foster feelings of togetherness and community among soldiers and to boost the troops' morale, they are the sugar icing on a sometimes bitter pill, as it were. The study concludes with an outlook on the future of forces broadcasting in Germany. (http://www.yasni.info/ext.php?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.research-worldwide.de%2Fbfbs1.html&name=Peter+Mcdonagh&showads=1&lc=de-de&lg=de&rg=de&rip=de).

Galileo Galilei's 450th birtday is celebrated by MDR FIGARO with Bertold Brecht's Leben des Galilei in a production of Radio GDR of 1972, Feb.24 at 22:00-23:30hrs German time (streaming audio).

Febr.23,2014: International workshop 23.4.-24.4. 2014 15. DISKOGRAFENTAG 25.4. - 27.4.2014 14195 BERLIN ARNIMALLEE 27:
International workshop: 'Unsere Reise um die Erde' - Early commercial recordings as a source for ethnomusicological research.Beginning in 1898, European record companies issued a large number of recordings of Asian and North African traditional music. One of the largest collections of such recordings is at the Phonogrammarchiv in Berlin. The purpose of the workshop is to gather a number of experts in the traditional music of various regions to evaluate the recordings in Phonogrammarchiv, to supplement the documentation available on the recordings, and suggest possibilities for future research.On October 5th 1905, Heinrich Bumb, the director of the BEKA record company in Berlin, embarked on an eight-month recording expedition which began in Constantinople and ended in Yokohama. In the course of the trip, Bumb made over 1600 recordings which were pressed in Berlin and exported to agents in Turkey, Egypt, India, Burma, Singapore, Dutch East Indies, China and Japan Bumb also wrote a report of his trip which was published in Phonographische Zeitschrift in 1906 under the title Unsere Reise um die Erde. A partial discography has been published on the GHT website. The Berlin Phonogrammarchiv was the only archive in the world which was foresighted enough to obtain samples of these recordings (the Hornbostel collection). Surviving recordings have been digitized and catalogued in the Dismarc database.

Feb.25,2014: BR-KLASSIK has a feature on Glenn Miller and the Wehrmacht Hour of 1944: Feb.28,19:05-200:00, repeat March 1, 15:05-16:00hrs. (streaming audio,as always).
MDR FIGARO will broadcast early sounds from the MIRAG Broadcasting Station,Leipzig, which began broadcasting on March 1,1924: March 1, 19:05-19:30hrs
And another radio classic will be broadcast by DKULTUR,March 2,18:30-20:00hrs: Wolfgang Borchert's Draußen vor der Tür of NWDR 1947.

March 13,2014: Ö1 (Austria) will broadcast a feature with Alfred Müller's biography, famous 'Inglorious Basterd': March 15th,09:05-10:00 (German time).

March 16,2014: Seventies America rediscovered through lost recordings of Letter From America, on the 10th anniversary of legendary journalist Alistair Cooke's death. A feature broadcast on BBC Radio 4 extra on March 30, 10am-12noon. For more go to: http://www.bbc.co.uk/mediacentre/proginfo/2014/13/letter-from-america-1970s.html

March 26,2014:The full National Recording Registry with information on the selected items is an interesting compendium to read:

April 17,2014: For Shakespeare lovers here is a recording of his sonnets, spoken by Wolfgang Heinz, and recorded by the former GDR radio in 1974: Friday,18th at 2200 hrs-2300 hrs.(streaming audio)

April 20,2014: Again Shakespeare: 'Macbeth' in a GDR-archive production of 1964: Monday,21st, MDR-FIGARO at 22:00-23:330hrs German time.

April 25,2014: 'The Listening Post 1940' short from Pathé shows us that even in 1940 the Monitoring Service in England recorded e.g.Hitler on Edison cylinders!- I wonder where these have been placed or if they had been shaved after the transcripts have been typed. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ALC3AgAYc50

May 1,2014: From BBC 'Ariel': BBC to bring in consultants about radio and TV archive--The BBC is calling in consultants to suggest how it might go about digitising its huge radio and TV archive.-It's estimated that the archive - the largest of its kind in the country - has 11m items, which include radio and TV programmes, press cuttings, sheet music and photographs.The consultation will speak to staff who use the archive, finding out about their requirements and asking for ideas about how to go about the process of digitisation.The proposals will be used to decide on how the archive might be managed in future. It's understood that the consultation would mainly be looking at I&A.Broadcasting union Bectu, however, fears the process will lead to the archive being managed by a 'commercial supplier'.The union has called on the BBC 'to hold a full and open dialogue with all users of archive content' following the decision to bring in consultants.'Still smarting' :Helen Ryan, Bectu's supervisory official for the BBC, said: 'The BBC is still smarting from the embarrassing failure of the DMI project and is now very keen to be seen to seek external advice for any major project.'We are concerned that the BBC's users should be fully consulted about the plans before any major, potentially costly decisions are made that are irreversible.'She added: 'It is also possible that the archive itself could be moved to a commercial supplier.'The BBC has refuted any claims that it is bringing in consultants ahead of outsourcing management of the archive.A spokesman for the BBC said: 'The future of the BBC's archive is of critical importance to the BBC and for licence-fee payers. We're not making any decisions about the future. We are merely inviting ideas on how we manage the UK's largest television and radio archive - in order to improve the service we give to BBC staff. We're committed to working with all parties in this process and will fully consult users of the archive.'

May 11,2014: Oldest Recording of Family at Christmas in 1904 Discovered in 2012 (in case you haven't seen /heard about it):
Wax cylinders dating from 1902-1917 record the Wall family of London as they sing Christmas songs. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FO2Y_IKjn6M

May 17,2014 Collector of historical sounds and long-time member of the IASA, Rainer Lotz, presents and talks about his collection, deposited in his house in Bonn, W.Germany (2 parts): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xMe4cNRKLy8

May 24,2014: WDR3 will broadcast an archive production of Goethe's FAUST I, recorded in 1954: May 25, 20:05-22:35 hrs German time.

June 1,2014: AWR 'Wavescan' has two interesting articles out about American Radio Stations in Australia from 1941 on, and one about the oldest sound recordings made by Scott de Martinville (cited in the Net at various sites): http://www.ontheshortwaves.com/Wavescan/wavescan140601.html

June 7,2014: 'V wie Victory- Die Geschichte der V-Disc' (The story of the V-Discs), a feature on NDR INFO, June 7, at 20:15-21:00hrs German time. For more see CHAPTER IX above.

June 17: An interesting survey of sound recording from 1877-2013 can be found here (it's in German,BTW): http://www.archiphon.de/arde/discologica/Unger_Phono-Historie-WU.pdf

July 4,2014:'End-of-Life Care for Aging, Fragile CDs and Their Data Content'see : http://blogs.loc.gov/digitalpreservation/2014/07/end-of-life-care-for-aging-fragile-cds-and-their-data-content/

July 28,2014: 'Archive on 4' Saturday 2nd August 2000hrs UK time has a feature with archive sounds all around the 'Gulf of Tonkin' affaire called War,Lies, and Audiotape'.

Aug.1,2014: On Sun 17.8., BBC4 starts a 5-episode-programme 'The Reunion' which brings together people involved in the 1948-49 Berlin Airlift. 11:15-12:00hrs UK-time.

Aug10,2014: BBC R4 Aug23 10:30-11:00hrs UK-time: 'Vietnam And The Presidents': An examination of America's descent into war from the exclusive vantage point of the Oval Office. Across two decades, BBC Washington producer David Taylor conducted over 50 recorded interviews with first-hand witnesses to the Kennedy, Johnson and Nixon Administrations, all mired in the Vietnam crisis. By revisiting his own archive and pouring through the complete presidential tapes, David constructs a surprising picture of the Vietnam War through the eyes of the embattled commanders-in-chief.

Aug.15,2014: The Documentary: Delivering The King's Speech- Tuesday 2 September,8.00pm-8.30pm UK-time,BBC WORLD SERVICE-Marking the 75th anniversary of King George VI's declaration of war against Germany, Louise Minchin hears the untold story of how the King's Speech reached the entire world. Inspired by the discovery of the original pressing of the speech in the EMI Archives- bound in goatskin leather and signed by the King himself- Louise uncovers how the King's words reached the furthest corners of the British Empire. Starting with the fascinating history of royalty releasing records, and incorporating rare material from the EMI archives, the documentary explores how the British Empire was united by vinyl.Louise examines the recording of the speech, not from the perspective of the 2010 Oscar-winning film, but from the point of view of the EMI employees, who located previously unpublished letters and production notes from the original sessions. Delivering The King's Speech delves into the earliest days of the BBC Empire Service (later to become the BBC World Service) to find out how the King's message was sent across the globe and how it enabled the Empire Service to win the fight against the anti-British propaganda broadcast by the Germans.

Aug.29,2014: Tomorrow, various German radio stations bring to memory the beginning of WWII: All begin at 22:30-midnight (German time; -1hr UK-time), NDR KULTUR, KULTURRADIO, MDR FIGARO, SR2, HR2,SWR2 BAYERN2, all have internet streaming audio.
In addition WDR5 has a feature on satire broadcasts vs Hitler, Sun 220:05-21:00hrs.

Sep.4,2014: German MDR FIGARO will broadcast a feature on a series of radio broadcasts which ran in the former GDR from 1960 to March 1990 and was entitled 'Not only a file'. In those 30-minute-broadcasts every fortnight, the listeners could hear excerpts of trials which ranged from trials vs former Nazis to simple theft.- Sat,Sep 6th 19:05-19:30hrs

Sep.10,2014:On September 12&13,1964 ML King visited East Berlin and preached in East-Berlin's Marien-Church '...Here are God's children, on both sides of the Wall and no border made by men's hands can annihilate this fact'. Radio DKULTUR features that event using sounds from the archives of RIAS Berlin, DEUTSCHLANDFUNK and Radio GDR. Sep.13th, 05:00-06:00hrs German time. (streaming audio).

Oct.18,2014: Go to genome.ch.bbc.co.uk and you'll find the site that contains the BBC listings information which the BBC printed in Radio Times between 1923 and 2009. You can search the site for BBC programmes, people, dates and Radio Times editions.

Oct.29,2014: Some interesting archive-recordings ahead on German radio: Oct 30th: MDR FIGARO 2200-2300hrs A lecture by philosopher Ernsr Bloch 'Reformation und Revolution' from 1982; WDR5 2105-2400hrs Durbridge's 'Paul Temple und der Fall Gilbert' pt1 (pt2 on Oct 31st same time/station) from 1957;and on FRI,31st, MDR FIGARO 1800-1900 Wolfgang Heinz reads Thomas Mann's 'Mario und der Zauberer', Radio GDR 1970.

Nov.30,2014: German radio SWF2 will broadcast an archive recording of Stefan Zweig's 'Schachnovelle' of 1959. 18:20-19:28hrs; a classic recording of 1956 is broadcast today,too, on WDR3 at 2005-2210 Heinrich von Kleist's 'Penthesiles'

Dec.13,2014: Today on German radio BAYERN2: Arthur Schnitzler's 'Reigen' in a production of 1977 by Bavarian Radio. 15:05-16:50hrs.

Dec.19,2014: VARIETY 17.Dec News 'Murrow's Boys', dies At 97 by Brian Steinberg: Richard C. Hottelet, the last living member of a group of CBS News correspondents whose work under Edward R. Murrow during World War II helped set a template for broadcast journalism, died Wednesday morning at the age of 97, according to information from CBS. Hottelet was the last to join a group of what became known as 'Murrow's Boys', a group of men and one woman who reported from Europe via radio. The others were Mary Marvin Breckinridge Patterson, Cecil Brown, Winston Burdett, Larry LeSueur, Charles Collingwood, William Downs, Thomas Grandin, Eric Sevareid, William L. Shirer and Howard K. Smith. Richard C. Hottelet was the ultimate CBS News reporter, said Jeff Fager, CBS News chairman and executive producer of 60 Minutes, in a statement.He was one of the true gentleman reporters, a real 'Murrow boy', an elegant combination of reporter and storyteller. Hottelet was the last to join the team, hired in January, 1944, to help report the imminent Allied invasion of Europe. His first war reports for CBS were from the air. He is believed to have made the first recording for broadcast on a warplane while flying on a bombing mission over France in the spring of 1944. On D-Day, Hottelet was in a bomber again, one that attacked German defenses on Utah Beach and returned to London safely in time for him to broadcast the first eyewitness report of the Allied invasion. Hottelet continued his assignments aloft and then covered some of the bloodiest fighting on the ground, including Huertgen Forest and the German counterattack that became the Battle of the Bulge, delivering the first eyewitness report of that famous battle, too. He went up in a bomber again to cover the final Allied push into Germany at the Rhine River crossing. His plane, a B-17, was set afire by flak during the assault, and Hottelet was forced to parachute to safety. Before joining CBS, he was imprisoned by Germany's Nazi regime for four months while working for United Press. It wasn't that we were supermen, he told the Hartford Courant in a 2003 interview.We were competent reporters and we were sending back our stuff, as we would if we were covering a statehouse or a fire. For more go to: https://variety.com/2014/tv/news/richard-hottelet-last-of-cbs-news-murrows-boys-dies-at-97-1201381926/

Dec.28,2014: New Year's day has some interesting archive productions on German radio stations: DKULTUR at 07:30-08:00hrs Astrid Lindgren reads her 'Karlson vom Dach' (RIAS 1956), MDR FIGARO presents Saint-Exupéry's 'Der kleine Prinz' (Radio GDR 1989)07:05-08:15hrs, and at 18:00-19:00hrs Bertold Brecht's 'Flüchtlingsgespräche' in a GDR-LITERA Records production of 1970.




Jan.13,2015 BBC NEWS: The British Library has launched a campaign to raise £40m to digitise the country's sound archive of more than six million recordings. The library said around two million of these are fragile and rare recordings. These are at risk of being lost due to physical degradation and the disappearance of the technology to play them, the library said. The archive, which includes the voice of Florence Nightingale, is held on more than 40 formats. These include wax cylinders, lacquer discs, cassette players, reel-to-reel tapes and minidiscs. The UK Sound Archive includes recordings of local accents and dialects used to monitor the evolution of the English language and sounds of rare or extinct wildlife. It also includes full recordings of theatre productions going back 40 years, including the opening night of Hamlet in the Old Vic, starring Peter O'Toole and directed by Laurence Olivier. 'At risk' The British Library estimated it would cost around £18m to digitise the most 'at risk' recordings and to build the facilities needed to digitise the remaining two thirds of the collection. The remaining funds will be used to develop a system to digitally archive the UK's sound output in the future. The library has estimated that 92% of the UK's current radio output, and 65-70% of the UK's published music output, is not being fully archived. The institution is also appealing to the public to let them know about any rare or unique sound collections as well as creating a national sound directory in order to identify other threatened collections. More here: www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-30781320

Jan.17,2015: On YOUTUBE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_YH53Q5L_A0 there is a short film on 90 years Bavarian Radio.

Jan.24,2015: To commemorate the liberation of Auschwitz concentration camp 70 years ago radio WDR3 broadcasts a collage of voice recorded during the first Auschwitz Trial 1963-1965: Jan.25, 20:05-23:00hrs German time in a production of 2005.

Jan.26,2015: Pacifica Radio Archives recovers 'lost' Martin Luther King Jr. speech, By Matthew Lasar in RADIO SURVIVOR of January 19, 2015: Democracy Now! today ran audio of a largely forgotten speech by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., released and curated by the Pacifica Radio Archives. Just days before receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, King spoke in London, offering a detailed overview of the history of the civil rights movement in the United States and linking its efforts to the struggle to end apartheid in South Africa. It was December 7, 1964. Journalist Saul Bernstein, then European reporter for Pacifica Radio, recorded the address. The tape was recently discovered by the director of the Pacifica Archives, Brian DeShazor. Here is a particularly prophetic portion of King's remarks, given subsequent events:'Our responsibility':'Our responsibility presents us with a unique opportunity: We can join in the one form of nonviolent action that could bring freedom and justice to South Africa, the action which African leaders have appealed for, in a massive movement for economic sanctions. In a world living under the appalling shadow of nuclear weapons, do we not recognize the need to perfect the use of economic pressures? Why is trade regarded by all nations and all ideologies as sacred? Why does our government and your government in Britain refuse to intervene effectively now, as if only when there is a bloodbath in South Africa or a Korea or a Vietnam will they recognize a crisis? If the United Kingdom and the United States decided tomorrow morning not to buy South African goods, not to buy South African gold, to put an embargo on oil, if our investors and capitalists would withdraw their support for that racial tyranny that we find there, then apartheid would be brought to an end. Then the majority of South Africans of all races could at last build the shared society they desire.' (http://www.radiosurvivor.com/2015/01/19/pacifica-radio-archives-recovers-lost-martin-luther-king-jr-speech/ )

Feb.2,2015: Tomorrow at 21:00hrs-22:00hrs, Austrian Radio Ö1 broadcastsa radio play by Franz Hiesel 'Auf einem Maulwurfshügel', a black comedy on a man and his obsession to record everything on tape, in a 1959 production of NDR HAMBURG & ORF Wien.

Feb.7,2015: BBC3 21.Feb. 9:45-10:15pm UK time- Alan Dein presents the story of a 1950s Ferrograph tape machine and a mysterious collection of home recordings. Early in 2013 record producer Dan Carey bought a vintage tape machine at a charity shop in Streatham, South London. The Ferrograph recorder came with a box of 7-inch tapes containing an audio documentation of the previous owner's social life as a young man in the 1950s at a time when reel to reel tape recorders were state of the art audio technology.Among the recordings was a poetry reading event featuring an unusual selection of texts, from obscure comic verse, to sections from the King James Bible, and a Ministry of Transport pedestrian advice leaflet. Alan Dein goes in search of the recordist, Barrie Simpson, and surviving members of his circle in this evocative and poignant story of suburban life and the Baptist church in South London, over half a century ago.

Feb.13,2015: DLF KÖLN features the fatal air attack on Dresden on 13 Feb 1945. In a 3-hour-long broadcast eye-witnesses, historians,people of Dresden reflect that night. DLF KÖLN ,14 Feb 23:05-02:00hrs, and DEUTSCHLANDRADIO KULTUR 00:05-03:00hrs.

Feb.25,2015: A forgotten CBC-TV-interview (the only one he ever gave) with the famous spy Guy Burgess of 1959, held in Moscow, has been found in the CBC-TV-archives. For more about him and the 'Cambridge Five' you may google under his name. The interview is available here: http://www.cbc.ca/player/Embedded-Only/News/ID/2654776717/

March 2,2015: Those of you who want to spend a few thousand bucks for a record, here it is: Kurt Nauck offers 5-inch European Berliner disc (#37): 'Auld Mother Hubbard',recited by Emile Berliner himself and recorded between 1889 to 1892 from John Paul Getty,Jr collection. - Getty died in 2003 and his collection, including the legendary Harold Wayne collection of rarest discs, was offered in auctions in England in the years 2013 and 2014.- For more you must go to his current auction list online (www.78rpm.com).

March 17,2015: Not new, but still interesting to see and listen to: The Wire takes a tour of the British Library's Sound Archive, deep below its London residences on the Euston Road, to talk about sound conservation and take a tour of its collections with some of its key sound curators. 'The 20th century was about audiovisual material, our memory of the 20th century is heavily audiovisual, but our sense of the 21st century is going to be a different kind of audiovisual... archiving is not going to be so much about what we can bring in, but about what to exclude,' says Will Prentice, British Library Audio Engineer and Conservation Specialist.Nathan Budzinski interviews Popular Music Curator Andy Linehan, Audio Engineer, Conservation specialist Will Prentice, and Wildlife Sounds Curator Cheryl Tipp. Go to: YOUTUBE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yI5DYJPSf-A
A German NWDR-radio classic of 1952 will be broadcast on March 21: Rolf Becker's 'Gestatten,mein Name ist Cox', NDR INFO at 21:05-22:00hrs and the following 3 weeks at the same place/time.

March 21,2015: If you go to YOUTUBE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8bXpXvD5lE you will be able to listen to a short feature on the production of the first German live classic concert performance in 1931 with Fritz Busch and the Staatskapelle Dresden, giving details on the problems they faced to record, the various media to select from etc. It's in German.

March 22,2015: Austrian radio Ö1 will broadcast a feature on Goebbels' Propaganda Swing Orchestra Charlie and his Orchestra reviewing music as a means of propaganda. March 23, 1905-1930hrs German time. (streaming audio)

March 30,2015: The history of a short-lived recording machine RECORDGRAPH AMERTAPE with audio samples can be read here: http://d-dayrecordgraph.com/AUDIO_FILES_-_AMERTAPES.html.
From the EBAY auction: 'I have owned all of this material, which is one of a kind in the world, for 20 years. I have been asked by the Library of Congress and the Imperial War Museum to part with it but it wasn't the right time. Now I'm moving and it's time for another collector to own this or for someone else to purchase it and donate it to the LOC. I am selling it. From all my research there aren't any Amertapes left in the world in private hands much less these priceless Amertapes recording the most famous day in the history of human conflict. The best viewing of this historic material with a professional finding aid is by going to my website, google search(other search engines don't work), d-dayrecordgraph.com and taking your time examining the material. There is an extensive and thorough amount of material documenting the history of the Recordgraph Machine from Woolfe to Hart and the complete Amertapes of the compilation of recordings that were edited by the Dept of the Navy and approved for broadcast on D-Day. All of the tapes were played and recorded onto flash drives for posterity at Poppy Records in England. Further there is a lot of ancillary material from WW2 and even a one of a kind prototype for a Recordgraph telephone bug.--After sitting in storage for 70 years this historical material has finally come to light. The missing link in audio history, The Recordgraph Machine, and it's media the Amertapes, have been digitized and cataloged here through many years of research and investigation. Ironically this short lived hybrid recording format came at one of the most precipitous moments in the history of mankind. The Recordgraph Machine, through hard work and good fortune, came into existence in time to record the turning point of the greatest conflict to have ever engulfed the world, the D-Day Invasion. The 16 Amertape tapes encompassing these iconic recordings in this collection are all extra copies or originals and masters all recorded at that time and on the original material from a fully traceable provenance. All of the original literature, Amertapes, even the Recordgraph Technical informationl are from the few short years that the machine was employed by the US government from the Fredrick Hart Co. under the overall supervision of Albert Stern, to record the WW2 Normandy D-Day invasion.' (http://www.ebay.com/itm/221723707133 -ebay price is 450 thousand $,BTW)

May 1,2015: International consensus holds that we have around 15 years in which to preserve our sound collections. By 2030, the scarcity of older equipment, the condition of recorded media and the loss of skills will make their preservation costly, difficult and, in many cases, impossible.These risks face all recorded sound collections, across the country, from boxes of forgotten cassette recordings to professional archives.To help us understand the risks faced by the UK's recorded heritage, the Library has been running a project to map the extent of sound collections in the UK, and to create a Directory of UK Sound Collections http://www.bl.uk/projects/uk-sound-directory.

April 11,2015: Andy Walmsley has an interesting blog on BBC radio broadcasting history with some sound samples. It's worth visiting: http://andywalmsley.blogspot.de/

April 28,2015: German radio SWR2 will broadcast o feature '1945- The Year on the Radio', April 29th, 22:03-23:00hrs German time

May 6,2015: German radio HR2 today has two American play/dramatizations in its programme: H.G.Well'S The War Of The Worlds of 1938 and in addition 'The Apple Tree' by John Galsworthy of 1942. Both have Orson Welles in leading roles. HR2 21:00-22:30hrs German time.Streaming radio.
And tomorrow, May 7th, we can listen to the BUNDESTAG-speech by then Federal President Richard von Weizsäcker on the occasion of the 40th return of the end of WWII. Radio MDR FIGARO 22:00-23:00hrs.

June 8,2015: An interesting article here: http://thequietus.com/articles/18004-sound-library-british-library,'The Utopia Of Records: Why Sound Archiving Is Important'.

June 13,2015: Those who are interested in a German performance of Joyce's 'Ulysses' should tune in to radio Oe1 (Ö1)Austrian Radio tomorrow at 08:10hrs to Sunday 08:00hrs. It's a production of SWF+DLF of 2012. Streaming radio.

June 24,2015: 'They Shall Hear The Dead Speak!': They shall hear the dead speak! that was the shocking announcement that proclaimed how new the ceremony taking place in the cellars of the Paris Opera on December 24th 1907 was.- What happened on that day was unprecedented. In the Opera cellars, 24 single-sided records were deposited in lead urns. This idea of a new Museum of the recorded voice received official sanction from the Education Secretary of the time Aristide Briand. Those urns were to be opened a century later, revealing to the men and women of the 21st century what was the state of talking machines in those times and 'what were the voices of the leading singers of our time'.Initiating the project was Alfred Clark, an American living in Paris where he was president of the Compagnie française du Gramophone, the French branch of the Gramophone Company that Emile Berliner had founded. While it was at the same time a scientific operation and a nod to future generations, it was, first and foremost, a marketing coup that publicised both Berliner's gramophone record as opposed to the wax cylinder and the company he had built around his invention. - A second ceremony took place, again at Clark's initiative, in 1912. Three new urns were sealed: two of them contained records, the third one a gramophone player. - In 1989, the urns were transferred to the National Library in Paris. They were opened on September 17th 2008, a difficult endeavour since asbestos sheets, now known to be highly toxic, had been placed in the urns to prevent the fragile records from breaking. Moreover, two of the three 1912 urns had been fractured and their content stolen in the past century. In the end, three urns remained. It was decided to open one from 1907 and one from 1912. One urn from 1907 is still sealed to this day and left for future generations to open. - Elizabeth Giuliani, then Deputy head of the Audiovisual Department at the National Library of France and now Head of the Music Department, tells us what was found in the urns: 'Every recording in the urns is one of classical music. First of all, we have to notice there are very few instrumental pieces, a result of the technical limitations of recording techniques of the time. The process was then entirely acoustical with no electronic amplification. The artists' interpretation was received and recorded through a conical horn. Range was limited and it was very difficult to record large orchestral pieces, most notably where strings were involved. However, we find great artists here, some whose names are still famous (Paderewski, Pugno, Kreisler). We also find a brief extract from a Beethoven symphony, something of a rarity for the time. There is chamber music, which is also uncommon. -As opera pieces were the bulk of recorded music in this first decade of the gramophone, we find extracts from Gounod and Massenet (who was still living at the time), two composers who were highly in favour then. Verdi's Othello was recorded by Tamagno, who had originated the part in 1887. It is priceless to know how it was sung originally. This is a particularly interesting aspect of these records: we can hear the voice of a famed and already aged opera star from the 19th century (Patti, who was 63 then) as well as some stars who knew their greatest glory (Journet, Melba, Plançon). And there is also a younger artist, Caruso, whose popularity is derived from his stage work as much as from his recording career. Some artists are today mostly forgotten (Affre, Noté, Korsoff) though they were very popular then. And finally, we find some beginners, such as Paul Franz or Daniel Vigneau, with long careers still ahead of them.' - If you go to: http://expositions.bnf.fr/voix/index.htm you can read more about these finds (in French).

June 29,2015: East Van Calling: Radio Kricac - Underground AntiFa Transmissions in WW2 Slovenia: During World War 2, across Europe, partisans used underground radio against the Nazis.Ljubljana, Slovenia, was occupied and encircled by barbed wire. Subversive broadcasters set up Radio Kricac in a different basement every night, trying to stay one step ahead of the fascists. Broadcasts opened with the urgency of a ticking clock.In 1945, Slovene partisans threw out the fascist occupiers, without the military assistance of the allies. Seven decades later, the spirit of that resistance is being celebrated. Aljac Pengov Bitenc is descended from Slovenian partisans and radio folk. He writes a blog, a newspaper column and runs Radio Kaos. East Van Calling talked to Aljac about Radio Kricac in his small studios, overlooking the old city of Ljubljana. With one eye on the board to monitor the station's afternoon broadcasts, he explained how those WW2 anti-fascist transmissions worked.The irregular transmissions had moral boosting messages, reports of partisan actions and readings form Slovene authors and poets. Eventually, Kricac went radio silent. The fascists could never find the transmitter. Instead, they confiscated all the radio receivers of Ljubljana. But now it's back. Radioheads in the Slovenian capital are broadcasting on 88.8 FM, and on the web at radiokricac.si until May 9. -Recorded in Ljubljana in 2013 for the CBC Ideas program End of the Dial by G.Mullins, L.Hale & Y.Gall.(https://soundcloud.com/garthmullins/east-van-calling-radio-kri-a?in=garthmullins/sets/east-van-calling-podcast)

July 30 BBC R4 August 17th 8-8:30pm: The Bin Laden Tapes-In early 2002, following the fall of the Taliban, Osama Bin Laden's abandoned compound in the Afghan city of Kandahar was ransacked. Amongst the finds was a collection of more than 1,500 audio cassettes featuring sermons, speeches, songs and candid recordings of Arab-Afghan fighters, recorded between the 1960s right up until the 9/11 attacks. The tapes served as an audio library for those who gathered under Bin Laden's roof between 1997 and 2001 a key period in Al-Qaeda's growth.In this programme, Gordon Corera, the BBC's Security Correspondent, talks to Professor Flagg Miller from the University of California, who has spent more than a decade listening, translating and analysing the recordings. Undertaking pain-staking detective work to understand what their content reveals about the rise of Bin Laden and Al-Qaeda, he wrote a book, The Audacious Ascetic.Amongst the collection are 24 tapes of Bin Laden himself, including some rarely-heard speeches, as well as talks by some of Al-Qaeda's most famous militants. And while the cassette is undoubtedly an instrument for proselytising and propaganda, this collection reveals that the people making the recordings seemed to find pleasure in capturing the mundane sounds of life conversations over breakfast, sounds from the battlefield, wedding celebrations and militants singing Islamic anthems.In all, this archive covers a range of lectures and discussions by more than 200 different speakers, and as diverse as the recordings in the collection are, they offer exceptional insight into Bin Laden's broad intellectual interests in the years leading up to the September 11th attacks in the US.(BBC Media Centre)

Sep.14,2015 Pop Up Archive and WGBH embark on a landmark project to make the American Archive searchable - On August 31, the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) awarded $14.16 million in grant funding to libraries across the United States. We're thrilled to announce that the WGBH Educational Foundation, together with the American Archive of Public Broadcasting and Pop Up Archive, received one of 276 National Leadership Grants.The $898,474 grant includes transcribing, analyzing, and building crowdsourcing tools for almost 40,000 hours of digital audio from the American Archive of Public Broadcasting over the next two and half years. This will be the first major media archive of its kind: the new American Archive site will integrate full-text, searchable transcripts and crowdsourced metadata for thousands of hours of audiovisual materials.- The IMLS grant follows a 2013 Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) grant that is currently underway: that two-year project announced WGBH and the Library of Congress as the permanent stewards of the American Archive, responsible for digitizing nearly 40,000 hours of media. The new project in partnership with Pop Up Archive is a natural next step for the American Archive, answering the question of how to ensure accessibility for the digitized audiovisual media going forward. Metadata creation for media at scale benefits from both machine analysis and human correction. Pop Up Archive and WGBH are combining forces to do just that. Innovative features of the project include: Speech-to-text and audio analysis tools to transcribe and analyze almost 40,000 hours of digital audio from the American Archive of Public Broadcasting Open source web-based tools to improve transcripts and descriptive data by engaging the public in a crowdsourced, participatory cataloging project Creating and distributing data sets to provide a public database of audiovisual metadata for use by other projects.
You may go to: http://americanarchive.org/?utm_source=Pop+Up+Archive+general+mailing+list&utm_campaign=afe0e74611-IMLS_Grant9_4_2015&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_39650ec21b-afe0e74611-116561369 to see what it's all about.

Austrian radio Ö1 (Oe1) has in its programme a radio play, a reading, sort of 'performance', of Auschwitz Concentration Camp Commander Rudolf Höß' biography that he wrote while in prison between 1945-47. 'A performance',as the director used an old bunker near the AA(anti-aircraft)-tower at Vienna Arenbergpark as studio to create a certain acoustic atmosphere. Title: Der Kommandant. Die Aufzeichnungen des SS-Obersturmbannführers Rudolf Höß. Sep.15th, 21:00-22:00 German Time (streaming audio is available).

Oct.22,2015: Recording ledgers of LINDTROEM and other discographies of old labels are available at http://www.phonomuseum.at/category/diskographie/
German radio WDR3 broadcasts a feature called 'Europe calling-Ezra Pound Speaking' on Sat.,Oct.24, at 12:05-13:00hrs (streaming audio), repeated on Sun at 15:05-16:00hrs

Oct.30,2015: Two interesting films on cylinders and cylinder recordings with David Giovannoni of the Library of Congress can be found in their blog at http://blogs.loc.gov/now-see-hear/category/early-recording-industry/ .

Nov.2,2015: Restoring the long-lost sounds of Native Americans of California: In November, researchers at UC Berkeley will begin a three-year project to restore and translate thousands of century-old audio recordings of Native California Indians. The collection was created by cultural anthropologists in the first half of the 20th century and is now considered the largest audio repository of California Indian culture in the world.Nearly a third of the 2,713 recordings come from Ishi, the storied last member of the Yahi tribe who lived the last years of his life inside the University of California's Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology. Ishi died in 1916 from tuberculosis. He was 54 years old. Five years before his death, Ishi desperate, alone and starving walked out of the forest and into the little Gold Rush town of Oroville (Butte County). He was the last surviving member of the Yahi tribe, which had been killed off by European settlers. Upon arriving in Oroville, local journalists had a field day, dubbing Ishi 'the last wild Indian'. The news quickly reached Alfred Kroeber, a cultural anthropologist in San Francisco who specialized in the study of native Californians.In September, 1911, Kroeber began using a portable hand-cranked phonograph to record Ishi's narrations of traditional Yahi songs and stories.(from: KQED News) More on that and an oral report can be found at: http://ww2.kqed.org/news/2015/10/25/restoring-the-long-lost-sounds-of-native-california

Nov.11,2015: Added some more information on the Mark Twain cylinders under Chapter II.

Nov.19,2015: How Chemistry Is Rescuing Our Audio History from Melting, Posted By Katharine Gammon on Nov 11, 2015 (from NAUTILUS): Our cultural history is crumbling. Not because of bad education though one might make that argument but because of chemistry. - Between the late 60s and the late 80s, much of our culture from the Nixon trials on television to unreleased music from famous artists like the Beatles was recorded on magnetic tape, and this tape is starting to disintegrate. Some of the audio and visual data has already been safely adapted to digital storage, but the majority hasn't and it's a problem of massive proportions. The Cultural Heritage Index estimates that there are 46 million magnetic tapes in museums and archives in the U.S. alone and about 40 percent of them are of unknown quality. (The remaining 60 percent are known to be either already disintegrated or in good enough condition to be played.) -What's more, in only about 20 years we won't be able to digitize them, according to audio and video preservationist George Blood, in Philadelphia. This is partly because digitization machines that can handle the tapes have ceased production. On Sept 30th, for example, Sony stopped taking orders for videotape machines, and in June 2015, the last audio reel-to-reel machine went out of production. Plus, the ones that already exist are wearing down and parts to repair them are difficult to come by. And to add to this, the tapes themselves are degrading. Trying to digitally process these in studio-grade machines, for example, clogs the tape player heads, wrecking the very machinery that can digitize the tapes as stocks of them are dwindling.-- Read more at: http://nautil.us/blog/how-chemistry-is-rescuing-our-audio-history-from-melting

Dec.11,2015: http://www.ontheshortwaves.com/Stations/Zeesen-Deutscher_Deine_Heimat_Spricht_zu_Dir.pdf offers a brochure of the time when the German Short Wave Station Zeesen sent its programmems to nearly every continent.

Densho collection, a project that collects the testimonies of Japanese-Americans during USA's unjust internment of the population. Eye-witness accounts and much more- go to:

Dec.22,2015: BBC R4 Jan.12,2016, 11:30-12:00 UK time: The Polish Syrena record label 1904-1939 reviewed. Monica Whitlock tells the story of Poland's Syrena Records,a label that defined a nation. Syrena Records was created in 1904 and went on to sell millions of discs to new audiences hungry for shellac delights. Success allowed founder Juliusz Fejgenbaum to invest in state of the art recording technology. By the time independent Poland was reborn in 1918, Syrena was well placed to shape the sound of a nation. Hot tango and jazz were performed by talented musicians and singers, mostly Jewish and mostly of a generation breaking away from the old world and facing the new. Artists including Adam Aston, Hanka Ordonka and Micheslaw Fogg cut disc after disc before playing in the elite nightclubs of Warsaw. Speeches, comedy skits, significant moments in national life were added to the outpourings of Yiddish tango, slinky foxtrots and romantic ballads; records were produced in Hebrew, Yiddish, Polish and Russian; and songs such as Gloomy Sunday and Oh, Donna Clara went international. In 1939, invasion and war ended Syrena and the Polish nation; its factory and archives were destroyed, and its artists were murdered or scattered in exile. But there was one last tune to play. Henryk Wars, musical director at Syrena, formed an orchestra that became the soundtrack of a nation in exile and in uniform. From Tehran and Palestine to the rock of Monte Cassino, the musicians and singers that had once been the heart of Syrena now played songs of a lost nation before creating the anthemic The Red Poppies Of Monte Cassino. In this programme, Monica Whitlock tells Syrena's story and travels to Warsaw to hear from a 102-year-old who can remember the label's founder, as well as a new generation of musicians recreating Syrena's sound.-Presenter/Monica Whitlock, Producer/Mark Burman for the BBC (BBC Media Centre)

Dec.24,2015: On Dec 24,1940 the first German Weihnachtsringsendung was broadcast. 'German Christmas 1940- 90 million celebrate together- 40 microphones connect frontand home'. That's what Minister for Propaganda Goebbels had ordered. They were broadcast from 1940 to 1943. Radio WDR5 recalls that first broadcast. WDR5 Dec24, 09:05-09:20hrs German time or WDR3 17:45-18:00hrs.



Jan.9, 2016 A British TV review of 2014 on the discovery of Burgess' voice He was an old Etonian, a Cambridge scholar, a BBC journalist and a Foreign office civil servant. Guy Burgess was also one of the most infamous spies in western history: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jVAiB7Esfi4

Jan.16,2016: Austrian Radio Ö1 (Oe1) will broadcast a feature on the Nazi Reichsmusikkammer (Reich-Music-Chamber) on Jan.18, 19:05-19:30hrs German Time (streaming audio)

Feb.2,2016: An interesting data base of BBC recordings: http://www.radiolistings.co.uk/index.html
Paul Wells' 'RadioListings' is an episode guide to the speech based programmes broadcast by the BBC - there are details for some musical programmes, and some listings for other stations, but the main focus is on scripted speech. Currently there are details for 57765 programmes (695940 episodes), ranging from 1949 (Much Binding In The Marsh) to the present day, though the bulk of it is from 1997 onwards when the BBC put their schedules online. The main index is the programme name. No programmes are available from these pages, not for downloading or listening. It's just a listing!

Feb.8,2016: WGBH, Library of Congress, and WETA to Digitize PBS NewsHour Collection: AAPB Acquires New Hampshire Public Radio Presidential Collection. New Online Presentation 'Voices of Democracy,' Features Presidential Campaign Resources. The American Archive of Public Broadcasting (AAPB) has acquired New Hampshire Public Radio's digital collection of interviews and speeches by presidential candidates from 1995-2007. The entire collection -nearly 100 hours of content -has been digitized and is now online, along with other presidential campaign content from the AAPB collection, in a new curated, free presentation, 'Voices of Democracy: Public Media and Presidential Elections' at americanarchive.org/exhibits/presidential-elections.
A disappointing note: I have not found one item that is available online in Europe! An experience that I have made with British institutions!

Feb.15,2016: Holocaust survivors who came to Wisconsin had been recorded in the early 1980s telling their stories. These are now online: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/HolocaustSurvivors/

March 3,2016: The Milo Ryan audio collection at the KIRO Radio sation resp. National Archives can be found here: https://catalog.archives.gov/search?q=*:*&f.ancestorNaIds=113397&sort=naIdSort%20asc. It includes more than 4000 recordings from 1920s to the 1970s.
A short audio on that collection is online at http://kiroradio.com/listen/10003453/ . See also a newspaper article about it (Beaver County Times Sep 24,194) at https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2002&dat=19740924&id=Pv0qAAAAIBAJ&sjid=btoFAAAAIBAJ&pg=5320,2134743&hl=de

March 27,2016: 'A singular figure among the last cylinders used for sound carriers, the dictabelt is a thin floppy cylinder made of vinyl, red, blue or purple in color stretched between two rollers and set in rotation in a dictaphone machine. Also called tank tread or memobelt, the dictabelt was of common use in the USA for the most part, but also in other countries from 1947 to the late 1970s. A versatile cylinder during the Cold War, it had a few well-known applications, such as the recording of telephone conversations of President Kennedy, the integral dictation of a novel by writer Agatha Christie when she was too old to write by hand, or the recording of the Rivonia trial (1963-1964). This trial is a landmark in South Africa's fight for freedom: It was a trial in which Nelson Mandela together with Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki, Raymond Mhlaba, Elias Motsoaledi, Denis Goldberg, Andrew Mlangeni and Ahmed Kathrada were accused of trying to overthrow the state and ended in all the above being sentenced to life inprisonment. During the trial, no discussions were taken down on paper. Instead, the proceedings were recorded on 591 dictabelts. In December 2006 these were inscribed on UNESCO's Memory of the World register. These precious documents were loaned to the Ina (Institut national de l'audiovisuel) in October 2014 by the National Archives of South Africa (NARSSA) where they will be returned soon.' - If have become interested then go to: http://www.archeophone.org/dictabelt/windex.php and read more and see photos of that medium.

April 4,2016: Saving Historic Radio Before It's Too Late. - A first of its kind Library of Congress project aims to identify, catalogue, and preserve America's rapidly deteriorating broadcast history.- Read more of this THE ATLANTIC article of March 23 here: http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/03/broadcast-preservation/474879/

University of Wisconsin (July9,15): Events & Exhibits-MAYRENT INSTITUTE NOW HOME TO OLDEST SURVIVING RECORDINGS OF YIDDISH MUSIC: The Mayrent Institute for Yiddish Culture has acquired the twelve earliest known cylinder recordings of Yiddish music, released c.1901 by the one-time Chicago-based Thomas Lambert Company. The recordings enhance the Institute's offerings in combination with the Mayrent Collection of Yiddish Recordings, a repository of over 9,000 78rpm recordings of Yiddish and Jewish music, at the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Mills Music Library. More to read here: http://www.library.wisc.edu/news/2015/07/09/mayrent-institute-now-home-to-oldest-surviving-recordings-of-yiddish-music/

April 10,2016: On March 5,1946 Churchill spoke in Fulton, Missouri/USA of an 'Iron Curtain' and warned the West that the Russians would refuse any democratic ideas in their conquered areas.- Yet Churchill was not the first to speak of an 'Iron Curtain'. It was Goebbels in his article in the newspaper DAS REICH of Feb.25,1945, where he demanded a continuation of the fight because the Jalta Declaration would lead to an occupation by the Russians of the whole of East-and South of Europe in addition to the most part of the German Reich. If the fight didn't go on, 'an iron curtain would fall down in front of that giantic territory including the Soviet Union behind which the mass slaughter of the peeople would begin.' - In his last speech of 2 Mai, 1945 Reich Foreign Minister of the Dönitz Government in Flensburg, Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigh, adopted that picture. A new world order should come to life where the 'bolshevic terror should not withstand. 'In the East the iron curtain advances more and more behind which, hidden from the eyes of the world, the work of destruction is happening.' If you want to hear these two audio clips, go to http://www.dra.de/online/hinweisdienste/ereignis/2016/maerz5.html .

April 25,2016: Allen Koenigsberg has just sent me a copy of his new research into the Walt Whitman cylinder which has been published in 'The Antique Phonograph' of March 2016 under the title 'The Gramophone Cylinder of Walt Whitman - Hoax or History'. He concludes: 'The mystery will probably never be solved to everyone's satisfaction, but I think it is safe to say (for now), that the famous American poet who 'sang the body electric' only did so on the printed page.'

April 26,2016: Added Chapter 25 on the recordings of the National Committee Free Germany.

April 28,2016: Added Chapter 26 on the Lioret Cylinders (1893-1900)

May 23,2016: Tape recording was introduced 70 years ago today, read an article here: http://www.recode.net/2016/5/16/11672678/tape-recording-70th-anniversary-jack-mullin
ARCHIVAL OUTLOOK of May/June 2016: go to page 3 for information on Studs Terkel Radio Archives at http://www.bluetoad.com/publication/?i=301933

October 2016: I am still around- but there has been no news over the last months on our subject....
So 'stay tuned'.....



In case you are wondering where the strange URL comes from, well,it has been slightly changed from the IT folks: http://www.suicidal.de/index1024_dhtml.htm

About the 'roots' of my collecting see the article in the IASA INFORMATION BULLETIN #56 of July 2006 (now available on the Net at-click down there- http://iasa-web.org/information-bulletin-no-56-july-2006).

If you want to get in contact with me either for comment or exchange of sounds or information, do not hesitate to go to:
I would be glad to get in touch with you!
Bernhard Wichert
Member of the International Association of Sound Archives -IASA http://www.iasa-web.org:80/
Member of "Rundfunk und Geschichte" (Radio Broadcasting and History) http://www.rundfunkundgeschichte .de/
School-teacher for History and Social Studies, now retired after 40 years of teaching
last but not least: a collector


updated: 25 October, 2016
(c) B.Wichert 2004-2016 - please do not reproduce articles or notes without informing me (thx).